Bosnian War

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Bosnian War (1992-1995)

Chronology and Major Events

The Bosnian War was a result of multiethnic strife within Bosnia. Bosnia has been traditionally multicultural and has created territories within its borders to accomodate Serbs and Croats that do not consider themselves part of mainstream Bosnian culture. Because of this, there has been much debate as to whether the Bosnian War was a civil war or a war of aggression. Many Bosniaks and Croats believe that the conflict was a war of Serbian and Croatian aggression, while most Serbs believe it was a civil war. Bosniaks are predominately Muslim, while Serbs are Eastern Orthodox, and Croats are mostly Roman Catholic. At the time the war started in March of 1992, Bosniaks consisted of only 43% of Bosnia, while Serbs accounted of 31% of the population and Croats 17%.

(Left: The parliament building burning after airstrikes in Sarajevo)

 

 

 

Timeline Of the Bosnian War

 

1992

  • Febrary 29th- Bosnia and Herzegovina declare independence
  • April- Bosnian Serbs begin their siege on Sarajevo

1993

  • January- Bosnian deputy Prime Minister killed by Serbian forces while en route to the airport.
  • Bosnian Mulsims and Croats begin fighting ovver the parts of Bosnia not already taken by Serbs. This amounts to about 30% of the original territory.
  • The UN declares six safe zones for muslims : Sarajevo, Tuzla, Bihac, Srebrenica, Zepa and Gorazde.

1994

  • February 6th- A mortar explodes in a crowded market in Sarajevo, 68 people are killed.

  • February 28thNATO shoots down four Serbian aircraft over Bosnia, intervening for the first time since the war began (in fact, the first use of military power by NATO since it's creation in 1949)
  • March 18th- Bosnian Muslims and Croats sign peace accords drawn up by the United States

1995

  • January 1st- Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter brokers peace agreement between Bosnian Serbs and Muslims. Truce holds well for about four months.
  • May 24th- Serb forces refuse to remove heavy weapons from Sarajevo and as a result NATO launches an aircraft attack on Serb ammunition depot. In retaliation, Serbs begin attacking the Muslim safe zones designated by the UN.
  • July 11- Serbs sieze Srebrenica , an estimated 8,000 Srebrenican men and boys are killed.
  • July- Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic indicted for war crimes.
  • July 25th- Serbs sieze Zepa
  • August 30th- NATO airstrike begins against Serbs in and around Sarajevo
  • November 1st- Peace talks begin in Dayton, Ohio
  • November 21st- Leaders of Bosnia, Serbia, and Croatia agree to a settlement
  • November 27th- President Clinton asks for support in sending 20,000 American troops to Bosnia
  • December 3- President Clinton gives the official order to deploy American troops to Bosnia
  • December 14th- The Dayton Accords are signed by the Bosnians, Croats, and Serbs. 60,000 NATO troops are now allowed into the territories for peacekeeping purposes only.
  • December 20th- NATO takes over peace-keeping duties from UN
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