Art as a Form of Political Communication
Artists such as Jose Guadalupe Posada were contributing to the revolutionary movement through their work. Jose Guadalupe Posada was a Mexican illustrator and engraver whose work was characterized by the use of the calavera (skeleton). The calaveras served to depict illustrations that satirized Porfirio Diaz and lauded revoltuionary leaders. The creation and use of La Calavera Catrina served to criticize the life of the upper classes during the Porfiriato.
Gran Fandango y francachela de todas las calaveras Jose Guadalupe Posada, 1913. Don Quijote Jose Guadalupe Posada
Posada's work was meant to reach a wider audience. He combined image and text in order to attract individual's attention. Even those who were illiterate could "read" what the illustrations were saying. Throughout his life time he produced work for newspapers and flyers. After his death in 1913, several artist groups were formed in order to continue addressing the political situation in Mexico. Among these were Treinta y Treinta(30-30), Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR), and El Taller de Grafica Popular (TGP).