The Mobile Riverine Force - Army 9th Infantry Division

"The Old Reliables"










Reliables in Review: 1918 - 1956


The 9th Infantry Division was organized on July 18, 1918 at Camp Sheridan, Alabama and was in training when World War I ended. The Division was demobilized on the 15th of February 1919, and despite being redesignated a Regular Army unit in 1923 it continued to remain on the inactive list.


On August 1, 1940 the Division was reactivated at Fort Bragg, North Carolina along with units that had seen combat action during World War I. Among these were three infantry regiments – the 39th, the 47th, and the 60th.
The Division entered a period of intensive training and was later attached to the Amphibious Corps of the Atlantic Fleet, then undergoing amphibious training. When released from its attachment the Division once again was under control of the Army Ground Forces.


In 1942 the first elements of the 9th Division left for the North African Theater of Operations and took part in “Operation Torch” in which the 39th Regimental Combat Team landed at Algiers, the 47th struck the beaches of Safi, French Morocco, and the 60th Regiment fought on the beaches at Port Lyautey, Morocco and secured the Citadel – Kasba.
The 9th then went on to complete combat missions in Tunisia and Sicily, and then left for England to train for the invasion of Fortress Europe. On June 10, 1944 the Division landed on the beaches of Normandy and battled across France, laying claim on September 2nd to be the first Allied unit to begin the liberation of Belgium when a unit of the 9th entered Monignes. The Division later moved into Germany and on December 16th the Division beat back the German’s offensive efforts in the “Battle of the Bulge.”


The crossing of the Rhine in early 1945 by the Division came as a high point in World War II. The 47th Infantry’s 2d Battalion was deployed into a forced march over the Ludendorff Bridge – the last existing bridge over the Rhine at that time, and became the first infantry regiment to battle across the Rhine barrier since the Napoleonic Wars. The 60th followed the 40th across the bridge along with Division support units.
By March 11th all of the 9th’s combat teams were successfully over the Rhine. By the 20th the entire central area between the Rhine and Wied Rivers had been conquered by the 9th and a front from which the final blow at the heart of Germany was aimed was secured. The Division continued, freeing about 900 slave laborers from five different countries by capturing the Sinu on the Dill River, relieving the 3d Armored Division along the Mulde River in April, and performing occupation duties in Ingolstadt, Germany until January 15, 1947 when it was deactivated.


On July 15, 1947 the 9th Division was reactivated at Fort Dix, New Jersey as a training division. It was later transferred in May 1954 to replaced the 28th Infantry Division at Goepingen, Germany where it served as part of the NATO forces.


Under the Army’s “Operation Gyroscope” the Division moved to Fort Carson, Colorado in 1956. A year later in the winter of 1957 it was reorganized into a Pentomic division and its three infantry regiments became five infantry battle groups. From its time at Fort Dix till it’s inactivation on January 31, 1962 the 9th Division trained approximately 102,000 men in basic military arts.  


Source: 9th Infantry Division/Delta Division, SP4 James Street et all. (1968)


This website was created for Professor Vinnie Ferraro's Introduction to World Politics course at Mount Holyoke College, Spring 2009. Any inquiries may be submitted to Katelyn Cormier (MHC '11) at

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