- In the U.S. agriculture accounts for 80% of water usage and in many western states it is over 90%.
- Irrigation has led to water scarcity in many regions; 40% of U.S. farms must bring in water from off their farm.
- Water for agriculture is often priced well below that of other market sectors.
- As water price increases, technological and conservation methods will be implemented to save water and money. Various techniques include: improved irrigation technology, fallowing land, crop shifting, no-till agriculture.
-Calzadilla, A., Rehdanz, K., and Tol, R.S.J. 2008. Water Scarcity and the Impact of Improved Irrigation Management: A CGE Analysis. Working Paper FNU-160.
-Gollehon, N. and Quinby, W. 2006. “Chapter 2.1 Irrigation Resources and Water Costs.” Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 2006 Ed. EIB 16. Economic Research Service; USDA.
-National Geographic. 2010. A Special Issue: Water Our Thirsty World. April 2010.
-National Wildlife Federation (NWF). Save Water Save Rivers Save Money: The Potential of Municipal Water Conservation in Texas.
-Pryor, R. 2006. Switching To No-till Can Save Irrigation Water. University of Nebraska Extension. EC196-3.