Every Human has rights

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What are Human Rights and how do they function?

What is a human right?
Human Rights in their essence are defined as the RIGHTS one has simply becauseone is a human being, and because one qualifies as such one has the power to call upon and hold rights whenever one feels the need to. Due to this definition, human rights are held universally by ALL humans and no distinctions should be made as to who can exercise and obtain their rights. Based upon this universality it can be asserted that rights hence are held above all other moral, legal and political claims because they apply to the whole of humanity and stand out as the highest protection of human integrity. Rights, specifically Human rights are what hold together human society in relation to governments or “right bearers”.


How do Human Rights function?
            When looking at how rights work and what the principles of rights are, one must consider the ideas of differences between entitlement and rectitude. Rectitude runs under the idea of “something not being right” or “something is wrong”. Claims of such righteousness are seen as a focus on a specific standard or norm of conduct which is drawn attention to by the right-bearer, however both right-holder and right-bearer need to follow this standard of conduct. When either of the two does not, the right bearer may take away the right from the right holder, or the right holder may exercise the right if it is not being guaranteed by the right-bearer. Entitlement concentrates on the definition of “one has a right to something”, in other words “I am entitled to…”, and is hence associated with the right-holder. These two definitions of rights are important because they distinguish between the “right-bearer” and the “right holder” and also demonstrate the relationship that exists between the two. Claims from either side allow for a rights system to function because while the right holder has the title to enjoy his or her right, the enjoyment is only present if there is a moral obligation (standard of conduct) towards the right bearer.

            Rights fundamentally are an aspect of empowerment and do not just benefit those who hold them. In their basic form, rights are meant to benefit everyone who holds them as well as “distributes” them. However, once your rights are taken away from you, you are no longer empowered and therefore do not get to enjoy the benefits. In this sense, rights function in an “all or nothing” manner. Furthermore, having a right does not mean that you are entitled to all that is good. Rights are generally there to prevent negatives from occurring, which means that something “bad” needs to generally first happen so that one is able to exercise ones right. If we are not being treated in a dignified or humane manner we must exercise our right. It is therefore clear that we need human rights because of human moral nature. It is within each human beings nature to want to be treated with dignity, which means leading dignified lives as human beings. Human rights will guarantee this dignity as “having a right to x” means that one’s life will become ideally better in some form or other. It is in this manner that human rights work and function because they are a natural outcome of human moral nature and guarantee this moral nature.