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Summary

Time Line: August - Mid-April 1994

Time Line: Mid-April - Mid-July 1994

Key Figures

Political Actions

Red Cross Actions

A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words

Ghosts of Rwanda: Quotations

Rwanda Today

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Key Figures

Agathe UwilingiyimanaMadame Agathe Uwilingiyimana - Prime Minister of Rwanda in 1994. Was a moderate Hutu and therefore sought out and killed.

Anthony Lake- President Clinton's National Security Adviser 1994. Knew all that was happening in Rwanda but never focused on the information and the world gained another deaf ear.

Major Brent Beardsley- Assistant to General Dallaire throughout the genocide.

Carl Wilkens- Head of the Adventist Development and Relief Agency International in Rwanda and the only America to remain after the evacuations. He saved many lives including an entire orphanage. Wilkens unexpectedly met with the prime minister, Jean Kambanda, and asked him to protect the orphanage, which he did.

William J. ClintonUSA President Clinton- President of the United States in 1994. His Administration did not use the word "genocide" when referring to Rwanda but rather "acts of genocide," which did not have the same effect relating to the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. Never sent military aide to Rwanda. In 1998 he visited the country to pay respects to the dead, the survivors, and the new government.

Gregory “Gomo” Alex- Volunteered to return to Rwanda and set up a Humanitarian Team in Kigali.

HabyarimanaRwandan President Habyarimana- Moderate Hutu president of Rwanda in 1994. His plane was shot down with a missile killing both him and the Hutu president of Burundi, Cyprien Ntaryamira.

Kofi AnnanKofi Annan- Head of the Department of Peacekeeping UN in 1994. Ordered Dallaire not to attack or to take any forceful action towards the Hutu Extremists. Eventually tried to find more troops to send to Rwanda but was unsuccessful.

Laura Lane- US Embassy worker who dubbed fleeing Rwandans as "honorary Americans" and brought them to safety checkpoints as American convoys left Rwanda.

Madeline Albright- US Ambassador to UN in 1994. Fought for a compromise: did not want to withdraw all peacekeeping units in Rwanda. Eventually 10% of peacekeepers were allowed to remain in Rwanda.

Captain Mbaye Diagne- Senegalese UN captain who was based in Kigali. Throughout the genocide he ignored UN orders of neutrality and saved an unknown amount of people from being slaughtered. The estimate is close to a thousand people. Diagne, unarmed, would hide groups of people and place them on convoys out of the country. In addition, he rescued Prime Minister Agathe's children on the day she was murdered. He was killed by flying shrapnel at a checkpoint in late May 1994.

Paul KagamePaul Kagame- Commander of the RPF. Fought towards Kigali to overtake the Hutu Extremists. Refused Washington's order to cease advance on the capital and to negotiate with Hutu Leaders. Conquered the capital in mid-July. Is the current President of Rwanda.


Philippe Gaillard-
Director ICRC ( International Committee of the Red Cross) station in Kigali. Decided to publicize the incidents that were occurring, especially the attack on Red Cross ambulances, despite the ICRC's neutrality policy.

General Romeo DallaireGeneral Roméo Dallaire- Canadian UN General sent to Rwanda with a peacekeeping force of 2,500. He remained in Rwanda through the entire three months of the genocide, requesting more troops and doing the best he could to save lives. During the genocide Dallaire even met with death squad leaders with the intent to negotiate with them.


Tony Marley- US State Department Military Advisor 1994. Suggested that military tactics be used to remove the hate radio stations (that were spreading the message to Hutus that Tutsis must die). However, issues arose with US Constitutional Protection of Freedom of the Press and Freedom of Speech.

Warren Christopher- US Secretary of State 1994. Pushed Albright to agree to the removal of all peacekeeping units in Rwanda.