Arguments For Reparations
|Reparations: Linking our Past, Present, and Future|
|"As previously stated, reparation is about respect and resources. Japanese who worked successfully to obtain their reparations for the World War II injustices, speak about respect. They explain the unquenchable need to have their suffering acknowledged and compensated even if the compensation is more symbolic than substantial. Because their suffering had been recognized, they felt recognized and no longer ashamed. Psychologists have long pointed out the importance of an apology in the healing process."|
|African Reparations: Seven Questions about Reparations, and Seven Answers in Reply|
"1. IS THE CLAIM FOR REPARATIONS TOO LATE AND OUT OF TIME?
The consequences of the Atlantic African Slave Trade are evident from evidence of discrimination, underdevelopment, psychological consequences, and economic disadvantage through a historical lack of generational accumulation of wealth, coupled with institutionalized mechanisms of oppression. The crimes of kidnapping and murder were known in the slave trading nations at the time of the Atlantic African Slave Trade. While morality speaks from a higher level, adequate precedents exist in law for establishing the claim as legally justifiable."
|Reparations and A New Global Order: A Comparative Overview|
|"Let me begin by noting that reparation is not just about money: it is not even mostly about money; in fact, money is not even one percent of what reparation is about. Reparation is mostly about making repairs. Self-made repairs, on ourselves: mental repairs, psychological repairs, cultural repairs,organizational repairs, social repairs, institutional repairs, technological repairs, economic repairs, political repairs, educational repairs, repairs of every type that we need in order to recreate and sustainable black societies."|
|Legal Arguments in Support of Reparations|
|"Compensation to Blacks for the injustices suffered by them must first and foremost be monetary. It must be sufficient to indicate that the United States truly wishes to make Blacks whole for the losses they have endured. Sufficient, in other words, to reflect not only the extent of unjust Black suffering, but also the need for Black economic independence from societal discrimination. No less than with the freedmen, freedom for Black people today means economic freedom and security. A basis for that freedom and security can be assured through group reparations in the form of monetary compensation, along with free provision of goods and services to Black communities across the nation. The guiding principle of reparations must be self-determination in every sphere of life in which Blacks are currently dependent."|
|"Facts: Emancipation brought freedom, but not parity. The civil rights movement knocked down Jim Crow, but vestiges remained. Affirmative action created opportunities, but racism persists."|
|Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act|
Conyers, John, Jr.(introduced 01/06/99)
To acknowledge the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of slavery in the United States and the 13 American colonies between 1619 and 1865 and to establish a commission to examine the institution of slavery, subsequently de jure and de facto racial and economic discrimination against African-Americans, and the impact of these forces on living African-Americans, to make recommendations to the Congress on appropriate remedies, and for other purposes."
|Ten Reasons FOR Reparations|
|"9. Any tax money to redress black suffering should go into a fund to bolster funding for AIDS/HIV education and prevention, underfinanced inner-city public schools, to expand job skills and training, drug and alcohol counseling and rehabilitation,computer access and literacy training programs, and to improve public services for the estimated one in four blacks still trapped in poverty."|
|Restatement of the Black Manifesto|
|" III. Conclusion
Therefore, hearings should be held in the Congress of the United States to establish the basis for reparations to African Americans, and to determine the amount of such reparations; wherein after, a private trust should be established for the benefit of all African Americans..."