Victory Stele of Naram-Sin

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Akkadian Empire 2350 B.C.E.

The Victory Stele of Naram-Sin was created at the center of the Sun God Cult in Sippar to celebrate Naram-Sin's victory over the Lullubi Mountain People. Naram-Sin was the 4th King of the Semite Dynasty in the Akkadian Empire and ruled at the Empire's height.

The Empire, at it's apex, stretched from Anatolia to Inner Iran, and Arabia to the Mediterranean.

The Sun and Naram-Sin

Naram-Sin himself wears a helmet with horns, symbolizing his divine power. Though he is a person, his divine power makes it okay for him to violently over take the Lullubi people, since he was given power by God.

However, just like his troops, he too looks up towards the sky. Though he does not have any person to look up to, he does look at the suns above the mountain.

The suns are repersenational of a greater power, perhaps the same one that empowered Naram-Sin. Naram-Sin's upward glance towards the suns show he is paying respect and tribute to the God.

In looking toward Naram-Sin, the troops also look towards the suns, so they too pay respect and honor their victory.

The Victory Stele of Naram-Sin is a relieved depiction of the King's victory. Shown from the Victors point of view, it gives a different take on what happened during the battle.

The hierarchy of scale shows Naram-Sin is the most important figure in the piece. Everyone in the piece looks up towards Naram-Sin, who has a heroic and God-like stance ontop of the mountain.

Naram-Sin's soldiers march in an orderly fashion up the side of the mountain, while the defeated fall in a hodge podge manner down the mountain. The defeated's unorganized manner reinforces their subordination. Their disorganizatin leave shows the uncivilized and barbaric nature, which makes their defeat a victory over the weak.

 

 

 

 

The Fallen

The troops are walking ontop of the fallen soldiers, showing their superiority and disregard for their lives.

The Lullubi people fall in an unorganized manner, showing how barbaric they are. By depicting them below the troops, it legitimizes their defeat.