Abortion History


From 1920 to 1936, legalized abortion was proctected by Russian law and presented women with the option of ending pregnancies at state hospitals free. This continued to be the case until 1936 when Stalin outlawed abortions, to add to the workforce and increase the amount soildiers through the birthrate. Unfortunately family planning and contraception education was not provided and women turned to back alley abortions, because economically they could not afford anymore children.This practice flourished with the result of permanently harming the women’s health and limiting family. Because of Stalin's failure in attempting to stimulate Russia’s birthrate in November 1955 abortion was relegalized with the reasoning that it was(a)"necessary to prevent the carnage of illegal abortions and to help keep women in the labor force."(a)

Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program, University of Utah V 7, No. 1 pp 11-23


United States:

Prior to 1973 all fifty U.S. states banned abortion, except in certain special cases: to save the life of the mother, in cases of rape or incest, or in cases of fetus mutations. Keep in mind these options varied in each state.In the 1973 case, Roe v. Wade, the United States Supreme Court declared state laws that prohibited abortion in the first trimester unconstitutional because they violated the implied rights to privacy it guaranteed. The Supreme Courts decision in Roe v. Wade reflected a budding local and national focus within the nation on women's civil rights.



In 1979 the One-child policy was adopted by the Chinese Government, this policy required that couples sign a contract agreeing to have only one child, this garanteed that child economic and educational advantages they would not have had otherwise. After this practice started to noticably fail during the 1980's ,the chinese government adopted a policy of abortion encouragement, which as time progressed became forced in certain regions. China's One-child policy and abortion policy are similar because they both keep China's population balanced while offering benefits to those that partook in them.In continuence with this practice, today abortion, for any reason, is legal in China.


United Kingdom:

Before 1861 British law allowed abortions performed before a person became aware of fetal movement, which is generally before the end of the second trimester. In 1861, the British Parliament passed the Offences Against the Person Act, which outlawed abortion throughout the British Empire. During the last fifty years of the 20th century there was pattern of reformation in the abortion laws in many countries. Following this pattern the United Kingdom passed the The Abortion Act of 1967 which allowed abortion for limited reasons within the territory.