The Russian-Chechen Conflict

A Glance At The Past

The First Chechen War

The Second Chechen War

The Beslan Tragedy

The Aftermath

References

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The Second Chechen War

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While the first war ended with the Chechnya’s de facto independence, the Second Chechen War or also referred to as the War in the North Caucasus, initiated by Russia, set out to reverse the earlier results. The Islamic Peacekeeping Army’s (IIPB) invasion of Dagestan, with the hopes of creating an Islamic state, and the recent wave of Russian apartment building bombings, also attributed to the same terrorist organization, became the key igniting spark for a second Russian-Chechen war. On August 26, 1999, mother Russia launched a massive campaign to retake the contested region. In May 2000, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced that Chechnya would be governed federally. President Putin elected Akhmad Kadyrov, a more Kremlin friendly candidate to replace Chechen President Maskhadov. Former President Maskhadov did not heed Russian terms and instead became a powerful figure in the main Chechen insurgency. In October 2002, not satisfied with the new, Russian, appeasing Chechen President, Chechen rebels stormed a Russian theater where they rigged explosives and unwaveringly demanded the full withdrawal of all Russian forces in Chechnya. The rebels along with the hostages were all killed in the final standoff. In response to the violent attack, President Putin declared that a referendum proposing a revised constitution would be held in Chechnya. Under the modified constitution, Chechnya was permitted to have an unclear amount of autonomy and a Chechen elected government, but ultimately remains fixed in Russia’s ruling and unshakable clutch.