To aid and assist current refugees in Kenya the UNHCR has set up various programs. Over the past several years these programs have been implemented with much success.

Community Services:

A Community Self-Management (CSM) initiative has been implemented and has positively strengthened the refugee community's participation in various activities. These activities have been especially beneficial to women and girls helping them to have better skills development and raised awareness.

Domestic Needs:

Distribution of fueled has provided with 30-35% of household energy needs. This distribution has also greatly minimized the risks of assault and rape.


In Kakuma 27,969 refugee children are attending various levels of schooling, while 28,546 are attending at Dadaab. We are also seeing that more and more adults are attending literacy classes, over 60 percent of whom are women.


Health and Nutrition:

Currently there is a sufficient water supply consisting of 18 liters per person per day, that was created by 27 bore holes dug by UNICEF. Although the WFP was not able to provide the required 2,100 kilo-calories per person per day, they were able to provide a reduced ration of 1,900.


The level of sanitation has recently improved through increased participation of the refugee community in cleaning campaigns. Even though the number of latrines over doubled, the desired ration of latrines to population doesn't yet exist because of the rapid refugee population growth.


As of late the status of shelter has not been at acceptable standards.



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© December, 2000 -- Rebecca Dudczak (