does the UNHCR define the term Refugee?
According to the
1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, a
refugee is a person who 'owing to a well-founded fear
of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality,
membership in a particular social group, or political
opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and
is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail
himself of the protection of that country."
What Rights Do Refugees Have?
The UNHCR provides that all refugees have the same basic
human (both civil and social) rights as any other foreigner
who is a legal resident. Refugees maintain the rights of freedom
of movement, freedom of thought, and freedom from torture
and degradation. In addition, all refugees should have access
to medical care. Adult refugees should have the right to work,
while children should not be denied access to education. Although
these right are guaranteed, refugees also have an obligation
to conform to the laws of their country of asylum.