in Kenya come from her surrounding neighbors of Somalia,
Sudan, and Ethiopia. Each have their own reasons for seeking
refuge in Kenya and each create their own problems while
dwelling in her borders.
The influx of refugees from Sudan into the borders of Kenya
originates from the current political unrest currently in
Sudan. Ethnic violence coupled with the ongoing civil war
has caused nearly 15,000 to flee to Kenya, joining 50,000
refugees who were already in the country. Mainly populating
refugee camps, Sudanese refugees have continued to see tension,
even after relocating. Violence has broken out on many occasion
within the "safe-haven" of Kakuma, due to conflict
among refugees of varying ethnic backgrounds.
Due to civil war and famine within the borders of Somalia,
many Somalis fled to Kenya during 1991-1992 in order to escape.
The continued instability in the region has prevented about
half of these refugees to return to Somalia. The problems
that faced these refugees are still seen today, and are continuing
to cause many to seek refuge within the borders of Kenya.
In the years of 1991-1992, there was a great surge in the
number of refugees fleeing from Ethiopia into Kenya. Today,
there are still a great number of those remaining, who were
joined in 1999 by a new wave of asylum seekers. Although nearly
1,000 were repatriated back into Ethiopia, approximately 20,000
entered due to persecution,alleging charges of Ethiopian government
detention and forced conscription.
Kenya is the host to Refugees from various other countries.
Although less significant in number, in relation to the three
other groups, equally as significant in importance. The largest
bulk of refugees not categorized above hail from Uganda and