Below are some of the laws enforced during the Apartheid,
many which complet! ely disregarded human rights by denying non-whites a
good education, the right to vote, and the right to own land, to name a
1949-Act No 55, Prohibition of Mixed Marriages
Prohibited marriages between white people and people and
1950- Act No 21, Immorality Amendment Act:
Prohibited adultery between white and non-white people.
1950- Act No 30, Population Registration
Required every South African to be racially classified.
1950-Act No 41, Group Areas Act:
between races through the creation of residential areas designated for
1950-Act No 44, Suppression of Communism
Outlawed communism and the Community Party in South
Africa. The definition of communism was very basic; it included anything
the called for a radical change in how the government worked.
1951-Act No 27, Bantu Building Workers
Prevented black Africans from performing skilled work in
any areas except those designated for black occupation.
1951-Act No 46, Separate Representation of Voters Act:
Led to the removal of Coloureds from the common voters' roll.
1951-Act No 52, Prevention of Illegal Squatting Act:
Gave the Minister of Native Affairs the ability to displace
blacks from public and privately owned land and to place them in
1951-Act No 68, Bantu Authorities Act:
black homelands, regional authorities and abolished the Native
Representative Council. !
1952-Natives Laws Amendment Act:
Limited the amount
of blacks who could have permanent residence in towns to those who had
been born in a town and had lived or been employed there continuously for
no less than 15 years.
1952-Act No 67, Natives (Abolition of Passes and Co-ordination
of Documents) Act:
Forced black people to carry identification
(which included a photograph, place of origin, employment record, tax
payments, and encounters with the police) at all times.
1953-Native Labour (Settlement of Disputes)
Prohibited black people to go on strike.
1953-Act No 47, Bantu Education Act:
Black Education Department compiled a curriculum suited to the "nature and
requirements of the black people". The aim of this law was to prevent
black Africans from receiving an education that would allow them to work
in positions that they were not allowed to hold under the previous
1953-Act No 49, Reservation of Separate Amenities
Enacted segregation in all public areas including
buildings and public transport. 1956-Act
No 64, Natives (Prohibition of Interdicts)
Denied black people the ability to appeal to the courts
if they were forcefully removed.
1959-Act No 34, Bantu Investment Corporation Act:
Created financial, commercial, and industrial schemes in the areas
designated for black people.
1959-Act 45, Extension of University Education Act:
Prevented black students from attending white Universities.
1959! -Act No 46, Promotion of Bantu Self-Government
Classified black people into eight ethnic groups. Each
group had a Commissioner-General who was appointed to create a homeland.
In turn, each homeland would be able govern itself without white
Create BOSS, the Bureau of
State Security which was responsible for the internal security of South
Africa. It also allowed indefinite detention without trial.
1970-Bantu Homelands Citizens Act:
South African citizenship and required all black people to become a
citizen of the homeland designated for his/her ethnic group.