Maryanne Trump Barry is a senior judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Born in Queens, New York, she studied political science and government at Mount Holyoke and was the first person in her family to graduate from college.
In 1962, Barry earned a master’s degree in public law and government from Columbia University. Nine years later—when her son, David, was in the sixth grade—she entered the second graduating class of Hofstra University School of Law. Barry has described herself as “a full-time mom” who was among “that generation of superwomen who went back to school.”
Barry earned her J.D. in 1974. That same year, she began her distinguished legal career as a staff attorney for the United States Justice Department. Barry worked for nine years in the Office of the U.S. Attorney in New Jersey, serving in a variety of capacities including: Assistant U.S. Attorney (1974–1975), Deputy Chief of the Appeals Division (1976–1977), Chief of the Appeals Division (1977–1982), Executive Assistant U.S. Attorney (1981–1982), and First Assistant U.S. Attorney (1981–1983). At one point, Barry was the highest-ranking woman prosecutor in a major U.S. attorney’s office.
In 1983, Barry was appointed by President Ronald Reagan to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey. In 1999, Barry—a Republican—was appointed a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit by President Bill Clinton.
In 2004, Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O’Connor presented Barry with Seton Hall Law School’s Sandra Day O’Connor Medal of Honor. She also is the recipient of an honorary degree from Fairfield University (2011).