The environmental studies major provides students with an appreciation of the interdisciplinary nature of environmental issues and includes courses from the humanities, natural sciences, and social sciences. The program is concerned with the interactions between people and their environment, the effects the environment has on people, and the impact of human activities on the environment. Program requirements are below, and please see the course bulletin for more detailed information. All courses are designed to contribute in various ways to the College’s Learning Goals, and the Environmental Studies Department Learning Goals.

Environmental Studies Major

The interdisciplinary environmental studies major requires a minimum of 48 credits, an area of concentration, and an additional statistics course. Please note that the credits for the statistics course, although required for the major, will not be counted toward the total number of credits in the major. Two 200- or 300-level courses may be taken off-campus (study abroad, five-college courses, etc.). ES majors must take ENVST 390 (Senior Seminar) in the fall of their senior year. You may also print out the major/minor requirements form.  For additional guidance, please see our selecting courses page.


Environmental studies majors must choose an area of concentration around which to organize their advanced course work by the advising period of the second semester of their sophomore year by filling out the concentration declaration form (pdf).
The recommended concentrations (and advisors) are:

  1. Conservation (Hoopes, Ballantine) 
  2. Ecosystem Science (Ballantine, Hoopes) 
  3. Environment and Development (Corson, Farnham, Kebbede, Savoy) 
  4. Environmental Politics, Policy, and Economics (Amy, Christiansen, Corson) 
  5. Geoscience (Dunn,Werner)
  6. Natural History (Rachootin) 
  7. Nature/Culture/History (Farnham, Savoy, Schwartz) 

Courses Approved as Core Intermediate Courses

Group A: Natural Sciences
At least one of these three courses is required:

  • Environmental Studies 200, Environmental Science or
  • Biology 223, Ecology or
  • Geology 203, Surface Processes

The second course may be one of the above or one of the following:

  • Biology 200, Introductory Biology II: How Organisms Develop
  • Biology 210, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Biology 226, Evolution
  • Biology 236, Biology of Terrestrial Arthropods
  • Chemistry 201, General Chemistry II
  • Chemistry 202, Organic Chemistry I
  • Environmental Studies 222, Evolution of North American Landscapes
  • Geography 205, Mapping and Spatial Analysis
  • Geography 230, Environmental Soil Science
  • Geology 201, Rocks and Minerals
  • Geology 202, History of Earth
  • Geology 211, Uranium
  • Geology 227, Groundwater

Other courses may be counted toward this requirement with the approval of environmental studies advisor.

Group B: Humanities and Social Sciences
One of the following is required:

  • Economics 203, Environmental Economics or
  • Environmental Studies 210, Political Ecology or
  • Environmental Studies 241, Environmental Issues

Students may take more than one of the above courses and the remaining course(s) from the following list. Remember, at least one humanities course is required to fulfill the Group B requirement.
And two of the following:

  • Social Sciences:
    • Anthropology 216, Anthropology and Human Rights
    • Anthropology 245, Global Health and Humanitarianism
    • Economics 213, Economic Development: A Survey
    • Geography 202, Cities in a Global Context
    • Geography 204, Human Dimensions of Environmental Change
    • Geography 208, Global Movements, Migrations, Refugees, and Diasporas
    • Geography 210, GIS for the Social Sciences
    • Geography 215, Political Economy of the Middle East and North Africa
    • Geography 217, The African Environments
    • Politics 242, Oil and Water Don’t Mix: Geopolitics, Energy, and the Environment
  • Humanities:
    • Architectural Studies 201, Introduction to the Built Environment
    • Architectural Studies 225, Introduction to Architectural Design II: Principles of Environmental Design
    • Art History 216, Empire: The Art and Archaeology of the Roman Provinces
    • Art History 243AR, Architecture 1890-1990: ‘Building the Modern Environment’
    • Art History 290, Unearthing the Past: Great Archaeological Discoveries of the Ancient World
    • Art Studio 267, Papermaking with Local Plants
    • English 202, Introduction to Journalism
    • English/Environmental Studies 267, Reading and Writing in the World
    • Environmental Studies 240, The Value of Nature
    • History 206, African Cities: Dreams and Nightmares in the 20th Century
    • History 214, History of Global Inequality
    • History 235, Native American History Through 1865
    • History 257, Research Methods in History, Environmental Change, and Public Health
    • Latin American Studies 287, Rethinking (Under)Development in Latin America
    • Philosophy 260GB, Global Bioethics/Public Health

Other courses may be taken with approval of environmental studies advisor.

Environmental Studies Minor

The minor requires a minimum of 20 credits, beginning with Environmental Studies 100, Introduction to Environmental Studies. All students must take ENVST 100 (Introduction to Environmental Studies) and four additional courses at the 200- or 300-level related to Environmental Studies (one 300-level course is required). Two of these courses must be in the Natural Sciences (Group A), and two must be in the Social Sciences/ Humanities (Group B).

Courses in the same department as the student’s major may not be counted towards the minor in Environmental Studies. Courses that are approved for the minor are in the major/minor requirements form