ECONOMIC TREATY, PROVIDED FOR IN ARTICLE XXIX OF THE TREATY OF PEACE BETWEEN ROUMANIA AND THE CENTRAL POWERS. SIGNED AT BUCHAREST, 7 MAY, 1918.


Source:  Source:  United States, Department of State, Texts of the Roumanian "Peace" (Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1918), pp. 86-108


[Translation.)

TERMINATION OF THE ECONOMIC WAR.

ARTICLE 1.

The contracting parties are agreed that on the conclusion of peace, the state of war terminates likewise in the spheres of commerce and finance. They pledge themselves not to participate m any measures, either directly or indirectly, which aim at the continuation of hostilities in these spheres, and to prevent such measures within their own national territories with all the means at their command. In the transition period which is necessary for the recovery from the consequences of the war and the reestablishment of normal conditions, the contracting parties obligate themselves, as far as possible, to interpose no hindrances to the procuring of necessary goods by the adoption of high import duties, and are prepared to enter into negotiations as soon as possible with the object of temporarily retaining and extending the customs exemptions established during the war.

ARTICLE 2.

In so far as in neutral countries merchandise has been stored which originated from the territories of Austria-Hungary or from Roumania, and which carries the condition that it must not be exported either directly or indirectly to the territories of the other contracting party, such limitations as to their disposition with regard to the contracting parties are to be abrogated. The contracting parties engage, therefore, to give immediate notification to the Governments of the neutral States of the removal of such limitations.

ARTICLE 3.

Preferences accorded by one of the contracting parties during the war to other countries by the granting of concessions or other national measures shall be abrogated or extended to the other party by the granting of equal

ARTICLE 4.

In the economic relations between the customs territory of the two contracting states on the basis of the treaty of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy on the one hand, and the Roumanian on the other hand, Roumania will not lay claim to the privileges which Austria-Hungary grants to Germany or to another country united with her through a customs union and directly contiguous to Austria-Hungary, or indirectly connected with Austria-Hungary or with Germany through a customs union. Colonies, foreign possessions and protectorates will, in this respect, be accorded the same treatment as the mother-land. Austria-Hungary will not lay claim to the privileges which Roumania grants to another country united with her through a customs union and directly contiguous to Roumania, or indirectly connected with her through a customs union, or which she grants to colonies, foreign possessions and protectorates of one of the countries united to her through a customs union.

ARTICLE 5.

The contracting parties are agreed that the postal, telegraphic, and telephonic relations between Austria-Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina and the territories occupied by Austria-Hungary on the one band and by Roumania on the other hand will be resumed immediately. To this end, the necessary conventions will be immediately concluded through a direct understanding between the interested postal and telegraphic administrations. Furthermore, the contracting parties will establish within their territories, with all possible haste, the necessary connecting lines for the resumption of mutual telegraphic and telephonic relations, and will keep them in such condition that they may be operated uninterruptedly. This obligation applies especially to the reestablishment of the former direct system between Vienna and Bucharest as well as between Budapest and Bucharest, which must be provided with an efficient system of rapid telegraphic transmission (system Bandot or Siemens). The contracting parties will mutually place at each other's disposition within their respective territories the necessary transit lines for the international telegraphic and telephonic communication. Finally, the contracting parties reserve unto themselves the right to conclude special agreements with regard to wireless telegraphic. communication between their stations on land and the respective stations of their airships and vessels.

ARTICLE 6.

The agreement concluded in 1911 between the Imperial Royal Austrian general direction of the tobacco monopoly and the Roumanian direction of the state monopoly, concerning the supplying of Roumanian tobacco, will be continued for a legal duration extending to the expiration of the year 1930, under this condition that the prices asked may not exceed the expense of production by more than 15 per cent. Furthermore, the Roumanian direction of the State monopoly will not apply to the Imperial and Royal Austrian direction of the tobacco monopoly company, and to the Royal Hungarian tobacco monopoly, in so far as the supplying of Roumanian tobaccos are concerned, less favorable terms than those relating to supplies intended for any other country whatever.

THE RAILWAY AGREEMENTS.

ARTICLE 7.

1. As soon as the construction of a new railway connection between the Roumanian and the Bulgarian railway systems has been effected, Roumania will conclude a convention relative to railways with the States taking part in the railway convention of 9 May, 1883, concluded between the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, Turkey, Serbia and Bulgaria, as well as with those other States that were still entitled up to this time to adhere to it, for the purpose of regulating in a uniform manner all railway traffic with this zone, by conforming, as much as possible to the principles admitted for this zone, at the time of the conclusion of the convention.

2. 1. As regards the importation and the transit of Austrian and Hungarian merchandise as well as the exportation and transit of merchandise to Austria or Hungary, there shall not be put in force on the Roumanian railways, up to 31 December, 1930, any freight rates, fractions of freight rates or other dues higher than those resulting from the local freight tariff in force 1 July, 1916, on the Roumanian railways; in so far as at the time of transportation, there exists on the Roumanian railways, for the internal traffic, cheaper transportation rates or lower dues, advantage may be taken of such cheaper rates and lower dues. The transportation rates or fractional rates to be applied according to this provision on the basis of the local freight tariff in force on the Roumanian railways on 1 July, 1916, will in no way be burdened with the public taxes relative to transportation. As regards transit traffic through Roumania out of or to Austria or Hungary no higher freight rates or fractions of freight rates will be charged than those deducible from the following maximum unit rates:

 

 

Maximum unit rates per ton-kilometer

Dispatching dues per ton

Ordinary express goods

Bani 20

Lei 2.00

Slower express goods

12

2.00

For freight

   

(a) On consigning in any quantity

11

1.50

(b) On paying freight for at least 5,000 kg. For bill of lading and car

9

1.50

(c) On paying freight for at least 10,000 kg. For bill of lading and car

6

1.00

The indicated dues for forwarding will be applied only in the transit traffic through Roumania by way of maritime ports or internal places of transshipment. The freight rates or fractions of rates resulting from the maximum unit rates specified in the preceding provisions will not be burdened with public taxes connected with transportation.

2. In regard to the petroleum agreement, supplementary to the peace treaty, Roumania declares herself furthermore willing, after the final period stated under 1, in no case to increase the freight rates, inclusive of any eventual public tax relative to transportation for crude mineral oil and its derivatives, in its traffic with Austria or Hungary to a higher proportional percentage than might he added to the freight rates established for coal in the domestic traffic by the local freight tariff of the Roumanian railways in force on 1 July, 1916.

3. Any further agreements necessary for the regulation of the mutual railway traffic are provided for in Article 11, 5 and 9 of the present treaty; the agreements for the regulation of special railway questions between Austria and Roumania as well as between Hungary and Roumania are adopted in the railway conventions signed at the same time.

RIGHTS OF NATIONALS AND COMPANIES

ARTICLE 8.

The nationals of Austria and of Hungary, as well as joint stock companies and any other commercial, industrial or financial companies, inclusive of insurance companies, which have been established in conformity with the Austrian or Hungarian laws, shall be entitled in Roumania to acquire, to own and to dispose of in the towns movable property of any kind as well as immovable property, and to lease within the rural districts for a period of thirty years, immovable property, with the purpose of exercising a commercial, industrial or transportation enterprize, and to dispose thereof during the period of the lease. No obstacle will be placed by the Roumanian Government against the renewal of the lease for two further similar periods as indicated in the lease, provided the renewal of the lease is made each time five years in advance of its expiration, in agreement between the lessor and the lessee. The right of owner-ship, both for themselves and their heirs, without restriction whatever and in conformity with the Roumanian laws, will be granted to the nationals of the Austrian State and of the Hungarian State who had already, at the time of the conclusion of peace, owned real estate, of whatever nature in Roumania.

ARTICLE 9.

Until the time of the going into force of Section 4 of the petroleum agreement signed this day, or of any other stipulations that may take the place of this Section 4, the Roumanian Government will levy no exportation dues on crude oil and mineral oil products as well as upon other merchandise mentioned in the petroleum agreement and exported from Roumania to the customs territory of the two States of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, nor will it forbid the exportation of these products or subject them to any restrictions of whatever nature.

ARTICLE 10.

Enterprizes concerning the transportation of emigrants through Austrian or Hungarian harbors will have in Roumania, with regard to all that which concerns the organization of emigration, and especially as regards all that which refers to the conclusion of transportation contracts, and as regards their representatives or agents, the same rights as the transportation or emigration enterprizes of Roumania--in so far as such enterprizes operate in Roumania--or of any other country, with these stipulations, that emigration through Austrian and Hungarian harbors is authorized on the same conditions as is emigration through Roumanian ports or through other ports, that no severer measures will be imposed upon emigrants on their way to Austrian or Hungarian ports than to emigrants leaving their country by other routes, and, finally that in case of transportation through Austrian or Hungarian ports, the ordinances decreed in Austria, or in Hungary as the case may be, for the protection of emigrants, will be considered equally as sufficient for Roumania.

MODIFICATION OF THE OLD COMMERCIAL TREATY.

ARTICLE 11.

The commercial convention between Austria-Hungary and Roumania of 21/9 December, 1893, together with its supplementary articles as well as the final protocol appertaining thereto, will be again put into force in the form given them through the supplementary treaty of 23/10 April, 1909, and the provisions contained in the following paragraphs.

1. After Article 1 of the commercial convention, the following new article is inserted:

ARTICLE la.

Joint stock companies and other commercial, industrial and financial companies, inclusive of insurance companies having their domicile within the territory of one of the contracting parties and constituted in conformity with the laws of this party, will be equally recognized within the territory of the other party as being entitled to the special right to appear in the courts both as plaintiff and as defendant. As regards authorization to exercise a business or industry, companies, even as the nationals of one of the contracting parties will in all cases, within the territories of the other part , in so far as they submit to the laws of the country where they carry on their commerce or their industry or where they exercise their profession, have the same rights as companies of the same kind and the nationals of any other country whatever.

2. Article 2 of the commercial convention in the phraseology given to it in the supplementary treaty, will be completed as follows: In so far as it is not otherwise stipulated in Annex A, the General Roumanian Customs Tariff of 28 January (old style), 1906, will serve as basis for the determination of the customs dues to be paid for Austrian and Hungarian merchandise imported into Roumania. In case Austria-Hungary should avail herself of the right reserved to her of denouncing Annex B of the supplementary treaty, she would renounce the binding nature of the customs tariffs entered into the General Roumanian Customs Tariff of 28 January (old style), 1906 under the following numbers: No.16-58, 106, 107, 109, 159-163, 177, 178, 200, 207, 221-256, 261, 464 to 479, 576, 583, 697-701, 722-724, 733, 760-762, 825, 827 with the exception of Eau de Cologne, 828.

3. Article 2a, inserted into the commercial convention through the supplementary treaty, will be replaced by the following stipulations: Internal taxes, levied at present or to be levied in the future within the territory of one of the contracting parties for the account of the State, of the communes, of the cantons or of corporations upon the production, the preparation, the forwarding, the sale or the consumption of a product, may equally be levied upon the products of the same kind originating from the territory of the other party; but they may on no account be higher or more onerous than those levied on indigenous products. In so far as internal taxes are levied upon raw material or upon semi-manufactured articles, proper duties of compensation may likewise be laid upon the importation of products manufactured or obtained by means of these raw materials or of these semi-manufactured articles, even in case the indigenous products of the same nature are not the direct object of the tax.

4. Article 3 of the commercial convention in the phraseology given to it by the supplementary treaty is completed as follows: In the period of transition following upon the war and in order to remove the consequences of the war, restrictions in the relations may be ordered, such as importation, exportation or transit prohibitions, in so far as nothing to the contrary is stipulated in special agreements; these restrictions or prohibitions shall be applied in such a way that they may be as little burdensome as possible, and they shall be abrogated as soon as circumstances may permit. Until the new boundary line is fixed, natural or dressed lumber originating from the boundary regions which have undergone rectification, will benefit upon their entrance into Roumania by the same advantages as those they have enjoyed hitherto, so that there be no modification made in the state of things anterior to the war. A final agreement in this respect will be entered into between the Governments of the contracting parties within the space of three months after the frontier line has been determined to the end of not harming the timber enterprises situated in these regions, nor the transportation of natural or dressed lumber.

5. After Article 5 of the commercial convention the following new article is inserted:

PARITY IN TRAFFIC.

ARTICLE 5a

I.1. On the railways no difference shall be made between the inhabitants of the contracting parties in the transportation of passengers and baggage as regards the forwarding, the transporting rates and public taxes relative to transportation. In this the contracting parties agree that on railways of lesser importance (small gauge railways, local railways and junction railways), mainly serving tourist traffic, reductions in fares may be limited to nationals residing in the neighboring districts.

2. The transportation of merchandise originating from Austria or Hungary and destined to Roumania or in transit from Roumania in destination to a foreign country, will not, all other conditions being equal, be treated on Roumanian railways, in so far as dispatch or transportation rates or public taxes relative to transportation are concerned, in a less favorable way than the transportation of Roumanian goods of a like character, to the same destination and over the same itinerary. The same provision holds for goods sent from Roumania on the Austrian and Hungarian railways and intended for Austria or Hungary or being carried through Austria or through Hungary to another State. This applies equally, with reciprocity, to goods originating from the territory of one of the contracting parties across the frontier through other means of transportation, in order to reach the territory of the other contracting party and there to be placed aboard railway cars. If on its own lines of communication a third Power should treat the products of one of the contracting parties less favorably than the indigenous products of similar character, this party would be entitled to treat the products of the said third Power entering within its territory through the railways of the other contracting party, at the entrance upon its own rail lines and in transit over these lines, in a less favorable way than the indigenous products. It is covenanted that a less favorable treatment enforced against the production of such a third Power must be conformably enforced over the entire railway system of that one of the contracting par-ties into or across whose territory entrance 6r transit of the go6ds takes place.

3. The following conditions regarding the application of railway tariffs, reduction of foreign rates or other preferences shall not apply to traffic of a similar character over the territories of the other contracting party: (a) The clause of the indigenous origin of the article: demand for such designation of the article if such designation is not susceptible of application to a like article of the other contracting party is to be assimilated to the foregoing clause; (b) the clause concerning consignment to a definite place, unless reference is had to the clause relative to placing the

goods on board ship or reference is had to the combating of a special temporary case of necessity, or unless the tariffs of rail-ways of secondary importance be refused in general to the transit tariff by reason of the prescription relative to consignment of the goods to a definite place (c) the clause that the raw material or the partly manufactured product for the goods accorded favored treatment has been wholly or partly carried over internal stretches.

II. The contracting parties will see to it that for the transportation of persons and goods, direct tariffs be established in proportion to actual needs. For the mutual traffic between Austria and Hungary on the one hand, and Roumania on the other hand, direct tariffs will be established at least to the extent in which they existed on 1 August, 1914.

PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT.

III. A. 1. As regards the importation and exportation of Austrian and Hungarian goods there will not be applied, on the Roumanian railways, higher tariffs, higher public taxes with regard to transportation, or less favor-able conditions than those applied to the goods of similar nature of a third Power in the same direction and over the same itinerary.

2. As regards the importation and transit of Roumanian goods, there will not be applied, on the railways of the Austrian or Hungarian States, higher tariffs, higher public taxes with regard to transportation, or less favorable conditions than those applied to the goods of similar nature of a foreign country going in the same direction and over the same itinerary, in so far as it does not concern tariff reductions the exclusive object of which it is to secure for the State railways, Austrian or Hungarian, or for the Austrian or Hungarian maritime ports, the shipments of these foreign countries which would otherwise be transported over an itinerary situated outside of Austria and of Hungary (railway competition).

B. Each of the contracting parties declares itself ready, in so far as, with regard to a foreign State, it should assume obligations on its railway lines, either in a general way or in a limited way:

1. Not to apply to the exportation and transit of goods in destination to the territory of this foreign State, higher tariffs, higher public taxes relative to transportation, or less favorable conditions than those relating to goods of similar nature carried to another foreign State. 2. To grant in favor of railway traffic of this foreign State, from the frontier line or to the frontier line, preferences granted by its own railways for the itinerary from the fluvial or maritime ports or to these ports, with regard to tariffs or public taxes relative to transportation. 3. To grant in favor of the fluvial transshipment traffic with this foreign State, from the points of transshipment or toward these points, preferences granted by its own railways over the itinerary from the maritime ports or toward these ports with regard to tariffs or the public taxes relative to transportation, and to assume also the same obligation to the same extent and measure with regard to the other party.

C. 1. Goods arriving by rail in the maritime ports or in the fluvial transshipment places and which from there are reshipped on board Austrian or Hungarian merchant vessels, or on Austrian or Hungarian vessels of fluvial navigation companies of the State or subventioned by the State, as well as goods arriving in the maritime ports or in the fluvial transshipment places on board Austrian or Hungarian merchant vessels, or on Austrian or Hungarian vessels of fluvial navigation companies of the State or subventioned by the State, and which from there are reshipped by rail, shall not be treated on the Roumanian railways, carried in the same direction, and over the same itinerary, nor in so far as concerns the transportation fares and all other dues or public taxes relative to transportation, in a way less favorable than the goods which will arrive in these same maritime ports or flu-vial transshipment places on vessels of the Roumanian navy, on Austrian or Hungarian vessels of fluvial navigation companies of the State or subventioned by the State, or on vessels flying another flag, or else which are reshipped from that point on these vessels. The condition on which the application of railroad tariffs, reduced rates, or other preferences on the Roumanian railroads is made dependent on the transportation of goods on ships of a given navigation company, is inoperative for such goods as arrive in fluvial transshipment places on Austrian or Hungarian merchant vessels or vessels of Austrian or Hungarian fluvial navigation companies of the State or subventioned by the State, or else are reshipped from these on such ships.

2. Goods which arrive on the railroads at fluvial transshipment places and are reshipped from there on vessels of Roumanian fluvial navigation companies of the State or subventioned by the State and are reshipped from these on the railroads, shall not be treated on the Austrian or

Hungarian State railways, carried in the same direction and over the same itinerary, nor in so far as concerns the transportation fares and all other dues or public taxes relative to transportation, in a way less favorable than goods which will arrive in these same fluvial transshipment places on vessels of Austrian or Hungarian fluvial navigation companies of the State or subventioned by the State or of any other nationality, or else which are reshipped from that point on such ships. The condition on which the application of railroad tariffs, reduced rates, or other preferences on the Austrian or Hungarian State railways is made dependent on the transportation of goods on ships of a given fluvial navigation company is inoperative for such goods as arrive on vessels of a Roumanian fluvial navigation company of the State or subventioned by the State in fluvial transshipment places or else which are reshipped from that point on these vessels.

IV. 1. The basis of the railway traffic between the contracting parties is the International Convention Concerning the Transportation of Goods by Rail of 14 October, 1890, in conformity with the phraseology which it had on 1 August, 1914.

2. The Roumanian railways will again demand their admission as members of the Union of the German Railway Administrations As regards the conditions for the utilization of the railway cars belonging to the Austrian or Hungarian railways, there will be concluded between the railway administrations of the contracting parties a supplementary arrangement to the agreement relative to the utilization of the German railway administrations.

V. 1. The contracting parties will insure the railway traffic between their reciprocal territories against all interruptions and hindrances. 2. In principle no preferences will be granted in transportation to indigenous goods in contradistinction to those of the other contracting party. 3. In the disposal of railway cars, consideration must like-wise be given to the domestic traffic and the exportation to the territories of the other contracting party. 4. The contracting parties will endeavor to have consideration given, as far as possible, to the needs of the transit, through favorable and assured train connections, as well as through the adoption of concording time-tables or the transportation of passengers and goods. To this end, Roumania will institute these train connections as far as possible, through train connections of the same class; an understanding will be reached in regard to this matter in each special case between the railway administrations of the two parties.

VI. 1. In the relations between the reciprocal train dispatch offices located in proximity to the frontier, the dues to be paid for the transportation of passengers and goods must be paid by legal tender of the contracting party within whose territory such payment is made, even if the tariff states the legal currency of the other party. 2. The acceptation of means of payment here specified shall in no way affect the agreements still to be concluded between the interested railway administrations with regard to the settlement of accounts.

6. The following new provisions are added to the final protocol: To Article 1, 2. Upon goods imported into Roumania by river, no special taxes of whatever nature shall be levied. After having paid the entrance dues and the domestic taxes, such goods are not subject to any other supplementary dues. However, the collecting of dues and taxes for the utilization of locations and improvements, as well as for the requisition of services on the internal Roumanian fluvial courses, is permitted under the conditions determined in the agreement concerning the Danube with regard to the Roumanian part of the Danube.

7. The following new provision is added to the final protocol: To Article 2. Roumania will not 1evy upon the exportation of natural, dressed and joined lumber and upon the exportation of hides, any other taxes of exportation or any higher dues than those which were in force on 1 August, 1914. In case Roumania should levy taxes of exportation upon the products mentioned in the economic agreement, such taxes may not be collected until after the expiration of the treaty of commerce, except in conformity with the provisions of the said convention, that is to say, at the cost of the vendor. Furthermore, Roumania will not collect upon eggs and walnuts exportation taxes higher than 5 per cent of their average value.

8. The following new provision is inserted into the final protocol: To Article 2a. Roumania will not increase above 0.07 Lei per kilogram the domestic tax upon natural and artificial mineral waters. For the rest of the goods which were already subject to domestic taxes on 1 August, 1914. Roumania is not bound by the rate of these taxes. As for goods which were not subject to domestic taxes on 1 August, 1914, Roumania will not levy any domestic taxes exceeding by 10 per cent the taxes of importation independently or contractually established by Roumania. Goods specified under Chapters 33 to 41 and 44 of the General Roumanian Customs Tariff of 28 January (old style), 1906, will remain exempt from domestic taxes. Roumania will not levy compensatory taxes in the sense of paragraph 2 of Article 2a, except when Roumania produces both the raw materials or partly manufactured articles and the finished products themselves, and provided they are subject to the same domestic tax.

9. The following new provisions are added to the final protocol: To Article 5a: AdI.1. The reductions in the transportation rates which have been granted the Roumanian railways by the law of 13 February, 1912, concerning special Roumanian industrial enterprizes until 1 July, 1916, for the shipment of their products and were still in force on 1 July, 1916, shall not be demanded during the period of validity for the transportation of goods originating from Austria or from Hungary in destination to a foreign country, for a period of five years after the ratification of the peace treaty. 2. The clause referring to the conveying of merchandise to the dispatch offices by cart, by tow lines (on private junction lines), by small gauge railway or by definite railway routes; is to be assimilated to the clause of "consignment of the goods to a definite place." Reduction of the dispatching dues or similar tariff reductions dependent on the consignment of the goods over definite railway routes are not included in this provision.

3. Military tariffs in force on the railways can be demanded only by the military administration of the country.

Ad II. 1. To decide as to whether it is necessary to establish direct tariff rates on the basis of the existing tariffs for the transportation of passengers and goods, the judgment of the railway administration making the proposition is final. 2. Freight rates resulting from part shipments are to be included in the direct tariffs upon the demand of one of the railway administrations of the contracting parties. 3. The railway administrations of the State of the contracting parties will, as regards the rate of the direct tariffs, have to come to an agreement in the shortest possible space of time with regard to the principles excluding the exceptional attitude of one or several of the interested railway administrations.

Ad III. B and C. It is agreed that the ports of the Danube between Braila and the Black Sea are also to be regarded as maritime harbors.

THE REGULATION OF THE TRAFFIC IN CATTLE.

10. The note exchange mentioned in the final protocol under Article 3 concerning the regulation of forwarding of cattle, and raw materials and products between Austria-Hungary and Roumania, remains in force until 31/18 December, 1919, with the following modifications and additions: 1. Point 4 is given the following phraseology: in so far as cattle plague does not exist in Roumania and in so far as other dangerous epizootics that must be reported do not prevail in especially threatening conditions, or in so far as no such epizootics have not been carried from Roumania into Austria or into Hungary, the importation of cattle free from the plague and originating from the territories of Roumania, as well as hogs and sheep, will be permitted on the following Conditions: (a) The animals must be accompanied by animal passes which must also bear the attestation of a State veterinary that the animals are of Roumanian origin and that they are sound. Further, the pass must show that the territory of their origin is free from any disease such as must be reported and which may be communicated to the animal species in question; (b) the animals are examined by a veterinary at the place of entrance, both as regards their origin and the state of their individual soundness; transportations not meeting the preceding conditions in which but one single animal were affected by a contagious disease subject to report or suspected of having such disease, and regarding which a well-grounded suspicion rests that they are contaminated by a disease of this sort, may be excluded from importation (c) transportations, in the conditions hereinbefore stated, may be imported in closed cars, to specially designated slaughter-houses for immediate slaughtering, sheep eventually also for further feeding, but only in virtue of a special authorization of the competent authority of the country of destination and under the conditions therein contained: (d) railway cars and appliances that have been utilized for the transportation of cattle must, before being used again, be cleaned and properly disinfected.

2. Point 9 is given the following phraseology: The introduction of animals or of animal raw materials, and, as the case may be, of products of animal origin, hereinbefore specified, and intended for importation and transit, may be restricted to certain frontier stations, for the purpose of facilitating verification. Publication of the station of entrance is reserved. The new regulation anent the traffic in animals, animal raw materials and products beyond the year 1919 is reserved.

11. The following provisions are to take the place of Article 5 of the supplementary treaty of

23/10 April,1909: The commercial agreement modified and completed by the additional treaty of 23/10 April, 1909 and by the provisions hereinbefore given, as well as its additional articles, and the final protocol dependent thereon remain in force until 31/18 December, 1930, and thereafter for one year following the denunciation made by one of the contracting parties. Within a period of three months, reckoned from 30/17 September, 1919, Austria-Hungary may denounce Annex B of the additional treaty (customs dues at the entrance to the customs territory provided for by the treaty of the two States of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy). The other parts of the agreement in question are not had in view as regards this last denunciation, and in the case of a modification made in the customs system within the territory of one of the contracting parties or within the territories of the two contracting parties, they still remain valid for each particular State of such contracting party

ARTICLE 12.

This additional economic treaty which constitutes an integral and essential part of the treaty of peace, will be ratified. The ratifications must be exchanged at Vienna as soon as possible. It goes into force in so far as it contains nothing contrary thereto, after the exchange of the ratification acts. For the purpose of completing this supplementary treaty, and especially for the purpose of concluding the agreements therein reserved, representatives of the contracting parties will meet, as soon as possible, after the ratification, in a place still to be determined. In witness whereof the plenipotentiaries have signed this additional treaty and affixed their seals to it.

Done in duplicate original in Bucharest, 7 May, 1918.


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