Editorial of the First Issue of El Moudjahid, Algeria 1956

Jacques Duclos Explains the Communist Vote in Favor of the Government, March 12, 1956

Rivlin, Benjamin, "North Africa Meets the Modern World," Commentary, Vol. 22, no. 4 (October 1956)

Algerian Communist Party, "Letter to the Europeans of Algeria," 7 October 1957

Charles de Gaulle, French Premier: Speech at Constantine, Algeria, October 3, 1958

Speech by Frantz Fanon at the Congress of Black African Writers, "Reciprocal Bases of National Culture and the Fight for Freedom," 1959

Declaration on the Right to Insubordination in the War in Algeria, (The Manifesto of the 121), 1960

Ahmed Ben Bella, "On the Manifesto of the 121," 1960

Letter of the FLN to the Harkis, 14 July 1960

Letter of the Federal Committee of the French Federation of the FLN, 10 October 1961

The Massacre of October 17, 1961 by Mitch Abidor

French Federation of the FLN, "Appeal to the French," 22 October 1961

Chapter Six of The 'Death of the Subject’ Explained, "Algeria and the defeat of French Humanism," by James Heartfield

Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth, Chapter 3, "The Pitfalls of National Consciousness," 1961

Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth, Chapter 6, "Conclusion," 1961

Jean-Paul Sartre, Preface to Frantz Fanon’s “Wretched of the Earth,” 1961

Constitution of Algeria (1963)

Kwame Nkrumah "African Socialism Revisited," 1967

Universal Islamic Declaration of Human Rights, 19 September 1981 (21 Dhul Qaidah 1401)

Bernard Lewis, "The Roots of Muslim Rage, The Atlantic Monthly, September 1990

Mortimer, Robert. Islam and multiparty politics in Algeria. Middle East Journal vol. 45, no. 4 (Autumn, 1991)

Entelis, John P.; Arone, Lisa J. Algeria in turmoil: Islam, democracy and the state. Middle East Policy, vol.1, no. 2 (Spring, 1992)

Evans, Martin. Algeria: thirty years on. History Today vol. 42 (July, 1992)

Roberts, Hugh. The Algerian state and the challenge of democracy. Government and Opposition vol. 27, no. 4 (Autumn, 1992)

Mortimer, Robert A. Algeria: the clash between Islam, democracy and the military. Current History vol. 92, no. 570 (January 1993)

Arab Charter on Human Rights, Council of the League of Arab States, September 15, 1994

Entelis, John P. Political Islam in Algeria: the nonviolent dimension. Current History vol. 94, no. 588 (January 1995)

Man, Igor. Islam is the only road to salvation. (interview with Ahmed Ben Bella of Algeria) (Interview) New Perspectives Quarterly vol.12, no. 3 (Summer, 1995)

Edward G. Shirley, "Is Iran's Present Algeria's Future?" Foreign Affairs, May/June 1995

Rod Skilbeck, "The Shroud Over Algeria: Femicide, Islamism, and the Hijab," Journal of Arabic, Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies (JAIMES), Deakin University, Vol.2, No. 2, 1995, pp. 43-54

United Nations, Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, "Conclusions and recommendations of the Committee on Economic, Social and
Cultural Rights, Algeria," U.N. Doc. E/C.12/1995/17 (1995).

James A. Phillips, "The Rising Threat of Revolutionary Islam in Algeria," The Heritage Foundation, Backgrounder #1060, November 9, 1995

United Nations, Committee on the Elimnation of Racial Discrimination, Twelfth periodic reports of States parties due in 1995 : Algeria. 05/06/96.
CERD/C/280/Add.3. (State Party Report), 5 June 1996

Bernard Lewis, "Islam and Liberal Democracy: A Historical Overview," Journal of Democracy 7.2 (1996) 52-63

Robin Wright "Islam and Liberal Democracy: Two Visions Of Reformation," Journal of Democracy 7.2 (1996) 64-75

Abdou Filali-Ansary, "Islam and Liberal Democracy: The Challenge Of Secularization," Journal of Democracy 7.2 (1996) 76-80

Mohamed Elhachmi Hamdi, "Islam and Liberal Democracy: The Limits Of The Western Model," Journal of Democracy 7.2 (1996) 81-85

Laith Kubba, "Islam and Liberal Democracy: Recognizing Pluralism," Journal of Democracy 7.2 (1996) 86-89

Yahoo's Full News Coverage on Algeria

Africa News Online: Algeria

Algeria--A Country Study, US Library of Congress

Yahoo's Current Events File on Algeria

"U.S. Policy Toward Algeria," Statement by Robert H. Pelletreau, Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern Affairs, before the Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Washington, DC, April 16, 1996.

The Constitution of the People's Deomcratic Republic of Algeria, last amendment included: 28 November 1996

PBS Newshour, "Bloodshed in the Desert," 22 January 1997

Bruce Maddy-Weitzman, "The Islamic Challenge in North Africa," Middle East Review of International Affairs, Vol. 1, no. 2 (July 1997)

Amnesty International, "Algeria: Civilian Population Caught in a Spiral of Violence," 18 November 1997

PBS Hewshour, "Algerian Crisis," 1 October 1997

PBS Newshour, "Algerian Violence," 21 October 1997

PBS Newshour, "Algeria's Agony," 20 January 1998

Rami G. Khouri, "Algeria's Terrifying but Unsurprising Agony,"Middle East Review of International Affairs, Vol. 2, no. 1 (March 1998)

Ali R. Abootalebi, "Civil Society, Democracy, and the Middle East," Middle East Review of International Affairs, Vol 2, no. 3 (September 1998)

Ali R. Abootalebi, "Islam, Islamists, and Democracy," Middle East Review of International Affairs, Vol. 3, No. 1 (March 1999).

The Casablanca Declaration of the Arab Human Rights Movement, Adopted by the First International Conference of the Arab Human Rights Movement Casablanca, 23-25 April, 1999

Beirut Declaration, First Arab Conference on Justice, 16 June 1999

Charles Kurzman, "Liberal Islam: Prospects and Challenges," Middle East Review of International Affairs, Volume 3, No. 3 September 1999

Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright, Remarks following her meeting with Algerian President Bouteflika, December 12, 2000, Algiers, Algeria

An interview with Ronald Neumann, "Washington-Algiers: Our Aim has been First and Foremost Stability of the Maghreb," Interview Conducted by Roger Kaplan, African Geopolitics, No. 1 Winter 2001

Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Harvard University, Presented by the Moroccan Studies Program and the Program in Contemporary Arab Studies, "Algeria: State and Society in the Global Era," 30 April 2001

Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed, "Algeria and the Paradox of Democracy: The 1992 Coup, its Consequences and the Contemporary Crisis," Media Monitors Network, 11 May 2001

Human Rights Watch, World Report 2001, "Algeria" 2001

Stephen Zunes, "U.S. Policy Toward Political Islam." Foreign Policy in Focus, September 12, 2001

John L. Esposito and John O. Voll, "Islam and Democracy," Humanities, Volume 22, Number 6, November/December 2001

"The State of Emergency in Algeria: The Defense of General Nezzar," African Geopolitcs, No. 5, Winter 2002

David Colvin, "Algeria's Elections: Analysis and Prospects," Middle East Institute, Washington, DC, 2001

Jean de la Guérivière, "Algeria: The Comeback of the FLN," African Geopolitics, Nos. 7-8, Summer-Fall 2002

Kenan Malik, "All Cultures are not Equal," 2002

Human Rights Watch, "Algeria: Time for Reckoning: Enforced Disappearances In Algeria," February 2003 Vol. 15, No. 2(E)

International Monetary Fund, "Algeria: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix," 12 March 2003

Aziz Enhaili and Oumelkheir Adda, "State and Islamism in the Maghreb," Middle East Review of International Affairs, Vol 7, no. 1 March 2003

Jeremy Black, "Islam and the West: A Historical Perspective," Foreign Policy Research Institute, Volume 4, Number 2, May 2003

International Crisis Group, "Algeria: Unrest and Impasse in Kabylia," Middle East/North Africa Report N°15, 10 June 2003

US, Department of States, "Islam and Democracy: Possibilities, Challenges, and Risks of Bringing Democracy to Islamic Nations, Government, and People," Presentation at the Secretary's Open Forum, Washington, DC, June 16, 2003

Freedom House, "Freedom in the World: Algeria," July 2003

International Monetary Fund, Country Focus: The Middle East and North Africa, Finance & Development, September 2003

Human Rights Internet, "Algeria" 2003

Human Rights Watch, "Truth and Justice on Hold: The New State Commission on “Disappearances,” December 2003

George T. Abed and Hamid R. Davoodi, "Challenges of Growth and Globalization in the Middle East and North Africa," International Monetary Fund, 2003

Edward Gardner, "Creating Employment in the Middle East and North Africa," International Monetary Fund, 2003

K Gajendra Singh, "Occupation case studies: Algeria and Turkey," Asia Times Online, 7 January 2004

US, Department of State, "Algeria: Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2003, Released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor
February 25, 2004

"Growth in the Middle East and North Africa," by Hakura, Dalia S. IMF Working Paper No. 04/56, April 01, 2004

BBC News Online, "Algeria's Presidential Election," 9 April 2004

BBC News Online, "Observers Praise Algerian Voting, 10 April 2004

Robert Malley and Hugh Roberts, "Algeria's next move - After the voting," International Herald Tribune, 17 April 2004

International Crisis Group, "Islamism in North Africa I: The Legacies of History," Middle East and North Africa Briefing, 20 April 2004

Algeria and the International Monetary Fund, 17 March 2004

Pierre Beaudry, "The Algeria Paradox: Will Bush or Kerry Learn a Lesson from Charles de Gaulle? Executive Intelligence Review, 18 June 2004

Brent Gregston, "Algeria: Crackdown on Journalists," World Press Review Online, 16 July 2004


Algeria Interface

Algeria Watch France

Algeria Watch International

Algerian National People's Assembly

Algerian Newspapers

allAfrica: Algeria Top News

Columbia University, Middle East and Jewish Studies Program, "Algeria"

Cornell University, Algeria: A Bibliography of Events Since 1991, "Elections in Algeria" 26 June 2004

The Embassy of Algeria to the United States

Hijra International Online, Algeria

North Africa News

Permanent Mission of Algeria to the United Nations

St. Thomas University, Diplomacy Monitor, Documents Affecting Algeria

University of Pennsylvania, African Studies Center, Algeria Page

Washington Post, Articles on Algeria

Washington Report of Middle East Affairs

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