Chemical and Biological Warfare

PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT'S STATEMENT ON THE USE OF POISON GAS, June 5, 1942

US, Memorandum, Secretary of Defense Laird to National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger on Biological Weapons, April 30, 1969. Confidential,

US, Memorandum, Morton H. Halperin To National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, Subject: Memorandum to Secretary Laird on CBW Study, May 7, 1969. Confidential

US, Memorandum, National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger to Secretary of Defense Laird, Subject: CBW Study, May 9, 1969. Confidential

US, National Security Study Memorandum (NSSM) 59, U.S. Policy on Chemical and Biological Warfare and Agents, from National Security Advisor Henry A. Kissinger to the Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, Director of Central Intelligence, the Special Assistant to the President for Science and Technology, and the Director, U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. 5/28/69.

US, Memorandum, Presidential Science Advisor Lee A. DuBridge to National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger on Chemical and Biological Weapons, October 22, 1969.

US, Report to the National Security Council, "US Policy on Chemical and Biological Warfare and Agents," submitted by the Interdepartmental Political-Military Group in response to NSSM 59, November 10, 1969

US, Memorandum, Ronald I. Spiers to Secretary of State William Rogers, Subject: US Policy on Chemical and Biological Warfare, November 17, 1969

US, National Security Decision Memorandum (NSDM) 35, United States Policy on Chemical Warfare Program and Bacteriological/Biological Research Program, from National Security Advisory Henry A. Kissinger to the Vice President, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, etc., November 25, 1969

US, Draft NSDM re United States Policy on Chemical Warfare Program and Bacteriological/Biological Research Program [ca. November 1969]

US, The President's Talking Points – Congressional Leadership Meeting [Tuesday, November 25, 1969] re the results of the review of US chemical and biological warfare programs and policies.

US, National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger Talking Points – Briefings for Congressional Leadership and Press [re administration decisions on biological and chemical warfare], ca. November 25, 1969

US, Memorandum to Secretary of State, et al. from Secretary of Defense Laird re Chemical Warfare and Biological Research—Terminology, December 9, 1969

US, Memorandum to National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger from Michael A. Guhin, Subject: The Toxins Issue, December 18, 1969

US, Memorandum, PSAC Member Lee DuBridge to National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, re next steps in U.S. chemical and biological weapons policy, December 22, 1969.

US, National Security Study Memorandum No. 85, Subject: U.S. Policy on Toxins, December 31, 1969

US, Memorandum, Michael A. Guhin to National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, Subject: Memorandum from Secretary of Defense Laird re Chemical Warfare and Biological Research Terminology and Our Request for White House Review of Statements for Senate and House Hearings, January 2, 1970.

US, Basic Chronology of Chemical Warfare and Biological Research Issues (ca. January 1970).

US, Memorandum, Michael A. Guhin to National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, Subject: Dr. DuBridge's Comments on Reactions to the President's Chemical Warfare and Biological Research Announcement, January 5, 1970.

US, Memorandum for the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs from Deputy Secretary of Defense David Packard, Subject: Program Options on Toxins, February 12, 1970, with cover Memorandum, Alexander Haig to National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, Subject: Defense Position on Toxins, February 12, 1970.

US, National Security Decision Memorandum No. 44, Subject: United States Policy on Toxins, February 20, 1970.

US, Memorandum for the President from National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, Subject: Issues for Decision re Submission of the Geneva Protocol to the Senate for Its Advice and Consent to Ratification, July 3, 1970

US, Memorandum for the President from Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird, Subject: National Security Decision Memoranda 35 and 44, July 6, 1970

US, Memorandum, Michael A. Guhin to National Security Advisor Henry A. Kissinger, Subject: Further Explanation of Proposed Review re Necessity of Classified Biological Research Program, July 17, 1970.

US, Memorandum for the President from John Irwin (NSC Under Secretaries Committee), Subject: Annual Review of US Chemical Warfare and Biological Research Program, February 4, 1971 Attached Report

US, Congress, Senate, Hearings before the Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities of the United States Senate [Church Committee], Ninety-fourth Congress, First Session, Volume I: Unauthorized Storage of Toxic Agents, September 16, 17 and 18, 1975

U.S. Army Activity in the U.S. Biological Warfare Programs (Volumes I and II), U.S. Department of the Army, February 24, 1977, reprinted in Biological Testing Involving Human Subjects by the Department of Defense, 1977, Hearings before the Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources, March 8 and May 23, 1977, United States Senate, 95th Congress, First Session

The National Security Archive, "U.S. INTELLIGENCE ON THE DEADLIEST MODERN OUTBREAK," National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 61, Edited by Robert A. Wampler and Thomas S. Blanton, November 15, 2001

Effective Implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention, A SIPRI Project

Chemical Weapons Destruction in Russia, A SIPRI Project

US, Department of State, Memorandum re Soviet Biological Weapons Programs, no classification, 9/17/92 (according to source), 10 pp.

Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute

CW and CW Protection

U.S. Department of Defense, Chemical Warfare/Chemical and Biological Defense Information Analysis Center (CBIAC)

Geneva Protocol, 1925

United Nations, FOURTH REVIEW CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES TO THE CONVENTION ON THE PROHIBITION OF THE DEVELOPMENT, PRODUCTION AND STOCKPILING OF BACTERIOLOGICAL (BIOLOGICAL) AND TOXIN WEAPONS AND ON THEIR DESTRUCTION, Geneva, 25 November - 6 December 1996

Excerpts from President Clinton's opening statement at a news conference on the chemical arms treaty before the Senate, April 19, 1997

Chemical and Biological Defense Information Analysis Center

CalPoly Chemical and Biological Warfare Page

Chemistry of Chemical Warfare Agents

Chemical and Biological Weapons Nonproliferation Project, Henry Stimson Center

Federation of American Scientists, Chemical and Biological Weapons Program

Harvard Sussex Program on CBW Armament and Arms Limitation

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Effective Implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention

Chemical and Biological Agents

Austin Godber, Terrorist Use of Chemical Weapons

John G. Roos, "The Ultimate Nightmare," Armed Forces Journal International

New Scientist, Special Report on Bioterrorism

Public Broadcasting System, "Plague War"

Outbreak, News About Chemical and Biological Agents and Threats

Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute


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