Documents Relating to American Foreign Policy

Clinton Administration


U.S., USSTRATCOM/J53/J54, "Strategic Nuclear Forces: STRATCOM's View," November 23, 1992.

US Strategic Command, "Sun City," n.d. [1993].

"The Unipolar Illusion: Why New Great Powers Will Rise." By Christopher Layne. International Security 17, no. 4 (1993): pp. 5-51.

Speech by Anthony Lake, "From Containment to Enlargement, Johns Hopkins University, 21 September 1993

"International Primacy: Is the Game Worth the Candle?" By Robert Jervis. International Security 17, no. 4 (Spring 1993): pp. 52-67.

"Why International Primacy Matters." By Samuel P. Huntington. International Security 17, no. 4 (Spring 1993): pp. 68-83.

"Instances of Use of United States Forces Abroad, 1798 - 1993," by Ellen C. Collier, Specialist in U.S. Foreign Policy,
Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division, Washington DC: Congressional Research Service -- Library of Congress -- October 7, 1993

US, Congress, U.S. Public Law 103-150, To acknowledge the 100th anniversary of the January 17, 1893 overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii, and to offer an apology to Native Hawaiians on behalf of the United States for the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i, Nov. 23, 1993

Memo (U), Maj. Gen. John H. Admire, USMC, Vice Director for Strategic Plans and Policy, Joint Staff, to Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear Security and Counterproliferation, “Nuclear Posture Review (NPR),” 6 January 1994

Note, Executive to DCINCSTRAT to DCINCSTRAT, [npr’s lack of progress], January 11, 1994. w/attachment

U.S., USSTRATCOM, "Sun City Extended," n.d. [1994].

Briefing, Brig. Gen. Tony Tolin, Deputy Director for Strategy and Policy, Joint Staff/J5, "Nuclear Posture Review Key: Key Issues for Review by the Strategic Advisory Group," March 15, 1994.

USSTRATCOM/Strategic Advisory Group, "Nuclear Force; Post 1994," July 12, 1994.

Memo (U), Gen. John M. Shalikashvili, CJCS, to USCINCSTRAT, “Strategic Force Structure,” 28 July 1994.

Pt Ppr (U), USSTRATCOM J004, “Overview of Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) Results,” [ca. 22 September 1994].

Department of Defense, additional written answers provided for the Senate Armed Services Committee for the September 22, 1994, hearing on the Nuclear Posture Review.

U.S., Senate Armed Services Committee, Nuclear Posture Review hearing, September 22, 1994

National Security Council Homepage

"Sitting in Darkness: An Unheeded Message About U.S. Militarism," By Jim Zwick, Baltimore Sun (April 23, 1995)

United States District Court (Florida: Southern District) Affidavit. "United States of America, Plaintiff, v. Carlos Cardoen [et al.]" [Charge that Teledyne Wah Chang Albany Illegally Provided a Proscribed Substance, Zirconium, to Cardoen Industries and to Iraq], January 31, 1995.

Clinton Administration Policy on Reforming Multilateral Peace Operations, (PDD 25), Bureau of International Organizational Affairs, U.S. Department of State, February 22, 1996

"Somalia and the future of humanitarian intervention," Foreign Affairs, Vol. 75, No.2 Mar/Apr 1996

U.S., USSTRATCOM, Major J. L. Hogler, USAF, "Post START II Arms Control," 18 September 1996.

10/24/96 TEXT: LAKE REMARKS ON ASIA/PACIFIC AT JAPAN SOCIETY OCT. 23

American Diplomacy

12/02/96 TEXT: VICE PRESIDENT GORE PRAISES ROLE OF OSCE

ECONOMIC POWER IN THE SINO-U.S. RELATIONSHIP, Kevin F. Donovan, INSS Occasional Paper 5, Regional Series, December 1995, USAF Institute for National Security Studies, US Air Force Academy, Colorado

U.S., USSTRATCOM, "Post START II Arms Reductions: Warfighter's Assessment," 30 December 1996.

01/10/97, TEXT: AMB. HUNT SPEECH AT PANEL ON `CLASH OF CIVILIZATIONS'

01/08/97 TEXT: MADELEINE ALBRIGHT STATEMENT BEFORE Senate Foreign Relations Committee, JANUARY 8, 1997

Political Systems, Violence, and War, R. J. Rummel May, 1988

Encyclopedia Britannica, PUBLIC OPINION AND GOVERNMENT

TEXT: ANTHONY LAKE ON A SECOND 'AMERICAN CENTURY' (The Washington Post 05/03/96 op-ed piece), May 3, 1996

STATEMENT TO THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL SECURITY, Hearings on United States Security Interests in the Post-Cold War World, By John D. Steinbruner Director, Foreign Policy Studies The Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C., June 6, 1996

"Time to End the Korean War" by Bruce Cumings Atlantic Monthly, Vol. 279, No. 2, February 1997

Jacob Heilbrunn, "The Great Equivocator," The New Republic, Vol. 216, no. 12, March 24, 1997

USA Engage

Secretary of State, Madeline Albright, Official Home Page

THE SAN JOSE DECLARATION, 20 May 1997

American Foreign Policy and Iran: Time for a Change?

REMARKS BY SAMUEL R. BERGER ASSISTANT TO THE PRESIDENT FOR NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS, "Building a New Consensus on China," COUNCIL ON FOREIGN RELATIONS NEW YORK, NEW YORK, JUNE 6, 1997

Iran/Bosnia Arms, 30 May 96, Hearings before the House International Relations Committee

Voice of America, Albright on US-Iran Relations, September 14, 1997

"DEMOCRACY AND THE INTERNATIONAL INTEREST," Remarks by Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott to the Denver Summit of the Eight Initiative on Democracy and Human Rights, October 1, 1997

Brad Roberts, "1995 and the End of the Post-Cold War Era," Washington Quarterly, Vol. 18, no. 1 (Winter 1995)

Patrick Garrity, "Warnings of a Parting Friend (US Foreign Policy Envisioned by George Washington in his Farewell Address)," The National Interest, No. 45, Fall 1996

Lepgold, Joseph and McKeown, Timothy, "Is American Foreign Policy Exceptional? An Empirical Analysis," Political Science Quarterly, Fall 1995

Ido Oren, "The Subjectivity of the 'Democratic' Peace: Changing U.S. Perceptions of Imperial Germany," International Security, Vol. 20, no. 2 (Fall 1995)

J. Brian Atwood, US Agency for International Development Administrator, "Towards a New Definition of National Security: The New Strategic Threats," Current History, Vol. 62, no. 5 (December 15, 1995)

Yahoo's Coverage of the Nuclear Testing

Martin Walker, "Whose Internationalism, Whose Isolationism?" World Policy Journal

Mike M. Mochizuki, The Brookings Institution, "The Future of the U.S.-Japan Alliance," February 6, 1996

U.S. Department of State, Stephen Sestanovich, Ambassador-at-Large and Special Adviser for the New Independent States
before the House International Relations Committee, "U.S. Policy Toward Russia," Washington, DC, July 16, 1998

Susan E. Rice, Assistant Secretary for African Affairs, Statement before the Subcommittee on Africa, House International Relations Committee, Washington, DC, September 15, 1998, Released by the Office of Central African Affairs, Bureau of African Affairs, September 15, 1998.

U.S. Department of State. Charles Kartman, Deputy Assistant Secretary for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Testimony by Special Envoy for the Korean Peace Process before the Subcommittee on East Asia and the Pacific of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Washington, DC, September 10, 1998

Stuart E. Eizenstat, Under Secretary of State for Economic, Business and Agricultural Affairs, Testimony Before the Lott Bipartisan Senate Task Force on Sanctions, Washington, DC, September 8, 1998

U.S. Department of State, James P. Rubin, Assistant Secretary, Remarks at Stakeout After Six-Plus-Two Meeting on Afghanistan, United Nations, New York, New York, September 21, 1998

BRIEFING BY JAMES P. RUBIN, SPOKESMAN for the United States, United Nations, 23 September 1998

REMARKS BY JAMES P. RUBIN, SPOKESMAN AFTER SECRETARY ALBRIGHT'S MEETING WITH ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER NETANYAHU, UN Plaza Hotel, New York, New York, September 23, 1998

Charles Kartman, Special Envoy for the Korean Peace Process and U.S.Representative to KEDO, U.S. Department of State, United State Policy Toward North Korea," Testimony Before the House International Relations Committee, Washington, DC, September 24, 1998

Ralph A. Boyce, Deputy Assistant Secretary for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, U.S. Department of State
Testimony Before the House International Relations Committee, Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific, "Situation in Cambodia," Washington, DC, September 28, 1998

ADDRESS BY SECRETARY OF STATE MADELEINE K. ALBRIGHT TO THE US-RUSSIA BUSINESS COUNCIL, Chicago, Illinois, October 2, 1998.

Stanley O. Roth, Assistant Secretary for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, U.S. Department of State, Testimony Before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, "Situation in Cambodia" Subcommittee on East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Washington, DC, October 2, 1998

U.S. Department of State, Peter F. Romero, "Western Hemisphere Relations in the 21st Century: The U.S. Perspective," Acting Assistant Secretary for Inter-American Affairs before the Miami Herald Conference on the Americas, Coral Gables, Florida, September 18, 1998, Released by the Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, September 18, 1998

Stanley O. Roth, Assistant Secretary for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, U.S. Department of State, Testimony Before the House Resources Committee and the House International Relations Committee, Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific, "U.S. and the Freely Associated States" Washington, DC, October 1, 1998

U.S. Department of State, James P. Rubin, Assistant Secretary, Briefing Followed by Questions and Answers, King David Hotel, Jerusalem, October 6, 1998

U.S. Department of State, Strobe Talbott, Deputy Secretary, Turgut Ozal Memorial Lecture, "U.S.-Turkish Relations in an Age of Interdependence," Washington Institute on Near East Policy, October 14, 1998

Stuart E. Eizenstat, Under Secretary for Economic, Business, and Agricultural Affairs; John Shattuck, Assistant Secretary for
Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor; and Robert Seiple, Special Representative for International Religious Freedom, U.S. Department of State, On-the-record briefing on the International Religious Freedom Act, Released by the Office of the Spokesman, Washington, DC, October 9, 1998

U.S. Department of State, James P. Rubin, Assistant Secretary, Briefing at Chesapeake College on the Israeli-Palestinian Talks and the Situation in Kosovo, Wye Mills, Maryland, October 17, 1998

James P. Rubin, Assistant Secretary, Briefing at Chesapeake College, Briefing on Middle East Peace Talks and Kosovo, Wye Mills, Maryland, October 16, 1998

U.S. Department of State, James P. Rubin, Assistant Secretary, Press Briefing at Chesapeake College, Wye Mills, October 19, 1998

U.S. Department of State, Thomas R. Pickering, Under Secretary of State, "U.S. Policies in the Middle East," Middle East Institute, Washington, D.C., October 16, 1998

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE, BUREAU OF INTER-AMERICAN AFFAIRS, OCTOBER 20, 1998, Remarks by Peter F. Romero, Acting Assistant Secretary for Inter-American Affairs to the Canadian Importers Association, Toronto, Canada, October 20, 1998

Deputy Secretary Talbott, "American Leadership and Global Challenges," Address at the Los Angeles World Affairs Council, Los Angeles, California, November 5, 1998

REMARKS BY VICE PRESIDENT GORE, APEC BUSINESS SUMMIT, KUALA LUMPUR, 16 November 1998

PRESS BRIEFING BY DEPUTY NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR JIM STEINBERG, NATIONAL ECONOMIC ADVISOR GENE SPERLING, DEPUTY TREASURY SECRETARY LARRY SUMMERS, 17 November 1998

Thomas R. Pickering, Under Secretary for Political Affairs, Address at Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (SACLANT), "The Transatlantic Partnership:  A History of Defending Freedom; A Future for Extending It," Old Dominion University Symposium, Norfolk, Virginia, October 30, 1998

Charles William Maynes, "Bottom-up Foreign Policy," Foreign Policy, no. 104 (Fall 1996)

David C. Hendrikson, "In Our Own Image: The Sources of American Conduct in World Affairs," The National Interest, No. 50 (Winter 1997)

PRESS BRIEFING BY DIRECTOR OF ASIAN AFFAIRS FOR NSC JACK PRITCHARD, AND DEPUTY SECRETARY OF TREASURY LARRY SUMMERS, 20 November 1998

PRESS BRIEFING BY DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMIC COUNCIL GENE SPERLING AND SENIOR DIRECTOR FOR ASIAN AFFAIRS AT NSC KEN LIEBERTHAL on US-Japan Relations, 20 November 1998

PRESS BRIEFING BY UNDER SECRETARY OF STATE STUART EIZENSTAT AND SENIOR DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL FOR EUROPEAN AFFAIRS, DON BANDLER, 18 December 1998

Harold Hongju Koh, Assistant Secretary  for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, Testimony Before the House Committee on International Relations, Washington, DC, January 20, 1999

Strobe Talbott, Deputy Secretary of State, Address at  Conference on Diplomacy and Preventive Defense, "Dialogue, Democracy and Nuclear Weapons in South Asia," Co-sponsored by the Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict and the Stanford-Harvard Preventive Defense Project, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, January 16, 1999

Deputy Secretary Talbott, Address to the German Society for Foreign Policy, Bonn, Germany, "The New Europe and the New NATO," February 4, 1999

Stanley O. Roth, Assistant Secretary for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, U.S. Department of State, Testimony Before the House International Relations Committee, "Challenges in U.S.-Asia Policy" Subcommittee on East Asia and the Pacific, Washington, DC, February 10, 1999

U.S. Department of State, Deputy Secretary Talbott, Address at India International Center, New Delhi, India, January 30, 1999

U.S. Department of State, Deputy Secretary Talbott, Address at the Institute of Strategic Studies, "Pakistan, the U.S., and the Quest for Common Ground" Islamabad, Pakistan, February 2, 1999

U.S. Department of State, Remarks by Under Secretary of State Thomas Pickering, U.S. Military Academy, West Point, New York, February 10, 1999

President Clinton's Speech on Foreign Policy, San Francisco, CA, 26 February 1999

REMARKS BY PRESIDENT CLINTON TO CONFERENCE ON U.S.-AFRICA PARTNERSHIP FOR THE 21ST CENTURY, Department of State, Washington, DC, March 16, 1999

Stanley O. Roth, Assistant Secretary for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, U.S. Department of State, Address to the Woodrow Wilson Center and the American Institute in Taiwan, "The Taiwan Relations Act at Twenty -- and Beyond," Washington, DC, March 24, 1999

Chicago Council on Foreign Relations, American Public Opinion and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1999

Stuart E. Eizenstat, Under Secretary of State for Economic, Business, and Agricultural Affairs and Rick Newcomb, Director, Office of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury Department, On-the-Record Briefing on US Economic Sanctions, Office of the Spokesman Washington DC, April 28, 1999

James H. Nolt, World Policy Institute, "U.S. China Security Relations," In Focus, Volume 3, Number 19, June 1998 (revised 4/8/99)

Memorandum of Law: Did the ABM Treaty of 1972 Remain in Force after the USSR ceased to Exist in December 1991 and did it Become a Treaty Between the United States and the Russian Federation? By Douglas J. Feith and George Miron, January 22, 1999 (Revised May 21, 1999), Written testimony to a hearing by the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee, May 25, 1999

Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright, Article on Arms Control Leadership for Time Magazine, November 22, 1999, U.S. Department of State

Conclusions of the Report of the Commission to Assess The Ballistic Missile Threat to the United States (The Rumsfeld Commission), 15 July 1998

U.S. Department of State, Susan E. Rice, Assistant Secretary for African Affairs, "The Ethiopian-Eritrean War: U.S. Policy Options," Before the House Committee on International Relations, Africa Subcommittee, May 25, 1999

Frank E. Loy, Under Secretary for Global Affairs, U.S. Department of State, Doherty Lecture, University of Virginia Center for Oceans Law and Policy, Washington, DC, May 11, 1999

Karl F. Inderfurth, Assistant Secretary of State for South Asian Affairs, Statement before the Subcommittee on Near East and South Asia, Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Washington, DC, May 25, 1999

Stanley O. Roth, Assistant Secretary for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, U.S. Department of State, Testimony Before the House Ways and Means Committee, Subcommittee on Trade, "Renewal of Normal Trade Relations With China," Washington, DC, June 8, 1999

U.S. Department of State, Ambassador Howard Jeter, Deputy Assistant Secretary for African Affairs, Testimony Before the House International Relations Committee, "Nigeria: On the Democracy Path?," Subcommittee on Africa, August 3, 1999, Washington, DC

REMARKS BY SAMUEL R. BERGER, ASSISTANT TO THE PRESIDENT FOR NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS,  "AMERICAN POWER: HEGEMONY, ISOLATIONISM OR ENGAGEMENT,"  THE COUNCIL ON FOREIGN RELATIONS, AS PREPARED FOR DELIVERY, OCTOBER 21, 1999

William C. Wohlforth. "The Stability of a Unipolar World." International Security 24, no. 2 (Summer 1999): 5-41.

PERILS OF REASONING BY HISTORICAL ANALOGY: MUNICH, VIETNAM, AND AMERICAN USE OF FORCE SINCE 1945 by Jeffrey Record Foreword by The Honorable Sam Nunn March 1998 Occasional Paper No. 4 Center for Strategy and Technology Air War College Air University Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama

Interagency Review of U.S. Government Civilian Humanitarian & Transition Programs, U.S. Department of State, January 2000

Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright, Statement on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, Davos, Switzerland, January 28, 2000, As released by the Office of the Spokesman, U.S. Department of State

The Honorable John D. Holum, Senior Advisor for Arms Control and International Security, Remarks to the Foreign Policy Association, New York, New York, February 16, 2000, U.S. Department of State

Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright, Special Advisor to the President and Secretary of State for the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty General John Shalikashvili, Senior Advisor for Arms Control John Holum, and Senior CTBT Coordinator Ambassador James Goodby, Press Briefing on Normal Trade Relations with China and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, Washington, D.C., March 13, 2000, As released by the Office of the Spokesman, U.S. Department of State

Gen. John Shalikashvili (USA Ret.), Special Advisor to the President and the Secretary of State for the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, Address at the Carnegie International Non-proliferation Conference, Washington, DC, March 16, 2000

THE NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL PROJECT, ORAL HISTORY ROUNDTABLES, The Clinton Administration, National Security Council, September 27, 2000, Ivo H. Daalder and I.M. Destler, Moderators, Karla J. Nieting, Rapporteur, Center for International and Security Studies at Maryland, School of Public Affairs, University of Maryland, The Brookings Institution, Washington, DC


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