THE WHITE HOUSE

                     Office of the Press Secretary
                           (Gaza City, Gaza)
________________________________________________________________________
For Immediate Release                                   December 14, 1998

REMARKS BY PRESIDENT CLINTON TO THE MEMBERS OF THE PALESTINIAN NATIONAL COUNCIL AND OTHER PALESTINIAN ORGANIZATIONS, Shawwa Center, Gaza City, Gaza, 14 December 1998
             

5:30 P.M. (L)
  
  
   THE PRESIDENT:  Mr. Speaker, Mr. Zanoun, Chairman Arafat, Mrs.
Arafat, members of the Palestinian National Council, the Palestinian
Central Council, the Palestinian Executive Committee, Palestinian
Council Heads of Ministries, leaders of business and religion; to all
members of the Palestinian community, and to my fellow Americans who
come here from many walks of life -- Arab American, Jewish American --
this is a remarkable day.  Today the eyes of the world are on you.
  
   I am profoundly honored to be the first American President to address
the Palestinian people in a city governed by Palestinians.  (Applause.)
  
   I have listened carefully to all that has been said.  I have watched
carefully the reactions of all of you to what has been said.  I know
that the Palestinian people stand at a crossroads; behind you a history
of dispossession and dispersal, before you the opportunity to shape a
new Palestinian future on your own land.
  
   I know the way is often difficult and frustrating, but you have come
to this point through a commitment to peace and negotiations.  You
reaffirmed that commitment today.  I believe it is the only way to
fulfill the aspirations of your people and I am profoundly grateful to
have had the opportunity to work with Chairman Arafat for the cause of
peace, to come here as a friend of peace and a friend of your future,
and to witness you raising your hands, standing up tall -- standing up
not only against what you believe is wrong, but for what you believe is
right in the future.  (Applause.)

   I was sitting here thinking that this moment would have been
inconceivable a decade ago -- no Palestinian Authority, no elections in
Gaza and the West Bank, no relations between the United States and
Palestinians -- (applause) -- no Israeli troop redeployments from the
West Bank and Gaza, no Palestinians in charge in Gaza, Ramallah,
Bethlehem, Hebron, Tulkarem, Jenin, Nablus, Jericho and so many other
places.  There was no Gaza International Airport.  (Applause.)

   Today, I had the privilege of cutting the ribbon on the International
Airport.  (Applause.)  Hillary and I, along with Chairman and Mrs.
Arafat, celebrated a place that will become a magnet for planes from
throughout the Middle East and beyond, bringing you a future in which
Palestinians can travel directly to the far corners of the world; a
future in which it is easier and cheaper to bring materials, technology
and expertise in and out of Gaza; a future in which tourists and traders
can flock here, to this beautiful place on the Mediterranean; a future,
in short, in which the Palestinian people are connected to the world.

   I am told that just a few months ago, at a time of profound pessimism
in the peace process, your largest exporter of fruit and flowers was
prepared to plow under a field of roses, convinced the airport would
never open.  But Israelis and Palestinians came to agreement at Wye
River, the airport has opened, and now I am told that company plans to
export roses and carnations to Europe and throughout the Gulf, a true
flowering of Palestinian promise.  (Applause.)
  
   I come here today to talk about that promise, to ask you to
rededicate yourselves to it, to ask you to think for a moment about how
we can get beyond the present state of things where every step forward
is like, as we say in America, pulling teeth.  Where there is still, in
spite of the agreement at Wye, achieved because we don't need much sleep
-- and we worked so hard, and Mr. Netanyahu worked with us, and we made
this agreement.  But I want to talk to you about how we can get beyond
this moment, where there is still so much mistrust and misunderstanding
and quite a few missteps.
  
   You did a good thing today in raising your hands.  You know why?   It
has nothing to do with the government in Israel.  You will touch the
people of Israel.  (Applause.)
  
   I want the people of Israel to know that for many Palestinians, five
years after Oslo, the benefits of this process remain remote; that for
too many Palestinians lives are hard, jobs are scarce, prospects are
uncertain and personal grief is great.
  
   I know that tremendous pain remains as a result of losses suffered
from violence, the separation of families, the restrictions on the
movement of people and goods.  I understand your concerns about
settlement activity, land confiscation and home demolitions.  I
understand your concerns, and theirs, about unilateral statements that
could prejudge the outcome of final status negotiations.  I understand,
in short, that there's still a good deal of misunderstanding five years
after the beginning of this remarkable process.

   It takes time to change things and still more time for change to
benefit everyone.  It takes determination and courage to make peace and
sometimes even more to persevere for peace.  But slowly, but surely, the
peace agreements are turning into concrete progress -- the transfer of
territories, the Gaza industrial estate and the airport.  These changes
will make a difference in many Palestinian lives.

   I thank you -- I thank you, Mr. Chairman, for your leadership for
peace and your perseverance, for enduring all the criticism from all
sides, for being willing to change course and for being strong enough to
stay with what is right.  You have done a remarkable thing for your
people.  (Applause.)
  
   America is determined to do what we can to bring tangible benefits of
peace.  I am proud that the roads we traveled on to get here were paved,
in part, with our assistance, as were hundreds of miles of roads that
knit together towns and villages throughout the West Bank and Gaza.
  
   Two weeks ago, in Washington, we joined with other nations to pledge
hundreds of millions of dollars toward your development, including
health care and clean water, education for your children, rule of law
projects that nurture democracy.  Today I am pleased to announce we will
also fund the training of Palestinian health care providers, and airport
administrators, increase our support to Palestinian refugees.  And next
year I will ask the Congress for another several hundred million dollars
to support the development of the Palestinian people.  (Applause.)
  
   But make no mistake about it, all this was made possible because of
what you did -- because five years ago you made a choice for peace, and
because through all the tough times since, when in your own mind you had
a hundred good reasons to walk away, you didn't.  (Applause.)  Because
you still harbor the wisdom that led to the Oslo Accords, that led to
the signing in Washington in September of '93 -- you still can raise
your hand and stand and lift your voice for peace.
  
   Mr. Chairman, you said some profound words today in embracing the
idea that Israelis and Palestinians can live in peace as neighbors.
Again I say you have led the way, and we would not be here without you.
  
   I say to all of you, I can come here and work, I can bring you to
America and we can work, but in the end, this is up to you.  You and the
Israelis.  For you have to live with the consequences of what you do.  I
can help because I believe it is my job to do so; I believe it is my
duty to do so; because America has Palestinian Americans, Jewish
Americans, other Arab Americans who desperately want us to be helpful.
But in the end, you have to decide what the understanding will be, and
you have to decide whether we can get beyond the present moment where
there is still, for all the progress we have made, so much mistrust.
And the people who are listening to us today in Israel, they have to
make the same decisions.
  
   Peace must mean many things -- legitimate rights for Palestinians --
(applause) -- legitimate rights for Palestinians, real security for
Israel.  But it must begin with something even more basic -- mutual
recognition, seeing people who are different, with whom there have been
profound differences, as people.

   I've had two profoundly emotional experiences in the last less than
24 hours.  I was with Chairman Arafat and four little children came to
see me whose fathers are in Israeli prisons.  Last night, I met some
little children whose fathers had been killed in conflict with
Palestinians, at the dinner that Prime Minister Netanyahu had for me.
Those children brought tears to my eyes.  We have to find a way for both
sets of children to get their lives back and to go forward.  (Applause.)

   Palestinians must recognize the right of Israel and its people to
live safe and secure lives today, tomorrow and forever.  Israel must
recognize the right of Palestinians to aspire to live free today,
tomorrow and forever.  (Applause.)
  
   And I ask you to remember these experiences I had with these two
groups of children.  If I had met them in reverse order I would not have
known which ones were Israeli and which Palestinian.  If they had all
been lined up in a row and I had seen their tears, I could not tell
whose father was dead and whose father was in prison, or what the story
of their lives were, making up the grief that they bore.  We must
acknowledge that neither side has a monopoly on pain or virtue.
(Applause.)

   At the end of America's Civil War, in my home state, a man was
elected governor who had fought with President Lincoln's forces, even
though most of the people in my home state fought with the secessionist
forces.  And he made his inaugural speech after four years of
unbelievable bloodshed in America, in which he had been on the winning
side, but in the minority in our home.  And everyone wondered what kind
of leader he would be.  His first sentence was, "We have all done
wrong."  I say that because I think the beginning of mutual respect
after so much pain is to recognize not only the positive characteristics
of people on both sides, but the fact that there has been a lot -- a lot
-- of hurt and harm.
  
   The fulfillment of one side's aspirations must not come at the
expense of the other.  We must believe that everyone can win in the new
Middle East.  (Applause.)  It does not hurt Israelis to hear
Palestinians peacefully and pridefully asserting their identity, as we
saw today.  That is not a bad thing.  (Applause.)  And it does not hurt
Palestinians to acknowledge the profound desire of Israelis to live
without fear.  It is in this spirit that I ask you to consider where we
go from here.
  
   I thank you for your rejection -- fully, finally and forever -- of
the passages in the Palestinian Charter calling for the destruction of
Israel.  For they were the ideological underpinnings of a struggle
renounced at Oslo.  By revoking them once and for all, you have sent, I
say again, a powerful message not to the government, but to the people
of Israel.  You will touch people on the street there.  You will reach
their hearts there.  (Applause.)

   I know how profoundly important this is to Israelis.  I have been
there four times as President.  I have spent a lot of time with people
other than the political leaders -- Israeli school children who heard
about you only as someone who thought they should be driven into the
sea.  They did not know what their parents or grandparents did that you
thought was so bad.  They were just children, too.  Is it surprising
that all this has led to the hardening of hearts on both sides; that
they refuse to acknowledge your existence as a people and that led to a
terrible reaction by you?
  
   By turning this page on the past you are taking the lead in writing a
new story for the future.  And you have issued a challenge to the
government and the leaders of Israel to walk down that path with you.  I
thank you for doing that.  The children of all the Middle East thank
you.
  
   But declaring a change of heart still won't be enough.  Let's be
realistic here.  First of all, there are real differences.  And
secondly, a lot of water has flowed under the bridge, as we used to say
at home.  An American poet has written, "To long a sacrifice can make a
stone of the heart."  Palestinians and Israelis and their pasts both
share a history of oppression and dispossession; both have felt their
hearts turn to stone for living too long in fear and seeing loved ones
die too young.  You are two great people of strong talent and soaring
ambition, sharing such a small piece of sacred land.
  
   The time has come to sanctify your holy ground with genuine
forgiveness and reconciliation.  Every influential Palestinian, from
teacher to journalist, from politician to community leader, must make
this a mission to banish from the minds of children glorifying suicide
bombers; to end the practice of speaking peace in one place and
preaching hatred in another; to teach school children the value of peace
and the waste of war; to break the cycle of violence.  Our great
American prophet, Martin Luther King, once said, "The old law of an eye
for an eye leaves everybody blind."
  
   I believe you have gained more in five years of peace than in 45
years of war.  I believe that what we are doing today, working together
for security, will lead to further gains and changes in the heart.  I
believe that our work against terrorism, as you stand strong, will be
rewarded -- for that must become a fact of the past.  It must never be a
part of your future.
  
   Let me say this as clearly as I can:  no matter how sharp a grievance
or how deep a hurt, there is no justification for killing innocents.
  
   Mr. Chairman, you said at the White House that no Israel mother
should have to worry if her son or daughter is late coming home.  Your
words touched many people.  You said much the same thing today.  We must
invest those words with the weight of reality in the minds of every
person in Israel and every Palestinian.
  
   I feel this all the more strongly because the act of a few can
falsify the image of the many.  How many times have we seen it?  How
many times has it happened to us?  We both know it is profoundly wrong
to equate Palestinians in particular and Islam in general with
terrorism, or to see a fundamental conflict between Islam and the West.
For the vast majority of the more than one billion Muslims in the world,
tolerance is an article of faith and terrorism a travesty of faith.
  
   I know that in my own country, where Islam is one of the fastest
growing religions, we share the same devotion to family and hard work
and community.  When it comes to relations between the United States and
Palestinians, we have come far to overcome our misperceptions of each
other.  Americans have come to appreciate the strength of your identity
and the depth of your aspirations.  And we have learned to listen to
your grievances as well.  (Applause.)
  
   I hope you have begun to see America as your friend.  (Applause.)   I
have tried to speak plainly to you about the need to reach out to the
people of Israel, to understand the pain of their children, to
understand the history of their fear and mistrust, their yearning,
gnawing desire for security, because that is the only way friends can
speak and the only way we can move forward.
  
   I took the same liberty yesterday in Israel.  I talked there about
the need to see one's own mistakes, not just those of others; to
recognize the steps others have taken for peace, not just one's own; to
break out of the politics of absolutes; to treat one's neighbors with
respect and dignity.  I talked about the profound courage of both
peoples and their leaders which must continue in order for a secure,
just and lasting peace to occur; the courage of Israelis to continue
turning over territory for peace and security; the courage of
Palestinians to take action against all those who resort to and support
violence and terrorism; the courage of Israelis to guarantee safe
passage between the West Bank and Gaza and allow for greater trade and
development; the courage of Palestinians to confiscate illegal weapons
of war and terror; the courage of Israelis to curtail closures and
curfews that remain a daily hardship; the courage of Palestinians to
resolve all differences at the negotiating table; the courage of both
peoples to abandon the rhetoric of hate that still poisons public
discourse and limits the vision of your children; and the courage to
move ahead to final status negotiations together, without either side
taking unilateral steps or making unilateral statements that could
prejudice the outcome -- whether governing refugee settlements, borders,
Jerusalem, or any other issue encompassed by the Oslo Accord.
  
   Now, it will take good faith, mutual respect and compromise to forge
a final agreement.  I think there will be more breakdowns, frankly; but
I think there will be more breakthroughs, as well.  There will be more
challenges to peace from its enemies.  And so I ask you today never to
lose sight of how far you have come.  With Chairman Arafat's leadership
already you have accomplished what many said was impossible.  The
seemingly intractable problems of the past can clearly find practical
solutions in the future.  But it requires a consistent commitment and a
genuine willingness to change heart.

   As we approach this new century, think of this -- think of all the
conflicts in the 20th century that many people thought were permanent
that have been healed or are healing.  Two great world wars between the
French and the Germans; they're best friends.  The Americans and the
Russians, the whole Cold War; now we have a constructive partnership.
The Irish Catholics and Protestants; the Chinese and the Japanese; the
black and white South Africans; the Serbs, the Croats and the Muslims in
Bosnia -- all have turned from conflict to cooperation.

   Yes, there is still some distrust; yes, there's still some difficulty
-- but they are walking down the right road together.  And when they see
each other's children, increasingly they only see children, together.
When they see the children crying they realize the pain is real,
whatever the child's story.  In each case there was a vision of greater
peace and prosperity and security.
  
   In biblical times, Jews and Arabs lived side by side.  They
contributed to the flowering of Alexandria.  During the Golden Age of
Spain, Jews, Muslims and Christians came together in an era of
remarkable tolerance and learning -- a third of the population laid down
its tools on Friday, a third on Saturday, a third on Sunday.  They were
scholars and scientists, poets, musicians, merchants and statesmen,
setting an example of peaceful coexistence that we can make a model for
the future.  There is no guarantee of success or failure today, but the
challenge of this generation of Palestinians is to wage an historic and
heroic struggle for peace.

   Again I say this is an historic day.  I thank you for coming.  I
thank you for raising your hands.  I thank you for standing up.  I thank
you for your voices.  I thank you for clapping time every time I said
what you were really doing was reaching deep into the heart of the
people of Israel.  Chairman Arafat said he and Mrs. Arafat are taking
Hillary and Chelsea and me, we're going to Bethlehem tomorrow.
(Applause.)  For a Christian family to light the Christmas tree in
Bethlehem is a great honor.

   It is an interesting thing to contemplate that in this small place,
the home of Islam, Judaism and Christianity -- the embodiment of my
faith was born a Jew and is still recognized by Muslims as a prophet.
He said a lot of very interesting things.  But in the end he was known
as the Prince of Peace.  And we celebrate at Christmastime the birth of
the Prince of Peace.  One reason He is known as the Prince of Peace is
he knew something about what it takes to make peace.  And one of the
wisest things He ever said was, "We will be judged by the same standard
by which we judge; but mercy triumphs over judgment."

   In this Christmas season, in this Hanukkah season, on the edge of
Ramadan, this is a time for mercy and vision and looking at all of our
children together.  You have reaffirmed the fact that you now intend to
share this piece of land without war, with your neighbors, forever.
They have heard you.  They have heard you.  (Applause.)

   Now, you and they must now determine what kind of peace you will
have.  Will it be grudging and mean-spirited and confining, or will it
be generous and open?  Will you begin to judge each other in the way you
would like to be judged?  Will you begin to see each other's children in
the way you see your own?  Will they feel your pain and will you
understand theirs?
  
   Surely, to goodness, after five years of this peace process, and
decades of suffering, and after you have come here today and done what
you have done, we can say, enough of this gnashing of teeth, let us join
hands and proudly go forward together.

   Thank you very much.  (Applause.)

             END                       6:00 P.M. (L)


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