Documents Relating to American Foreign Policy

Cuban Missile Crisis


Havana Meeting of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the American Republics, July 21-30,1940

Rio De Janeiro Conference for the Maintenance of Continental Peace and Security, August 15-September 2, 1947

Bogota Conference of American States, Charter of the Organization of American States; March 30-May 2, 1948

Waging Peace in the Americas : Address by Secretary Acheson; September 19, 1949

Fidel Castro, "History Will Absolve Me, 1953

R. Hart Phillips, "Cuba Suppresses Youths’ Uprising; Forty Are Killed," New York Times, 14 March 1957

Despatch From the Embassy in Cuba to the Department of State on Political Conditions in Cuba, Havana, February 25, 1959

Despatch From the US Embassy in Cuba to the Department of State, "Military Causes for the Collapse of the Batista Regime," No. 1060 Havana, March 23, 1959

U.S., National Security Agency, Archive of Declassified Files From  the Cuban Missile Crisis

Interview with Che Guevara at his home on April 18, 1959 by two Chinese journalists, K'ung Mai and Ping An, "A New Old Interview"

Communist Threat To The United States Through The Caribbean, Hearings Before The Subcommittee To Investigate The Administration Of The Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws Of The Committee On The Judiciary, United States Senate, 86th Congress, 1st sess., FIRST SESSION. Testimony of Major {edor L. Diaz Lanz, 14 July 1959

National Security Archive, The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962 A Chronology of Events January 1, 1959 - Late 1961

Ernesto Che Guevara, "Notes for the Study of the Ideology of the Cuban Revolution," October 8, 1960

US, Congress, Senate, The Senate Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities (The "Church Committee"), "Assassination Planning and The Plots: Cuba." 1975

Ernesto Che Guevara, "Mobilising the Masses for the Invasion," Speech made to sugar workers in Santa Clara on March 28, 1961; twenty days before the Bay of Pigs invasion.

Carol Rosenberg, "CIA’s Bay of Pigs foreign policy laid bare," Miami Herald, 27 August 2011

Ernesto Che Guevara, "On Growth and Imperialism," Speech at the Special Meeting of the Inter-American Economic and Social Council of the Organization of American States in Punta del Este, Uruguay, August 8, 1961

National Security Archive, The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962 A Chronology of Events January 1, 1962 - September 28, 1962

Fidel Castro, Second Declaration of Havana, 4 February 1962

National Security Archive, The Cuban Missile Crisis A Chronology of Events October 1, 1962 - October 25, 1962

National Security Archive, The Cuban Missile Crisis A Chronology of Events November 1,1962 - December 19, 1962

National Security Archive, The Cuban Missile Crisis A Chronology of Events January 1963- January 1992

US, Central Intelligence Agency, "A Program of Covert Action Against the Castro Regime," 16 March 1960

Nikita Khruschchev: Speech to the RFSR Teacher's Congress - on Cuba, Moscow, July 9, 1960

US, National Security Agency, Memorandum Suggesting Soviet Arms Shipments to Cuba, 5 October 1960

Memorandum From the Chief of WH/4/PM, Central Intelligence Agency (Hawkins) to the Chief of WH/4 of the Directorate for Plans (Esterline), Washington, January 4, 1961. (Preparations for an invasion of Cuba)

Memorandum Prepared in the Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, January 19, 1961. (Planning an invasion of Cuba)

Memorandum of Conference With President Kennedy, January 25, 1961

Letter from President Kennedy to Secretary Ribicoff Requesting Him To Undertake Direction of Cuban Refugee Activities, January 27, 1961

Memorandum of Discussion, January 28, 1961 (In which the JCS asserts that an invasion of Cuba would not be successful)

US, National Security Agency, Memorandum Indicating Training of Cuban pilots in Czechoslovakia, 1 February 1961

US, National Security Action Memorandum # 10, "Policy for Cuba," 6 February 1961

President Kennedy's News Conference of February 8, 1961

Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Mann) to Secretary of State Rusk, February 15, 1961. (Arguing against an invasion of Cuba)

US, National Security Action Memorandum #31, "Memorandum of Discussion on Cuba," 11 March 1961

Memorandum From the Under Secretary of State (Bowles) to Secretary of State Rusk, March 31, 1961 (Arguing Against an invasion of Cuba)

US, National Security Action Memorandum #35, "Deployment of IRBMs to Turkey," 6 April 1961

Memorandum from Arthur Schlesinger to President Kennedy, "Cuba: Political, Diplomatic, and Economic Problems," 10 April 1961

Telegram From the Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Department of State, April 18, 1961

Memorandum From the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy) to President Kennedy (arguing for US air support against the Cuban air force to support the invasion) April 18, 1961

Letter From President Kennedy to Chairman Khrushchev, April 18, 1961

Notes on Cabinet Meeting, Chester Bowles, April 20, 1961

Oral History Project, US Senate, Pat M. Holt Chief of Staff Foreign Relations Committee, "Fulbright and the Bay of Pigs," (Monday, October 27, 1980) Interviewed by Donald A. Ritchie

Michael Warner, "The CIA's Internal Probe of the Bay of Pigs Affair," Studies in Intelligence, US, Central Intelligence Agency, (Winter 1998-99)

The Bay of Pigs Revisited by Michael D. Morrissey

FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1961-1963, Volume X, Cuba, 1961-1962

Database of Speeches by Fidel Castro

John C. Ausland,  "WHEN THEY SPLIT BERLIN, WASHINGTON WAS ASLEEP," :International Herald Tribune, November 14, 1989

Letter From Chairman Khrushchev to President Kennedy on a German Peace Treaty, September 29, 1961

"THE THREAT TO US SECURITY INTERESTS IN THE CARIBBEAN AREA," Special National Intelligence Estimate 80-62, 17 January 1962

Program Review by the Chief of Operations, Operation Mongoose (Lansdale), 18 January 1962

CIA, Minutes, SECRET, "Meeting with the Attorney General of the United States Concerning Cuba," 19 January 1962 (Richard Helms)

US, Department of Defense, Memorandum, TOP SECRET, "Cover and Deception Plans for Caribbean Survey Group," 19 February 1962 (Operation Northwoods).

USSR, Memorandum, A. Adzhubei’s Account of His Visit to Washington to the CC CPSU, March 12, 1962. (in original Russian with English translation)

National Intelligence Estimate on Cuba, NIE 85-62, 21 March 1962

Memorandum from Joint Chiefs of Staff to Robert McNamara, "Cuba" (April 10, 1962).

Appendix from Joint Chiefs of Staff, "Justification for U.S. Military Intervention in Cuba" and Annex, "Pretexts to Justify U.S. Military Intervention in Cuba" (Circa Spring 1962).

Memorandum from the General Staff to Comrade N.S. Khrushchev, on the placement of Soviet missiles in Cuba, 24 May 1962

R. Malinovsky and M. Zakharov, Memorandum on Deployment of Soviet Forces to Cuba, 24 May 1962

S.P. Ivanov, Untitled Notes on the Back of the May 24 Memorandum to Khrushchev, Cold War International History Project

Text of General Staff Summary Diagram of Anadyr, 20 June 1962, Cold War International History Project

Brig. Gen. Edward Lansdale, “Review of OPERATION MONGOOSE,” Phase One, July 25, 1962.

BRIEFING FOR PRESIDENT KENNEDY ON BERLIN, August 1962

U.S., National Security Memorandum No. 181, 23 August 1962

Statement by President John F. Kennedy on Cuba, September 4, 1962

Soviet Memorandum, "On the Possibility of Reinforcing Cuba by Air," 6 September 1962, Cold War International History Project

Memorandum from R. Malinovsky to N.S. Khrushchev, 6 September 1962, Cold War International History Project

Memorandum to the Commander of the Group of Soviet Forces in Cuba, 8 September 1962, Cold War International History Project

The Pitsunda Decision: Khrushchev and Nuclear Weapons, by Aleksandr Fursenko and Timothy Naftali, Cold War International History Project

USSR, draft directive, Directive to the Commander of Soviet Forces in Cuba on transfer of Il-28s and Luna Missiles, and Authority on Use of Tactical Nuclear Weapons, September 8, 1962.

STATEMENT BY SOVIET UNION THAT A U.S. ATTACK ON CUBA WOULD MEAN NUCLEAR WAR, September 11, 1962

RUSSIAN DOCUMENTS ON THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS, I. BEFORE THE CRISIS: 14 SEPTEMBER-21 OCTOBER 1962, M. Zakharov and S. P. Ivanov to N.S. Khrushchev, 14 September 1962

Memo from President Kennedy to Secretary of Defense McNamara, 21 September 1962

Russian Foreign Ministry Documents on the Cuban Missile Crisis, introduction by Raymond L. Garthoff, Cold War International History Project

Briefing Paper, Analysis of SAM Sites in Cuba, Prepared by Colonel John R. Wright, Jr., 1 October 1962

Memorandum From Acting Secretary of State Ball to President Kennedy, "Policy toward Non-Bloc Ships in Cuban Trade," 2 October 1962

National Security Action Memorandum No. 194, 2 October 1962

Memorandum From Secretary of Defense McNamara to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (Taylor), 2 October 1962

Memorandum From the Director of Intelligence and Research (Hilsman) to the Under Secretary of State (Ball), 2 October 1962

CIA, Minutes, TOP SECRET, "Minutes of Meeting of the Special Group (Augmented) on Operation Mongoose," 4 October 1962.

Memorandum of Project Mongoose Meeting (October 4, 1962).

Memorandum From Secretary of Defense McNamara to President Kennedy, SAM Sites Contingencies, 4 October 1962

Memorandum by Director of Central Intelligence McCone on Operation Mongoose, 4 October 1962

Chronology Compiled for The President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB), "Chronology of Specific Events Relating to the Military Buildup in Cuba," Undated [Excerpt].

Memorandum of Discussion With the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy), 5 October 1962 (In which Bundy asserts that the Soviets would not place offensive missiles in Cuba)

Handwritten Note for the Record by Colonel General S.P. Ivanov, on a conversation with Khrushchev concerning the placement of Soviet missiles in Cuba, 5 October 1962

Memo for the Record from Julian J. Ewell, Executive to JCS Chairman Maxwell Taylor to the Director of the Joint Staff, 6 October 1962

Memorandum From the Central Intelligence Agency Project Officer for Operation Mongoose (Harvey) to the Chief of Operations, Operation Mongoose (Lansdale), 8 October 1962

Memorandum by Director of Central Intelligence McCone on Soviet Bombers in Cuba, 11 October 1962

Memorandum From the Director for Operations of the Joint Staff (Unger) to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Nitze) on Political/Military Actions Conerning Cuba, 12 October 1962

Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs (Martin) to the Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Johnson) on Operation Mongoose, 12 October 1962

Memorandum From the Ambassador at Large (Bowles) to President Kennedy, 13 October 1962

Notes From the Transcripts of Meetings of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, 15 October-15 November 1962

Transcript of a Meeting at the White House, 16 October 1962

Chronology Compiled for The President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB), "Chronology of Specific Events Relating to the Military Buildup in Cuba," Undated [Excerpt].

Memorandum for the Record, Mongoose Meeting with Robert Kennedy, 16 October 1962

Telegram From the Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Department of State, October 16, 1962

Transcript of an Off the Record Meeting on Cuba, October 16, 1962, 6:30-7:55 p.m.

Memorandum from Adlai Stevenson to John Kennedy, [Opinion against U.S. Airstrike on Cuba] (October 17, 1962).

Memo from Col. Julian Ewell, Assistant to JCS Chairman Maxwell Taylor, to Taylor, 17 October 1962

Memo from J.S. Holtoner, David W. Gray, and JC. Wylie, Joint Strategic Survey Council, to JCS Chairman Maxwell Taylor, "Prospective Soviet Responses to US Action," 17 October 1962

Memo from J.S. Holtoner, David W. Gray, and JC. Wylie, Joint Strategic Survey Council, to JCS Chairman Maxwell Taylor, "Prospective Soviet Responses to US Action," 17 October 1962

Memorandum by Director of Central Intelligence McCone, October 17, 1962.

MEMORANDUM OF MEETING ATTENDED IN SECRETARY BALL'S CONFERENCE ROOM BY SECRETARY MCNAMARA, BUNDY, GENERAL TAYLOR, ROBERT KENNEDY, MARTIN AND MCCONE AT 0830, 17 OCTOBER

Memorandum of Meeting, Wednesday, October 17th, at 8:30 a.m.,(1) and again at 4:00 p.m., attended by Rusk, Ball (each part of the time) Martin, Johnson, McNamara, Gilpatric, Taylor, McCone, Bohlen, Thompson, Bundy, Sorensen, Dean Acheson (for a short time).

Letter From the Representative to the United Nations (Stevenson) to President Kennedy, 17 October 1962

Memorandum for Discussion on the Cuban Situation, 17 October 1962

Transcripts and audio of the Executive Committee Meeting, 18 October 1962

Memorandum of Conversation between the US and the USSR, 18 October 1962

Editorial Note on a "Joint Evaluation of the Soviet Mission Threat in Cuba," released by the Central Intelligence Agency on October 18, 1962

Memorandum from Capt. William D. Houser to General Maxwell Taylor, 19 October 1962

Memorandum for the File, 19 October 1962

Record of Meeting, EXCOM, 19 October 1962 11 a.m.

U.S., Special National Intelligence Estimate, SNIE 11-18-62, "Soviet Reactions to Certain US Courses of Action on Cuba", 19 October 1962

Minutes of the 505th Meeting of the National Security Council, Washington, October 20, 1962, 2:30-5:10 p.m.

Memorandum by Theodore Sorenson, [Objections to U.S. Airstrike on Cuba] (October 20, 1962).

John McCone, Memorandum for the Files, Conversation with the President, 20 October 1962

McNamara's notes of his meeting with Kennedy, 21 October 1962

Notes by Robert McNamara on Meeting with John Kennedy (October 21, 1962).

Notes on Meeting With President Kennedy, Attorney General, General Taylor, General Sweeney and the Secretary of Defense, 21 October 1962

Minutes of the 506th Meeting of the National Security Council, 21 October 1962

Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the United Kingdom, 22 October 1962

U.S., Department of Defense, Transcripts, SECRET, “Notes taken from Transcripts of Meetings of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, October-November 1962: Dealing with the Cuban Missile Crisis.”

Minutes of the 507th Meeting of the National Security Council, 22 October 1962

Memo from Air Force Chief of Staff General Curtis LeMay to JCS Chairman Maxwell Taylor, "Additional Decisions," 22 October 1962

Memo for the Deputy Secretary of Defense from Vice Admiral Herbert D. Riley, Director Joint Staff, "Rules of Engagement," 22 October 1962

USSR, Directive, TOP SECRET, Malinovsky’s Order to Pliyev, October 22, 1962.

Soviet Analysis of the Strategic Situation in Cuba on 22 October 1962

National Security Action Memorandum 196, 22 October 1962

John McCone, Memorandum for the File, Leadership Meeting with the President, 22 October 1962

President John F. Kennedy's Speech Announcing the Quarantine Against Cuba, October 22, 1962

Letter From President Kennedy to Chairman Khrushchev, October 22, 1962.

USSR, directive, TOP SECRET, Malinovsky’s Order to Pliyev, October 22, 1962.

U.S. Navy, TOP SECRET/SECRET/FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY, Charts/deck logs of anti-submarine warfare operations related to USSR submarine B-59, October 1962.

USSR, Memoir, “Recollections of Vadim Orlov (USSR Submarine B-59): We will Sink Them All, But We will Not Disgrace Our Navy,” (2002).

Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between President Kennedy and Prime Minister Macmillan, 22 October 1962

Telegram From the Embassy in France to the Department of State, 22 October 1962

EXCERPT FROM STATEMENT BY SOVIET AMBASSADOR VALERIAN A. ZORIN TO U.N. SECURITY COUNCIL, October 23, 1962

Minutes of Meeting of the Executive Committee of the National Security Council , 23 October 1962

JCS cable 6917 to CINCSAC, 23 October 1962

Telegram From the Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Department of State, 23 October 1962

Record of Action of the Second Meeting of the Executive Committee of the National Security Council, 23 October 1962

John McCone, Memorandum for the Files, 23 October 1962

Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Soviet Union, 23 October 1962

Memorandum From the Acting Chairman of the Board of National Estimates (Smith) to Director of Central Intelligence McCone, 23 October 1962

Record of Action of the Third Meeting of the Executive Committee of the National Security Council, 24 October 1962

Report to CPSU Central Committee From Defense Minister Rodion Malinovskii and A. Epishev about the aggressive actions of the US toward Cuba, October 24 1962

CINCNORAD cable 24328Z to JCS, 24 October 1962

Assistant Secretary of Defense Charles Hitch (Comptroller) to the Secretaries of the Military Departments et al., "Financing and Reporting Increased Costs Associated with Current Activities Incident to Cuba," 24 October 1962

Memorandum From Attorney General Kennedy to President Kennedy about his meeting with Soviet Ambassador Dobrynin, October 24, 1962

Tactical Nuclear Weapons, Soviet Command Authority, and the Cuban Missile Crisis, by Mark Kramer, Cold War International History Project

Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Turkey raising the possibility of missile removal, October 24, 1962

Memorandum From the Chairman of the Planning Subcommittee of the Executive Committee of the National Security Council (Rostow) to President Kennedy, 24 October 1962

Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between the Under Secretary of State (Ball) and the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy), 24 October 1962

Letter From Chairman Khrushchev to President Kennedy, October 24, 1962

Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between the Under Secretary of State (Ball) and the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy), 24 October 1962

Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between President Kennedy and the Under Secretary of State (Ball), 24 October 1962

Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between President Kennedy and the Under Secretary of State (Ball), 24 October 1962

Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between Secretary of State Rusk and the Under Secretary of State (Ball), 24 October 1962

Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between the Under Secretary of State (Ball) and the Representative to the United Nations (Stevenson), 24 October 1962

Aspectos importantes contenidos en los informes ofrecidos por los jefes militares reunidos el día 24 de octubre de 1962 en el Estado Mayor General con el Comandante en Jefe Fidel Castro.

Center for the Study of Intelligence, "The Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962: Presenting the Photographic Evidence Abroad"

Memorandum of Telephone Conversation Between the Under Secretary of State (Ball) and the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy), 25 October 1962

"Blockade Measures," n.d. [25 October 1962]

Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Soviet Union, 25 October 1962

Memo from Lt. General Joseph F. Carroll, Director, Defense Intelligence Agency, to Vice Admiral Riley, 25 October 1962

Telegram From the Department of State to the Mission to the United Nations, 25 October 1962

William Kaufmann memorandum, Annex 2, "Cuba and the Strategic Threat," 25 October 1962

Dillon group discussion paper, “Scenario for Airstrike Against Offensive Missile Bases and Bombers in Cuba,” October 25, 1962.

John McCone, Memorandum for the Files, 25 October 1962

McGeorge Bundy, "Executive Committee Record of Action, October 25, 1962, 10:00 A.M.

Record of Action of the Fourth Meeting of the Executive Committee of the National Security Council, 25 October 1962

Telegram From the Mission to the United Nations to the Department of State, 25 October 1962

STATEMENT BY SOVIET AMBASSADOR ZORIN, United Nations Security Council Meeting, October 25, 1962

STATEMENT BY AMBASSADOR STEVENSON TO U.N. SECURITY COUNCIL, October 25, 1962

Video and Audio Excerpts from the Zorin-Stevenson exchanges

Walter Lippmann, "Blockade Proclaimed," New York Herald Tribune, 25 October 1962

Telegram From the Embassy in France to the Department of State representing the views of Turkey on the removal of missiles, October 25, 1962

Memorandum From ABC Correspondent John Scali to the Director of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research (Hilsman)

Using KGB Documents: the Scali-Feklisov Channel in the Cuban Missile Crisis, by Alexander Fursenko and Timothy Naftali

Telegram From the Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Department of State, October 26, 1962

Memo for from JCS Chairman Taylor to Joint Staff Director Herbert D. Riley, 26 October 1962

Cable received from U.S. Ambassador to Turkey Raymond Hare to State Department regarding Turkish missiles, October 26, 1962.

Prime Minister Fidel Castro’s letter to Premier Khrushchev, October 26, 1962.

Deputy Assistant Secretary Nils A. Lennartson to Deputy Secretary Gilpatric, 26 October 1962, enclosing untitled paper

Message From Chairman Khrushchev to President Kennedy (the Second Letter), October 27, 1962

Briefing Sheet for the Chairman, JCS, On a Report to be Considered at JCS Meeting, Saturday, " SACSA-M 610-62-Psychological Leaflet Campaign to Accompany Cuban Surveillance Program (C)," 27 October 1962

Leaflet for "Bugle Call," n.d.

Memorandum from JCS Chairman Maxwell Taylor to the President thru the Secretary of Defense, "Recommendations for Execution of CINCLANT OPLANS 312 and 316," n.d. [27 October 1962]

Memo from Sherman Kent, Chairman, Board of National Estimates to CIA Director John McCone, "Reactions to US Air Strike Against Strategic Missile Bases MIG-21s and IL-28s," 27 October 1962

Memo from Major General Paul S. Emrick, Director for Plans and Policy, Joint Staff, to Director, Joint Staff, "Checklist of Operation Raincoat," 29 October 1962, enclosing "State Department Draft, Operation Raincoat," 27 October 1962

Jim Hershberg, "Anatomy of a Controversey: Anatoly F. Dobrynin's Meeting With Robert F. Kennedy," Saturday, 27 October 1962, Reproduced with permission from THE COLD WAR INTERNATIONAL HISTORY PROJECT BULLETIN, Issue 5, Spring 1995

US, Department of Justice, Memorandum, TOP SECRET, “Memorandum for the Secretary of State from the Attorney General,” on Robert Kennedy’s October 27 Meeting with Dobrynin, October 30, 1962.

USSR, Cable, TOP SECRET, Dobrynin Report of Meeting with Robert Kennedy on Worsening Threat, October 27, 1962.

Anatoly Dobrynin's Cable to the Soviet Foreign Ministry, 27 October 1962

USSR, Directive, TOP SECRET, Prohibition on Use of Nuclear Weapons without Orders from Moscow, October 27, 1962, 16:30.

USSR, Directive, TOP SECRET, CC CPSU Presidium Instructions to Pliyev in Response to His Telegram, October 27, 1962.

CIA daily report, "The Crisis USSR/Cuba," October 27, 1962.

More on Bobby and the Cuban Missile Crisis, by Jim Hershberg, Cold War International History Project

"More New Evidence on the Cuban Missile Crisis: More Documents from the Russian Archives," by Jim Hershberg, Cold War International History Project

Thomas Blanton, "Annals of Blinksmanship," Reproduced with permission from Summer,1997 THE WILSON QUARTERLY Published by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

Fursenko and Naftali's Interpretation of the Turkish Missile Resolution

From: Philip Zelikow, University of Virginia, on the Trade of the Cuban Missiles for the Turkish Missiles

Memorandum from S. P. Ivanov to N. S. Khrushchev, 28 October 1962, Cold War International History Project

Message From Chairman Khrushchev to President Kennedy, October 28, 1962

Letter From Chairman Khrushchev to President Kennedy outlining his understanding that the Turkish Missiles would be removed, October 28, 1962.

Letter to Fidel Castro from Nikita Khrushchev advising him to remain firm against US aggression, October 28, 1962

Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Soviet Union, October 28, 1962

John F. Kennedy Library, JFK calls former President Eisenhower to brief him on the missile crisis, October 28, 1962. (4:19 minutes)

John F. Kennedy Library, JFK calls former President Truman to brief him on the missile crisis, October 28, 1962. (1:21 minutes)

Memo from DIA Director General Joseph Carroll to Secretary of Defense et al., "Current Indications and Implications of Military Capabilities in Cuba," 29 October 1962, study with same title attached

Memo from JCS Chairman Maxwell Taylor to DIA Director General Joseph F. Carroll from, "Data on USSR Buildup in Cuba," 30 October 1962

Memo from DIA Director General Joseph F. Carroll to JCS Chairman Maxwell Taylor, "Time Required to Move Offensive Military Equipment from Cuba," 30 October 1962

DOJ, Memorandum, TOP SECRET, “Memorandum for the Secretary of State from the Attorney General,” on Robert Kennedy’s October 27 Meeting with Dobrynin, October 30, 1962.

Memo from Chairman JCS Maxwell Taylor from the President, "Evaluation of the Effect on US Operational Plans of Soviet Army Equipment Introduced into Cuba," 2 November 1962

"Talking Paper for the Chairman, JCS, on a Paper Under Consideration by the NSC Executive Sub-committee-Berlin/NATO, "'Berlin in the Light of Cuba,'" 2 November 1962, with attachments

Notes of Conversation between A.I. Mikoyan and Fidel Castro in which Castro expresses his displeasure over the withdrawal of Soviet missiles from Cuba, November 03 1962

Memo from DIA Director General Joseph F. Carroll, to the Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, et al, "Status of Soviet Offensive Weapons in Cuba," 3 November 1962

Talking Paper for the Joint Chiefs of Staff at the Meeting 7 November 1962, "Exercise for Forces Assigned to CINCLANT for OPLAN 316-62," 6 November 1962

Fidel Castro, Glasnost, and the Caribbean Crisis, by Georgy Shakhnazarov, Cold War International History Project

Transcripts of all the White House ExCom Conversations taped during the Crisis in RealAudio format

The Mikoyan-Castro Talks, 4-5 November 1962: The Cuban Version

Mikoyan's Mission to Havana: Cuban-Soviet Negotiations, November 1962, Cold War International History Project

USSR, Memorandum of Conversation between Mikoyan and Cuban Leaders, TOP SECRET, November 5, 1962 (Evening).

USSR, Telegrams from Malinovsky to Pliyev, TOP SECRET, Early November (circa 5 November) 1962.

USSR, Ciphered Telegram from Mikoyan to CC CPSU, TOP SECRET, November 6, 1962.

Memo from Vice Admiral Herbert D. Riley, Director, Joint Staff, to JCS Chairman Maxwell Taylor, "Review of Necessity to Continue Holding MSTS [Military Sea Transportation Service] Passenger Ships in Port for CINCLANT OPLAN 316-62," 6 November 1962

Paper by Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Paul Nitze, "The Removal of IL-28's From Cuba," 7 November 1962

"Revised Briefing Sheet for the Chairman, JCS, on a report to be considered at the JCS Meeting, 9 November 1962, 'Supplement to JCS MCL - Outline for World-Wide Actions,'" 9 November 1962

Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Air Forces, Atlantic [CINCAFLANT] cable 18253 to JCS et al., "Operation Hot Plate. Operation Scabbards," 9 November 1962

Memo from JCS Chairman Maxwell Taylor to Secretary McNamara, "Possible Way to Terminate the Cuban Incident," 10 November 1962

Great Britain, Dispatch, CONFIDENTIAL, British Ambassador in Cuba to Foreign Office, “The Cuban Crisis – Chapters I and II,” November 10, 1962 (with minutes from FO’s American Department as cover).

Note to Control Division from Col. Walter Turner, Assistant Secretary, "Scheduled Meeting of the Joint Chiefs of Staff with the President at the White House at 1600 Friday 16 November," 13 November 1962

Memo from W.Y.S [Col. William Y. Smith, Assistant to Chairman], to JCS Chairman General Maxwell Taylor, "Soviet Military Presence in Cuba," 14 November 1962

Defense Intelligence Agency Estimate, "Assessment of Increased Conventional Military Capabilities of Cuban and Soviet Units in Cuba," 14 November 1962

Memo from Major General John A. Heintges, Deputy Director, Joint Staff, to JCS Chairman General Maxwell Taylor, "Debriefing" 15 November 1962

Memo from Col. William E. Dougherty, Deputy Assistant Director of Plans, U.S. Air Force, to Director of Operations, Joint Staff, J-3, and Director of Plans and Policy, Joint Staff, J-5, "Cuba (J-3 Ops 189-62)," with draft memo to Joint Strategic Target Planning Staff attached, 15 November 1962

Memorandum from J-5 for the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, "Nitze's Memorandum for NSC Executive Committee: 'Relationship of Cuban Objectives to Present Situation,'" with Nitze paper attached, 15 November 1962

"Talking Paper for the Joint Chiefs of Staff, for the Meeting with the President, 'Military Aspects of the Cuban Situation,'" 16 November 1962

Roger Hilsman, Director of Intelligence and Research, to the Secretary, "Removal of IRBMs from Cuba," 16 November 1962

Cuba, Order, TOP SECRET, Authorizing Anti-Aircraft Fire, November 17, 1962.

Cuba, Order, TOP SECRET, Rescinding Authorization to Initiate Anti-Aircraft Fire November 18, 1962.

Memo from Captain A.H. Berndtson, Military Assistant to the JCS Chairman, to Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, "Letter Reply to Senator Stennis," 19 November 1962

Unsigned memo for JCS Chairman General Maxwell Taylor, "Cuba," 20 November 1962

USSR, Instructions from CC CPSU Presidium to Mikoyan, TOP SECRET, November 22, 1962.

Draft Letter from Secretary McNamara to Senate Arms Services Committee Chief Counsel James T. Kendall, 30 November 1962

Hungary, Embassy, Havana, Telegram, TOP SECRET, “The Essence of Soviet-Cuban Divergences of Opinion,” December 1, 1962.

Assistant Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) Charles Hitch to Secretary of Defense, "Increased Costs Associated with Activities Incident to Cuba," with attachments, 24 January 1963

Handwritten note from Robert McNamara informing Kennedy that last Jupiter Missile in Turkey was dismantled (April 25, 1963).

"Turning History on Its Head," Philip Brenner, National Security Archives (the Cuban Perspective)

Collective Memories of the Cuban Missile Crisis

14 Days in October, ThinkQuest

Turning History on Its Head by Philip Brenner

Raymond Garthoff, "New Evidence on the Cuban Missile Crisis: Khrushchev, Nuclear Weapons, and the Cuban Missile Crisis," Cold War International History Project

The Idea Channel, CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS REVISITED PHASE I, Panel members include Moderator Richard Neustadt of the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University; McGeorge Bundy, Special Assistant to President John F. Kennedy for National Security Affairs; Edwin Martin, Assistant Secretary for Latin American Affairs under J.F.K.; Dean Rusk, Secretary of State under J.F.K.; and Donald Wilson, Deputy Director of the United States Information Agency.

"Mikoyan's Mission to Havana: Cuban-Soviet Negotiations," November 1962, Cold War International History Project

Sheldon Stern, "What JFK Really Said," The Atlantic, May 2000

Sara Lipka, "A Near Miss," The Atlantic, 24 October 2002

"A New Look at the Cuban Missile Crisis," Colloquium on Contemporary History, June 18, 1992, No. 7, Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy, Washington, D.C. 1992

Post Missile Crisis

Walter Lippmann, "Cuba and the Nuclear Risk, The Atlantic, February 1963

US, NSC, "Mr. Donovan's Trip to Cuba," March 4, 1963

US, NSC, "The Cuban Problem," April 21, 1963

US, CIA, "Interview of U.S. Newswoman with Fidel Castro Indicating Possible Interest in Rapprochement with the United States," May 1, 1963

US, CIA, "Reported Desire of the Cuban Government for Rapprochement with the United States," June 5, 1963

US, CIA, Notes on Special Group Meeting on Cuba, June 6, 1963

William Attwood, Deputy U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, Memorandum on Cuba, September 18, 1963

When and Why Romania Distanced Itself from the Warsaw Pact, by Raymond Garthoff, Cold War International History Project

US, NSC, "Some Arguments Against Accommodation--A Rebuttal," November 12, 1963

US, CIA, "Alleged Contacts Between Castro and American Government," March 4, 1964

Verbal Message from Fidel Castro for Lyndon Johnson, transmitted by Lisa Howard of ABC News, February, 1964

The Crisis and Cuban-Soviet Relations: Fidel Castro's Secret 1968 Speech, by Philip Brenner and James G. Blight, Cold War International History Project

US, Senate Select Committee, William Attwood Testimony, Executive Session, July 10, 1975

Jerome Wiesner, "Russian and American Capabilities," The Atlantic, July 1982

Kramer Vs. Kramer: Or, How Can You Have Revisionism in the Absence of Orthodoxy? By James G. Blight, Bruce J. Allyn, and David A. Welch, Cold War International History Project

The Havana Conference on the Cuban Missile Crisis, by Raymond L. Garthoff, Cold War International History Project

Michael Dobbs, "The Price of a 50-Year Myth," New York Times, 15 October 2012


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