Documents on the International Energy System


Camden, J. N, United States Senator, "The Standard Oil Company," The North American Review, vol. 136, issue 315 (February 1883).

THE HISTORY OF THE STANDARD OIL COMPANY BY IDA M. TARBELL, 1904

ARABIAN GULF OIL CONCESSIONS 1911-1953

Marcelo Bucheli. “Negotiating under the Monroe Doctrine: Weetman Pearson and the Origins of U.S. Control of Colombian Oil.” Business History Review 82:3 (Autumn 2008): 529-553, Review by Dustin Walcher, H-Diplo Article Reviews, No. 237, Published on 1 July 2009

"Americans Get Oil Concession in Arabia; Transformation of Desert Life May Result," New York Times, 15 July 1933, p. 1

Multinational Oil Corporations and U.S. Foreign Policy - REPORT together with individual views, to the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, by the Subcommittee on Multinational Corporations; (Washington, January 2, 1975, US Government Printing Office), Chapter 1, "Establishing the American Presence in the Middle East"

Multinational Oil Corporations and U.S. Foreign Policy - REPORT together with individual views, to the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, by the Subcommittee on Multinational Corporations; (Washington, January 2, 1975, US Government Printing Office), Chapter 2, "The 1947 Aramco Merger"

Multinational Oil Corporations and U.S. Foreign Policy - REPORT together with individual views, to the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, by the Subcommittee on Multinational Corporations; (Washington, January 2, 1975, US Government Printing Office), Chapter 3, "Foreign Policy and Antitrust: The Cartel Case and the Iranian Consortium"

Draft Achnacarry Agreement, 18 August 1928

The Red Line Agreement, 1928

Josh Pollack, "Saudi Arabia and the United States, 1931-2002," Middle East Review of International Affairs, Vol. 6, no. 3 (September 2002)

Winston Churchill, The Second World War, Volume III, The Grand Alliance (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1950), Chapter 14, "The Revolt in Iraq," pp. 224-237.

Winston Churchill, The Second World War, Volume III, The Grand Alliance (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1950), Chapter 26, "Persia and the Middle East: Summer and Autumn 1941," pp. 423-432.

Saudi-US Relations Information Service, "President Roosevelt and King Abdulaziz - The Meeting at Great Bitter Lake: A Conversation with Rachel Bronson," 14 February 2007

"60th Anniversary of Historic Meeting between King Abdulaziz and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt," Excerpt from Inside the Mirage by Thomas W. Lippman (pages 27-29)

Excerpt from J.H. Bamberg on Soviet Interest in Iranian Oil During World War II, The History of the British Petroleum Company, Volume 2, The Anglo-Iranian Years, 1928 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), pp. 250-257.

"American Oil Interests in the Near East," in Bruce R. Kuniholm, The Origins of the Cold War in the Near East: Great Power Conflict and Diplomacy in Iran, Turkey, and Greece (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980), Chapter III, "The Iranian Context," pp. 178-192

Herbert Feis, Three International Episodes, "Episode Number Two: The Government Gives Attention to the Oil of the Middle East" (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1946), pp. 93-190

The Forrestal Diaries, edited by Walter Millis (New York: The Viking Press, 1951), Entry of 9 October 1947 on His Testimony Before the Senate Committee on Small Business Justifying Sending Steel to Saudi Arabia to Build a Pipeline, pp. 323-24

The Forrestal Diaries, edited by Walter Millis (New York: The Viking Press, 1951), Entry of 6 January 1948 on a Discussion with Brewster Jennings, President of Socony-Vacuum on the Importance the Palestine Issue to Middle Eastern Oil, p. 272

Interview with Sir George Middleton on the Crisis in Iran, 1951-53, Iranian Oral History Project, Harvard University, Center for Middle Eastern Studies

The International Petroleum Cartel, Staff Report to the Federal Trade Commission, released through Subcommittee on Monopoly of Select Committee on Small Business, U.S. Senate, 83d Cong., 2nd sess (Washington, DC, 1952), Chapter 1, "The World's Petroleum Resources," pp. 5-20.

The International Petroleum Cartel, Staff Report to the Federal Trade Commission, released through Subcommittee on Monopoly of Select Committee on Small Business, U.S. Senate, 83d Cong., 2nd sess (Washington, DC, 1952), Chapter 2, "Concentration of Control of the World Petroleum Industry," pp. 21-36.

The International Petroleum Cartel, Staff Report to the Federal Trade Commission, released through Subcommittee on Monopoly of Select Committee on Small Business, U.S. Senate, 83d Cong., 2nd sess (Washington, DC, 1952), Chapter 3, Development of Joint Control over Foreign Oil," pp. 37-46.

The International Petroleum Cartel, Staff Report to the Federal Trade Commission, released through Subcommittee on Monopoly of Select Committee on Small Business, U.S. Senate, 83d Cong., 2nd sess (Washington, DC, 1952), Chapter 4, "Joint Control Through Common Ownership--The Iraq Petroleum Co., Ltd.," pp. 47-112

The International Petroleum Cartel, Staff Report to the Federal Trade Commission, released through Subcommittee on Monopoly of Select Committee on Small Business, U.S. Senate, 83d Cong., 2nd sess (Washington, DC, 1952), Chapter 5, "Other Common Ownerships in the Middle East," [The Creation of Aramco and the Kuwait Oil Co., Ltd.], pp. 113-136

The International Petroleum Cartel, Staff Report to the Federal Trade Commission, released through Subcommittee on Monopoly of Select Committee on Small Business, U.S. Senate, 83d Cong., 2nd sess (Washington, DC, 1952), Chapter 6, "Joint Control Through Purchase and Sale of Oil in the Middle East," pp. 137-162

Report of John Edgar Hoover (Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation) to the Acting Attorney General relative to the Report of the Federal Trade Commission on the International Petroleum Cartel-May 7, 1952.

Memorandum for the Attorney General Relative to a Request for Grand Jury Authorization to Investigate the International Oil Cartel, June 24, 1952

Report of the Attorney General to the National Security Council relative to the Grand Jury Investigation of the International Oil Cartel--January 1953

Report by the Departments of State, Defense and the Interior on Security and International Issues Arising from the Current Situation in Petroleum--January 1953

Letter of President Harry S. Truman to Attorney General James P. McGranery Terminating the Criminal Proceedings Against the International Oil Cartel, January 12, 1953

Robert Engler, The Politics of Oil: A Study of Private Power and Democratic Directions (Chicago: Phoenix Books, 1961), Chapter 4, "Toward World Government," pp. 65-79

United States Embassy, Lebanon Memorandum from Nestor C. Ortiz to the Department of State. "Middle East Reaction to Federal Trade Commission 'Report on the International Petroleum Cartel' and the U.S. Department of Justice Suit against Designated International Petroleum Companies" [Includes Embassy Memorandum and Trans-Arabian Pipeline Company (TAPLINE) Report], January 13, 1953.

Internal State Department Memoranda--Analysis of Middle Eastern Oil Concessions and Their Implications for US. Foreign Policy by Richard Funkhouser, 3 July 1953

Roger Cohen, "A Crass and Consequential Error," New York Review of Books, 16 August 2012 (Review of Patriot of Persia: Muhammad Mossadegh and a Tragic Anglo-American Coup)

Statement by M.King Hubbert on "Peak Oil," 8 March 1956

Memorandum of William L. Fugate for Files on the Settlement on the International Petroleum Cartel Case, April 12, 1957

Memorandum of Wilbur L. Fugate to W. Wallace Kirkpatrick, Department of Justice, on International Oil Cartel Case Consent Judgments, November 10, 1960

Memorandum of Wilbur L. Fugate to Robert A. Bicks, Justice Department, on the Consent Decrees in the International Oil Cartel Case, November 17, 1960

Letter of Senator Joseph O'Mahoney (D-Wyoming) to President-Elect John F. Kennedy Urging a Review of the Judgments in the International Oil Cartel Case, December 6, 1960

Memorandum of Wilbur L. Fugate to Lee Loevinger, Department of Justice on the Consent Decrees in the International Oil Cartel Case, April 13, 1961.

US, Central Intelligence Agency, "The Arab Oil Cutback and Higher Prices: Implications and Reactions," 19 October 1973

Excerpts from the U.S. Senate Report on the Strategy of Deliberately Restricting Iraqi Petroleum Production in the 1960s, 2 January 1975

Excerpt from Joe Stork's Middle East Oil and the Energy Crisis (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1975), “The Struggle for Iraqi Oil” (pp. l02-108).

Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Iraq, Washington, April 13, 1964 recommending that US independent oil companies not bid for Iraqi concessions

Christopher T. Rand, "The Arabian Fantasy: A Dissenting View of the Oil Crisis," Harper's, Vol. 248, no. 1484 (January 1974), pp. 42-54

State Department Telegram, Subject: Letter from Egyptian President Sadat to King Faisal on oil boycott and possibility of Syrian-Israeli hostilities, January 2, 1974

U.S., Congress, Committee on International Relations, Special Subcommittee on Investigations, Oil Fields as Military Objectives: A Feasibility Study, Report Prepared by the Congressional Research Service, 94th Cong., 1st sess., August 21, 1975, (Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1975), Parts I and II, pp. 1-39.

President Gerald Ford, Exclusive Interview on Possible Military Intervention in the Middle East, U.S. News and World Report, November 25, 1974, p. 24

Interview by Newsweek with Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger on the Conditions of a Military Intervention on the Issue of Oil Prices, December 18, 1974, Department of State Bulletin, January 20, 1975, p. 61-62

Interview by Business Week with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger on Possible Responses to "Strangulation" of the Industrialized World by OPEC, December 23, 1974, Department of State Bulletin, January 27, 1975, p. 101

Television Interview by Hugh Sidey with Secretary of Defense Schlesinger, Excerpt on the Likelihood of War in the Middle East Over Oil, Washington Straight Talk, January 7, 1974, The Agency Library, USIA, August, 1974, p. 35

Press Conference with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger on the Possibilities of Going to War Over Oil Prices, January 10, 1975, State Department News Release, January 10, 1975, p. 6

US, Secretary of Defense Schlesinger, News Conference at the Pentagon, Discussion on the Use of Force in the Middle East, January 14, 1974, Defense Department Press Release, Same Date, pp. 2, 7-8, 9, 11

Interview for "Bill Moyers' Journal" by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger on Possibilities of War in the Middle East over Oil Prices, January 15, 1975, Department of State Bulletin, February 10, 1975, pp. 172-173

President Gerald Ford, Exclusive Interview on Military Intervention in the Middle East in Response to Oil Price Increases, Time Magazine, January 20, 1975, p. 21

President Ford's News Conference of January 21, 1975, Questions on Military Intervention in the Middle East, Department of State Bulletin, February 10, 1975, pp. 179-180)

President Ford's Interview with NBC Television and Radio, January 23, 1975, Questions on Military Intervention in the Middle East, Department of State Bulletin, February 10, 1975, pp. 179-180)

Secretary of State Henry Kissinger on the Possibilities for War in the Middle East Over Oil Embargoes, Press Conference, January 28, 1975, State Department News Release, January 28, 1975, pp. 2-3

US, Secretary of Defense Schlesinger on Possible US Responses to Another Oil Embargo, Interview with U.S. News and World Report, May 26, 1975, pp. 38-39

US, President Jimmy Carter, State of the Union Address 1980, January 21, 1980 (declaring the Persian Gulf as a vital interest of the US)

President Reagan, Executive Order 12287 -- Decontrol of Crude Oil and Refined Petroleum Products, January 28, 1981

Avshalom Rubin, "The Double-Edged Crisis: OPEC and the Outbreak of the Iran-Iraq War," Middle East Review of International Affairs, Volume 7, No. 4 - December 2003

Edward Jay Epstein, "OPEC: The Cartel That Never Was," The Atlantic, March 1983

David Isenberg, "The Rapid Deployment Force: The Few, the Futile, the Expendable," Cato Institute, Cato Policy Analysis No. 44, November 8, 1984

Theodore H. Moran, "Managing an Oligopoly of Would-be Sovereigns: The Dynamics of Joint Control and Self-Control in the International Oil Industry Past, Present, and Future," International Organization, Vol 41, Issue 4 (Autumn 1987), pp. 575-607

OPEC Homepage

Oil.com, News and Directory for the Oil and Gas Industry

OPEC.com, Private Industry Page on OPEC News

U.S., Department of Energy, Page on OPEC

U.S., Department of Energy, Page on Non-OPEC Countries

Joseph P. Riva, Jr., Specialist in Earth Sciences, Science Policy Research Division, Congressional Research Service, "World Oil Production After Year 2000: Business As Usual or Crises?" August 1995

Mark Holt and Zachary Davis, Environment and Natural Resources Policy Division, Congressional Research Service, "Nuclear Energy Policy," Updated January 30, 1996

By Christopher Flavin, From World Watch, "POWER SHOCK: THE NEXT ENERGY REVOLUTION"

US, CIA, SOV 82-10120, Intelligence Assessment, August 1982, Outlook for the Siberia-to-Western Europe Natural Gas Pipeline

Are We Running Out of Oil?, Edward D. Porter and Sally Brain Gentile

WTRG Economics, Analysis, planning, forecast and data services for energy producers and consumers.

Kazakhstan and Oil

International Energy Agency

Black Sea Regional Energy Centre

Joseph J. Romm and Charles B. Curtis, "Middle East Oil Forever?" Atlantic Monthly, April 1996

Shell: Rapid Introduction of Alternative Energy, January 25, 1995

Energy Information Administration, US Department of Energy

Netherlands Energy Research Foundation, Energy Resources on the Internet

American Petroleum Institute

World Petroleum Congresses

Crude manoeuvres by Olivier Roy

CASPIAN BASIN SEEN NOT REPLACING MIDDLE EAST AS OIL SOURCE, By George S. Hishmeh, United States Information Agency Staff Writer

U.S., Department of Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve

U.S. Information Service, 25 February 1998, "KALICKI DETAILS US POLICIES, INTERESTS IN CASPIAN OIL"

"East Asia: Disputed Islands/Offshore Claims Issues For U.S. Policy," July 28, 1992 Congressional Research Services, Library of CongressRobert G. Sutter

The History and Politics of Chechen Oil By Robert E. Ebel

Growing Attraction of the Georgian Alternative By Mikheil Saakashvili

Ambassador Richard Morningstar, Special Advisor to the President and Secretary of State, for Caspian Basin Energy Diplomacy, Address to CERA Conference, Washington, DC, December 7, 1998

Oil Industry Profile--Nigeria

PRESS BRIEFING BY SENIOR ADMINISTRATION OFFICIAL ON CASPIAN SEA DIPLOMACY AND THE BAKU-CEYHAN PIPELINE, Conrad International Hotel, Istanbul, Turkey, 17 November 1999

U.S., Department of Energy, Office of International Affairs

THE UNITED STATES AND THE PERSIAN GULF by Sheldon L. Richman, Policy Analysis No. 46 January 10, 1985

"ANCIENT HISTORY": U.S. CONDUCT IN THE MIDDLE EAST SINCE WORLD WAR II AND THE FOLLY OF INTERVENTION by Sheldon L. Richman, Policy Analysis No. 159, August 16, 1991

U.S., National Energy Policy Development Group, Report, Reliable, Affordable, and Environmentally Sound Energy for America's Future, May 2001

Will O'Neil, "Oil as a Strategic Factor: The Supply of Oil in the First Half of the 21st Century and Its Strategic Implications for the U.S." CNA Working Paper, Alexandria, Virginia, August 2001

"Hydrocarbons and a New Strategic Region: The Caspian Sea and Central Asia" by Mr. Lester W. Grau, Foreign Military Studies Office, Fort Leavenworth, KS, Military Review, May-June 2001

US, Public Broadcasting System, Frontline, "Saudi Time Bomb?"

James A. Paul, "Iraq: the Struggle for Oil," Executive Director, Global Policy Forum, August, 2002 (revised December, 2002)

Memorandum of Meeting of Edward Chaplin (Middle East Director, Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO)) with Tony Wildig (Senior Vice President for New Business in Middle East, Shell), 2 October 2002. Subject: potential of Iraqi Oil Reserves

Memorandum of Meeting of Baroness Liz Symons (Trade Minister) with representatives of BP (Richard Paniguian, Tony Renton), Shell (John Withrington, Gavin Graham) and BG (Bethell), 31 October 2002. Subject: Potential of Iraqi Oil Reserves

Memorandum of Meeting of Michael Arthur (Head of Economic Policy, FCO) with Richard Paniguian (Group Vice President for Russia, the Caspian, Middle East and Africa), 6 November 2002. Subject: Importance of Iraqi oil to BP

David Isenberg, "Iraqi oil: One big sticky mess," Asia Times Online, 22 January 2003

Michael Renner, "Post Saddam Iraq: Linchpin of a New Oil Order," Foreign Policy in Focus, January 2003

Faisal Islam, "Iraq nets handsome profit by dumping dollar for euro," The Observer, February 16, 2003

Robert Dreyfuss, "The Thirty Year Itch," Mother Jones, March/April 2003

Testimony of Vahan Zanoyan, President & CEO, PFC Energy, On Global Energy Security Issues Before the US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
Subcommittee on International Economic Policy, Export and Trade Promotion, April 8, 2003

United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Subcommittee on International Economic Policy, Export and Trade Promotion, Hearing on Global Energy Security Issues, Testimony of Dr. Daniel Yergin, Chairman, Cambridge Energy Research Associates, April 8, 2003

"Global Energy Security Issues," Olcott, Martha Brill, Testimony before the U. S. Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations, Subcommittee on International Economic Policy, Export and Trade Promotion, April 8, 2003

Valerie Marcel and John Mitchell, "Iraq’s Oil Tomorrow," Royal Institute of International Affairs, April 2003

Testimony of Julia Nanay, Senior Director, PFC Energy, U.S. Energy Security Issues: Russia and the Caspian, Before the US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Subcommittee on International Economic Policy, Export and Trade Promotion, April 30, 2003

U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations,Subcommittee on International Economic Policy, Export and Trade Promotion, Hearing on “U.S. Energy Security: Russia and the Caspian”,April 30, 2003, Statement by Edward C. Chow, Visiting Scholar, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

The Brookings Institution, "How Much Oil Does Iraq Have?" Iraq Memo #16, May 12, 2003 by Gal Luft, Co-Director, Institute for the Analysis of Global Security (IAGS)

Interview with Robert Baer, "Addicted to Oil," The Atlantic, 29 May 2003

"Poland seeks Iraqi oil stake," BBC News Online, 3 July 2003

Yoichi Funabashi, "Japan mustn't lose its footing in politics of oil," Asahi Shimbun, 7 July 2003

Judicial Watch, "Cheney Energy Task Force Documents Feature Map of Iraqi Oilfields," 17 July 2003

Judicial Watch, Maps and Charts of Iraqi Oilfields, Cheney Energy Task Force, 17 July 2003

William L. Watts, CBS.MarketWatch.com, "Iraq map in energy task-force papers," 18 July 2003

Associated Press, "U.S. got report on Iraqi oil in '01," The Charlotte Observer, 19 July 2003

Lisa Girion, "Immunity for Iraqi Oil Dealings Raises Alarm," The Los Angeles Times, 7 August 2003

Vincent Ferraro, "Another Motive For Iraq War: Stabilizing Oil Market," Hartford Courant, 12 August 2003

US, General Accountring Office, "Energy Task Force: Process Used to Develop the National Energy Policy," GAO-03-894, August 22, 2003

Andrew Walker, "Iraq oil assets 'up for sale'," BBC News Online, 22 September 2003

Gulf News Online, "Iraq plans to double output by 2005," Vienna |Reuters | 25-09-2003

ExxonMobil's 2003 Economic and Energy Outlook

Aram Roston, "The Battle for Iraqi Oil," The Nation, 2 January 2004

"US dissuades Sinopec from bidding in Iranian oil-field," People's Daily Online, 6 February 2004

Terry Macalister, "Iran takes on west's control of oil trading," The Guardian (UK), June 16, 2004

Statement of Jim Wells, Testimony before the Subcommittee on Energy Policy, Natural Resources and Regulatory Affairs, Committee on Government Reform, US, House of Representatives, "Energy Markets: Mergers and Many Other Factors Affect US Gasoline Markets," July 2004

Tammy Nemeth, PhD Candidate, Department of History, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, "Continental Drift: Canada-U.S. Oil and Gas Relations 1958 to 1988," Paper delivered at the SHAFR 2004 Conference at Austin, Texas, 25 June 2004

Naomi Klein, "Baghdad Year Zero," Harper's, September 2004

William Clark, "Revisited - The Real Reasons for the Upcoming War With Iraq: A Macroeconomic and Geostrategic Analysis of the Unspoken Truth," January 2003, Revised March 2003, Post-war Commentary January 2004

Greg Palast, "Secret US plans for Iraq's oil," BBC News Online, 17 March 2005

Ali Al-Naimi, "Globalization & The Future Of The Oil Market," World Affairs Council of Northern California, San Francisco, May 24, 2005

US, Congress, Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations, 109th Congress, 1st sess., U.S. Foreign Policy, Petroleum, and the Middle East, Statement of Stephen J. Gallogly, Director, Office of International Energy and Commodity Policy, Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs, Department of State, Washington, DC, October 20, 2005

US, Congress, Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations, 109th Congress, 1st sess., U.S. Foreign Policy, Petroleum, and the Middle East, Statement of George Person, Jr., Director, Office of African and Middle Eastern Affairs, Office of Policy and International Affairs, Department of Energy, Washington, DC, October 20, 2005

US, Congress, Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations, 109th Congress, 1st sess., U.S. Foreign Policy, Petroleum, and the Middle East, Statement of Dr. Gal Luft, Co-Director, Institute for the Analysis of Global Security, Washington, DC, October 20, 2005

US, Congress, Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations, 109th Congress, 1st sess., U.S. Foreign Policy, Petroleum, and the Middle East, Statement of Robert E. Ebel, Chairman, Energy Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC, October 20, 2005

US, Congress, Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations, 109th Congress, 1st sess., U.S. Foreign Policy, Petroleum, and the Middle East, Statement of Tom Z. Collina, Executive Director, 20/20 Vision, Washington, DC, October 20, 2005

John C.k. Daly, "Saudi Oil Facilities: Al-Qaeda's Next Target?" The Jamestown Foundation, Terrorism Monitor, Volume 4, Issue 4 (February 23, 2006)

US, Energy Information Administration, "Background: South China Sea," March 2006

Kenneth Lieberthal and Mikkal Herberg, "China’s Search for Energy Security: Implications for U.S. Policy," National Bureau of Asian Research, Volume 17, number 1, April 2006

Council on Foreign Relations, National Security Consequences of U.S. Oil Dependency, October 2006

Anthony H. Cordesman, "Global Energy Security," Saudi-US Relations Information Service, 15 November 2006

Joshua Gallu, "Will Iraq's Oil Blessing Become a Curse?" Der Spiegel, 22 December 2006

The Independent on Sunday, "Blood and oil: How the West will profit from Iraq's most precious commodity," 7 January 2007

Jad Mouawad, "Saudi Officials Seek to Temper the Price of Oil," New York Times, 28 January 2007

Keynote address delivered by Dr. Hasan M. Qabazard, Director of Research Division at the OPEC Secretariat, to the Peter Ellis Jones Memorial Conference, "The changing role of the national and international oil company in a geopolitical context," (Peter Ellis Jones Memorial Conference, London, 12 February 2007)

Christian Parenti, "Who Will Get the Oil?" The Nation, March 1, 2007 (March 19, 2007 issue)

Daniel S. Sullivan, Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of Economic, Energy and Business Affairs, "Energy and U.S. Foreign Policy: Security Through Diplomacy," Address to Energy Council’s Federal Energy & Environmental Matters Conference Meeting Jointly with Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) and Leadership of Pacific Northwest Economic Region (PNWER), Madison Hotel and Conference Center, Washington, D.C., March 9, 2007

Antonia Juhasz, "Whose Oil Is It, Anyway?" New York Times, 13 March 2007

Sohbet Karbuz, "US military oil pains," Energy Bulletin, 17 February 2007

Michael Meacher, "The rape of Iraq's oil: The Baghdad government has caved in to a damaging plan that will enrich western companies," Guardian Unlimited (UK), 22 March 2007

US House of Representatives, Committee on Foreign Affairs, Hearing on "Foreign Policy and National Security Implications of Oil Dependence," Testimony by Daniel Yergin: “The Fundamentals of Energy Security,” March 22, 2007

US House of Representatives, Committee on Foreign Affairs, Ariel Cohen, "Foreign Policy and National Security Implications of Oil Dependency," Testimony before The House Foreign Affairs Committee, March 22, 2007

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, ""Munich: World Politics at the Crossroads" Article of Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov, Published in the Newspaper Moskovskiye Novosti on March 23, 2007

Anthony H. Cordesman, "Iran, Oil, and the Strait of Hormuz," Saudi-US Relations Information Service, March 27, 2007

James J. Puplava, "The Politics of Energy," Series Archive, Financial Sense Online, March 29, 2007

John Mitchell and Glada Lahn, Chatham House, "Oil for Asia," March 2007

Saudi-US Relations Information Service, "U.S./Saudi/Chinese Five Billion Dollar Energy Deal," 1 April 2007

Mark Trunbull, "Risks of rising oil nationalism," Christian Science Monitor, 3 April 2007

John Ghazvinian, "Untapped: The Scramble for Africa's Oil," Slate, 3 April 2007

Sandra Hernandez, "Iraq Oil Law Turns Back the Clock to 1951: U.S. Supported Legislation Pressures Iraq to Transform Oil Industry," IraqSlogger, 13 April 2007

Power and Interest News Report, ''Economic Brief: The Implications of a Russia-led Gas Cartel,'' 15 April 2007

Bahmani-Oskooee, Mohsen and Kandil, Magda E., "Exchange Rate Fluctuations and Output in Oil-Producing Countries: The Case of Iran," International Monetary Fund, May 1, 2007

Michael Schwartz, "The Struggle over Iraqi Oil: Eyes Eternally on the Prize," TomDispatch.com, 6 May 2007

Dave Cohen, "Iraq - land of opportunity and adventure?" Energy Bulletin, 9 May 2007

Power and Interest News Report, ''Economic Brief: The Nationalization of Venezuelan Oil'' 21 May 2007

Ioannis Gatsiounis, "High oil price draws explorers to deep Southeast Asian waters," International Herald Tribune, May 23, 2007

Power and Interest News Report, ''Sectarian Fighting Overshadows Oil Law Debate in Iraq," 23 May 2007

US, General Accountability Office, "Energy Markets: Mergers and Other Factors That Influence Gasoline Prices" by Thomas J. McCool, Director, Applied Research and Methods, before the Joint Economic Committee. GAO-07-894T, May 23, 2007

Adam Wolfe, "Fighting overshadows Iraq's oil law," Asia Times, 24 May 2007

International Crisis Group, "Central Asia’s Energy Risks," Asia Report N°133, 24 May 2007

M A Shaikh, "Central Asian energy resources the focus of US-Russian politicking," Media Monitors Network, 13 June 2007

Michael T. Klare, "The Pentagon v. peak oil," Energy Bulletin, 14 June 2007

The Futurist, "Ending the Oil Era," Interview with James Woolsey, (July-August 2007)

James Kanter, "Rise in World Oil Use and a Possible Shortage of Supplies Are Seen in the Next 5 Years," New York Times, July 10, 2007

Michael Abramowitz and Steven Mufson, "Papers Detail Industry's Role in Cheney's Energy Report," Washington Post, July 18, 2007

Washington Post, "Energy Task Force Meetings Participants," 18 July 2007

"Rebuilding Iraq: Serious Challenges Impair Efforts to Restore Iraq's Oil Sector and Enact Hydrocarbon Legislation," by Joseph A. Christoff, director, international affairs and trade, before a joint hearing of the Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia and the Subcommittee on International Organizations, Human Rights, and Oversight, House Committee on Foreign Affairs. GAO-07-1107T, July 18, 2007

US, General Accountability Office, "Defense Contract Management: DOD's Lack of Adherence to Key Contracting Principles on Iraq Oil Contract Put Government Interests at Risk," GAO-07-839, July 31, 2007

Stop the Iraqi Oil Law

Andy Rowell, "Russia 'Claims' Oil-Rich North Pole," Oil Change International, August 3rd, 2007

Michael Howard, "The struggle for Iraq's oil flares up as Kurds open doors to foreign investors," The Guardian (UK), August 7, 2007

Andy Rowell, "Iraq: Oil Tenders Next Month," Oil Change International, August 10th, 2007

Ahmed Janabi, "Prominent Iraqis criticise oil law," Aljazeera, 15 August 2007

Power and Interest News Report, "Pipeline Politics: India and Myanmar," 10 September 2007

James Glanz, "Compromise on Oil Law in Iraq Seems to Be Collapsing," New York Times, September 13, 2007

Power and Interest News Report, "Economic Brief: Oil and Gas Dynamics in the Gulf of Thailand," 24 September 2007

Tomgram: "Dilip Hiro, It's the Oil, Stupid," TomDispatch, September 25, 2007

Jim Holt, "It’s the Oil," London Review of Books, 18 October 2007

Andrew E. Kramer, "Iraq, With U.S. Support, Voids a Russian Oil Contract," New York Times, November 4, 2007

US, General Accountability Office, Energy Markets: Increasing Globalization of Petroleum Products Markets, Tightening Refining Demand and Supply Balance, and Other Trends Have Implications for U.S. Energy Supply, Prices, and Price Volatility. GAO-08-14, December 20, 2007

Michael T. Klare, "Something Had to Give: How Oil Burst the American Bubble," TomDispatch, 31 January 2008

Indrajit Basu, "Big guns primed for $8bn Indian oil hunt," Asia Times, 1 February 2008

Kurt Volker, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for European and Eurasian Affairs, "Remarks During Panel Discussion on Transatlantic Cooperation at Hudson Institute Conference," Washington, DC, February 1, 2008

US, Department of State, Matt Bryza, Deputy Assistant Secretary for European and Eurasian Affairs, "Energy Issues in Europe," Interview with Hungarian News Agency, Washington, DC, February 26, 2008

US, Energy Information Administration, "Background: East China Sea," March 2008

Daniel Moran and James A. Russell, "The Militarization of Energy Security," Saudi-US Relations Information Service, 7 March 2008

Matthew J. Bryza, Deputy Assistant Secretary for European and Eurasian Affairs, " Trans-Caspian and Balkan Energy Security," On-the-Record Briefing With Greek Media Via Digital Video Conference to Athens, Greece, March 18, 2008

Roula Khalaf and Steve Negus, "Forbidden fields: Oil groups circle the prize of Iraq’s vast reserves," Financial Times, 19 March 2008

Michael T. Klare, "The New Geopolitics of Energy," The Nation, May 1, 2008

International Crisis Group, "China’s Thirst for Oil," Asia Report N°153, 9 June 2008

Andrew E. Kramer, "Deals With Iraq Are Set to Bring Oil Giants Back," New York Times, 19 June 2008

Martin Fackler, "China and Japan in Deal Over Contested Gas Fields," New York Times, 19 June 2008

BBC News, " The challenge of exploiting Iraq's oil," 19 June 2008

James Ridgeway, "America, Over Big Oil's Barrel," Mother Jones, June 25, 2008

Peter S. Goodman, "For Iraq’s Oil Contracts, a Question of Motive," New York Times, 29 June 2008

Andrew E. Kramer, "U.S. Advised Iraqi Ministry on Oil Deals," New York Times, June 30, 2008

New York Times, "Iraq Unveils Oilfields Open For Long - Term Contracts," 30 June 2008

James Glanz and Richard A. Oppell, Jr., "Panel Questions State Dept. Role in Iraq Oil Deal," New York Times, 3 July 2008

Saudi-US Relations Information Service, "World Petroleum Congress," 3 July 2008

Bill Moyers and Michael Winship, "The Iraq War Was About Oil, All Along," Bill Moyers Journal, July 5, 2008.

Nelson D. Schwartz, "American Energy Policy, Asleep at the Spigot," New York Times, July 6, 2008

Dr. Nimrod Raphaeli, "Saudi Arabia's Waning Influence On the Oil Market," Middle East Media Research Institute, Saudi Arabia/Economic News, #452,| July 7, 2008

Nick Turse, "The Bush Administration Strikes Oil in Iraq," TomDispatch, 7 July 2008

New York Times, "China and Iraq Reach $3 Billion Oil Deal," 28 August 2008

Michael T. Klare, "Putin's Ruthless Gambit: The Bush Administration Falters in a Geopolitical Chess Match," Tom Dispatch, 2 September 2008

Dr. Nimrod Raphaeli, "Oil-Producing Countries in Middle East Face Plummeting Oil Prices," Middle East Media Research Institute, Inquiry and Analysis Series, No. 475, November 19, 2008

Petroleum Intelligence Weekly Ranks World's Top 50 Oil Companies (2009), 6 December 2008

Dr. Nimrod Raphaeli, "U.S. Oil Dependency on the Middle East and The Diminishing Wealth of Arab Oil Exporters – In Light of the Economic Crisis," Middle East Media Research Institute, Inquiry and Analysis - No. 493 - February 3, 2009

Dr. Nimrod Raphaeli, "The Oil Sector in Iraq: Prospects and Problems," Middle East Media Research Institute, No. 523 - June 11, 2009

Gal Luft, "Iran-Pakistan Pipeline: Iran's New Economic Lifeline," Journal of Energy Security, 18 June 2009

CAPT David L. O. Hayward (Rtd), "China's Oil Supply Dependence," Journal of Energy Security, 18 June 2009

Gina Chon, "Big Oil Ready for Big Gamble in Iraq," Wall Street Journal, 24 June 2009

Bill Emmott, "Opec's greed will herald the end of the oil age," Times Online, 20 August 2009

Timothy Williams, "Under Tight Security, Iraq Sells Rights to Develop 2 Oil Fields," New York Times, 11 December 2009

Ernesto Londoño, "US firms lag in bids for Iraqi oil," Washington Post, December 12, 2009

Dr. Nimrod Raphaeli, "Saudi Concerns About Iraqi Oil (Revisited)," Middle East Media Research Institute, December 14, 2009

Michael Schwatrz, "Whatever Happened to the Neocons’ Grand Schemes to Control Iraq’s Oil?" TomDispatch, 2 February 2010

David Kocieniewki, "As Oil Industry Fights a Tax, It Reaps Billions From Subsidies," New York Times, July 3, 2010

Peter Maass, "The Ministry of Oil Defense," Foreign Policy, 5 August 2010

US, Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, "World Oil Transit Chokepoints," January 2011

Michael C. Lynch, "Drilling for an Oil Crisis," New York Times, 24 February 2011

Paul Bignell, "Secret memos expose link between oil firms and invasion of Iraq," The Independent, 19 April 2011

Terry Macalister, "BP 'has gained stranglehold over Iraq' after oilfield deal is rewritten," The Guardian, 31 July 2011

Gabe Collins, Andrew S. Erickson, Yufan Hao, Mikkal E. Herberg, Llewelyn Hughes, Weihua Liu and Jane Nakano, "Asia's Rising Energy and Resource Nationalism: Implications for the United States, China, and the Asia-Pacific Region," National Bureau of Asian Research, September 2011

Mark Landler, "A New Era of Gunboat Diplomacy," New York Times, 12 November 2011

US Energy Information Agency, "World Oil Transit Chokepoints," 22 August 2012

Leonardo Maugeri, "Oil: The Next Revolution: The Unprecedented Upsurge of Oil Production Capacity and What it Means for the World," Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University, August 2012

Steve Sorrell, "Commentary on: 'Oil: The Next Revolution: The Unprecedented Upsurge of Oil Production Capacity and What it Means for the World’" Oil Depletion Analysis Centre, August 21, 2012

Peter Galuszka, "With China and India Ravenous for Energy, Coal’s Future Seems Assured," New York Times, 12 November 2012

Andrew Revkin, "Coal Boom Unabated in Asia," New York Times, 21 November 2012

Journals and Research Institutes

The Institute for the Analysis of Global Security

Energy Security

Energy Bulletin

EnerPub

Hands Off Iraqi Oil (Blog)

Oil & Gas Journal Online



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