The Iraqi Conflict


Iraq and the World Petroleum Industry, 1904-1948

Winston Churchill, The Second World War, Volume III, The Grand Alliance (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1950), Chapter 14, "The Revolt in Iraq," pp. 224-237.

The International Petroleum Cartel, Staff Report to the Federal Trade Commission, released through Subcommittee on Monopoly of Select Committee on Small Business, U.S. Senate, 83d Cong., 2nd sess (Washington, DC, 1952), Chapter 1, "The World's Petroleum Resources," pp. 5-20.

The International Petroleum Cartel, Staff Report to the Federal Trade Commission, released through Subcommittee on Monopoly of Select Committee on Small Business, U.S. Senate, 83d Cong., 2nd sess (Washington, DC, 1952), Chapter 2, "Concentration of Control of the World Petroleum Industry," pp. 21-36.

The International Petroleum Cartel, Staff Report to the Federal Trade Commission, released through Subcommittee on Monopoly of Select Committee on Small Business, U.S. Senate, 83d Cong., 2nd sess (Washington, DC, 1952), Chapter 3, Development of Joint Control over Foreign Oil," pp. 37-46.

The International Petroleum Cartel, Staff Report to the Federal Trade Commission, released through Subcommittee on Monopoly of Select Committee on Small Business, U.S. Senate, 83d Cong., 2nd sess (Washington, DC, 1952), Chapter 4, "Joint Control Through Common Ownership--The Iraq Petroleum Co., Ltd.," pp. 47-112

The International Petroleum Cartel, Staff Report to the Federal Trade Commission, released through Subcommittee on Monopoly of Select Committee on Small Business, U.S. Senate, 83d Cong., 2nd sess (Washington, DC, 1952), Chapter 5, "Other Common Ownerships in the Middle East," [The Creation of Aramco and the Kuwait Oil Co., Ltd.], pp. 113-136

Letter from Gertrude Bell to her father on the revolution in Mesopotamia, 26 July 1920

Letter from Gertrude Bell to her father on the necessity of British rule in Mesopotamia, 2 August 1920

Letter from Gertrude Bell to her father on the revolution in Mesopotamia, 16 August 1920

Letter from Gertrude Bell to her mother on the failures of British rule in Mesopotamia, 5 September 1920

Letter from Gertrude Bell to her father on the outlines of British pacification of Mesopotamia, 12 September 1920

Letter from Gertrude Bell to her father on the political balance between Sunni and Shia in Iraq, 3 October 1920

US-Iraq Relations, 1950-1980

United States Embassy, Iraq Cable from Edward S. Crocker II to the Department of State. "Recent Developments in Connection with the Kurdish-Language News Bulletin," April 10, 1950.

Department of State Airgram from Dean Acheson. [Anti-Americanism in the Arab World], May 1, 1950.

Department of State Report. "Conference of Middle East Chiefs of Mission (Istanbul, February 14-21, 1951): Agreed Conclusions and Recommendations," c. February 21, 1951.

United States Embassy, Iraq Cable from Edward S. Crocker II to the Department of State. "Anti-communist Poster Material Prepared by USIS Baghdad," March 10, 1951.

United States Embassy, Iraq Cable from Edward S. Crocker II to the Department of State. "Anti-communist Poster Material Prepared by USIS Baghdad," March 10, 1951.

United States Embassy, Iraq Cable from Edward S. Crocker II to the Department of State. "Foreign Leader Grants for Iraqis," March 26, 1951.

Department of State, Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs Memorandum of Conversation. "Anglo-American Cooperation in the Psychological Field in the Arab States and Iran" [Attached to Cover Memorandum Dated April 2, 1951], March 30, 1951.

Analysis from Stephen Penrose to the Department of State. "Comment on "The Soviet Challenge in the Near East"--Princeton, June 2, 1951," June 2, 1951.

Department of State Airgram from Dean Acheson to the United States Embassy, Iraq. [Opposition to Book Publication], August 29, 1951

Department of State, Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs Memorandum from Burton Berry to the Department of State, Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern, South Asian and African Affairs. "VOA Broadcasts in Kurdish," September 14, 1951.

University of Michigan. Department of Near Eastern Studies Letter from George Cameron to Edward W. Barrett. [Propaganda Activities in Iraq; Attached to Cover Memorandum], October 24, 1951.

United States Embassy, Iraq Cable from Edward S. Crocker II to the Department of State. [Opinion Survey], February 6, 1952.

Department of State Transcript. "Working Group on Special Materials for Arab and Other Moslem Countries" [Attached to Cover Memorandum Dated April 2, 1952; Includes Attachment], April 1, 1952.

United States. National Security Council. Executive Secretary Report to the United States. National Security Council. "United States Objectives and Policies with Respect to the Arab States and Israel" [Annex to NSC 129], April 7, 1952.

United States Embassy, Iraq Despatch from Edward S. Crocker II to the Department of State. "Proposed Information Program for Iraq," May 16, 1952.

United States Embassy, Iraq Despatch from Philip W. Ireland to the Department of State. ""When the Communists Came"," July 8, 1952.

United States Embassy, Iraq Despatch from Philip W. Ireland to the Department of State. "Mechanics of Controlling an Election," July 18, 1952.

United States Embassy, Iraq Cable from Burton Berry to the Department of State. [Iraqi Attitudes], September 11, 1952.

United States Embassy, Iraq Despatch from Burton Berry to the Department of State. "Special IIA Projects for Islamic Countries," October 1, 1952.

Department of State, Executive Secretariat Letter from W.J. McWilliams to William H. Draper, Jr. [Forwards Minutes from Chiefs of Mission Meeting], October 2, 1952.

United States Embassy, Iraq Despatch from Harry L. Smith to the Department of State. "Arabic Anti-communist Pamphlet Program," October 7, 1952.

United States Embassy, Iraq Despatch from Burton Berry to the Department of State. "Partisans of Peace Object to Atomic Display" [Includes Article], October 18, 1952.

Department of State Airgram from David K.E. Bruce to the United States Embassy, Iraq. [Top Secret Clearances], November 4, 1952.

Department of State, Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian and African Affairs. Office of Near Eastern Affairs Memorandum from Richard E. Funkhouser to Parker T. Hart. "Additional Notes on Possible Iraq, Syria, Lebanese Reactions to MEDO," November 5, 1952.

United States Embassy, Iraq Cable from Burton Berry to the Department of State. [Attack on United States Information Service Building], November 23, 1952.

United States Embassy, Iraq Cable from Burton Berry to the Department of State. [Occupation of United States Information Service Building], November 24, 1952.

United States Embassy, Iraq Cable from Burton Berry to the Department of State. [Possible Disclosure of Classified Material], November 24, 1952.

United States Embassy, Iraq Cable from Burton Berry to the Department of State. [Ambassador Berry Speaks with Prime Minister], December 13, 1952.

Department of State Memorandum from Wilson S. Compton to David K.E. Bruce. "Colloquium on Islamic Culture to Be Held in September, 1953, under the Joint Sponsorship of the Library of Congress and Princeton University" [Attached to Cover Note Dated January 16, 1953; Includes Enclosure], January 13, 1953.

Princeton University Letter from Bayard Dodge to Richard H. Sanger. [Colloquium on Islamic Culture], February 2, 1953.

Department of State, Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs. Office of Near Eastern Affairs Memorandum. "Arab Public Relations in the U.S.," February 13, 1953.

United States Embassy, Iraq Despatch from Philip W. Ireland to the Department of State. "Opportunities for Anti-communist Activities among Students [Includes Memorandum of Conversation], March 30, 1953.

Department of State Memorandum from G. Huntington Damon to Fred L. Hadsel. "Briefing Paper for Secretary--Islamic Colloquium" [Includes Summary], April 30, 1953.

Colloquium on Islamic Culture Letter from Helen M. Anderson to Richard H. Sanger. [Background Information on Islamic Colloquium; Includes Minutes, Letter, and Budget], May 8, 1953.

United States Embassy, Iraq Despatch from Burton Berry to the Department of State. "Anti-communist 'Brain Washing' Program to Be Instituted at Summer ROTC Camps for Students," May 26, 1953.

United States Embassy, Iraq Despatch from Burton Berry to the Department of State. "Results of Evaluation Survey of 'Where Are They Now?'," July 6, 1953.

Department of State Airgram from John Foster Dulles. "Information Plan for the Arab Area," July 6, 1953.

United States Embassy, Iraq Despatch from Philip W. Ireland to the Department of State. "Evaluation of 'Hoja' Films," July 18, 1953.

Department of State, Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian and African Affairs. Office of Near Eastern Affairs Memorandum from Burton Berry to Henry Byroade. [Secretary of State's Understanding of Middle Eastern Problems; Attached to Cover Sheet Dated July 23, 1953], July 23, 1953.

United States Embassy, Egypt Despatch from Jefferson Caffery to the Department of State. "Colloquium on Islamic Culture and Saeed Ramadhan," July 27, 1953.

United States Embassy, Iraq Despatch from Burton Berry to the Department of State. "Visit to the Barzani Area" [Includes Memorandum], August 11, 1953.

United States Embassy, Iraq. Office of the Air Attaché Memorandum to the United States. Air Force. Chief of Staff. "Joint Weeka Nr.34--Section I" [Iraqi Assistance for the Shah], August 22, 1953.

Department of State, Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian and African Affairs. Office of Near Eastern Affairs Memorandum from F.O. Allen to Parker T. Hart. "Possible Effects on Arab Attitudes toward the Unified Plan and a Palestinian Settlement, and Potential Effects on the 'Cold War' Posture of Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq If Large-Scale Economic Aid is Given to Egypt at this Juncture," December 23, 1953.

United States Embassy, Iraq Despatch from Burton Berry to the Department of State. "Anti-communist Campaign of Iraq Government" [Includes Leaflet], January 13, 1954.

United States Embassy, Iraq Cable from Burton Berry to the Department of State. [Attacking Iraqi Neutralism], January 19, 1954.

United States Embassy, Iraq Despatch from Burton Berry to the Department of State. "Samples of Anti-communist Propaganda," March 16, 1954.

United States Embassy, Iraq Despatch from Burton Berry to the Department of State. "Report of PAO Dinsmore Shows Extent of Communist Organization in Sulaimaniya Liwa, [Kurdish area]" April 5, 1954.

United States Embassy, Iraq Despatch from Burton Berry to the Department of State. "Anti-communist Campaign on Radio Baghdad," April 7, 1954.

United States Embassy, Iraq. Office of the Air Attaché Cable to the United States. Air Force. Chief of Staff. [Ba'athists Emerge], May 22, 1954.

United States. National Security Council. Office of the Executive Secretary Memorandum from James S. Lay, Jr. to the United States. National Security Council. "United States Objectives and Policies with Respect to the Middle East" [Includes Draft Amendments], July 6, 1954.

United States. National Security Council Report. "United States Objectives and Policies with Respect to the Near East," July 23, 1954.

United States Information Service. Baghdad (Iraq) Despatch from David Newsom to the Department of State. "Naji Musa" [Anticommunist Pamphlet], August 17, 1954.

Baghdad Pact; February 4, 1955

United States. National Security Council. Operations Coordinating Board Memorandum to the United States. National Security Council. "Detailed Development of Major Actions relating to the Near East (NSC 5428) from April 17, 1955 through October 7, 1955" [Includes Paper], October 11, 1955.

United States Information Agency Cable. "Matters of Particular Interest in Middle East, with Citation of Exploitable Points," March 28, 1957.

Biographic sketch of Saddam Hussein by British Embassy Baghdad, November 15, 1969

Telegram from British Embassy Baghdad to Foreign and Commonwealth Office, "Saddam Hussein," December 20, 1969

Memo from Saunders to Kissinger, Subject: Message from Shah on Kurds, June 7, 1972

Excerpts from the U.S. Senate Report on the Strategy of Deliberately Restricting Iraqi Petroleum Production in the 1960s, 2 January 1975

Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Iraq, Washington, April 13, 1964 recommending that US independent oil companies not bid for Iraqi concessions

President Gerald Ford, Exclusive Interview on Possible Military Intervention in the Middle East, U.S. News and World Report, November 25, 1974, p. 24

Interview by Newsweek with Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger on the Conditions of a Military Intervention on the Issue of Oil Prices, December 18, 1974, Department of State Bulletin, January 20, 1975, p. 61-62

Interview by Business Week with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger on Possible Responses to "Strangulation" of the Industrialized World by OPEC, December 23, 1974, Department of State Bulletin, January 27, 1975, p. 101

Television Interview by Hugh Sidey with Secretary of Defense Schlesinger, Excerpt on the Likelihood of War in the Middle East Over Oil, Washington Straight Talk, January 7, 1974, The Agency Library, USIA, August, 1974, p. 35

Press Conference with Secretary of State Henry Kissinger on the Possibilities of Going to War Over Oil Prices, January 10, 1975, State Department News Release, January 10, 1975, p. 6

US, Secretary of Defense Schlesinger, News Conference at the Pentagon, Discussion on the Use of Force in the Middle East, January 14, 1974, Defense Department Press Release, Same Date, pp. 2, 7-8, 9, 11

Interview for "Bill Moyers' Journal" by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger on Possibilities of War in the Middle East over Oil Prices, January 15, 1975, Department of State Bulletin, February 10, 1975, pp. 172-173

President Gerald Ford, Exclusive Interview on Military Intervention in the Middle East in Response to Oil Price Increases, Time Magazine, January 20, 1975, p. 21

President Ford's News Conference of January 21, 1975, Questions on Military Intervention in the Middle East, Department of State Bulletin, February 10, 1975, pp. 179-180)

President Ford's Interview with NBC Television and Radio, January 23, 1975, Questions on Military Intervention in the Middle East, Department of State Bulletin, February 10, 1975, pp. 179-180)

Secretary of State Henry Kissinger on the Possibilities for War in the Middle East Over Oil Embargoes, Press Conference, January 28, 1975, State Department News Release, January 28, 1975, pp. 2-3

Excerpt from Joe Stork's Middle East Oil and the Energy Crisis (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1975), “The Struggle for Iraqi Oil” (pp. l02-108).

US, Transcript, "Secretary's (Kissinger) Principals and Regionals Staff Meeting," April 28, 1975 (Excerpt on Iraqi Objectives and Saddam Hussein)

US, Secretary of Defense Schlesinger on Possible US Responses to Another Oil Embargo, Interview with U.S. News and World Report, May 26, 1975, pp. 38-39

U.S., Congress, Committee on International Relations, Special Subcommittee on Investigations, Oil Fields as Military Objectives: A Feasibility Study, Report Prepared by the Congressional Research Service, 94th Cong., 1st sess., August 21, 1975, (Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1975), Parts I and II, pp. 1-39.

Richard Sale, UPI Intelligence Correspondent, "Saddam key in early CIA plot," From the International Desk, Published 4/10/2003 7:30 PM

Memorandum of Conversation, Henry Kissinger et al with Iraqi Minister of Foreign Affairs Sa'dun Hammadi, December 17, 1975

Department of State, Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs Memorandum from Nathaniel W. Howell to Harold H. Saunders. "Appropriate Settings for a Presidential Statement on Islam," December 14, 1979.

1980-1990

"Shaking Hands with Saddam Hussein: The U.S. Tilts toward Iraq, 1980-1984," National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 82, Edited by Joyce Battle, February 25, 2003

United States Embassy in Turkey Cable from Richard W. Boehm to the Department of State. "Back Up of Transshipment Cargos for Iraq," November 21, 1980.

Department of State Cable from Alexander M. Haig, Jr. to All Near Eastern and South Asian Diplomatic Posts. "Military Equipment for Iran and Iraq," February 16, 1981.

United States Interests Section in Iraq Cable from William L. Eagleton, Jr. to the Department of State. "Prospects for DAS [Deputy Assistant Secretary] Draper's Visit To Baghdad," April 4, 1981.

United States Interests Section in Iraq Cable from William L. Eagleton, Jr. to the Department of State. "Prospects for DAS [Deputy Assistant Secretary] Draper's Visit To Baghdad," April 4, 1981.

Department of State Cable from Alexander M. Haig, Jr. to the United States Interests Section in Iraq. "Secretary's Message To Iraqi Foreign Minister," April 8, 1981.

United States Interests Section in Iraq Cable from William L. Eagleton, Jr. to the Department of State. "Meetings in Baghdad with Foreign Minister Hammadi," April 12, 1981.

Iraq Ministry of Foreign Affairs Letter from Saadoun Hammadi to Alexander M. Haig, Jr. [Iraqi Minister for Foreign Affairs Praise for Visit of Under Secretary Draper], April 15, 1981.

United States Interests Section in Iraq Cable from William L. Eagleton, Jr. to the Department of State. "Letter to the Secretary from Iraqi Foreign Minister Hammadi," April 20, 1981.

Department of State Cable from Alexander M. Haig, Jr. to the Iraqi Interests Section in the United States. "Meeting with Iraqint Chief al-Omar" [For Eagleton from Draper], April 22, 1981.

United States Interests Section in Iraq Cable from William L. Eagleton, Jr. to Department of State. "Meeting with Tariq Aziz," May 28, 1981.

Department of State Cable from Alexander M. Haig, Jr. to the United States Interests Section in Iraq. "U.S. Policy on Arms Sales and Transfers to Iraq and Iran," June 3, 1981.

US, Interagency Intelligence Assessment, Implications of Israeli Attack on Iraq, July 1, 1981.

US, Interagency Intelligence Assessment, Implications of Israeli Attack on Iraq, July 1, 1981

United States Interests Section in Iraq Cable to the Department of State. "Staffdel [Staff Delegation] Pillsbury's Visit to Baghdad," September 27, 1981.

Department of State Cable from Alexander M. Haig, Jr. to the United States Interests Section in Iraq. "De-designation of Iraq as Supporter of International Terrorism," February 27, 1982.

National Security Study Directive (NSSD 4-82) from Ronald W. Reagan. "U.S. Strategy for the Near East and Southwest Asia," March 19, 1982.

United States Interests Section in Iraq Cable from William L. Eagleton, Jr. to the Department of Commerce. "Helicopters and Airplanes for Iraqi Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform," September 20, 1982.

Department of State, Office of the Secretary Delegation Cable from George P. Shultz to the Department of State. "Secretary's May 10 Meeting with Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz," May 11, 1983.

Department of State Cable from George P. Shultz to the United States Interests Section in Iraq. "Message from the Secretary for FON MIN Tariq Aziz: Iraqi Support for Terrorism," May 23, 1983.

Central Intelligence Agency, Directorate of Intelligence Appraisal. "The Iraqi Nuclear Program: Progress Despite Setbacks," June 1983.

United States Interests Section in Iraq Cable from Barbara K. Bodine to the Department of State. "Militarization of Hughes Helicopters," June 8, 1983.

National Security Decision Directive (NSDD 99) from Ronald W. Reagan. "United States Security Strategy for the Near East and South Asia" [Attached to Cover Memorandum; Heavily Excised], July 12, 1983.

Department of State, Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs Information Memorandum from Jonathan T. Howe to Lawrence S. Eagleburger. "Iran-Iraq War: Analysis of Possible U.S. Shift from Position of Strict Neutrality," October 7, 1983.

Foreign Broadcast Information Service Transcription. "IRNA Reports Iraqi Regime Using Chemical Weapons to Stop Val-Fajr IV," October 22, 1983.

Department of State, Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs Information Memorandum from Jonathan T. Howe to George P. Shultz. "Iraq Use of Chemical Weapons," November 1, 1983.

Department of State, Executive Secretary Memorandum from M. Charles Hill to Robert C. McFarlane. "Public Diplomacy Strategy for the Middle East" [Includes Memorandum], November 2, 1983.

Department of State, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs Action Memorandum from Jonathan T. Howe to Lawrence S. Eagleburger. "Iraqi Use of Chemical Weapons" [Includes Cables Entitled "Deterring Iraqi Use of Chemical Weapons" and "Background of Iraqi Use of Chemical Weapons"], November 21, 1983

National Security Decision Directive (NSDD 114) from Ronald W. Reagan. "U.S. Policy toward the Iran-Iraq War," November 26, 1983.

Department of State Cable from Kenneth W. Dam to the United States Interests Section in Iraq. "Rumsfeld Visit to Iraq," December 7, 1983.

United States Interests Section in Iraq Cable from William L. Eagleton, Jr. to the Department of State [et al.]. "Rumsfeld Visit to Iraq," December 10, 1983.

United States Interests Section in Iraq Cable from William L. Eagleton, Jr. to the United States Embassy in Jordan. "Talking Points for Amb. [Ambassador] Rumsfeld's Meeting with Tariq Aziz and Saddam Hussein," December 14, 1983.

United States Embassy in Italy Cable from Maxwell M. Rabb to the Department of State. "Rumsfeld's Larger Meeting with Iraqi Deputy PM [Prime Minister] and FM [Foreign Minister] Tariz [Tariq] Aziz, December 19," December 20, 1983.

United States Embassy in United Kingdom Cable from Charles H. Price II to the Department of State. "Rumsfeld Mission: December 20 Meeting with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein," December 21, 1983.

United States Embassy in the United Kingdom Cable from Charles H. Price II to the Department of State. "Rumsfeld One-on-One Meeting with Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister," December 21, 1983.

Department of State, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs Action Memorandum from Richard W. Murphy to Lawrence S. Eagleburger. "EXIM [Export-Import] Bank Financing for Iraq" [Includes Letter From Lawrence S. Eagleburger to William Draper, Dated December 24, 1983], December 22, 1983.

Department of State Cable from Kenneth W. Dam to United States Embassy in Jordan. "Rumsfeld Mission: Meeting with King Hussein in London," December 23, 1983.

United States Interests Section in Iraq Cable from William L. Eagleton, Jr. to the Department of State. "Follow-up on Rumsfeld Visit to Baghdad," December 26, 1983

United States Interests Section in Iraq Cable from William L. Eagleton, Jr. to the Department of State. "Meeting With Tariq Aziz: Expanding Iraq's Oil Export Facilities," January 3, 1984.

Jim Vallette, Institute for Policy Studies, "Crude Visions: How Oil Interests Obscured U.S. Government Focus on Chemical Weapons Use by Saddam Hussein," March 2003

United States Interests Section in Iraq Cable from William L. Eagleton, Jr. to the Department of State. "[Excised] Iraqi Pipeline through Jordan," January 10, 1984.

Department of State Cable from George P. Shultz to the United States Consulate General, Jerusalem. "Follow-up Steps on Iraq-Iran" [Includes Transmittal Sheet], January 14, 1984.

Department of State, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs Action Memorandum from David T. Schneider to George P. Shultz. "Easing Restrictions on Exports to Iraq," January 30, 1984

Export-Import Bank of the United States, Country Risk Analysis Division Memorandum to the Export-Import Bank of the United States, Africa and Middle East Division, Board of Directors. "Country Review and Recommendations for Eximbank's Programs" [Extract; Includes Document Entitled "Appendix I: Iraq"], February 21, 1984.

United States Interests Section in Iraq Cable from William L. Eagleton, Jr. to the Department of State. "Iraqi Warning re Iranian Offensive," February 22, 1984.

Department of State, Executive Secretary Memorandum from M. Charles Hill to Robert C. McFarlane. "Public Diplomacy Strategy for the Middle East and Lebanon" [Includes Memorandum, Press Themes, Speakers List, and List of Project Programs], March 2, 1984.

Department of State Cable from George P. Shultz to the United States Interests Section in Iraq. "U.S. Chemical Shipment to Iraq," March 4, 1984.

Department of State, Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs Memorandum from James A. Placke to James M. Ealum [et al.]. [U.S. Condemnation of Iraqi Chemical Weapons Use], March 4, 1984.

Department of State Memorandum. "Notifying Congress of [Excised] Truck Sale," March 5, 1984.

United States Interests Section in Iraq Cable from William L. Eagleton, Jr. to the Department of State. "Iraq Reacts Angrily to U.S. Condemnation of CW [Chemical Weapons] Use," March 7, 1984.

Cable from U.S. Interests Section Baghdad to State Department, "Ismet Kittani's Reaction to US Chemical Weapons Statement and Next Steps in US-Iraq Relations," March 7, 1984

State Department Cable to Middle East Posts, "Department Press Briefing March 9, 1984," March 10, 1984

United States Embassy in Austria Cable from Helene A. von Damm to the Department of State. "Iranian War Wounded in Vienna," March 13, 1984

Department of State Cable from George P. Shultz to the Mission to the European Office of the United Nations and Other International Organizations. "U.N. Human Rights Commission: Item 12: Iranian Resolution on Use of Chemical Weapons by Iraq," March 14, 1984.

State Department Cable to Embassy Amm!n and U.S. Interests Section Baghdad, "Kittani Call on Under Secretary Eagleburger," March 18, 1984

Department of State Cable from George P. Shultz to the United States Embassy in Sudan. "Briefing Notes for Rumsfeld Visit to Baghdad [Page Missing]," March 24, 1984.

State Department Cable to Donald Rumsfeld Party, "Briefing Notes for Rumsfeld Visit to Baghdad," March 24, 1984

United States Embassy in Bahrain Cable from Donald Charles Seidel to the Department of State. "Middle East Mission: U.S. Efforts to Stop Arms Transfers to Iran," March 24, 1984.

Mission to the United Nations Cable from Jeane J. Kirkpatrick to the Department of State. "U.N. Report on Chemical Weapons Use in Iran/Iraq War: Consideration in Security Council," March 28, 1984.

Department of State, Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs Cover Memorandum from Allen Overmyer to James A. Placke. [United Nations Security Council Response to Iranian Chemical Weapons Complaint; Includes Revised Working Paper], March 30, 1984.

Department of State Cable from George P. Shultz to the United States Embassy in Lebanon [et al.]. "Department Press Briefing, March 30, 1984," March 31, 1984.

Dana Priest, "Rumsfeld Visited Baghdad in 1984 to Reassure Iraqis, Documents Show: Trip Followed Criticism Of Chemical Arms' Use," Washington Post, 19 December 2003, Page A42

National Security Decision Directive (NSDD 139) from Ronald W. Reagan. "Measures to Improve U.S. Posture and Readiness to Respond to Developments in the Iran-Iraq War," April 5, 1984.

Department of State Cable from George P. Shultz to United States Embassy in Jordan. "Chemical Weapons: Meeting With Iraqi Charge," April 6, 1984.

United States Interests Section. Iraq Cable from William L. Eagleton, Jr. to the Department of State. "Bell Discusses Possible Helicopter Sale to Iraq," April 12, 1984.

Cable from U.S. Interests Section Baghdad to State Department, "Iraqi Attitude toward an Israeli Embarace [sic] on the Aqaba Pipeline," April 16, 1984

Letter from Richard M. Nixon to Nicolae Ceausescu. [Regarding U.S.-Romanian Venture to Sell Uniforms to Iraq], May 3, 1984.

Department of State, Special Adviser to the Secretary on Nonproliferation Policy and Nuclear Energy Affairs Memorandum from Dick Gronet to Richard T. Kennedy. "U.S. Dual-Use Exports to Iraq: Specific Actions" [Includes Document Entitled "Dual Use Exports to Iraq" Dated April 27, 1984], May 9, 1984.

Letter from the Bechtel Corporation to the Iraqi Oil Ministry on Building an Oil Pipeline, 20 July 1984

Internal Memo from the Bechtel Corporation on the Proposed Iraq/Jordan Pipeline and the Effect of the Israeli Elections on the Proposal, 26 July 1984

Defense Intelligence Agency Intelligence Report. "Defense Estimative Brief: Prospects for Iraq," September 25, 1984.

Letter from the Bechtel Corporation to James Placke, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs, U.S. Department of State on security guarantees to the Iraqi Government for pipeline security, 15 October 1984

Department of State, Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs Briefing Paper. "Iraqi Illegal Use of Chemical Weapons," November 16, 1984.

Department of State Cable from George P. Shultz to the United States Embassy in Iraq. "Memcon [Memorandum of Conversation]: Secretary's Meeting with Iraqi DepPrimMin [Deputy Prime Minister] Tariq Aziz, November 26, 1984, 10:00 a.m.," November 29, 1984.

Notes from the first Rappaport (IMG)/Bechtel meeting on Aqaba Pipeline Security, 7 January 1985

Internal Bechtel Memo on Aqaba Pipeline Security and Methods to Obtain US Support, 23 January 1985

Internal Bechtel Memo on Arranging a Meeting between Rappopart (IMG) and Cordell Hull on Aqaba Pipeline, 8 February 1985

Cable from U.S. Embassy Amman to State Department, "Hussein on Mubarak's Visit and Their Joint Trip to Iraq," March 19, 1985

Cable from U.S. Embassy Baghdad to State Department, "Views of the Jordanian and Egyptian Ambassadors on Iraq: the War, the Peace Process, and Inter-Arab Relations," March 28, 1985

Internal Bechtel Memo Proposing the Text of an Agreement between the US and Jordan on Cooperation in Petroleum Matters, 3 May 1985

Letter from Julius Kaplan of the Law Offices of Kaplan, Russin and Vecchi informing Bechtel that James Schlesinger, former US Secretary of Defense, will lead the Team discussing the Aqaba Pipeline, 14 June 1985

Letter from William P. Clark to E. Robert Wallach on his commitment to the Aqaba Pipeline project, 11 July 1985

Internal Bechtel Memo on Arrangements for Getting US Government Support for Aqaba Pipeline Project, 1 August 1985

Letter from Shimon Peres to Attorney General Ed Meese on the Aqaba Pipeline, 19 September 1985

Internal Bechtel Memo on Status of Aqaba Pipeline Agreement, 30 January 1986

Internal Bechtel Memo on Status of Aqaba Pipeline Agreement, 7 February 1986

Cable from U.S. Embassy Baghdad to State Department, "Minister of Industry Blasts Senate Action on Incident at Halabja to Representatives of Bechtel," September 13, 1988

US, CIA, Iraq's National Security Goals, December 1988

US, CIA, Iraq's National Security Goals, December 1988

US, CIA, Iraqi Ballistic Missile Developments, July 1990

US, CIA, Iraqi Ballistic Missile Developments, July 1990

1991-2001

"Responding to Iraqi Aggression in the Gulf," The White House, National Security Directive (NSD 54), top secret, January 15, 1991

President George Bush, January 16, 1991, Address to the Nation Announcing Allied Military Action in the Persian Gulf

President George Bush, State of the Union Address, 1991

US, Central Intelligence Agency, Prewar Status of Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction, March 1991

John Edward Wilz, "The Making of Mr. Bush's War: A Failure to Learn from History? " Presidential Studies Quarterly, Summer 1996

Christopher Layne, "Why the Gulf War Was Not in the National Interest," Atlantic Monthly, July 1991

John R. MacArthur, "Censorship and Propaganda in the Gulf War: How Government Can Mold Public Opinion," Independent Policy Forum, San Francisco, 7 October 1993

Benedetto Conforti, "Non-Coercive Sanctions in the United Nations Charter: Some Lessons from the Gulf War," European Journal of International Law, Vol. 2, no. 2 (1991)

Peter Malanczuk, "The Kurdish Crisis and Allied Intervention in the Aftermath of the Second Gulf War," European Jounral of International Law, Vol. 2, no. 2 (1991

US, CIA, Project Babylon: The Iraqi Supergun, November 1991

US, CIA, Iraqi BW Mission Planning, 1992

Alan Tonelson, "The Persian Gulf: Still Mired," The Atlantic Monthly, June 1993

Kanan Makiya, "The Politics of Betrayal," [Kurds] The New York Review of Books, Vol. 43, No. 16, 1996, p. 8

United Nations, Note by the Secretary General, October 6, 1998 w/att: Report of the Executive Chairman of the activities of the Special Commission established by the Secretary-General pursuant to paragraph 9(b) (i) of the resolution 687 (1991).

United Nations, Note by the Secretary General, October 8, 1997 w/att: Letter dated 6 October 1997 from the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency to the Secretary General, on inspections in Iraq

United Nations, Note by the Secretary General, October 8, 1997 w/att: Letter dated 6 October 1997 from the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency to the Secretary General.

Memorandum of understanding between the United Nations and Iraq on weapons inspection dated February 23, 1998

Unofficial transcript of press conference with UN Secretary General Kofi Annan and Iraq Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz on Memorandum of Understanding, Press conference on February 23, 1998

Report of the UNSCOM Chairman on the Mission to Baghdad, March 1998

SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION 1154, Adopted by the Security Council at its 3858th meeting on 2 March 1998

Statement of General Anthony C. Zinni, Commander in Chief, US Central Command before hte US Senate Armed Services Committee, 3 March 1998

Steve Bowman, Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division, Congressional Research Service, "Iraqi Chemical & Biological Weapons (CBW) Capabilities," April 1998

Barton Gellman, "Iraqi Work Toward A-Bomb Reported: U.S. Was Told of 'Implosion Devices'" Washington Post, September 30, 1998

United Nations, Note by the Secretary General, October 6, 1998 w/att: Report of the Executive Chairman of the activities of the Special Commission established by the Secretary-General pursuant to paragraph 9(b) (i) of the resolution 687 (1991) on inspection process in Iraq

U.S. Department of State, David Welch, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, Worldnet "Dialogue:"  U.S. Brokered Northern Iraq Accord and U.S.-Iraq Relations, October 15, 1998

Text of a Letter from President Clinton to the US Senate on Iraqi Compliance with UN Resolutions, 5 November 1998

PRESS BRIEFING BY JOE LOCKHART on the Iraqi Crisis, 10 November 1998

PRESS BRIEFING BY JOE LOCKHART on the Iraqi Crisis, 12 November 1998

PRESS BRIEFING BY JOE LOCKHART on the Iraqi Crisis, 13 November 1998

STATEMENT BY THE PRESIDENT on the Iraqi Crisis, 15 November 1998

PRESS BRIEFING BY NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR SAMUEL BERGER, 14 November 1998

PRESS BRIEFING BY NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR SANDY BERGER, SECRETARY OF DEFENSE WILLIAM COHEN, AND CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS GENERAL HUGH SHELTON on the Iraqi Crisis, 15 November 1998

State Department Press Briefing on US-Iraq Policy, 23 November 1998

STATE DEPARTMENT REPORT on Iraqi Policy, NOVEMBER 23, 1998

ALBRIGHT TO NAME SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE TO IRAQI OPPOSITION

REMARKS BY SAMUEL R. BERGER, ASSISTANT TO THE PRESIDENT FOR NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS, STANFORD UNIVERSITY, PALO ALTO, CALIFORNIA, 8 December 1998

STATEMENT BY PRESIDENT CLINTON on Iraqi Air Strikes, 16 December 1998

PRESS BRIEFING BY NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISOR SANDY BERGER on the Iraqi Situation, 16 December 1998

TEXT OF A LETTER FROM PRESIDENT CLINTON TO THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AND THE PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE OF THE SENATE, December 18, 1998, (War Powers Declaration)

TEXT: CLINTON REMARKS TO THE ARAB WORLD, 18 December 1998

U.S. Department of State, Thomas Pickering, Under Secretary for Political Affairs, Press Briefing, Aftermath of Airstrikes on Iraq, Washington, DC, December 22, 1998

TRANSCRIPT: ASSISTANT SECRETARY WELCH ON IRAQ POLICY, 22 December 1998

U.S. Department of State, Thomas Pickering, Under Secretary for Political Affairs, Interview on "The News Hour" with Jim Lehrer, "UN Debate Over the Situation in Iraq," Washington, DC, December 22, 1998

U.S. Department of State, David Welch, Assistant Secretary for International Organizations, Worldnet "Global Exchange," U.S. Policy Toward Iraq, Washington, DC, December 22, 1998

National Security Advisor Sandy Berger, National Pres Club, "CHANGE WILL COME TO IRAQ,"  23 December 1998

PBS, Frontline, "Spying on Saddam," 1999

UN SECRETARY-GENERAL'S STATEMENT OF JANUARY 6, 1999 denying he has evidence of misuse of UNSCOM

TRANSCRIPT: ZINNI BRIEFING ON OPERATION DESERT FOX, 8 JANUARY 1999

Samuel R. Berger, "OIL FOR FOOD; THE OPPOSITE OF SANCTIONS," The Washington Post, 28 January 1999

SECRETARY OF STATE MADELEINE K. ALBRIGHT AND EGYPTIAN FOREIGN MINISTER MOUSSA FOLLOWING MEETING WITH PRESIDENT HOSNI MUBARAK, Itihadiya Palace, Cairo, Egypt, January 27, 1999

Forged correspondence to Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Niger, concerning visit to Niger by Iraqi ambassador to the Vatican, February 1, 1999

United Nations Security Council, Letter Dated 8 February 1999 from the Secretary-General Addressed to the President of the Security Council, February 9, 1999 w/enc: Report of the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency in connection with the panel on disarmament and current and future ongoing monitoring and verification issues (S/1999/100).

"UNITED STATES POLICY TOWARD IRAQ," HEARING BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON NEAR EASTERN AND SOUTH ASIAN AFFAIRS OF THE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS, UNITED STATES SENATE, ONE HUNDRED SIXTH CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION, MARCH 9, 1999

U.S. Department of State, Thomas R. Pickering, Under Secretary of State, Joint Hearing of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee, "U.S. Policy Toward Iraq: An Update," Washington, DC, March 17, 1999

NewsMax.com Wires, "Oil-Hungry U.S. Reconsiders Iraq," April 13, 2001

Forged correspondence within Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Niger, concerning transfer of uranium to Iraq, July 30, 1999.

U.S. Department of State, Elizabeth Jones, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, The Foreign Press Center briefing, UNICEF Report on Sanctions on Iraq, Moderator: Marjorie Ransom, Washington, DC, August 13, 1999

PBS, Frontline, "The Survival of Saddam," 2000

Forged letter to the President, Republic of Niger, concerning agreement to supply 500 tons of uranium per year to Iraq, July 27, 2000

Forged letter to the Niger Ambassador to Italy, concerning protocol of agreement to supply uranium to Iraq, October 10, 2000.

A Synopsis of President Bush's Statements on Iraq and Weapons of Mass Destruction, January 2000-February 2003

US, Public Broadcasting System, Frontline, "Gunning for Saddam," 2001

Nicholas Lemann, "The Iraq Factor: Will the new Bush team's old memories shape its foreign policy?" New Yorker, 22 January 2001

"Iraq and America's Foreign Policy Crisis in the Middle East," Testimony to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Anthony H. Cordesman, Arleigh A. Burke Chair for Strategy, Center for Strategic and International Studies, March 1, 2001

U.S., National Energy Policy Development Group, Report, Reliable, Affordable, and Environmentally Sound Energy for America's Future, May 2001

Institute for Science and International Security, Conference Transcripts, "Understanding the Lessons of Nuclear Inspections and Monitoring in Iraq: A Ten-Year Review," June 14-15, 2001

Prepared Testimony of U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld, Senate Armed Services Committee, 21 June 2001

"Guidance and Terms for Reference for the 2001 Quadrennial Defense Review," Donald H. Rumsfeld, Secretary of Defense, 22 June 2001

Julian Borger, "Plan resurfaces to target Saddam. Iraqi attack blueprint emerges," Guardian (UK), December 28, 2001

2002

President George W. Bush, "The State of the Union Address," 29 January 2002

Remarks by Vice President Dick Cheney Before the Council on Foreign Relations, New York Times, 16 February 2002

"Iraq: Options Paper," (part of the "Downing Street Memos) prepared by the Overseas and Defence Secretariat, classified "Secret UK Eyes Only," 08 March 2002, published by the Associated Press on 19 June 2005

"Iraq: Legal Background," (part of the "Downing Street Memos) classified "Confidential," 08 March 2002, published by the Associated Press on 19 June 2005

"Your Trip to the US," (part of the Downing Street Memos) for Prime Minister from David Manning, classified "Secret - strictly personal," 14 March 2002, published by the Associated Press on 19 June 2005

"Iraq and Afghanistan: Conversation with Wolfowitz," (part of the Downing Street Memos) from Ambassador Christopher Meyer, Washington, to David Manning, 10 Downing St., classified "Confidential and Personal," 18 March 2002, published by the Associated Press on 19 June 2005

"Iraq: Advice for the Prime Minister," (part of the Downing Street Memos) from P.F. Ricketts, political advisor, classified "Confidential and Personal," 22 March 2002, published by the Associated Press on 19 June 2005

"Crawford/Iraq," (part of the Downing Street Memos) for Prime Minister from Jack Straw, classified "Secret and Personal," 25 March 2002, published by the Associated Press on 19 June 2005

John R. Bolton, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, "Beyond the Axis of Evil: Additional Threats from Weapons of Mass Destruction," Remarks to the Heritage Foundation, Washington, DC, May 6, 2002

The Right Honourable Jack Straw, British Foreign Secretary, Remarks to the Brookings Institution, Wednesday, May 8, 2002, 9:00 am, Falk Auditorium, The Brookings Institution, 1775 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, D.C.

Remarks by President Bush at 2002 Graduation Exercise of the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York. 1 June 2002

Thomas E. Ricks and Vernon Loeb, Washington Post Staff Writers, "Bush Developing Military Policy Of Striking First: New Doctrine Addresses Terrorism," The Washington Post, 10 June 2002

Peter Slevin, "The Word at the White House: Bush Formulates His Brand of Foreign Policy," The Washington Post, 23 June 2002, p. B1

Clyde Prestowitz, "America the Arrogant: Why Don't We Listen Anymore?" The Washington Post, 7 July 2002, p. B1

US, State Department cable, Future of Iraq Expert Working Groups, July 8, 2002

Michael Theodoulou in Nicosia and Roland Watson, "West sees glittering prizes ahead in giant oilfields," The Times (London), 11 July 2002

Remarks by President Bush to Troops and Families of the 10th Mountain Division - New York, 10th Mountain Division, Division Hill, Fort Drum, New York , 19 July 2002

"Cabinet Office paper: Conditions for military action," (part of the Downing Street Memos) classified "Personal Secret UK Eyes Only," 21 July 2002, published by The Sunday Times on 12 June 2005

"Rycroft Memo: Minutes of British Cabinet Meeting" (aka "The Downing Street Memo") to David Manning from Matthew Rycroft, classified "Secret and Strictly Personal - UK Eyes Only," 23 July 2002, published by the The Sunday Times on 01 May 2005.

Karen DeYoung, "Bush to Create Formal Office To Shape U.S. Image Abroad," Washington Post, 30 July 2002

US, Dept. of Justice Aug 1, 2002 Memo to White House Counsel Alberto Gonzalez Re: Standards of Conduct for Interrogation, 1 August 2002

BBC News, "'Moral case' for deposing Saddam," 15 August 2002

U.S. Department of State's Office of International Information Programs, Phillip Kurata, "National Security Adviser Rice Makes Case for Removing Saddam," Interview with BBC August 15, 16 August 2002

Prof. Bruce Ackerman "But What's the Legal Case for Preemption?" Yale Law School, 20 August 2002

Vice President Dick Cheney at the Opening Session of the 103rd National Convention of the Veterans of Foreign Wars, Nashville, TN, 26 August 2002, New York Times, 27 August 2002

Comments of Gen. Anthony Zinni (ret.) during a speech before the Florida Economic Club, Aug. 23, 2002

Andrew P. N. Erdmann, "Beating the Terrorist Challenge," Policy Planning Staff, Joint Session of American Legion National Security and Foreign Relations Commissions, Charlotte, NC. August 24, 2002

Mike Salinero, "Gen. Zinni Says War With Iraq Is Unwise," Tampa Tribune, 24 August 2002

Glenn Kessler, "Diplomatic Gap Between U.S., Its Allies Widens," Washington Post, 1 September 2002, p. A20

US, Department of Defense, "Presentation: The Case for Action," Secret Document released in July 2012 as a Freedom of Information Disclosure, dated September 2002, no author.

Transcript of Interview with Vice-President Dick Cheney on Meet the Press, 8 September 2002

Interview with Condoleezza Rice conducted by Wolf Blitzer, CNN Late Edition, 8 September 2002

Transcript: Colin Powell on Fox News Sunday, Sunday, September 08, 2002

Nicholas Lemann, "The War on What?: The White House and the Debate About Whom to Fight Next," The New Yorker, 9 September 2002

Jim Lobe, "US and the triumph of unilateralism," Asia Times Online, 10 September 2002

Francis Fukuyama, "U.S. vs. Them: Opposition to American policies must not become the chief passion in global politics," The Washington Post, September 11, 2002; Page A17

UK Joint Intelligence Committee, Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction: The Assessment of the British Government, September 2002

Defense Intelligence Agency, Iraq - Key WMD Facilities - An Operational Support Study, September 2002 (Extract)

U.S. State Department, A Decade of Deception and Defiance, September 12, 2002

President George W. Bush, Remarks at the United Nations General Assembly, New York, New York, September 12, 2002

Bishop Wilton D. Gregory, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Office of Social Development & World Peace, Letter to President Bush on Iraq, September 13, 2002

Dan Morgan and David B. Ottaway, "In Iraqi War Scenario, Oil Is Key Issue. U.S. Drillers Eye Huge Petroleum Pool," Washington Post, September 15, 2002.

US, Joint Chiefs of Staff, Joint Publication 3-06, Doctrine for Joint Urban Operations, 16 September 2002

US, Department of State, "White House Chronicles Iraqi Obstruction of Unconditional Inspections in Iraq," 17 September 2002

Agence France-Presse, "In Bush's Words: 'Use All Means' on Iraq," text of the resolution that President Bush sent to Congress, seeking approval for action against Iraq, New York Times, 20 September 2002

President George W. Bush, "The National Security Strategy of the United States," New York Times, 20 September 2002

William Saletan, "Bush's whitewashed national security manifesto," Slate, 20 September 2002

"Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction: The Assessment of the British Government," 24 September 2002

Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction: The Assessment of the British Government, 24 September 2002

Albert Eisele, HILL PROFILE: George F. Kennan, "At 98, veteran diplomat declares Congress must take lead on war with Iraq, The Hill, 25 September 2002

National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice talks with Margaret Warner about Iraq, the United Nations, the United States' new pre-emptive strike doctrine and recent criticism from Democratic leaders, PBS, 25 September 2002

US, CIA, Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction Programs, October 2002

US, Director of Central Intelligence, National Intelligence Estimate, Iraq's Continuing Programs for Weapons of Mass Destruction, October 2002

Brookings Institution, A Brookings Forum on the Bush Doctrine, 4 October 2002

President Bush's Speech on the Use of Force Against Iraq, New York Times, October 8, 2002

David Armstrong, "Dick Cheney's Song of America: Drafting a Plan for Global Dominance," Harper's, October 2002

US, The White House, "President Bush Outlines Iraqi Threat," October 7, 2002

Letter, George J. Tenet, Director of Central Intelligence, to Senator Bob Graham, Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, October 7, 2002

US, Department of Defense, Iraqi Denial and Deception for Weapons of Mass Destruction & Ballistic Missile Programs, October 8, 2002

Letter, George J. Tenet, Director of Central Intelligence, to Senator Bob Graham, Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, October 7, 2002

Robert D. Kaplan "A Post-Saddam Scenario," The Atlantic Monthly, November 2002

U.S., Central Intelligence Agency, National Intelligence Estimate, Key Judgments, "Iraq's Continuing Programs for Weapons of Mass Destruction," October 2002. "If Baghdad acquires sufficient fissile material from abroad it could make a nuclear weapon within several months to a year. Without such material from abroad, Iraq probably would not be able to make a weapon until 2007 to 2009, owing to inexperience in building and operating centrifuge facilities to produce highly enriched uranium and challenges in procuring the necessary equipment and expertise."

U.S., Central Intelligence Agency, National Intelligence Estimate, "Iraq's Continuing Programs for Weapons of Mass Destruction," October 2002

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, National Intelligence Estimate - White House declassification release, "Iraq's Continuing Programs for Weapons of Mass Destruction," October 2002, Top Secret (Extract), Source: White House, July 2003

U.S., Central Intelligence Agency, National Intelligence Estimate - CIA Unclassified version, "Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction Programs," October 2002, Unclassified, Source: CIA public release, October 2002

U.S., Central Intelligence Agency, Extracts from the October NIE, "Key Judgments: Iraq's Continuing Programs for Weapons of Mass Destruction," Released July 2003

C.I.A. Letter to Senate on Baghdad's Intentions, New York Times, October 9, 2002

Jane Mayer, "A Doctrine Passes," New Yorker, October 10, 2002

US, Congress, "Joint Resolution to Authorize the use of United States Armed Forces Against Iraq," New York Times, 11 October 2002

"In Rumsfeld's Words: Guidelines for Committing Forces," New York Times, October 14, 2002

US, Public Broadcasting System, Ben Wattenberg, Think Tank, Interview with Max Boot, Adam Garfinkel, and Samantha Power, "The Bush Doctrine."

John Lewis Gaddis, "A Grand Strategy," Foreign Policy, November/December 2002

Robert D. Kaplan, "A Post-Saddam Scenario," The Atlantic Monthly, November 2002

US, Department of State, Future of Iraq Project, Report of the Conference of the Iraqi Opposition as amended by the Democratic Principles Work Group, November 2002

US, State Department briefing, Future of Iraq Project, November 1, 2002

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1441 on Iraq, 8 November 2002

Interview with Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld on Infinity Radio, 14 November 2002

Letter Submitted by Iraq to the United Nations, New York Time, November 14, 2002

Alan Wolfe, "The Phantom Empire," Boston Globe, 17 November 2002

President George W. Bush, National Strategy to Combat Weapons of Mass Destruction, December 2002

James A. Paul, "Iraq: the Struggle for Oil," Executive Director, Global Policy Forum, August, 2002 (revised December, 2002)

William Nordhaus, "Iraq: The Economic Consequences of War," New York Review of Books, 5 December 2002

Iraq, Table of Contents, Currently Accurate, Full and Complete Declaration December 7, 2002, w/covering letter from Mohammed A. Aldouri, Permanent Representative to the U.N.

Kenneth Katzman, Congressional Research Service, Iraq: Weapons Threat, Compliance, Sanctions, and U.S. Policy, December 10, 2002

US, Department of State, Fact Sheet: Illustrative Examples of Omissions From the Iraqi Declaration to the United Nations Security Council, December 19, 2002

Robert Kagan, "War And the Fickle Left," Washington Post, Tuesday, December 24, 2002; Page A15

2003

US, National Security Council, "Principal Challenges in Post-Saddam Iraq," Excerpts, January 2003, Published in the New York Times, 13 March 2006

David Isenberg, "Iraqi oil: One big sticky mess," Asia Times Online, 22 January 2003

United Nations, Hans Blix, An Update on Inspection, January 27, 2003

Dr. Mohammed ElBaradei, The Status of Nuclear Inspections in Iraq, January 27, 2003 w/att: IAEA Update Report for the Security Council Pursuant to Resolution 1441 (2002), January 27, 2003.

US, Department of State, Secretary of State Colin L. Powell, Briefing on the Iraq Weapons Inspectors' 60-Day Report: Iraqi Non-Cooperation and Defiance of the UN, January 27, 2003.

US, The White House, What Does Disarmament Look Like?, January 2003

The Atlantic Council of the United States, "Winning the Peace: Managing a Successful Transition in Iraq," January 2003

Judith Miller and Julia Preston in New York, "US is misquoting my Iraq report, says Blix," Sydney Morning Herald, 1 February 2003

Colin L. Powell, Remarks to the United Nations Security Council, February 5, 2003

US, Department of State, Iraq: Failing to Disarm - U.S. Secretary of State Powell's Presentation to the UN Security Council, February 5, 2003

President Discusses the Future of Iraq in Speech at American Enterprise Institute, Washington Hilton Hotel, Washington, D.C., 26 February 2003

US, Department of State, Secretary of State Colin L. Powell, Remarks to the United Nations Security Council, February 5, 2003.

US, Department of State, Iraq: Failing to Disarm - U.S. Secretary of State Powell's Presentation to the UN Security Council, February 5, 2003.

State Department Information Memorandum for Paula J. Dobriansky, Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs, Iraq Contingency Planning, February 7, 2003

UN, Dr. Hans Blix, Briefing of the Security Council, February 14, 2003

UN, Dr. Mohammed El Baradei, The Status of Nuclear Inspections in Iraq: 14 February 2003 Update, February 14, 2003.

Robert J. Samuelson, "War's Economic Side Effects," Washington Post, 19 February 2003, p. A29

CBS News, Dan Rather Interview with Saddam Hussein, 24 February 2003

Institute for Policy Analysis, "Coalition of the Willing or Coalition of the Coerced: How the Bush Administration Influences Allies in Its War Against Iraq," 26 February 2003

Carrie Satterlee, "Facts on Who Benefits From Keeping Saddam Hussein In Power," The Heritage Foundation, WebMemo #217, February 28, 2003

Neta Crawford, "The Best Defense: The problem with Bush’s “preemptive” war doctrine," Boston Review, February/March 2003

US, Department of State, Future of Iraq Project, Report of the Working Group on Transitional Justice and Iraqi Jurists' Association, March 2003

Powell Tells French TV He Sees Support for Iraq Resolution, (Interview in Washington with France's TF-2 TV), 4 March 2003

"Lord Goldsmith Memo" Legal advisory on Iraq war addressed to Prime Minister Blair, classified "Secret," 07 March 2003. Released by the British government on 28 April 2005.

Warren Vieth and Elizabeth Douglass, "Gauging Promise of Iraqi Oil," Los Angeles Times, 12 March 2003

Interview with Vice-President Dick Cheney, NBC, "Meet the Press," Transcript for March 16

U.S., State Department, Press Briefing, Excerpt: Boucher Announces Coalition for Immediate Disarmament of Iraq, 19 March 2003

Robert L. Hutchings, Chairman, National Intelligence Council, "The World After Iraq," April 8, 2003.

CIA, "Unclassified Report to Congress on the Acquisition of Technology Relating to Weapons of Mass Destruction and Advanced Conventional Munitions, 1 January Through 30 June 2002," April 10, 2003.

State Department Action Memorandum for Secretary of State Colin Powell, Response to Secretary Rumsfeld, April 10, 2003

"Acquisition of Technology Relating to Weapons of Mass Destruction and Advanced Conventional Munitions," 1 January Through 30 June 2002, Unclassified Report to Congress from the Director of Central Intelligence, April 2003 "Iraq is unlikely to produce indigenously enough weapons-grade material for a deliverable nuclear device until the last half of this decade. Baghdad could produce a nuclear weapon within a year if it were able to procure weapons-grade fissile material abroad."

Richard Sale, UPI Intelligence Correspondent, "Saddam key in early CIA plot," From the International Desk, Published 4/10/2003 7:30 PM

US, Department of State, Future of Iraq Project, Oil and Energy Working Group, Subcommittee on Oil Policy, April 2003

Interview with Andrew Natsios, Administrator for the US Agency for International Development, with Ted Koppel, Nightline, ABC News, 23 April 2003 on the costs of Iraqi Reconstruction

Valerie Marcel and John Mitchell, "Iraq’s Oil Tomorrow," Royal Institute of International Affairs, April 2003

The Brookings Institution, "How Much Oil Does Iraq Have?" Iraq Memo #16, May 12, 2003 by Gal Luft, Co-Director, Institute for the Analysis of Global Security (IAGS)

US, Department of State, Future of Iraq Project, 12 May 2003

Central Intelligence Agency/Defense Intelligence Agency, Iraqi Mobile Biological Warfare Agent Production Plants, May 28, 2003

John B. Judis & Spencer Ackerman, "The Selling of the Iraq War: The First Casualty," The New Republic, 24 June 2003

CIA Statement on Recently Acquired Iraqi Centrifuge Equipment, June 26, 2003

U.S., House of Representatives, Committee on Government Reform, Minority Office, Rep. Henry Waxman, "Nuclear Evidence on Iraq"

The Decision to go to War in Iraq, Report of the UK House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee, July 2003

"Poland seeks Iraqi oil stake," BBC News Online, 3 July 2003

Yoichi Funabashi, "Japan mustn't lose its footing in politics of oil," Asahi Shimbun, 7 July 2003

Judicial Watch, "Cheney Energy Task Force Documents Feature Map of Iraqi Oilfields," 17 July 2003

Judicial Watch, Maps and Charts of Iraqi Oilfields, Cheney Energy Task Force, 17 July 2003

The Globe and Mail, "U.S. ignored WMD message, analyst says," 18 July 2003

William L. Watts, CBS.MarketWatch.com, "Iraq map in energy task-force papers," 18 July 2003

Associated Press, "U.S. got report on Iraqi oil in '01," The Charlotte Observer, 19 July 2003

Barton Gellman and Walter Pincus, IRAQ'S NUCLEAR FILE : Inside the Prewar Debate, "Depiction of Threat Outgrew Supporting Evidence," Washington Post, 10 August 2003, p. A1

Statement by Director of Central Intelligence George J. Tenet on the 2002 National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) on Iraq’s Continuing Programs for Weapons of Mass Destruction, August 11, 2003.

Vincent Ferraro, "Another Motive For Iraq War: Stabilizing Oil Market," Hartford Courant, 12 August 2003

US, General Accountring Office, "Energy Task Force: Process Used to Develop the National Energy Policy," GAO-03-894, August 22, 2003

Dieter Bednarz, Erich Follath Claus Christian Lalzahn, Volkhard Windfuhr, and Bernhard Zand, "The Scourges of God," Der Spiegel, 1 September 2003

Michael Renner with Erik Leaver and Bo Palmer, "Control of Oil Revenues," Foreign Policy in Focus, September 2003

House of Commons Intelligence and Security Committee, Iraqi Weapons of Mass Destruction - Intelligence and Assessments (London: The Stationery Office Limited, September 2003).

Jonathan Weisman, "The War and the Economy: Will Iraq Put Pressure on the Bush Tax Cut?" Washington Post, 16 September 2003

Transcript: Pentagon Press Briefing, Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld on the Evidence of Iraqi Complicity in the 11 September Attacks, September 16, 2003

US, Office of the Vice President, Remarks by Vice-President Dick Cheney at the 2003 Air Force Association National Convention, Washington, DC, 17 September 2003

Andrew Walker, "Iraq oil assets 'up for sale'," BBC News Online, 22 September 2003

Letter, Porter J. Goss and Jane Harman, House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, to George J. Tenet, Director of Central Intelligence, September 25,
2003

Text of an Oct. 1 letter from CIA Director George J. Tenet to Rep. Porter J. Goss (R-Fla.), chairman of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, 1 October 2003

STATEMENT BY DAVID KAY ON THE INTERIM PROGRESS REPORT ON THE ACTIVITIES OF THE IRAQ SURVEY GROUP (ISG)
BEFORE THE HOUSE PERMANENT SELECT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE, THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON DEFENSE, AND THE SENATE SELECT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE, October 2, 2003

Bernhard Zand, "Iraq: Slaves of the Foreigners," Der Spiegel, 6 October 2003

Transcript: Interview with Donald Rumsfeld, Transcribed by Peter Spiegel, Financial Times, 7 October 2003

Glenn Kessler and Peter Slevin, "Rice Fails to Repair Rifts, Officials Say: Cabinet Rivalries Complicate Her Role," Washington Post, 12 October 2003

"Rumsfeld's war-on-terror memo" USAToday, 22 October 2003

President Bush's Remarks on the 20th Anniversary of The National Endowment For Democracy on Democracy in the Middle East, 6 November 2003

Gen. Wesley Clark, "America's Virtual Empire," Washington Monthly, November 2003

Text of President Bush's Address to the Heritage Foundation on Veteran's Day, New York Times, November 11, 2003

Mark Hosenball, Michael Isikoff and Evan Thomas, "Cheney's Long Path to War," Newsweek, 17 November 2003

Full transcript of President Bush's remarks on U.S.-British relations and foreign policy in Whitehall Palace in London, 19 November 2003

Stuart Cohen, Iraq's WMD Programs: Culling Hard Facts from Soft Myths, November 26, 2003

Gerhard Sporl and Bernhard Zand, "Legal, But Disreputable: US companies' ties to the administration count in the awarding of contracts in postwar Iraq," Der Spiegel, 15 December 2003

State Department, Report to Congress Submitted consistent with PL 107-243: "Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002", December 15, 2003

Pepe Escobar, "How Saddam may still nail Bush," Asia Times Online, 19 December 2003

Michael Dobbs, "U.S. Had Key Role in Iraq Buildup Trade in Chemical Arms; Allowed Despite Their Use on Iranians, Kurds," Washington Post, 29 December 2003

Aram Roston, "The Battle for Iraqi Oil," The Nation, 2 January 2004

Joseph Cirincione, Jessica T. Matthews, and George Perkovich, WMD in Iraq: Evidence and Implications (Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, January 2004)

On the Record Transcript, Press Briefing, Secretary of State Colin Powell, 8 January 2004

Congresswoman Jane Harman, "The Intelligence on Iraq's WMD: Looking Back to Look Forward," January 16, 2004.

Transcript of David Kay testimony before Senate Armed Services Committee, January 28, 2004

George J. Tenet, Iraq and Weapons of Mass Destruction, remarks prepared for delivery at Georgetown University February 5, 2004.

Transcript From President George W. Bush's Television Interview on "Meet the Press," 8 February 2004

James Mann, "The True Rationale? It's a Decade Old," The Washington Post, 7 March 2004

The Pew Charitable Trusts, "A Year After Iraq War: Mistrust of America in Europe Ever Higher, Muslim Anger Persists," March 16, 2004

US, The "Taguba Report" On Treatment Of Abu Ghraib Prisoners In Iraq, ARTICLE 15-6 INVESTIGATION OF THE 800th MILITARY POLICE BRIGADE, made public 2 May 2004

Draft Security Council Resolution on the Transfer of Sovereignty to the Interim Iraqi Government, Submitted by the United States and the United Kingdom, 23 May 2004

United States, Remarks by President Bush on Iraq and the War on Terror, United States Army War College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 24 May 2004

"Radical Departure: Toward A Practical Peace in Iraq," Project on Defense Alternatives Briefing Report #16, Carl Conetta, 7 July 2004

US, Congress, Senate, Select Committee on Intelligence, Report on the U.S. Intelligence Community's Prewar Intelligence Assessments on Iraq, 108th Congress, Ordered Reported on 7 July 2004

Der Speigel, "They Believed There Was a Risk," Interview with Bob Woodward, 12 July 2004

Remarks by National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice, "Political Strategy of War Against Terrorism," United States Insitute of Peace, Washington, DC, 19 August 2004

US, Final Report of the Independent Panel to Review DOD Detention Operations (Report on Abu Ghraib) August 2004

Judy Dempsey, "A plea from a close friend of U.S.," International Herald Tribune, 2 September 2004

Larry Diamond, "What Went Wrong in Iraq," Foreign Affairs, September/October 2004

Naomi Klein, "Baghdad Year Zero," Harper's, September 2004

Center for Strategic and International Studies, "Progress of Peril?: Measuring Iraq's Reconstruction," September 2004

Comprehensive Report of the Special Advisor to the DCI on Iraq’s WMD (Weapons of Mass Destruction) (The Duelfer Report) September 30, 2004

Sarah Boseley, "100,000 Iraqi civilians dead, says study," The Guardian, October 29, 2004

Greg Palast, "Secret US plans for Iraq's oil," BBC News Online, 17 March 2005

Mark Danner, "The Secret Way to War," The New York Review of Books Volume 52, Number 10, June 9, 2005

Speech by President Bush on Progress in Iraq, Fort Bragg, North Carolina, 28 June 2005

US, General Accountability Office, Rebuilding Iraq: Status of Funding and Reconstruction Efforts. GAO-05-876, July 28, 2005

US, General Accountability Office, Rebuilding Iraq: Actions Needed To Improve Use of Private Security Providers. GAO-05-737, July 28, 2005

Project on Defense Alternatives, Iraq Withdrawal and Eit Strategies and Plans, January 2006

Human Rights First, Command's Responsibility: Detainee Deaths in U.S. Custody in Iraq and Afghanistan, February 2006

Transcript, President Bush Delivers Remarks on Terrorism, Delivered at American Legion Meeting in Washington, D.C., Washington Post, Friday, February 24, 2006

Text of President Bush's speech on Iraq before the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, Washington, DC, March 14, 2006

Donald H. Rumsfeld, "What We've Gained In 3 Years in Iraq," Washington Post, 19 March 2006

John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, "The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy," Faculty Research Working Paper Series, RWP06-011, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, March 2006

Vice President Richard Cheney's Remarks at a Rally for the Troops at Scott Air Force Base, Scott Air Force Base, Scott Air Force Base, Illinois, 21 March 2006

Kevin M. Woods with Michael R. Pease, Mark E. Stout, Williamson Murray, and James G. Lacey, Iraqi Perspectives Project: A View of Operation Iraqi Freedom from Saddam's Senior Leadership, Joint Center for Operational Analysis, March 2006

Richard Cohen, "Vietnam's Forgotten Lessons," Washington Post, April 11, 2006

Ken Silverstein, "Creating the Inevitable: The CIA visits Iraq in April 2002," Harper's, Monday, June 5, 2006.

Anthony H. Cordesman, "Iraq's Evolving Insurgency and the Risk of Civil War," Center for Strategic and International Studies, 22 June 2006

Dexter Filkins, "Solution: Break up Iraq; Reality: It's not so easy," International Herald Tribune, June 25, 2006

US, General Accountability Office, "Rebuilding Iraq: More Comprehensive National Strategy Needed to Help Achieve U.S. Goals" GAO-06-788, Washington, DC, July 11, 2006

Anthony H. Cordesman, "The Evolving National Strategy for Iraq," Testimony to the House Subcommittee on National Security, Emerging Threats, and Committee on Government Reform, Center for Strategic and International Studies, July 11, 2006

Anthony H. Cordesman, "Losing the War in Iraq?" Center for Strategic and International Studies, July 19, 2006

Gareth Porter, "US plays a double game," Asia Times, July 20, 2006

Thomas E. Ricks, "In Iraq, Military Forgot the Lessons of Vietnam: Early Missteps by U.S. Left Troops Unprepared for Guerrilla Warfare," Washington Post, July 23, 2006; A13

Zalmay Khalilzad, U.S. Ambassador to Iraq, "The Battle of Baghdad," Wall Street Journal, August 23, 2006

US, Senate, Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, Report: Postwar Findings about Iraq's WMD Programs and Links to Terrorism and How they Compare with Prewar Assessments, 109th Congress, (Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office), 8 September 2006

US, Senate, Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, Report: The Use by the Intelligence Community of Information Provided by the Iraqi National Congress, 109th Congress (Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office), 8 September 2006

Joshua Gallu, "Will Iraq's Oil Blessing Become a Curse?" Der Spiegel, 22 December 2006

James A. Baker, III, and Lee H. Hamilton, Co-Chairs, The Iraq Study Group Report (New York: Vintage Books, December 2006)

The Independent on Sunday, "Blood and oil: How the West will profit from Iraq's most precious commodity," 7 January 2007

US, Director of National Intelligence, Transcript: Annual Threat Assessment, Annual Threat Assessment to the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, January 18, 2007

Jad Mouawad, "Saudi Officials Seek to Temper the Price of Oil," New York Times, 28 January 2006

US, Director of National Intelligence, "Iraq National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) - "Prospects for Iraq's Stability: A Challenging Road Ahead," Unclassified Key Judgments, February 2, 2007

Paul R. Pillar, "What to Ask Before the Next War: Don't Let the People Who Brought Us Iraq Define the Questions," Washington Post, February 4, 2007

Pepe Escobar, "US's Iraq oil grab is a done deal," Asia Times, February 28, 2007

Christian Parenti, "Who Will Get the Oil?" The Nation, March 1, 2007 (March 19, 2007 issue)

Antonia Juhasz, "Whose Oil Is It, Anyway?" New York Times, 13 March 2007

Power and Interest News Report, "Intelligence Brief: The Implications of Strategic Withdrawal from Iraq," 15 March 2007

Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting, "Iraq and the Media: A Critical Timeline," 19 March 2007

Michael Meacher, "The rape of Iraq's oil: The Baghdad government has caved in to a damaging plan that will enrich western companies," Guardian Unlimited (UK), 22 March 2007

Middle East Media Research Institute, "The Islamic State in Iraq Announces Its 'Policy and Principles'," 23 March 2007

Nicola Nasser, "Arab Perspective: Playing US Politics with Iraqi Blood for Oil," Media Monitors Network, April 5, 2007

PBS, "America at a Crossroads": "The Case for War," Richard Perle, Chairman, Defense Policy Board, 2001-2003, April 17, 2007

Ed Crooks, "Iraq may hold twice as much oil," Financial Times, April 18, 2007

International Crisis Group, "Iraq and the Kurds: Resolving the Kirkuk Crisis," Policy Report, 19 April 2007

Michael Schwartz, "The Struggle over Iraqi Oil: Eyes Eternally on the Prize," TomDispatch.com, 6 May 2007

Dave Cohen, "Iraq - land of opportunity and adventure?" Energy Bulletin, 9 May 2007

John Chuckman, "The Likely Historical Significance of the War in Iraq," Media Matters Monitor, 9 May 2007

L. Paul Bremer, "What We Got Right in Iraq," Washington Post, May 13, 2007

Tina Susman, "Iraqis resist U.S. pressure to enact oil law: Foreign investment and Shiite control are the primary concerns. A White House deadline for passage is in doubt," Los Angeles Times, May 13, 2007

Nir Rosen, "What Bremer Got Wrong in Iraq," Washington Post, May 16, 2007

Gareth Stansfield, Chatham House and University of Exeter, "Accepting Realities in Iraq," May 2007

Power and Interest News Report, "Intelligence Brief: The Risk of Turkish Intervention in Northern Iraq,'' 17 May 2007

Howard LaFranchi, "Iraqi lawmakers argue for caution in shaping oil law: They say that draft law has many holes, and that foreign pressure only draws ire," Christian Science Monitor, 18 May 2007

Gail Russell Chaddock, "How will Iraq share the oil? In the US, the demand that Iraq pass an oil law is a 'benchmark' that is becoming a flashpoint," Christian Science Monitor, 18 May 2007

Power and Interest News Report, ''Sectarian Fighting Overshadows Oil Law Debate in Iraq," 23 May 2007

Adam Wolfe, "Fighting overshadows Iraq's oil law," Asia Times, 24 May 2007

US, Senate, Select Committee on Intelligence, Prewar Intelligence Assessments about Postwar Iraq, 110th Congress, Washington, DC, May 2007

Walter Pincus, "Pre-War Intelligence Report on Iraq Released: Report Forecast Militant Violence, Saw Establishing Democracy as Difficult," Washington Post, May 25, 2007

Peter W. Rodman and William Shawcross, "Defeat’s Killing Fields," New York Times, 7 June 2007

Tom Engelhardt, "Everlasting US pyramids in Iraqi sands," Asia Times, 9 June 2007

Thomas E. Ricks, "Military Envisions Longer Stay in Iraq: Officers Anticipate Small 'Post-Occupation' Force," Washington Post, June 10, 2007

Christopher M. Blanchard, "Iraq: Oil and Gas Legislation, Revenue Sharing, and U.S. Policy," Congressional Research Service, June 26, 2007

"Rebuilding Iraq: Serious Challenges Impair Efforts to Restore Iraq's Oil Sector and Enact Hydrocarbon Legislation," by Joseph A. Christoff, director, international affairs and trade, before a joint hearing of the Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia and the Subcommittee on International Organizations, Human Rights, and Oversight, House Committee on Foreign Affairs. GAO-07-1107T, July 18, 2007

Michael Abramowitz and Steven Mufson, "Papers Detail Industry's Role in Cheney's Energy Report," Washington Post, July 18, 2007

Peter Galbraith, "The Way to Go in Iraq," New York Review of Books, Vol 54, no 13, August 16th, 2007

Helene Cooper, "U.S. Officials Voice Frustrations With Saudis’ Role in Iraq," New York Times, 27 July 2007

US, General Accountability Office, "Defense Contract Management: DOD's Lack of Adherence to Key Contracting Principles on Iraq Oil Contract Put Government Interests at Risk," GAO-07-839, July 31, 2007

Michael Howard, "The struggle for Iraq's oil flares up as Kurds open doors to foreign investors," The Guardian (UK), August 7, 2007

John Duke Anthony, "Arms for Diplomacy in the Middle East," Saudi-US Research Information Service, 8 August 2007

Middle East Media Research Institute,"Jihadist/Islamist Websites and Their Hosts (List II): Websites Supporting the Jihad in Iraq – Hosted in the U.S.," Special Dispatch-Jihad & Terrorism Studies Project, No. 1678, August 10, 2007

Andy Rowell, "Iraq: Oil Tenders Next Month," Oil Change International, August 10th, 2007

Ahmed Janabi, "Prominent Iraqis criticise oil law," Aljazeera, 15 August 2007

Ed Crooks and Javier Blas, "Western oil group eyes assets in Iraq," MSNBC News, 23 August 2007

US, Director of National Intelligence, National Intelligence Estimate, "Prospects for Iraq’s Stability: Some Security Progress but Political Reconciliation Elusive," August 2007

President Bush Attends Veterans of Foreign Wars National Convention, Discusses War on Terror, August 22, 2007

US, General Accountability Office, "Securing, Stabilizing, and Rebuilding Iraq: Iraqi Government Has Not Met Most Legislative, Security, and Economic Benchmarks," GAO-07-1195, September 4, 2007

James Glanz, "Compromise on Oil Law in Iraq Seems to Be Collapsing," New York Times, September 13, 2007

Tomgram: "Dilip Hiro, It's the Oil, Stupid," TomDispatch, September 25, 2007

Jim Holt, "It’s the Oil," London Review of Books, 18 October 2007

Andrew E. Kramer, "Iraq, With U.S. Support, Voids a Russian Oil Contract," New York Times, November 4, 2007

Neil Munro and Carl M. Cannon, "Data Bomb," National Journal, January 4, 2008

CBS News, 60 Minutes, "Interrogator Shares Saddam's Confessions: Tells 60 Minutes Former Iraqi Dictator Didn't Expect U.S. Invasion," 27 January 2008

Joseph E. Stiglitz and Linda J. Bilmes, "The $3 Trillion War," Vanity Fair, April 2008

US, Senate, Select Committee on Intelligence, Report on Whether Public Statements Reagarding Iraq by US Government Officials Were Substantiated by Intelligence Information, Senate Report 110, 110 Congress, 2nd sess., 5 June 2008

Patrick Cockburn, "Revealed: Secret plan to keep Iraq under US control: Bush wants 50 military bases, control of Iraqi airspace and legal immunity for all American soldiers and contractors," The Independent (UK), 5 June 2008

Andrew E. Kramer, "Deals With Iraq Are Set to Bring Oil Giants Back," New York Times, 19 June 2008

BBC News, " The challenge of exploiting Iraq's oil," 19 June 2008

Peter S. Goodman, "For Iraq’s Oil Contracts, a Question of Motive," New York Times, 29 June 2008

Andrew E. Kramer, "U.S. Advised Iraqi Ministry on Oil Deals," New York Times, June 30, 2008

New York Times, "Iraq Unveils Oilfields Open For Long - Term Contracts," 30 June 2008

James Glanz and Richard A. Oppell, Jr., "Panel Questions State Dept. Role in Iraq Oil Deal," New York Times, 3 July 2008

Bill Moyers and Michael Winship, "The Iraq War Was About Oil, All Along," Bill Moyers Journal, July 5, 2008.

Lawrence J. Korb, Sean Duggan, Peter Juul, "How to Redeploy: Implementing a Responsible Drawdown of U.S. Forces from Iraq," Center for American Progress, August 11, 2008

New York Times, "China and Iraq Reach $3 Billion Oil Deal," 28 August 2008

Dr. Nimrod Raphaeli, "The Oil Sector in Iraq: Prospects and Problems," Middle East Media Research Institute, No. 523 - June 11, 2009

Leslie H. Gelb with Jeanne-Paloma Zelmati, "Mission Not Accomplished: Meet the press—and see why it failed at several critical points during the Iraq War," Democracy, Issue #13, Summer 2009

Gina Chon, "Big Oil Ready for Big Gamble in Iraq," Wall Street Journal, 24 June 2009

Timothy Williams, "Under Tight Security, Iraq Sells Rights to Develop 2 Oil Fields," New York Times, 11 December 2009

Ernesto Londoño, "US firms lag in bids for Iraqi oil," Washington Post, December 12, 2009

Dr. Nimrod Raphaeli, "Saudi Concerns About Iraqi Oil (Revisited)," Middle East Media Research Institute, December 14, 2009

Michael Schwatrz, "Whatever Happened to the Neocons’ Grand Schemes to Control Iraq’s Oil?" TomDispatch, 2 February 2010

Paul Bignell, "Secret memos expose link between oil firms and invasion of Iraq," The Independent, 19 April 2011

Tim Arango and Clifford Krauss, "China Is Reaping Biggest Benefits of Iraq Oil Boom," New York Times, 2 June 2013

General Resources

US, Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, Documents from the Harmony Database, Collection of Documents, many in Arabic but many translated into English, from Al-Qaeda

Stop the Iraqi Oil Law

US, Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, Harmony and Disharmony: Exploiting Al-Qa'ida's Organizational Vulnerabilities, February 2006

US, Foreign Military Studies Office, Joint Reserve Intelligence Center, Operation Iraqi Freedom Documents

Iraq on the Record, The Bush Administration's Public Statements on Iraq, Rep. Henry Waxman

Home Page, Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq

Institute for Science and International Security, "Country Assessments: Iraq," Articles from 1991 to the present

The New York Times, "Standoff with Iraq," Compendium of articles on the war with Iraq, 2003

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, "War in Iraq"

Project on Defense Alternatives, "War Report"

The Nautilus Institute, "War Watch: News and Analysis About the Iraq War From Asia"

BBC News, "Conflict with Iraq,"Compendium of articles on the war with Iraq, 2003

US, Public Broadcasting System, Frontline, "The War Behind Closed Doors"

Hands Off Iraqi Oil (Blog)

The Asia Times, "War and Terror"

The Iraq Crisis Bulletin, An extraordinary Compendium of articles from all over the world

Iraq Occupation Watch

Iraq Occupation and Resistance Report

Iraq Reconstruction Task Force

Iraq Revenue Watch, an Initiative of the Open Society Institute

US, The White House, Page on National Security

US, The Department of Defense, Defenselink

US, The Department of State, Main Page

US, Department of State, International Information Program, Iraq Update

UN, United Nations Monitoring, Verification, and Inspection Committee (UNMOVIC)

Republic of Iraq. Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Permanent Mission of Iraq to the United Nations

France, Office of the Prime Minister, Iraq Papers

The War in Context: Alternative Perspectives on the "War on Terrorism" and the Middle East Conflict

The Iraq Foundation

Harvard University, Iraq Research and Documentation Project

Iraqi National Congress


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