The Korean War


CIA Analyses of the North Korean Invasion, CNN Cold War Site

US, Center for Military History, Army, Remembering the Korean War

John Biewen and Stephen Smith, Korea: The Unfinished War, American Radioworks, July 2003

Memoirs of Kim Il Sung

Report of The United Nations Commission on Korea, 1950, Covering the Period from December 15, 1949 to September 4, 1950

Assessing the Politics of the Korean War, 1949-51, by Evgueni Bajanov, Cold War International History Project

Soviet View of the War in Korea: "The War in Korea 1950-1953" Chief Editor N. L. Volkovskiy, Editor I. V. Petrova, Izdatel'stvo Poligon, Saint Petersburg 2000; 928 pp. Translated by: CW2 Stephen L. Sewell

UNITED STATES ARMY IN THE KOREAN WAR: POLICY AND DIRECTION: THE FIRST YEAR by James F. Schnabel CENTER OF MILITARY HISTORY UNITED STATES ARMY WASHINGTON, D. C., 1992

Chapter 25, The Korean War, 1950-1953, Extracted from AMERICAN MILITARY HISTORY, ARMY HISTORICAL SERIES, OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF MILITARY HISTORY, UNITED STATES ARMY

US Naval Institute, Downloadable "Interactive Korean War Timeline"

Korean War: how it started. History of the Fatherland "Stalin, Kim Il Sung, and the 38th Parallel," Krasnaya Zvezda, 5 August 1995, page 7. -- Anatoli Torkunov, Professor Yevgeniy Ufimtsev.

The Three Phases of the Korean War

United States Military Academy, 13 Maps of the Korean War

David T. Fautua, "The 'Long Pull' Army: NSC-68, the Korean War, and the Creation of the Cold War U.S. Army, Journal of Military History, Vol. 61, no. 1 (January 1997)

"A Report to the President pursuant to the President's directive of January 31, 1950," (NSC 68), April 7, 1950 (transmitted to President Truman, 1 May 1950)

Oral History Interview with Charles S. Murphy Former staff member in the office of the legislative counsel of the U.S. Senate, 1934-46; Administrative Assistant to the President of the United States, 1947-50; and Special Counsel to the President, 1950-53. Subsequent to the Truman Administration Murphy served as Under Secretary of Agriculture, 1960-65; and chairman of the Civil Aeronautics Board, 1965-68. Washington, DC May 19, 1970. Interviewed conducted by Jerry N. Hess

Oral History Interview with George M. Elsey Commander, U.S. Naval Reserve, and duty officer, White House Map Room, 1941-46; Assistant to the Special Counsel to the President, 1947-49; Administrative Assistant to the President, 1949-51; Assistant to the Director, Mutual Security Agency, 1951-53. July 10, 1969. Interview conducted by Jerry N. Hess

Oral History Interview with George M. Elsey Commander, U.S. Naval Reserve, and duty officer, White House Map Room, 1941-46; Assistant to the Special Counsel to the President, 1947-49; Administrative Assistant to the President, 1949-51; Assistant to the Director, Mutual Security Agency, 1951-53. February 17, 1964 Interview conducted by Charles T. Morrissey

Oral History Interview with Leon H. Keyserling Member of legal staff, Agricultural Adjustment Admin., 1933. Secretary and legislative assistant to Sen. Robert F. Wagner (New York), 1933-37. Gen. counsel, U.S. Housing Authority, 1937-38; deputy administrator and gen. counsel, 1938-42; acting administrator, 1941-42. Acting commissioner, Federal Public Housing Authority, 1942. Gen. counsel, National Housing Agency, 1942-46. Vice chairman President's Council of Economic Advisers, 1946-50; chairman, 1950-53. Washington, D. C. May 10, 1971. Interview conducted by Jerry N. Hess

Oral History Interview with U. Alexis Johnson United States career Foreign Service officer, 1935-; with service during the Truman Administration as Am. Consul, Manila, Philippines, 1945; detailed to GHQ SCAP, Tokyo, Japan, August 1945; Am. Consul, Yokohama, Japan, April 1946, Am. Consul General, 1947-49; Dep. Dir., office N.E. Asian Affairs, Dept. of State, 1949-51, Director, 1951; Dep. Asst. Sec. of State for Far Eastern Affairs, 1951-53. June 19, 1975. Interview conducted by Richard D. McKinzie

Oral History Interview with NILES W. BOND U.S. Foreign Service officer, 1939-68; 3d secretary, vice consul, Madrid, Spain, 1942-45, second secretary 1945-46; adviser to U.S. delegation to 4th session Economic and Social Council, 1947; 2d secretary, vice consul, Bern, Switzerland, 1947, 1st secretary and consul, 1947; assistant chief, Division of Northeast Asian Affairs, Department of State, 1947-49, officer in charge Korean affairs, 1949-50; adviser to U.S. delegation to the 4th session U.N. General Assembly, 1949; 1st secretary Office of U.S. Political Advisor to Supreme Commander Allied Powers, Tokyo, Japan, 1950; acting chairman Allied Council for Japan, 1952; counselor embassy, Tokyo, 1952. Washington, D.C. December 28, 1973 by Richard D. McKinzie

Oral History Interview with John J. Muccio Special Representative of the President to Korea, 1948-49; Ambassador to Korea, 1949-52; Envoy Extraordinary to Iceland, 1954. Washington, D. C. February 18, 1971. Interview conducted by Jerry N. Hess

Oral History Interview with Matthew J. Connelly Chief investigator for the Senate Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program (the Truman Committee), 1941-44, Executive Assistant to Senator and Vice President Truman, July 1944-April 1945; and Appointments Secretary to the President, 1945-53. New York, New York August 21, 1968. Inteview conducted By Jerry N. Hess

Oral History Interview with John D. Hickerson Director for European Affairs, U.S. Department of State, 1947-49; Assistant Secretary of State, 1949-53; member Permanent Joint Board on Defense, U.S. and Canada, 1940-46; and alternate representative, U.S. delegation 4th UN General Assembly, 1949. Later Ambassador to Finland, 1955-60, and to the Philippines, 1960-61. November 10, 1972, January 26 and June 5, 1973. Interview conducted by Richard D. McKinzie

Oral History Interview with Frank Holeman Reporter and correspondent, New York Daily News, 1942, 1946-65, assigned to the Washington, D.C. bureau. Washington, D.C. June 9, 1987 Interview conducted by Niel M. Johnson

Cold War International History Project, "Assessing the Politics of the Korean War, 1949-51," by Evgueni Bajanov

Cold War International History Project, "The Shtykov Diaries: New Evidence on Soviet Policy in Korea," by Hyun-su Jeon with Gyoo Kahng

Cold War International history Project, Bruce Cumings and Kathryn Weathersby: "An Exchange on Korean War Origins"

Cold War International History Project, "China's Road to the Korean War," by Chen Jian

31 January 1950, ciphered telegram, USSR Ambassador to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) T.F. Shtykov to Soviet leader Joseph Stalin re meeting with North Korean leader Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, Telegram #1

7 February 1950, ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Vyshinsky re meeting with Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram, #2

10 February 1950, ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Vyshinsky re meeting with Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #3

23 February 1950, ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Maj. Gen. A.M. Vasilevsky, Head of Soviet Military Advisory Group in DPRK, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #4

9 March 1950, ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Vyshinsky transmitting note from Kim Il Sung to Soviet Government, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #5

12 March 1950, ciphered telegram, Vyshinsky to Soviet Ambassador in Pyongyang (Shtykov) transmitting message to Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #6

16 March 1950, ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Vyshinsky transmitting 14 March 1950 message from Kim Il Sung,Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #7

18 March 1950, message, Stalin to Kim Il Sung (via Shtykov), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #8

21 March 1950, ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Vyshinsky re meeting with Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #9

24 March 1950, ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Vyshinsky re meeting with Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #10

10 April 1950, ciphered telegram, Soviet representative Aleksei Ignatieff in Pyongyang Ignatiev to Vyshinsky, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #11

25 April 1950, ciphered telegram, Ignatiev to Vyshinsky, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #12

12 May 1950, ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Vyshinsky re meeting with Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #13

Secretary of State Dean Acheson's account of his speech describing the U.S. "defense perimeter" in 1950

Discussion Thread on Dean Acheson and the Korean War, H-DIPLO Net

President Truman's speech sending troops to Korea, June 30, 1950

John Lewis Gaddis, "Who Started the Korean War?" Review Essay, Atlantic Monthly, 8 May 1994

Cold War International History Project, "Stalin, Mao, Kim, and China's Decision to Enter the Korean War, Sept. 16-Oct. 15, 1950: New Evidence from Russian Archives," article and translations by Alexandre Y. Mansourov

Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby

"Korea's Partition: Soviet-American Pursuit of Reunification, 1945-1948," by JAMES I. MATRAY

Cold War International history Project, "To Attack, or Not to Attack? Stalin, Kim Il Sung, and the Prelude to War," by Kathryn Weathersby

Cold War International History Project, DOCUMENT: On the Korean War, 1950-53, and the Armistice Negotiations, Soviet Memorandum

Roy E. Appleman, Center of Military History, United States Army, SOUTH TO THE NAKTONG, NORTH TO THE YALU (June-November 1950), WASHINGTON, D.C., 1992, First Printed 1961

Telegram, dated June 24, 1950, from U.S. State Department to President Harry S. Truman regarding reports of North Korean forces invading the Republic of Korea. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files

Notes by George Elsey describing communications on June 24, 1950, between President Harry S. Truman and Secretary of State Dean Acheson regarding the North Korean incursion across the 38th parallel. Papers of George M. Elsey.

Note from 1951 by George Elsey describing communications on June 24-25, 1950, with the President and White House staff regarding the North Korean incursion across the 38th parallel, including discussion of the timeliness of staff notification. Papers of George M. Elsey.

United Press Correspondent Jack James Cables New York with News of North Korean Invasion

Ambassador Muccio reports to US State Department that North Korea has crossed the 38th Parallel, SEOUL, June 25, 1950

Oral History Interview with John J. Muccio, Special Representative of the President to Korea, 1948-49; Ambassador to Korea, 1949-52; Envoy Extraordinary to Iceland, 1954. Washington, D. C. February 10, 1971 by Jerry N. Hess

Teletype Conference, dated June 25, 1950 , between the Pentagon and General Douglas MacArthur's Far East Command discussing post-invasion posture of the North Korean military and the South Korean response. Papers of Harry S. Truman: Naval Aide Files

Extract from telegram dated June 25, 1950, from John Foster Dulles and John M. Allison to Dean Acheson and Dean Rusk advocating the commitment of U.S. ground forces if the South Koreans fail to repulse North Korea. Papers of George M. Elsey.

Resolution, dated June 25, from United Nations Security Council calling for North Korea to withdraw its forces to the 38th parallel and for hostilities between North and South Korea to cease. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files

Memorandum of conversation, dated June 25, 1950, by Philip C. Jessup summarizing a post-dinner meeting among the President and his advisors at Blair House. The conversation covered deployment of forces and materiel, as well as the foreign-policy implications of U.S. intervention in Korea. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files

Note by George Elsey describing documents that were before President Truman during the June 25, 1950, Blair House meeting. Papers of George M. Elsey.

Copy of memorandum entitled "Points Requiring Presidential Decision," apparently prepared by State and Defense Department staff and summarized by Secretary of State Dean Acheson at the June 25, 1950, Blair House meeting. Papers of George M. Elsey

Teletype Conference, dated June 25, 1950, among Commander in Chief, Far East, Douglas MacArthur, the secretaries of the Army and Air Force, Frank Pace, Jr., and Thomas K. Finletter, and other U.S. military officials. Includes authorizations for MacArthur to send ammunition to Korea and to take whatever action he deems necessary to prevent the North Korean forces from overrunning the Seoul-Kimpo-Inchon area. Papers of Harry S. Truman: Naval Aide Files

26 June 1950, top secret report on military situation by Shtykov to Comrade Zakharov, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram # 14

Summary of conversation with President Harry S. Truman regarding intentions of the Chinese communists vis a vis Korea, June 26, 1950. Papers of George M. Elsey

Memorandum, dated June 26, 1950, by Dean Acheson regarding a telephone conversation about Korea between the Secretary and Senator Tom Connally. Papers of Dean Acheson

Memorandum of conversation, dated June 26, 1950, by Lucius D. Battle regarding the Secretary's report on the Korean situation to Senator Alexander Wiley. Papers of Dean Acheson

Statement, dated June 26, 1950, from President Harry S. Truman announcing that it will be the policy of the United States to support the effort of the U.N. Security Council to put an end to the North Korean invasion of South Korea. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files

President Truman's statement about Korea, June 26, 1950

Memorandum of conversation, dated June 26, 1950, by Lucius D. Battle regarding the Secretary's report on the Korean situation to Senator Alexander Wiley. Papers of Dean Acheson

Memorandum of telephone conversation, dated June 26, 1950, by Lucius D. Battle summarizing the Secretary's telephone conversation with Judge Kee, in which the Secretary discussed what had happened in Korea so far and his upcoming testimony before the Senate Appropriations Committee. Papers of Dean Acheson

Memorandum, dated June 26, 1950, from Dean Acheson regarding Congressman John Kee's request for a briefing on the Korean situation, particularly what was being sent into Korea. Papers of Dean Acheson

Memorandum of conversation, dated June 26, 1950, by Dean Acheson, describing a meeting between President Harry S. Truman and the Korean Ambassador to the U.S., at which Truman received a request. for help from the Korean Parliament. Papers of Dean Acheson

Memorandum of conversation, dated June 26, 1950, by Dean Acheson, describing a meeting between President Harry S. Truman and the Korean Ambassador to the U.S., at which Truman received a request. for help from the Korean Parliament. Papers of Dean Acheson

Memorandum of conversation, dated June 26, 1950, by Philip C. Jessup regarding a conversation at Blair House among President Truman and top U.S. military and state department officials in which Truman agreed that the U.S. should provide military support to South Korea, but only south of the 38th parallel. Papers of Dean Acheson

Notes by George M. Elsey of a June 26, 1950, teleconference between the Pentagon and General MacArthur regarding the lifting of restrictions on the use of certain forces in South Korea. Papers of George M. Elsey

Classified Teletype Conference, dated June 27, 1950, between the Pentagon and General Douglas MacArthur regarding authorization to use naval and air forces in support of South Korea. Papers of Harry S. Truman: Naval Aide File

Memorandum of conversation, dated June 27, 1950, by Philip C. Jessup summarizing a meeting at which key officials briefed congressional leaders on the situation in Korea. Papers of Dean Acheson

US-USSR Exchange of Views Regarding the Invasion of South Korea, June 27-29, 1950

Notes, dated June 27, 1950, by George M. Elsey regarding a June 26, 1950, meeting at which President Truman and Secretary of State Dean Acheson briefed key Senators and Congressmen on events in Korea. Papers of George M. Elsey

Statement, dated June 27, 1950, by President Harry S. Truman, announcing his order to send U.S. air and naval forces to help defend South Korea and explaining the rationale for his decision. Papers of George M. Elsey

Message, dated June 27, 1950, from the Joint Chiefs of Staff, notifying U.S. commanders in chief in various theatres of command of President Harry S. Truman's recent military decisions regarding the defense of South Korea. Papers of Harry S. Truman: Naval Aide Files

Memorandum by Lucius D. Battle, dated June 27, 1950, recounting a telephone conversation between Secretary of State Dean Acheson and Press Secretary Charles Ross. Papers of Dean Acheson

White House press release, dated June 27, 1950, releasing the text of Harry S. Truman's telegram thanking New York Gov. Thomas E. Dewey for expressing support for Truman's Korea policy, and the text of Gov. Dewey's telegram in response. Papers of George M. Elsey

Resolution dated June 27, 1950, from United Nations Security Council recommending that the members of the United Nations furnish assistance to the Republic of Korea in order to repel the attack and restore peace and security in Korea. Papers of Eben A. Ayers.

Summary, dated June 28, 1950, of military and political events surrounding President Truman's announcement that U.S. air and naval forces would be used to assist in the defense of South Korea. Papers of George M. Elsey

Minutes, dated June 28, 1950, of the 58th meeting of the National Security Council, at which President Harry S. Truman and the council reviewed the Korean situation with respect to possible repercussions in the U.S. and abroad. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files

Memorandum of conversation by Philip C. Jessup, dated June 28, 1950, recounting a National Security Council meeting in the White House Cabinet Room among President Harry S. Truman, the Security Council, and top State Department officials, who discussed the Soviet Union's potential responses to the U.S. defense of South Korea, among other issues. Papers of Dean Acheson

Memorandum, dated June 28, 1950, from Marshall Shulman to Ed Barrett outlining recommendations for Secretary of State Dean Acheson's speech to the Newspaper Guild. Papers of George M. Elsey

Memorandum of conversation by Niles W. Bond, dated June 28, 1950, reporting a visit from South Korea's Ambassador, who told Secretary of State Dean Acheson of the gratitude of the South Korean president and people for the action of the U.S. in helping to defend South Korea. Papers of Dean Acheson

Summary by George Elsey of telegram, dated June 29, 1950, from the U.S. ambassador to the Soviet Union to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, reporting it unlikely that the Soviet Union would commit troops to Korea. Attached is the text of the telegram. Papers of George M. Elsey

Memorandum of telephone conversation, dated June 29, 1950, in which Secretary of Defense Louis A. Johnson asked Secretary of State Dean Acheson that State Department employees work with General Burns on all matters, except intelligence. Papers of Dean Acheson

Department of State press release, dated June 29, 1950, containing the text of Secretary of State Dean Acheson's June 29 address to the American Newspaper Guild. Papers of George M. Elsey

Memorandum of conversation, dated June 29, 1950, regarding a call by the Australia's Ambassador in which the Ambassador told Secretary of State Dean Acheson that Australia would send two naval vessels to Korea and might furnish F-51 fighter planes. Papers of Dean Acheson

Memorandum from William J. Hopkins to Charles Ross, dated June 29, 1950, reviewing public response, pro and con, to President Harry S. Truman's decision to provide U.S. military support to defend South Korea. Papers of Harry S. Truman: White House Central Files-Official File

Letter, dated June 29, 1950, by Dr. Samuel H. Anderman to President Harry S. Truman urging Truman to respect Korean sovereignty by not intervening militarily in Korea's affairs. Papers of Harry S. Truman: White House Central Files-Official File

Minutes, [erroneously] dated June 28, 1950, of the 59th meeting of the National Security Council on June 29, 1950, at which the council discussed directives to General Douglas MacArthur and the public release of the Soviet reply to a U.S. note on the Korean situation. (Note: document misdated). Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files

Draft summary by George Elsey of a June 29, 1950, meeting between President Harry S. Truman and top military and State Department officials at which a directive to General Douglas MacArthur, including use of his forces and the integrity of the 38th parallel were discussed. Papers of George M. Elsey

Classified message (directive), dated June 29, 1950, from the Joint Chiefs of Staff to CINCFE command (General Douglas MacArthur), instructing MacArthur on the conduct of operations in South Korea, including guidance on potential opposition from Soviet forces. Papers of George M. Elsey

Telegram from William Sebald, dated June 30, 1950, to Secretary of State Dean Acheson, which summarizes a recommendation by the U.S. Ambassador to Korea that the State Department support a plan MacArthur was preparing to submit to the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Papers of George M. Elsey

Classified message, dated June 30, 1950, from General Douglas MacArthur to the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in which MacArthur argues for the introduction of U.S. ground troops into the combat area in South Korea. Papers of Harry S. Truman: Naval Aide Files

Memorandum from George Elsey describing the highlights of a June 30, 1950 teleconference between the Pentagon and General Douglas MacArthur culminating in the decision to commit a Regimental Combat Team to the fighting in Korea. Papers of George M. Elsey

Memorandum by George Elsey, dated June 30, 1950, which expresses puzzlement over General Douglas MacArthur's order to move ground troops into the combat area in South Korea without first obtaining full authorization. Attached is MacArthur's June 30, 1950 order to the Commanding General of the Eighth Army instructing that the 24th Division be immediately moved to Pusan, South Korea. Papers of George M. Elsey

Summary by George Elsey, dated June 30, 1950, of a meeting among President Harry S. Truman, the three secretaries, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff, at which President Truman approved a naval blockade of Korea and a directive to General Douglas MacArthur authorizing a two-division buildup. Papers of George M. Elsey

Notes from 1951 by George Elsey summarizing a June 30, 1950, meeting among the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Defense Secretary Louis Johnson, and the three service secretaries, and noting a discrepancy between Johnson's assurance that Truman had orally authorized him to send two divisions into Korea and Truman's own, less definite, memo on the subject. Papers of George M. Elsey

Draft by George Elsey summarizing a June 30, 1950, meeting among President Harry S. Truman, his Cabinet, and top State and Defense department officials and key congressmen at which participants reviewed the situation in Korea, including the decision to commit American troops to combat. Attached is the President's Press Release. Papers of George M. Elsey

Reply, dated June 30, 1950, from President Harry S. Truman to Clark M. Clifford, and Clifford's June 29, 1950 letter containing advice on Korea. Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files

Notes by George Elsey reflecting that on June 30, 1950, at 1:22 p.m., the Joint Chiefs of Staff issued a directive to General Douglas MacArthur authorizing him to move combat troops into Korea. Papers of George M. Elsey

Memorandum by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, dated June 30, 1950, to General Douglas MacArthur, lifting restrictions on the use of Army Forces and authorizing MacArthur to act as MacArthur had earlier proposed. Papers of George M. Elsey

Memorandum of conversation, dated June 30, 1950, in which Secretary of State Dean Acheson recounts a visit by Norway's ambassador and their subsequent far-reaching conversation regarding Korea and its foreign-policy implications. Papers of Dean Acheson

Note from 1951 by George Elsey concerning the British offer of a naval task force on 30 June 1950. Papers of George M. Elsey

Classified message, dated June 30, 1950, from the Joint Chiefs of Staff notifying General Douglas MacArthur that he should refer to the U.S. State Department any offer of troops made by the Nationalist Chinese leader. Papers of George M. Elsey

Classified message, dated June 30, 1950, instructing U.S. Army public information officers on the handling of requests for information and other public information duties relating to the Korean situation. Papers of Harry S. Truman: Naval Aide Files

1 July 1950, ciphered telegram, Fyn-Si (Stalin) to Soviet ambassador in Pyongyang (Shtykov), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #15

1 July 1950, ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Fyn-Si (Stalin) re political mood on North Korea, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #16

Classified message, dated July 1, 1950, from the Joint Chiefs of Staff authorizing General Douglas MacArthur to take certain steps to implement a naval blockade of the entire Korean coast. Papers of George M. Elsey

Memorandum dated July 1, 1950, from Dean Acheson to Harry S. Truman describing a visit to former Secretary of State George C. Marshall by Acheson and W. Averell Harriman. Papers of Eben A. Ayers.

Memorandum for the record, dated July 3, 1950, by Philip C. Jessup regarding discussion between the Secretary of State and the Secretary of the Army on the possibility of recommending to the President that he deliver a Message to Congress asking for a Joint Resolution from Congress supporting the administration's action in Korea. Papers of Dean Acheson.

Memorandum of conversation, dated July 3, 1950, by Philip C. Jessup summarizing a meeting among the President, the Senate Majority Leader and various departmental secretaries and advisors at Blair House. The conversation covered the possibility of the President going before Congress to make a report on the Korean situation and of Congress offering a Joint Resolution expressing approval of the action taken in Korea. Papers of Dean Acheson.

Two drafts, dated July 3, 1950, of a possible Resolution of Congress proposed by the Department of Defense. Papers of George M. Elsey.

Memorandum of telephone conversation, dated July 3, 1950, recounting a discussion between the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense concerning a draft of a suggested Presidential Message to Congress and Joint Resolution of Congress. Papers of Dean Acheson.

4 July 1950, ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Fyn-Si (Stalin) re meeting with Kim Il Sung and Pak Hon-Yong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #17

Letter to President Truman from Russell Abbot Ames, dated July 4, 1950, criticizing the decision to intervene in Korea. Papers of Harry S. Truman: White House Central Files-Official Files.

Message to Commander in Chief Far East (CINCFE) Douglas MacArthur from the Joint Chiefs of Staff, dated July 3, 1950, describing the announcement of a naval blockade of the Korean coast. Papers of Harry S. Truman: Naval Aide Files.

Statement by the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR,  Andrei Gromyko, July 4,1950 on American Intervention in Korea

5 July 1950, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Chinese Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai (via Soviet ambassador to the People's Republic of China [PRC] N.V. Roshchin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #18

6 July 1950, ciphered telegram, Fyn-Si (Stalin) to Shtykov, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #19

Classified message, dated July 6, 1950, from Department of the Army, Joint Chiefs of Staff to Commander in Chief Atlantic, et al. on a blockade of Korea

Memorandum for the National Security Council, dated July 6, 1950, transmitting from the National Security Resources Board a memorandum on suggested action in light of the Korean situation. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files, NSC Action No. 315

Memorandum of telephone conversation, dated July 7, 1950, regarding a call from the Secretary of Defense to the Secretary of State on the imminent issuance of an announcement of an authorization to increase the number of men in uniform. Papers of Dean Acheson

Memorandum, dated July 7, 1950, describing the authorized strength increases for the military services. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

Department of Defense press release, dated July 7, 1950, announcing the authorization of strength increases for the military service. Papers of George M. Elsey

United Nations resolution concerning the complaint of aggression upon the Republic of Korea, dated July 7, 1950. Papers of Eben A. Ayers.

"Report to the President Pursuant to the President's Directive of January 31, 1950," with transmittal memorandum to Charles Murphy, dated May 1, 1950. Upon acceptance by the President, this document was designated "National Security Council (NSC) 68: United States Objectives and Programs for National Security." Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files."

US, Central Intelligence Agency, Weekly Summary Excerpt, July 7, 1950 "Subject: The Korean Situation: Soviet Intentions and Capabilities"

8 July 1950, ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Fyn-Si (Stalin), transmitting letter from Kim Il Sung to Stalin, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #20

8 July 1950, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Soviet Ambassador Roshchin in PRC transmitting message to Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #21

Draft Statement by the President, dated July 8, 1950, announcing the designation of General Douglas MacArthur as the commander of United Nations forces in Korea. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

US, Central Intelligence Agency, Intelligence Memorandum No. 302 July 8, 1950

CIA Analysis of the North Korean Invasion, Intelligence Memorandum No. 302, July 8, 1950

US, Central Intelligence Agency, Intelligence Memorandum No. 304 July 10, 1950, Subject: Effects of a Voluntary Withdrawal of U.S. Forces from Korea

Message from the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the Commander in Chief Far East (CINCFE) Douglas MacArthur dated July 10, 1950, informing MacArthur of his designation as Commander in Chief of the United Nations Command in Korea (CINCUNC). Papers of Harry S. Truman: Naval Aide Files.

US, Central Intelligence Agancy, Daily Summary Excerpt, July 12, 1950 "Subject: Possible Assault on Taiwan"

Exchange of correspondence between the President and Congressman J. Vaughan Gary regarding the advisability of a radio address to the public on the Korea situation, 13 July 1950. Papers of Harry S. Truman: White House Central Files-Official File.

13 July 1950, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai or Mao Zedong (via Roshchin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #22

13 July 1950, ciphered telegram, Fyn-Si (Stalin) to Shtykov, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #23

14 July 1950, handwritten letter, Kim Il Sung to Soviet Government (via Shtykov), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #24

Notes, dated July 14, 1950, regarding the Secretary of State's description of decisions made at a Cabinet meeting on the subject of the President's planned Message to Congress and "fireside chat" with the public, including the Secretary's direction to State Department personnel. Papers of Dean Acheson.

Memorandum, dated July 14, 1950, describing discussion by State Department advisors and the Secretary of State on Defense Department proposed material for inclusion in the President's Message to Congress and other parts of the Message for which State Department was responsible. Papers of Dean Acheson.

Memorandum, dated July 14, 1950, from Niles W. Bond to Eben A. Ayers transmitting letter of thanks from the Korean Minister of Foreign Affairs to the Secretary of State. Papers of Harry S. Truman: White House Central Files-Official File.

President Rhee Syngman turns over South Korean Forces to General MacArthur, July 14, 1950

Memorandum, dated July 16, 1950, from General J. Lawton Collins to the President describing his impressions after a recent visit to the Far Eastern Command. Papers of Harry S. Truman: White House Central Files-Offical File.

Letter, dated July 17, 1950, from John M. Chang to the President transmitting a cable of thanks from the Korean President to the President Truman. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

Memorandum of conversation, dated July 17, 1950, describing discussion of Korean developments as they affect the international situation between the Ambassador of France and the Secretary of State. Papers of Dean Acheson.

Memorandum of conversation, dated July 19, 1950, describing discussion on the question of ground forces for Korea between the Ambassador of New Zealand and the Secretary of State. Papers of Dean Acheson.

Summary (July 19, 1950) from the President to General Douglas MacArthur outlining the major features of the Message being sent to Congress by President Truman that day. Harry S. Truman Papers of George M. Elsey.

Message, dated July 19, 1950, from General Douglas MacArthur to the President providing an estimate of the current military situation in Korea. Papers of Harry S. Truman: Naval Aide Files.

Message to Congress from the President, dated July 19, 1950, describing actions taken in response to the situation in Korea, the significance of the events, and requests for proposed legislation. Papers of George M. Elsey.

Text of radio address delivered by the President on July 19, 1950, on the Korean situation and its implications. Papers of George M. Elsey.

Department of State public opinion summary, dated July 20, 1950, outlining responses to the President's Message to Congress and radio address. Papers of George M. Elsey.

Exchange of correspondence between the President and Claude A. Putnam regarding the pledge of support from the National Association of Manufacturers in response to the Korea situation. Papers of Harry S. Truman: White House Central Files-Official File.

Press release, dated July 24, 1950, announcing the Presidentís official request to Congress for a supplemental appropriation to the defense budget of almost 10.5 billion dollars as outlined in the Presidentís message of July 19, 1950. Papers of Harry S. Truman: White House Central Files-Official File.

United Nations memorandum, dated July 25, 1950, transmitting the First Report to the Security Council by the United States Government on the Course of Action Taken under the Unified Command (USG) in Accordance with the Security Council Resolution of July 7, 1950. Papers of Harry S. Truman: Selected Records Relating to the Korean War.

Press release, dated July 25 1950, announcing the Presidentís letter to Senate Finance Committee Chairman Walter F. George calling for changes in pending tax legislation to increase revenues needed to offset budget increases caused by the Korean situation. Papers of George M. Elsey.

Memorandum from James S. Lay to the National Security Council, dated July 25, 1950, transmitting for consideration the comments of the Department of State and the National Security Resources Board on NSC 76, U.S. Courses of Action in the Event Soviet Forces Enter Korean Hostilities. Papers of Harry S. Truman: Presidentís Secretaryís Files.

25 July 1950, ciphered telegram, Vyshinsky to Roshchin transmitting message from Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #25

Memorandum of conversation, dated July 28, 1950, describing a meeting between the President, the Secretary of State and the Prime Minister of Australia regarding the prospects for Australian participation in the United Nations force in Korea. Papers of Dean Acheson.

Message from the Joint Chiefs of Staff to General Douglas MacArthur, dated July 28, 1950, describing periodic reports to be prepared by MacArthur's command for submission to the United Nations Security Council similar in nature to the initial U.S. submission of July 24, 1950, describing the course of the war to date. Papers of Harry S. Truman: Naval Aide Files.

Memorandum of conversation, dated July 29, 1950, describing a meeting between the Secretary of State and Canadian officials regarding the prospects for Canadian participation in the United Nations force in Korea. Papers of Dean Acheson.

Personal message from the Joint Chiefs of Staff, dated July 31, 1950, to Douglas MacArthur outlining placement of atomic bomb components on Guam according to previously approved plans. Papers of Harry S. Truman: Naval Aide Files.

Message from the Joint Chiefs of Staff, dated July 31, 1950, to Douglas MacArthur discussing air attacks on North Korean targets. Papers of Harry S. Truman: Naval Aide Files.

Memorandum of conversation, dated July 31, 1950, describing a meeting between the Secretary of State and other diplomatic officials and the Prime Minister of Australia regarding Korea and other matters. Papers of Dean Acheson.

Memorandum from Kenneth Hechler, dated August 2, 1950, to George Elsey reporting on public opinion data following the President's July 19 address to the nation on the on the Korean War. Papers of George M. Elsey.

Memorandum of conversation, dated August 3, 1950, describing a meeting between the Secretary of State and the British Ambassador regarding defense spending in the U.K. Papers of Dean Acheson.

Response from William Hassett, dated August 4, 1950, and letter from Mary Whitman, dated July 17, expressing approval of the Presidential action with regard to Korea. Papers of Harry S. Truman: White House Central Files-Official File.

Report to the National Security Council, dated August 8, 1950, "The Position and Actions of the United States with Respect to Possible Further Soviet Moves in the Light of the Korean Siuation" (NSC 73-2). Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

Undated memorandum of conversations prepared by W. Averell Harriman describing meetings in Tokyo, Japan, on August 6 and 8 (Tokyo time), 1950, between Harriman and General Douglas MacArthur at which the political situation in the Far East, particularly in terms of Formosa, was discussed. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

Undated summary by Lieutenant General Matthew Ridgway of a conference in Tokyo, Japan, on August 8 (Tokyo time), 1950, at which General Douglas MacArthur outlined his military needs and advocated an early offensive in Korea. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

Memorandum by Major General Frank Lowe to the President, dated August 8, 1950, reporting on the physical health of General Douglas MacArthur. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

Response from William Hassett, dated August 8, 1950, and letter from Betty Williams, dated July 18, expressing approval of the Presidential action with regard to Korea. Papers of Harry S. Truman: White House Central Files-Official File.

Response from William Hassett, dated August 8, 1950, and letter from Nancy Wigand, dated July 19, expressing approval of the Presidential action with regard to Korea. Papers of Harry S. Truman: White House Central Files-Official File.

Response from Dean Acheson, dated August 10, 1950, to a note from Henry Wallace, dated July 26, asking about the validity of stories that South Korean military action had prompted the war. Papers of Dean Acheson.

Response from Harry Truman, dated August 12, 1950, and letter from John Dingell, dated July 19, regarding the Congressman's suggestions for equipping U.S. troops in Korea. Papers of Harry S. Truman: White House Central Files-Official File.

Press Release "Report of the United Command Operations in Korea for the Period 1 to 15 August 1950, Transmitted by the Representative of the United States to the United Nations to the President of the Security Council." Papers of Harry S. Truman: Selected Records Relating to the Korean War. 2 September 1950

Press Release "Report of the United Command Operations in Korea for the Period 20 to 31 July 1950, Transmitted by Ambassador Warren R. Austin, United States Representative to the United Nations, to the President of the Security Council." Papers of Harry S. Truman: Selected Records Relating to the Korean War, August 17, 1950

Memorandum from George Kennan, dated August 23, 1950, to Dean Acheson expressing thoughts on foreign policy in the Far East. Papers of Dean Acheson.

Statement to the 51st National Encampment of the Veterans of Foreign Wars by General Douglas MacArthur discussing U.S. foreign and military policy in the Far East. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

Order, as dictated by the President, from the Secretary of Defense to General Douglas MacArthur, dated August 26, 1950, ordering the withdrawal of MacArthur's statement to the 51st National Encampment of the Veterans of Foreign Wars. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

"Memorandum for record of the events of Saturday August 26, 1950," by Lucius Battle recounting the discussions surrounding the Presidential order for withdrawal of MacArthur's statement to the Veterans of Foreign Wars. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

Message from Douglas MacArthur, dated August 27, 1950, to the Secretary of Defense regarding the order to withdraw MacArthur's statement to the Veterans of Foreign Wars. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

Letter from the President, dated August 27, 1950, to Warren Austin reiterating the U.S. position on Formosa. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

27 August 1950, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #26

28 August 1950, ciphered telegram, Fyn-Si (Stalin) to Kim Il Sung (via Shtykov), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #27

Press release from August 28, 1950, providing on the record and background material clarifying the U.S. position with respect to Formosa. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

Message from the President, dated August 29, 1950, to Douglas MacArthur transmitting a copy of the President's letter Warren Austin reiterating the U.S. position on Formosa. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

Letter from Harry Truman, dated August 29, 1950, to Gordon McDonough commenting on the United States Marine Corps Attached is McDonough's letter to the President dated August 19, 1950. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

Transmittal from Louis Johnson, dated August 30, 1950, to the President of a memoranudm from the Joint Secretaries of the three services, "Peace Offensive Concerning Korea," regarding actions to be taken should a stalemate develop in Korea. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

31 August 1950, ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Fyn-Si (Stalin) re meeting with Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #28

31 August 1950, ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Fyn-Si (Stalin) transmitting letter from Kim Il Sung to Stalin, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #29

Report to the National Security Council, dated September 1, 1950, "U.S. Courses of Action with Respect to Korea" (NSC 81), discussing U.N. objectives in Korea and analysis of whether to cross the 38th parallel. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files

Letter from Harry Truman, dated September 6, 1950, to Clay Nixon transmitting the President's letter to Clifton Cates on the subject of the Marine Corps. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

Press release, "Remarks of the President to the Marine Corps League at the Satler Hotel, September 7, 1950." Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

Letter from Clay Nixon, dated September 8, 1950, commenting on the President's recent statements in print and in person to the Marine Corps League. Papers of Harry S. Truman: President's Secretary's Files.

Radio address by Harry Truman, dated September 9, 1950, speaking on measures needed to increase defense production in light of the Communist threat. Papers of Harry S. Truman: Files of Charles S. Murphy.

Report on Communist Radio Propaganda on the Korean War, August 8 - 31, 1950. Ogloblin, Peter. September 12, 1950.

13 September 1950, ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Moscow, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #30

"The Discrepancy between the Russian and Chinese Versions of Mao's 2 October 1950 Message to Stalin on Chinese Entry into the Korean War: A Chinese Scholar's Reply," by Shen Zhihua, Cold War International History Project

Note and "Fifth Report of the United Command Operations in Korea for the Period 1 to 14 September 1950" from the Permanent Representative of the United States of America, dated October 5, 1950, to the President, United Nations Security Council. Papers of Harry S. Truman: Selected Records Relating to the Korean War.

Recommendations for Psychological Warfare in Korea, Kilchoon, Kim. October 08, 1950.

Memoranda for the President, dated October 9, 1950, pertaining to the proposed trip by President Truman to the Pacific to meet with General MacArthur regarding the situation in Korea

Notes from Dean Acheson's meeting with President Truman, dated October 9, 1950, regarding the President's proposed trip to the Pacific to meet with General MacArthur including the subjects to be discussed.

Notes from Dean Acheson's meeting with President Truman, dated October 9, 1950, pertaining to the proposed speeches of the President concerning the situation in Korea.

Statement by the President, dated October 10, 1950, discussing the forthcoming trip to the Pacific to meet with General MacArthur regarding the conditions in Korea.

Message from the Chief of Naval Operations to the Commander in Chief of the Pacific General Douglas MacArthur, dated October 10, 1950, pertaining to the logistics of President Truman's trip to Wake Island.

Department of State Daily Opinion Summary, dated October 11, 1950, reporting the reactions of the media concerning the upcoming meeting of President Truman and General MacArthur.

Outline used by the President during his meeting with General MacArthur, dated October 13, 1950, containing discussion topics pertaining to Korea, Japan, the Pacific and the Philippines.

Notes from Dean Rusk's meeting with Ambassador Muccio, dated October 14, 1950, concerning the situation in Korea.

Notes from Dean Rusk's meeting with Special Assistant to the President Averell Harriman and General MacArthur, dated October 14, 1950, regarding the situation in Korea.

Substance of Statements made at Wake Island Conference, dated 15 October 1950, compiled by General of the Army Omar N. Bradley, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, from notes kept by the conferees from Washington.

Statement by President Truman, dated October 15, 1950, pertaining to his meeting held on Wake Island with General MacArthur.

Department of State Daily Opinion Summary, dated October 16, 1950, reporting the reactions of the media regarding the meeting between President Truman and General MacArthur.

Department of State Daily Opinion Summary, dated October 17, 1950, reporting the reactions of the media pertaining to the meeting of President Truman and General MacArthur

Memorandum for the President, dated October 17, 1950, regarding World Reaction to the Wake Island Meeting.

Speech given by President Truman at the War Memorial Opera House in San Francisco, dated October 17, 1950, pertaining to the Wake Island Conference with General MacArthur.

Log of President Truman's Trip to Wake Island, October 11-18, 1950

Notes from Dean Acheson's meeting with the President, dated October 19, 1950, pertaining to the meeting of the President and General MacArthur.

25 October 1950, VKP(b) CC [All-Union Communist Party (bolshevik)] Central Committee Politburo decision with approved directives to Foreign Minister Vyshinsky (at the United Nations in New York) and to Soviet Ambassador in Washington, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #31

28 October 1950, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin), via Roshchin, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #32

29 October 1950, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Teelgram #33

Series of Memoranda on Guerrilla Warfare, US Army, X Corps, 30 October 1950

Billy C. Mossman, Center of Military History, United States Army, EBB AND FLOW: NOVEMBER 1950-JULY 1951, WASHINGTON, D.C., 1990

Walter G. Hermes, CENTER OF MILITARY HISTORY, UNITED STATES ARMY , TRUCE TENT AND FIGHTING FRONT, WASHINGTON, D. C., 1992

1 November 1950, ciphered telegram, Fyn-Si (Stalin) to Shtykov, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #34

2 November 1950, ciphered telegram, S.E. Zakharov, Soviet military representative in Beijing, to Fyn Si (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #35

8 November 1950, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #36

9 November 1950, VKB(b) CC Politburo decision with approved message from Gromyko to Roshchin with message for Zhou Enlai, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #37

15 November 1950, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) via Zakharov, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #38

16 November 1950, ciphered telegram, Zhou Enlai to Filippov (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #39

17 November 1950, ciphered telegram, Zhou Enlai to Filippov (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #40

17 November 1950, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai via Zakharov, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #41

17 November 1950, ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Gromyko transmitting 16 November 1950 message from Kim Il Sung to Stalin, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #42

20 November 1950, ciphered telegram, Fyn Si (Stalin) to Kim Il Sung (via Shtykov), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #43

22 November 1950, ciphered telegram, Kim Il Sung to Fyn Si (Stalin) via Shtykov, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #44

Handwritten notes by the President, dated November 25, 1950, regarding the Wake Island Conference with General MacArthur.

1 December 1950, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #45

5 December 1950, VKP(b) CC Politburo decision with approved orders to Vyshinsky in New York and Roshchin in Beijing (with message for Zhou Enlai), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #46

7 December 1950, ciphered telegram from Roshchin conveying message from Zhou Enlai to Soviet Government, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #47

7 December 1950, VKP(b) CC Politburo decision with approved message to Vyshinsky in New York, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #48

7 December 1950, ciphered telegram, Gromyko to Roshchin transmitting message from Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #49

National Intelligence Estimate, NIE-15, "Probable Soviet Moves to Exploit the Present Situation," 11 December 1950

UNITED STATES ARMY IN THE KOREAN WAR: SOUTH TO THE NAKTONG, NORTH TO THE YALU (June-November 1950) by Roy Appleman

Report of The United Nations Commission on Korea, 1950

Maps of the Korean War

PBS, MacArthur

Leaflet Dropping in Korea by the Far Eastern Air Force. Daugherty, William 03 Jan 1951

Report on the Conference of the leaders of the People's Democracies and the Soviet Union, 9 to 12 January 1951, Moscow

8 January 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) transmitting 4 January 1951 message from Peng Dehuai, Kim Son, and Pak Il U to Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #50

US, NSC 100, "Recommended Policies and Actions in Light of the Grave World Situation ," 11 January 1951

13 January 1951, ciphered telegram, Zakharov to Filippov (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #51

13 January 1951, ciphered telegram, Roshchin to USSR Foreign Ministry, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby. Telegram #52

16 January 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #53

16 January 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) transmitting 14 January 1951 message from Mao to Peng Dehuai with message for Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #54

Memorandum by John Paton Davies, Jr., "Spring and Summer Prospects," Washington, DC, 23 January 1951

US Psywar Operations in the Korean War. Pettee, George S. January 23, 1951.

"A New Equation: Chinese Intervention into the Korean War," Colloquium on Contemporary History, June 20, 1990, No. 3, Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy, Washington, D.C. 1991

27 January 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) conveying 19 January 1951 telegram from Peng Dehuai to Mao re meetings with Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #55

Chinese Communist Forces (CCF) in the Attack - Part II by Marshall, S. L., January 27, 1951.

29 January 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) conveying 28 January 1951 telegram from Mao Zedong to Peng Dehuai, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #56

30 January 1951, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram # 57

30 January 1951, ciphered telegram, Fyn Si (Stalin) to Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Razuvaev with message for Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram # 58

31 January 1950, ciphered telegram, USSR Ambassador to the Democratic Peopleís Republic of Korea (DPRK) T.F. Shtykov to Soviet leader Joseph Stalin re meeting with North Korean leader Kim Il Sung

North Korean Propaganda to South Koreans (Civilian and Military). Barton, Fred H. 01 Feb 1951

Operation Punch and the Capture of Hill 440 Suwon, Korea, February, 1951. Marshall, S. L.. February 01, 1951.

3 February 1951, ciphered telegram, Fyn Si (Stalin) to Razuvaev, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #59

3 February 1951, ciphered telegram, Fyn-Si (Stalin) to Kim Il Sung via Razuvaev, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #60

4 February 1951, ciphered telegram, Razuvaev to Fyn-Si (Stalin) reporting message from Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #61

16 February 1951, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai via Zakharov, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #62

15 March 1951, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong or Zhou Enlai (via Zakharov), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #63

"Truman Dimisses MacArthur," April 11, 1951

29 May 1951, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Razuvaev with message for Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #64

5 June 1951, ciphered telegram, Filippov to Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #65

5 June 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #66

7 June 1951, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #67

13 June 1951, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Soviet military advisor in Beijing Krasovsky, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #68

13 June 1951, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong re meeting in Moscow with Gao Gang and Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #69

13 June 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) via Roshchin, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #70

14 June 1951, handwritten letter from Gao Gang and Kim Il Sung to Stalin, with 13 June 1951 handwritten letter from Mao Zedong to Gao Gang and Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #71

21 June 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #72

24 June 1951, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #73

26 June 1951, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Krasovsky in Beijing relaying telegram from Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #74

26 June 1951, letter, Kim Il Sung to Stalin, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #75

28 June 1951, ciphered telegram, Krasovsky to Filippov (Stalin) transmitting 29 June 1951 telegram from Kim Il Sung to Mao, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #76

30 June 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) transmitting 29 June 1951 telegram from Kim Il Sung to Mao, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #77

30 June 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #78

30 June 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin); note: no photocopy available--text copied by hand and therefore exact heading not presented, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #79

30 June 1951, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #80

General Ridgway's Broadcast Message to the Commanders of the Communist Forces in Korea, 30 June 1951

Observations on Close Air Support in Korea - by W. L. Archer, June 1951

Preliminary Report on Utilization of Negro Manpower. Volume I, 30 June 1951

Preliminary Report on Utilization of Negro Manpower. Volume II, 30 June 1951

Preliminary Report on Utilization of Negro Manpower. Volume III, 30 June 1951

1 July 1951, ciphered telegram, Razuvaev to S.M. Shtemenko reporting message from Kim Il Sung to Filippov (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #81

1 July 1951, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Razuvaev with message for Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #82

US Combat Soldier and the Korean War: A Profile. July 01, 1951.

3 July 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) conveying 30 June 1951 message from Kim Il Sung to Mao, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #83

3 July 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #84

3 July 1951, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #85

3 July 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) conveying 2 July 1951 telegram from Mao to Peng Dehuai, Gao Gang, and Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram # 86

General Ridgway's Message to General Kim Il Sung and General Peng Teh-Huai, 13 Jul 1951

13 August 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) conveying 12 August 1951 telegram from Li Kenong to Mao re armistice talks, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram # 87

27 August 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram # 88

28 August 1951, VKP(b) CC Politburo decision with approved message from Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram # 89

30 August 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #90

8 September 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #91

10 September 1951, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #92

14 November 1951, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #93

19 November 1951, ciphered telegram from Roshchin conveying message from Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #94

19 November 1951, VKP(b) CC Politburo decision with approved message Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #95

19 November 1951, VKP(b) CC Politburo decision with approved message from Gromyko to Razuvaev, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #96

20 November 1951, Gromyko to G.M. Malenkov, attaching draft telegram to Razuvaev, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #97

21 November 1951, ciphered telegram, Gromyko to Razuvaev, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #98

Eighth Army Psychological Warfare in the Korean War. Kendall, W. O'Donnell, L. F. Ponturo, J.. December 15, 1951.

25 December 1951, memorandum, Gromyko to Razuvaev, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #99

31 January 1952, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin), Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #100

3 February 1952, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #101

8 February 1952, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) conveying 22 January 1952 telegram from Peng Dehuai to Mao and 4 February 1962 reply from Mao to Peng Dehuai, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #102

Proposed Program of Investigation of Signal Communications in Korea, Clarke, Eric T. February 26, 1952.

5 March 1952, memorandum, Gromyko to Stalin, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #103

14 April 1952, VKP(b) CC Politburo decision with approved message from Stalin to Kim Il Sung, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #104

Study of Battle Casualties among Equivalent Opposing Forces. Best, Robert J.. April 14, 1952.

16 April 1952, ciphered telegram, Babkin to Shtemenko conveying letter from Kim Il Sung to Stalin, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #105

FEC Psychological Warfare Operations: Intelligence. Ponturo, John Kendall, Willmoore. April 28, 1952.

Civil Affairs in Korea 1950-51. Stolzenbach, C. D., Kissinger, Henry A. 12 May 1952

Beliefs of Enemy Soldiers About the Korean War. Kendall, Willmoore. May 24, 1952.

US Armor in the Antitank Role, Korea, 1950. Coox, A. D. 01 Jul 1952

16 July 1952, ciphered telegram, Kim Il Sung to Stalin via Razuvaev, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #106

17 July 1952, ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #107

18 July 1952, ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) conveying 15 July 1952 telegram from Mao to Kim Il Sung and 16 July 1952 reply from Kim to Mao, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #108

16 September 1952, hand-delivered note, Zhou Enlai to Stalin conveying telegram from Mao to Zhou, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #109

17 September 1952, hand-delivered letter, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #110

Pretesting Procedures for Psychological Warfare Printed Media - Phase II: Ranking and Other Methods. Birch, Jack W. Konigsburg, David Flanagan, John C. Khan, Lessing A. Nierman, Florence K. December 16, 1952.

27 December 1952, Semenov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #111

Walter LaFeber, Historian, on MacArthur and Nuclear Weapons in Korea

Eisenhower on the Centrality of Nuclear Weapons to US Foreign Policy

"A Study of North Korean and Chinese Soldiers' Attitude toward the Korean War", Operations Research Office, the Johns Hopkins University, 1953.

19 March 1953, resolution, USSR Council of Ministers with draft letters from Soviet Government to Mao Zedong and Kim Il Sung and directive to Soviet delegation at United Nations, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Dcoument # 112

29 March 1953, ciphered telegram from Kuznetsov and Fedorenko in Pyongyang [from notes taken at AVPRF; photocopy not available], Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram # 113

Vulnerability of Army Supply to Air Interdiction. April 01, 1953.

Explanatory Note from Glukhov, Deputy Chief of the Department of Counterespionage of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Urals Military District and Former Adviser to the Ministry of Public Security of the DPRK [Democratic People's Republic of Korea], to L.P. Beria, Deputy Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers, 13 April 1953

Explanatory Note from Lieutenant of the Medical Service Selivanov, student at the S.M. Kirov Military-Medical Academy and Former Adviser to the Military-Medical Department of the KPA, to L.P. Beria, 14 April 1953

Memorandum from L.P. Beria to G.M. Malenkov and to the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU [Communist Party of the Soviet Union] on bacteriological allegations, 21 April 1953

Memorandum from V.M. Molotov to Members of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU (Malenkov, Beria, Khruschev) oon bacteriological allegations, 21 April 1953, with Attached Note from V.N. Razuvaev of 21 April 1953

Protocol No. 6 of the Meeting of the Presidium of the CC CPSU about the MVD Note on the Results of the Investigations into the Reports of Former Advisers to the Ministry of State Security and DPRK Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Comrades Slukhov and Sirnov, 24 April 1953 (Excerpt)

Resolution of the Presidium of the USSR Council of Ministers about Letters to the Ambassador of the USSR in the PRC, V.V. Kuznetsov, and to the Charge d'Affaires fo the USSR in the DPRK, S.P. Suzdalev, 2 May 1953

Telegram from the USSR Charge d'Affaires in the DPRK, S.P. Suzdalev, to V.M. Molotov on bacteriological warfare allegations,1 June 1953

Decision of the Party Control Commission of the CPSU CC Regarding Comrade S.D. Ignatiev, 2 June 1953

29 July 1953, ciphered telegram, Kuznetsov to Soviet Foreign Ministry re meeting with Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #114

Chinese Communist and North Korean Methods of Motivating Riflemen for Combat. Harris, Frank J. 30 Jul 1953

Korean Armistice Agreement

Brigadier General S.L.A. Marshall, "Our Mistakes in Korea." The Atlantic Monthly, September 1953

Mutual Defense Treaty, the Republic of Korea and the United States of America, Signed at Washington: October 1, 1953, Entered into Force: November 17, 1954

New Russian Evidence on the Korean War Biological Warfare Allegations: Background and Analysis, by Milton Leitenberg

Training the Combat Rifleman in the Chinese Communist Forces and North Korean Army, Harris, Frank J. 13 Jan 1954

Psychological Warfare Operations at Lower Echelons in Eighth Army, July 1952-July 1953. Ponturo, John 25 Jan 1954

Study of North Korean and Chinese Soldier Attitudes Toward Communism, Democracy, and the United Nations. Segal, Julius. February 16, 1954.

The Utilization of KATUSA (Korean Augmentation Troops), 1 Mar 1954

20 April 1956, ciphered telegram, excerpt from cable from Soviet Ambassador to the PRC P. Yudin re meeting with Mao Zedong, Cold War International History Project, "New Russian Documents on the Korean War", introduction and translations by Kathryn Weathersby, Telegram #115

Analysis of Battle Casualties for the Stable Period of the Korean War. Cleaver, Frederick W. 12 Apr 1957

The KMAG Advisor: Circulated for Critical Reading, February 06, 1962.

The KMAG - Part 2

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF AIR INTERDICTION DURING THE KOREAN WAR By Mr. B. C. Mossman, OCMH STUDY, PREPARED BY HISTORIES DIVISION, March 1966. OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF MILITARY HISTORY, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

"China's Decision to Enter the Korean War: Reappraisal and New Documentation," Michael M. Sheng, Professor of History, Southwest Missouri State University, Korea and World Affairs, Vol. XIX , No. 2, Summer 1995

Korean War Project Home Page

The Korean War: A Fresh Perspective, By Colonel Harry G. Summers, Jr.,

The Korean War Revisited, DONALD W. BOOSE, JR. Parameters, Spring 1998

Lashmar, Paul, "Stalin's 'Hot' War," New Statesman & Society, vol. 9, no. 388, February 2, 1996


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