Documents Relating to American Foreign Policy

NATO

NATO Handbook

Press Release on NATO, dated April 12, 1949, by President Harry S. Truman to The Press

Memorandum on signing the NATO Treaty, dated July 22, 1949, by Secretary of State Dean Acheson to President Harry S. Truman

Memorandum on Ratification of NATO, dated July 25, 1949, by Charles I. Bevans, Deputy Assistant for Treaty Affairs, U.S. Department of State

Memorandum on the ceremony for signing the NATO Treaty, dated August 23, 1949, by C.H. Humelsine to Matthew J. Connelly

Memorandum on negotiations concerning NATO, dated January 14, 1950, by Clark M. Clifford, to President Harry S. Truman

Letter on implementing the NATO Pact, dated July 14, 1950, by Secretary of Defense, Louis Johnson, to President Harry S. Truman

Memorandum on status of NATO, dated August 30, 1950, by Secretary of Defense, Louis Johnson, to President Harry S. Truman

Statement on the stationing of American troops in Europe, dated September 9, 1950, by President Harry S. Truman to The Press

Memorandum on the NATO Production Board, dated January 3, 1951, by Secretary of Defense, to President Harry S. Truman

Memorandum on implementing NATO, dated January 5, 1951, by Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of State, to President Harry S. Truman

Memorandum, dated January 8, 1951, by Donald S. Dawson, Administrative Assistant to President Harry S. Truman, to Secretary of Defense George C. Marshall accepting the nominations for the NATO Production Board

Memorandum on the secret meeting with General Eisenhower on the state of European defense, dated February 6, 1951, by George M. Elsey to President Harry S. Truman

Letter, dated February 24, 1951, by Dwight D. Eisenhower to President Harry S. Truman

Memorandum, March 9, 1951, by William D. Hassett, Secretary to President Harry S. Truman, to Col. Beichline

Memorandum, dated March 29, 1951, by W.A. Harriman to Rose A. Conway

Press Release on the anniversary of the founding of NATO, dated April 3, 1951, by President Harry S. Truman to The Press

Protocol on the Accession of Greece and Turkey, 1951

Protocol on the Accession of the Federal Republic of Germany, 1954

Protocol on the Accession of Spain, 1981

Report of the Committee of Three on Non-Military Cooperation in NATO, 1956

Harmel Report on Future Tasks of the Alliance, 1967

Ottawa Declaration on Atlantic Relations, 1974

Montebello Decision, 1983

Brussels Declaration, 1983

Washington Statement on East-West Relations, 1984

Halifax Declaration on East-West Relations, 1986

Brussels Declaration on Conventional Arms Control, 1986

Jack Beatty, "The Exorbitant Anachronism," Atlantic Monthly, June 1989

NATO-ALLIANCE POLICY FRAMEWORK ON PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION, PRESS RELEASE M-NAC-1(94)45, 9 June 1994, Issued at the Ministerial Meeting of the North Atlantic Council held in Istanbul, Turkey on 9 June 1994

Jeffrey Simon, "Central European Civil-Military Relations and NATO Expansion," Strategic Forum, National Defense University, Number 22, March 1995

Jeffrey Simon, "NATO Enlargement," Strategic Forum, National Defense University, Number 31, May 1995

S. Nelson Drew "NATO From Berlin to Bosnia: Making It Up As We Go Along," National Defense University, January 1995

Jeffrey Simon, "Central European Civil-Military Relations and NATO Expansion," National Defense University, McNair Paper 39, April 1995

James W. Morrison, "NATO Expansion and Alternative Future Security Alignments," McNair Paper 40, April 1995

Ronald Tiersky, "The Mitterand Legacy and the Future of French Security Policy," National Defense University, McNair Paper 43, August 1995

Stanley Sloan, "NATO's Future: Beyond Collective Defense," McNair Paper 46, December 1995

Steven Philip Kramer and Irene Kyriakopoulos, "Trouble in Paradise? Europe in the 21st Century," National Defense University, March 1996

William T. Johnsen, Thomas Durell-Young, Jeffrey Simon, Daniel N. Nelson, William Bodie, James McCarthy, "European Security Toward The Year 2000," National Defense University, McNair Paper 20, August 1993

Press Conference of Secretary General and General Lebed, Oct. 7, 1996

12/02/96 TEXT: VICE PRESIDENT GORE PRAISES ROLE OF OSCE

12/03/96 TEXT: LISBON OSCE SUMMIT DECLARATION

12/03/96 TEXT: ANNEX TO THE LISBON SUMMIT DECLARATION

12/03/96 TEXT: LISBON DECLARATION ON A SECURITY MODEL FOR EUROPE

12/03/96 TEXT: OSCE LISBON SUMMIT ANNEX 2 ON SECURITY COOPERATION

December Ministerial Meetings of the North Atlantic Council and of the North Atlantic Co-operation Council, NATO HQ, Brussels, 10-11 December 1996

Russia Today

László Valki, "NATO Enlargement: The Hungarian Interests," The Hungarian Quarterly, Volume XXXVII No. 141 Spring 1995

FACT SHEET: HOW NATO HAS CHANGED IN THE POST COLD WAR ERA, (Prepared and compiled by the Bureau of European and Canadian Affairs, State Department) March 21, 1997, Posted by the United States Information Service

"The European Response: Primacy of Politics," By David Reynolds, Foreign Affairs, May/June 1997.

SLOVAKIA, HUNGARY, BULGARIA MAKE CASE FOR NATO MEMBERSHIP, (Helsinki Commission hearing May 20, 1997)

TEXT: TALBOTT SPEECH ON NATO ENLARGEMENT AT ATLANTIC COUNCIL, 20 May 1997

NATO--What For?

Embassy of the Republic of Poland, "Estimated Cost of NATO Enlargment"

Institute for Policy Studies and the Interhemispheric Resource Center, "In Focus: Costs and Dangers of NATO Expansion," Volume 1, Number 16 (Full Text)

NATO, Study on NATO Enlargement

US, Department of Defense, Office of International Security Affairs, "United States Strategy for Europe and NATO"

Report to the Congress on the Enlargement of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization: Rationale, Benefits, Costs and Implications, Released by the Bureau of European and Canadian Affairs, U.S. Department of State, February 24, 1997

Federation of American Scientists, Archive of Materials on NATO Expansion

THE HIGH COST OF NATO EXPANSION:Clearing the Administration's Smoke Screen by Ivan Eland

Security in an Undivided Europe Using NATO's Eastward Expansion as an Opportunity, Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg (IFSH)

Jeremy D. Rosner, "NATO Enlargement What Will The Congress And Public Say?" Armed Forces Journal International, April 1997

US NATO Policy by Lanhee Chen and Lawrence Lee

"AT U.S.-RUSSIAN SUMMIT, STAND FIRM ON NATO ENLARGEMENT," By Ariel Cohen, Ph.D. Senior Policy Analyst, The Heritage Foundation Executive Memorandum No. 470 March 14, 1997

JAMES KLURFELD, NEWSDAY, "Enlarging NATO Now Isn't Necessary," February 26, 1997

Russia and NATO, Proceedings of a Conference at George Washington University

The Pew Research Center, PUBLIC INDIFFERENT ABOUT NATO EXPANSION, 1997

Peter Rudolf, "The USA and NATO Enlargement," Aussenpolitik - German Foreign Affairs Review: Vol. 47, No. 4, 1996

NATO Expansion and the Danger of a Second Cold War by Stanley Kober, Cato Foreign Policy Briefing No. 38 January 31, 1996

NATO EXPANSION and ALTERNATIVE FUTURE SECURITY ALIGNMENTS, JAMES W. MORRISON, McNair Paper 40, April 1995

PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE: DISCERNING FACT FROM FICTION, William T. Johnsen and Thomas-Durell Young, August 15, 1994

Anatol Lieven, "A New Iron Curtain," Atlantic Monthly, January 1996

Reference Documents, Foreign Affairs, NATO Sets July Date for Enlargement, (10/22/96-12/19/96)

Reference Documents, Foreign Affairs, Clinton and Yeltsin Meet in Helsinki,Discuss NATO Enlargement and Arms Control, (3/7/97-3/26/97)

Reference Documents, Foreign Affairs, NATO-Russia Accord Smooths Path to Enlargement, (4/23/97-5/31/97)

"NATO Expansion: Who Wins?" by Richard Pipes June 5, 1997

Prague Mlada Fronta Dnes in Czech May 29, 1997 [translation for personal use only] Commentary by Lubos Palata: "The Central Europeans Want To Slow Down NATO"

"The Challenges of NATO Enlargement," Prof. Dr. Lev Voronkov, Director International Institute for Peace (IIP), Vienna, Austria for the conference on Security Alternatives for Central Europe (Prague, April 1997).

NATO Summit, Madrid, 8-9 July 1997

Reference Documents, Foreign Affairs, NATO Invites Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland To Begin Accession Talks, and Signs Charter on "Distinctive Partnership" with Ukraine, (7/3/97-7/14/98)

United States Information Service, 10 October 1997, TEXT: JEANE KIRKPATRICK TESTIFIES FOR NATO ENLARGEMENT

United States Information Service, 10 October 1997, TEXT: ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI TESTIFIES ON NATO ENLARGEMENT

U.S. Information Agency, "The United States and the New Atlantic Community"

Andrew A. Michta, "Poland and NATO: The Road Ahead," SAIS REVIEW, Summer-Fall, 1995, Volume XV, Number Two.

Atlanticism: The Achilles' Heel of European Security, Self-Identity and Collective Will by John Williams

U.S., Department of State, Page on NATO Enlargement

U.S. Ambassador to NATO Alexander Vershbow, Remarks on "NATO Enlargement and Hungary" Hungarian Foreign Ministry, Budapest, April 7, 1998

Secretary of State Madeleine Albright on NATO Enlargement, Opening Statement before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Washington, DC, February 24, 1998

Americans on NATO Enlargement, Public Opinion Survey Conducted by Program on International Policy Attitudes, February 1998

U.S., Department of Defense, Report to the Congress On the Military Requirements and Costs of NATO Enlargement, February 1998 

Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, No. 98-51 F, NATO: A BRIEF HISTORY OF EXPANSION, Susanne Stetzer, Research Assistant, Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division, Library of Congress, January 20, 1998

Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, No. 97-688 F, "NATO Expansion: Cost Issues," By Carl Ek
Specialist in International Relations, Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division, Congressional Research Service, The Library of Congress, July 2, 1997

NATO Enlargement: Pro and Con Arguments, By Paul E. Gallis, Specialist in European Affairs, Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress

The Discussion on "Historian and NATO Expansion," on H-DIPLO Net, beginning April 1998

SERGEI KOVALEV, Sakharov Foundation, "The Anti-NATO Coterie," Perspective, Volume VII, Number 4 (March-April 1997)

Lecture by Volker Rühe, Minister of Defense of the Federal Republic of Germany, at the Johns Hopkins School for Advanced International Studies/American Institute for Contemporary German Studies, Washington D.C, April 30, 1996

Richard C. Holbrooke and Michael E. Mandelbaum, "Expanding NATO: Will it Weaken the Alliance?" (Great Debates Series), December 9, 1996

The Geopolitics of NATO Enlargement, JOHN HILLEN and MICHAEL P. NOONAN,  Parameters, Autumn 1998, pp. 21-34.

NATO and North Africa: Problems and Prospects, ADOLF CARLSON,  Parameters, Autumn 1998, pp. 35-49.

Russia and the Baltics in the Age of NATO Enlargement, STEPHEN J. BLANK, Parameters, Autumn 1998, pp. 50-68.

Thomas R. Pickering, Under Secretary for Political Affairs, Address at Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (SACLANT), "The Transatlantic Partnership:  A History of Defending Freedom; A Future for Extending It," Old Dominion University Symposium, Norfolk, Virginia, October 30, 1998

Deputy Secretary Talbott, Address to the German Society for Foreign Policy, Bonn, Germany, "The New Europe and the New NATO," February 4, 1999

United States Information Agency, The Washington Summits, "NATO at 50" April 1999

U.S. Department of States, Deputy Secretary Talbott, Address at the  Royal United Services Institute, "A New NATO for a New Era," London, United Kingdom, March 10, 1999

Time, "Club NATO:  Is Bigger Better?"

Federation of American Scientists, "NATO Expansion"

New York University, Global Beat, "NATO Expansion"

Intellectual Capital, "NATO Expansion"

US, Department of State, "NATO Enlargement"

The Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, Report on Public Attitudes Toward NATO Expansion

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, "NATO Expansion: Yes or No?"  1998

Radio Free Europe, "Expanding NATO"

Report to the Congress on the Enlargement of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization: Rationale, Benefits, Costs and Implications, Released by the Bureau of European and Canadian Affairs, U.S. Department of State, February 24, 1997

NATO, "Study on NATO Enlargement" 1995

Basic Document of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, Press Release M-NACC-EAPC- 1(97)66, 30 May 1997

United Kingdom, Ministry of Defence, "NATO Enlargement"

Center for Defense Information, Weekly Defense Monitor, "NATO Enlargment"

Testimony, Senate Foreign Relations Committee, 27 February 2001, Opening Statement Of General Wesley K. Clark, US Army (ret.) "NATO: Facing the Challenges Ahead,"

"The State of the North Atlantic Alliance," Dr. Ronald D. Asmus, Senior Fellow Council on Foreign Relations, Subcommittee on European Affairs, Senate Foreign Relations Committee, February 27, 2001

"THE STATE OF THE NATO ALLIANCE," HEARING BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON EUROPEAN AFFAIRS OF THE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS, UNITED STATES SENATE, ONE HUNDRED SEVENTH CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION, FEBRUARY 27, 2001

Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC)


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