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UNITED STATES INFORMATION SERVICE
STOCKHOLM SWEDEN

12/03/96
TEXT: LISBON OSCE SUMMIT DECLARATION
(Meet to establish foundation for common security) (2940)


Lisbon -- The heads of participating member states or governments of the Organization for
Security and Cooperation met at the Lisbon Summit December 2-3 "to assess the situation in
the OSCE region and to establish a co-operative foundation for our common security."

The Summit Declaration issued December 3 stated, "As we approach the new century, it is
more important than ever that we build together a peaceful OSCE region where all our
nations and individuals feel secure."

The declaration addresses such issues as adapting the CFE (Conventional Forces in Europe)
Treaty to the changing security environment in Europe, consolidating the democratic gains of
the changes that have occurred since 1989, fostering security and stability in all their
dimensions, endeavoring to strengthen security and stability in the OSCE region, emphasizing
the significance of the entry into force and implementation of the Open Skies Treaty, and
ending illegal arms supplies, particularly to zones of conflict.

The OSCE welcomed the "fulfillment by Kazakstan, Ukraine and Belarus of their commitment
to remove from their territory all nuclear warheads."

The declaration condemned and pledged to refrain from "any policy of 'ethnic cleansing' or
mass expulsion." The OSCE pledged to facilitate the return, in safety and in dignity, dignity, of
refugees and internally displaced persons, according to international standards.

In the declaration, the OSCE acknowledged that there is a "need to strengthen the
implementation of OSCE commitments in the field of the media, taking into account, as
appropriate, the work of other international organizations."

The participating states determined that the "same comprehensive approach to security
requires continued efforts in the implementation of OSCE commitments in the economic
dimension and an adequate development of OSCE activities dealing with security related
economic, social and environmental issues." To this end, the declaration decreed, the
organization "should focus on identifying the risks to security arising from economic, social and
environmental problems, discussing their causes and potential consequences."

The OSCE paid "tribute to the achievements of the OSCE Mission to Bosnia and
Herzegovina in helping to implement the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia
and Herzegovina," and agreed to continue to play an important role in the promotion and
consolidation of peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina based on OSCE principles and
commitments."

The OSCE reaffirmed its support "for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia within
its internationally recognized borders," noted that "some progress has been made towards a
political settlement in Moldova," and called on all sides to exercise the political will to
overcome the remaining difficulties in order to achieve a solution based on the sovereignty and
territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova."

The participating member states welcomed "the recent steps towards a peaceful settlement in
Chechnya, Russian Federation," and emphasized "the importance of the Central Asian States
in the OSCE."

The declaration stated that the OSCE is committed "to further developing the dialogue with
our Mediterranean partners for cooperation, Japan, and the Republic of Korea."

Following is the text of the Lisbon Summit Declaration obtained from the OSCE Home Page:

(Begin text)

LISBON SUMMIT DECLARATION

1. We, the Heads of State or Government of the participating States of the Organization for
Security and Cooperation in Europe, have met in Lisbon to assess the situation in the OSCE
region and to establish a co-operative foundation for our common security. As we approach
the new century, it is more important than ever that we build together a peaceful OSCE region
where all our nations and individuals feel secure.

2. We today adopt the Lisbon Declaration on a Common and Comprehensive Security
Model for Europe for the twenty-first century to strengthen security and stability throughout
the OSCE region. We welcome the historic decision of OSCE participating States signatory
to the CFE Treaty to begin negotiations in early 1997 with a view towards adapting the
Treaty to the changing security environment in Europe. We intend to realize our full potential
for consolidating peace and prosperity in the entire OSCE region, as demonstrated by our
combined efforts -- through the OSCE and other relevant institutions -- to forge a sustainable
peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

3. We reaffirm the OSCE principles as set forth in the Helsinki Final Act and other OSCE
commitments. We believe that observance of all these principles and implementation of all
commitments need to be improved and constantly reviewed. We recognize that serious risks
and challenges, such as those to our security and sovereignty, continue to be of major
concern. We are committed to address them.

4. Respect for human rights remains fundamental to our concept of democracy and to the
democratization process enshrined in the Charter of Paris. We are determined to consolidate
the democratic gains of the changes that have occurred since 1989 and peacefully manage
their further development in the OSCE region. We will cooperate in strengthening democratic
institutions.

5. The OSCE has a key role to play in fostering security and stability in all their dimensions.
We decide to continue our efforts to further enhance its efficiency as a primary instrument for
early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation
capabilities. We ask the Chairman-in-Office to report on progress achieved to the 1997
Ministerial Council.

6. The Lisbon Declaration on a Common and Comprehensive Security Model for Europe for
the twenty-first century is a comprehensive expression of our endeavor to strengthen security
and stability in the OSCE region; as such, it complements the mutually reinforcing efforts of
other European and transatlantic institutions and organizations in this field.

7. Arms control constitutes an important element of our common security. The CFE Treaty, in
particular, is and will remain key to our security and stability. The Forum for Security
Cooperation (FSC), the work of which is also important to our security, has adopted two
decisions defining new directions for further work, "A Framework for Arms Control" and
"Development of the Agenda of the FSC." As an example of cooperative security, the Open
Skies Treaty, covering the territory from Vancouver to Vladivostok, aims at increased
transparency among all Parties. Recalling the Budapest Decision of 1994, we once again
strongly emphasize the significance of the entry into force and implementation of this Treaty. In
addition, ending illegal arms supplies, in particular to zones of conflict, would make a major
contribution to not only regional, but also global security.

8. We welcome the fulfillment by Kazakstan, Ukraine and Belarus of their commitment to
remove from their territory all nuclear warheads. This is an historic contribution to reducing
the nuclear threat and to the creation of a common security space in Europe.

9. The OSCE's comprehensive approach to security requires improvement in the
implementation of all commitments in the human dimension, in particular with respect to human
rights and fundamental freedoms. This will further anchor the common values of a free and
democratic society in all participating States, which is an essential foundation for our common
security. Among the acute problems within the human dimension, the continuing violations of
human rights, such as involuntary migration, and the lack of full democratization, threats to
independent media, electoral fraud, manifestations of aggressive nationalism, racism,
chauvinism, xenophobia and anti-Semitism, continue to endanger stability in the OSCE region.
We are committed to continuing to address these problems.

10. Against the background of recent refugee tragedies in the OSCE region and taking into
account the issue of forced migration, we again condemn and pledge to refrain from any
policy of "ethnic cleansing" or mass expulsion. Our States will facilitate the return, in safety
and in dignity, of refugees and internally displaced persons, according to international
standards. Their reintegration into their places of origin must be pursued without
discrimination. We commend the work of the ODIHR Migration Advisor and express
support for his continuing activities to follow up on the Program of Action agreed at the May
1996 Regional Conference to address the problems of refugees, displaced persons, other
forms of involuntary displacement and returnees in the relevant States.

11. Freedom of the press and media are among the basic prerequisites for truly democratic
and civil societies. In the Helsinki Final Act, we have pledged ourselves to respect this
principle. There is a need to strengthen the implementation of OSCE commitments in the field
of the media, taking into account, as appropriate, the work of other international
organizations. We therefore task the Permanent Council to consider ways to increase the
focus on implementation of OSCE commitments in the field of the media, as well as to
elaborate a mandate for the appointment of an OSCE representative on freedom of the media
to be submitted not later than to the 1997 Ministerial Council.

12. The same comprehensive approach to security requires continued efforts in the
implementation of OSCE commitments in the economic dimension and an adequate
development of OSCE activities dealing with security related economic, social and
environmental issues. The OSCE should focus on identifying the risks to security arising from
economic, social and environmental problems, discussing their causes and potential
consequences, and draw the attention of relevant international institutions to the need to take
appropriate measures to alleviate the difficulties stemming from those risks. With this aim, the
OSCE should further enhance its ties to mutually reinforcing international economic and
financial institutions, including regular consultations at appropriate levels aimed at improving
the ability to identify and assess at an early stage the security relevance of economic, social
and environmental developments. Interaction with regional, subregional and transborder
cooperative initiatives in the economic and environmental field should be enhanced, as they
contribute to the promotion of goodneighbourly relations and security. We therefore task the
Permanent Council to review the role of the OSCE Secretariat in the economic dimension,
and to elaborate a mandate for a co-ordinator within the OSCE Secretariat on OSCE
economic and environmental activities, to be submitted not later than the 1997 Ministerial
Council.

13. We pay tribute to the achievements of the OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina in
helping to implement the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and
Herzegovina. Pragmatic cooperation with international institutions and IFOR, as well as the
role of the High Representative, have contributed greatly to this success, thus demonstrating in
a tangible way the kinds of cooperative undertakings on which security can be built through
the action of mutually reinforcing institutions.

14. We welcome the agreement by the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina on the
establishment of the Council of Ministers, which represents an important step in forming fully
effective joint institutions. Reaffirming the need for the full implementation of the Peace
Agreement, we welcome the guiding principles agreed at the Meeting of the Ministerial
Steering Board and the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Paris on 14 November
1996, and the OSCE decision to extend its Mission's mandate to Bosnia and Herzegovina for
1997, noting its possible prolongation in the framework of the two-year consolidation period.
We pledge ourselves to provide all necessary resources, financial and personnel, for the
Mission to fulfill its mandate.

15. The OSCE will continue to play an important role in the promotion and consolidation of
peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina based on OSCE principles and commitments. We confirm
that we will supervise the preparation and conduct of elections for the municipal governing
authorities in 1997, and welcome the agreement of the Parties to Annex 3 of the Peace
Agreement in this regard. We will fully support the Mission's work and its contribution to
implementation of the election results. We will assist in democracy building through concrete
programs and be active in human rights promotion and monitoring. We will continue assisting
in the implementation of subregional stabilization measures among the Parties to the Peace
Agreement.

16. Recalling that the prime responsibility for implementing the Peace Agreement lies with the
Parties themselves, we call upon them to cooperate in good faith with the OSCE and other
institutions in implementing the civilian aspects of the Peace Agreement. The role of the High
Representative will remain of particular importance in this context. We call upon the Parties to
cooperate fully with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.

17. The Agreement on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures in Bosnia and
Herzegovina and the Sub-Regional Arms Control Agreement will continue to play an
important role in promoting and consolidating military stability in and around Bosnia and
Herzegovina. Favorable conditions for full implementation of these Agreements should be
fostered. Failure to meet the commitments under these Agreements remains, however, a
serious concern. We support the November 1996 reaffirmation in Paris by the Ministerial
Steering Board and the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina of the necessity for full
implementation and strict avoidance of circumvention of both Agreements. We call upon the
Parties to fulfill their commitments through cooperation in good faith. With respect to regional
arms control, and depending on satisfactory progress on the implementation of Articles II and
IV, efforts undertaken to promote the implementation of Article V of Annex 1B of the Peace
Agreement will continue.

18. The implementation of the Peace Agreement for Bosnia and Herzegovina has opened the
way for efforts at the regional and subregional levels aimed at the achievement of durable
peace, stability and good neighbourliness in Southeastern Europe. We welcome the
development of various initiatives fostering subregional dialogue and cooperation, such as the
Stability Process initiated at Royaumont, the Southeastern European Cooperation Initiative,
the Central European Initiative and the comprehensive process of stability, security and
cooperation reactivated by the Sofia Declaration of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the
countries of Southeastern Europe. The OSCE could contribute to using fully the potential of
the various regional cooperative efforts in a mutually supportive and reinforcing way.

19. We welcome the OSCE's continuing focus on the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. We
express our expectation that the OSCE Mission of Long Duration to Kosovo, Sandjak and
Vojvodina will be able to resume its work as soon as possible. In fulfilling its mandate, such a
Mission should actively contribute, among other things, to following developments and
fostering dialogue with a view to overcoming the existing difficulties. Other forms of OSCE
involvement would also be desirable. They should include efforts to accelerate
democratization, promote independent media and ensure free and fair elections. Recalling our
previous declarations, we call for the development of a substantial dialogue between the
Federal Authorities and the Albanian representatives of Kosovo in order to solve all pending
problems there.

20. We reaffirm our utmost support for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia
within its internationally recognized borders. We condemn the 'ethnic cleansing' resulting in
mass destruction and forcible expulsion of predominantly Georgian population in Abkhazia.
Destructive acts of separatists, including obstruction of the return of refugees and displaced
persons and the decision to hold elections in Abkhazia and in the Tskhinvali region/South
Ossetia, undermine the positive efforts undertaken to promote political settlement of these
conflicts. We are convinced that the international community, in particular the United Nations
and the OSCE with participation of the Russian Federation as a facilitator, should continue to
contribute actively to the search for a peaceful settlement.

21. We note that some progress has been made towards a political settlement in Moldova.
Real political will is needed now to overcome the remaining difficulties in order to achieve a
solution based on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova. We call
on all sides to increase their efforts to that end. Recalling the Budapest Summit Decision, we
reiterate our concern over the lack of progress in bringing into force and implementing the
Moldo-Russian Agreement of 21 October 1994 on the withdrawal of Russian troops. We
expect an early, orderly and complete withdrawal of the Russian troops. In fulfillment of the
mandate of the Mission and other relevant OSCE decisions, we confirm the commitment of
the OSCE, including through its Mission, to follow closely the implementation of this process,
as well as to assist in achieving a settlement in the eastern part of Moldova, in close
cooperation with the Russian and Ukrainian mediators. The Chairman-in-Office will report on
progress achieved to the next meeting of the Ministerial Council.

22. We welcome the recent steps towards a peaceful settlement in Chechnya, Russian
Federation. We recognize the valuable role played by the OSCE Assistance Group in
facilitating dialogue towards political resolution of the crisis. We believe that the Assistance
Group should continue to play its role in the future, in particular with a view towards a lasting
peaceful settlement, monitoring human rights and supporting humanitarian organizations.

23. We emphasize the importance of the Central Asian States in the OSCE. We are
committed to increasing OSCE efforts aimed at developing democratic structures and the rule
of law, maintaining stability and preventing conflicts in this area.

24. We are committed to further developing the dialogue with our Mediterranean partners for
cooperation, Japan, and the Republic of Korea. In this context, strengthening security and
cooperation in the Mediterranean is important for stability in the OSCE region. We welcome
the continued interest displayed by the Mediterranean partners for cooperation, Japan, and
the Republic of Korea in the OSCE, and the deepening of dialogue and cooperation with
them. We invite them to participate in our activities, including meetings as appropriate.

25. The next Ministerial Council will take place in Copenhagen in December 1997.

26. We take note of the invitation by Turkey to host the next OSCE Summit in Istanbul.

27. Poland will exercise the function of Chairman-in-Office in 1998.


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