Address by President Johnson on Nationwide Radio and Television to the American Alumni Council on July 12, 1966,"Four Essentials for Peace in Asia," Department of State Bulletin, August 1, 1966, p. 158

Source: The Pentagon Papers, Gravel Edition, Volume 4, (Boston: Beacon Press, 1971), pp. 657

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"Americans entered this century believing that our own security had no foundation outside our own continent. Twice we mistook our sheltered position for safety. Twice we were dead wrong.

"If we are wise now, we will not repeat our mistakes of the past. We will not retreat from the obligations of freedom and security in Asia.


"The second essential for peace in Asia is this: to prove to aggressive nations that the use of force to conquer others is a losing game."

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"We are there because we are trying to make the Communists of North VietNam stop shooting at their neighbors;

--because we are trying to make this Communist aggression unprofitable;
--because we are trying to demonstrate that guerrilla warfare, inspired by one nation against another nation, can never succeed. Once that lesson is learned, a shadow that hangs over all of Asia tonight will begin, I think, to recede."

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