20th Century Genocides and Mass Atrocities



State Dates Numbers Killed Circumstances
China 1958-61 and 1966-69, Tibet 1949-50 49-78,000,000 purges, Great Leap Forward, Cultural Revolution
USSR 1932-39 23,000,000 the purges plus Ukraine's famine
Germany 1939-1945 12,000,000 concentration camps and civilians WWII
Congo 1886-1908 8,000,000 imperialism
Japan 1941-44 5,000,000 civilians in WWII
Turkey 1915-20

1,200,000 Armenians,1915
350,000 Greek Pontians, 1915
480,000 Anatolian Greeks, 1916-22
500,000 Assyrians, 1915-20

ethnic cleansing
Cambodia 1975-79 1,700,000 purges and concentration camps
North Korea 1948-94 1,600,000 purges and concentration camps
Ethiopia 1975-78 1,500,000 purges
Biafra 1967-1970 1,000,000 ethnic cleansing
Afghanistan 1979-1982 900,000 purges and rebellion
Rwanda 1994 800,000 ethnic cleansing
Iraq Iran 1980-1990 and Kurdistan 1987-88 600,000 war and ethnic cleansing
Yugoslavia 1945-1987 570,000 ethnic cleansing
Indonesia 1965-66 500,000 purges
Japan 1937-39 500,000 genocide of Chinese civilians
Angola 1975-2002 400,000 civil war
Afghanistan 1986-2001 400,000 civil war
Uganda 1969-1979 300,000 civil war
Pakistan 1970-71 300,000 Bangladesh
Italy 1934-45

Ethiopia, 1936
Libya, 1934-45 300,000
Yugoslavia

imperialism