Documents Relating to American Foreign Policy

Pre-1898


Pre-1776

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE IROQUOIS NATIONS: THE GREAT BINDING LAW, GAYANASHAGOWA , 1450-1500

The Mayflower Compact, 1620

John Winthrop, "City on a Hill," 1630

The Act of Surrender of the Great Charter of New England to His Majesty : 1635

Agreement of the Settlers at Exeter in New Hampshire, 1639

The Articles of Confederation of the United Colonies of New England; May 19, 1643

King Philip's War, 1675

King William's War, 1689

The French and Indian War

Queen Ann's War, 1702

Father Rasle's War, 1724

David A. Copeland, Fighting for a Continent: Newspaper Coverage of the English and French War For Control of North America, 1754-1760

The French and Indian Wars

Baron de Dieskau to Count d'Argenson (letter), Written at: Camp of the English army at Lake St. Sacrement [Lake George], 14th September, 1755

The French and Indian War's Impact on America

1755, The French and Indian War

The Indian Wars

THE ROLE OF THE DUTCH IN THE IROQUOlS WARS by Peter Lowensteyn

The Seven Years War

Governor Glen, The Role of the Indians in the Rivalry Between France, Spain, and England, 1761

The Boston Tea Party

Anonymous Account of the Boston Massacre

John Adams, "Novanglus No. 7," January 1775

"The War Inevitable," A speech by Patrick Henry, March 1775

The Battle of Lexington, Lieutenant-Colonel Smith, 10th Regiment of Foot, to Governor Gage, Boston, 22 April 1775

The Battle of Bunker Hill, Major-General Sir John Burgoyne to Lord Stanley, June 1775

The Battle of Bunker Hill, Lieutenant J. Waller, First Royal Marine Battalion, to His Brother, Camp of Charlestown Heights, 22 June 1775

Declaration on the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms, July 6, 1775

British Historical Document, "Proclamation of Rebellion," 23 August 1775

1776-1779

Common Sense by Thomas Paine, February 14, 1776

The Recruiting Service, Captain Alexander Graydon, 1776

FRANCE IN THE REVOLUTION by James Breck Perkins

The American Crisis by Thomas Paine

Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776

Thomas Jefferson Digital Archive

Samuel Adams, "American Independence," 1 August 1776, Speech delivered at the State House in Philadelphia.

Samuel Adams, "American Independence," 1 August 1776

Army Life, Captain Georg Pausch, 8 September 1776

THE ORGANIZATION OF THE BRITISH ARMY IN THEAMERICAN REVOLUTION By EDWARD E. CURTIS, PH.D., Associate Professor of History, Wellesley College, NEW HAVEN: YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS, MDCCCCXXVI

Histories of the Battle of Saratoga, 1777

Saratoga, Major-General Burgoyne to his nieces, Albany, 20 October 1777

Washington at Brandywine, Captain Ferguson, 70th Foot, September 1777

US-France : Treaty of Amity and Commerce February 6, 1778

Comments on Hessian Troops, Lieutenant W. Hale, Philadelphia, 23 March 1778

Monmouth Court House, Lieutenant Hale, Neversunk, 4 July 1778

Treaty with the Delawares, 1778

1780-1789

Washington's Headquarters, Francois Jean, Marquis de Chastellux, 1780

Contract Between the King and the Thirteen United States of North America, signed at Versailles July 16, 1782

Preliminary Articles of Peace, U.S. and Great Britain, 30 November 1782

Declarations for Suspension of Arms and Cessation of Hostilities, signed at Versailles January 20, 1783

Contract between the King and the Thirteen United States of North America February 25, 1783

Proclamation Declaring the Cessation of Arms, U.S. and Great Britain, 1783

Jefferson's attitude towards the indigenous peoples

Federalist Number 10

Federalist Number 51

The Federalist Papers, Numbers 1-85

The Paris Peace Treaty--A Complete List of Documents, Avalon Project, Yale University

The Northwest Ordinance, 1787

American Civil Liberties Union, "A History of the Bill of Rights"

Chickasaw Peace Treaty Feeler, 1782

Treaty with the Six Nations, 1784

Treaty with the Wyandot, 1785

Treaty with the Cherokee, 1785

Treaty with the Chocktaw, 1786

Treaty with the Chickasaw, 1786

Treaty with the Shawnee, 1786

The Barbary Treaties, 1786

The Barbary Treaties, Treaty with Morocco June 28 and July 15, 1786

Mr. Charles Pinckney's speech, in answer to Mr. Jay, secretary for foreign affairs, on the question of a treaty with Spain, delivered in Congress, August 16, 1786.

US-France: Treaty of Alliance February 6, 1788

US-France: Act Separate and Secret February 6, 1788

Francis Corbin, "Answering Patrick Henry," 7 June 1788

1790, REFLECTIONS ON THE REVOLUTION IN FRANCE by Edmund Burke

Treaty with the Wyandot, 1789

Statutes of the United States Concerning Native Americans

The Constitution of the Iroquois Confederacy

Treaty with the Six Nations, 1789

Richard Price: The Discourse on the Love of Country, 1789

Journal of William Maclay, United States Senator from Pennsylvania, 1789-1791, CHAPTER II. THE FIRST TARIFF DEBATE.

1790-1799

Treaty with the Creeks, 1790

COPY OF A LETTER FROM BENJAMIN BANNEKER, &c. Maryland, Baltimore County, to the Secretary of State, Thomas Jefferson, August 19, 1791.

Richard Battin, "Early America's Bloodiest Battle,"  1791, The Battle at Fort Wayne

Treaty with the Cherokee, 1791

The Proclamation of Neutrality, 1793

The Jay Treaty, 1794

Treaty with the Cherokee, 1794

Treaty with the Six Nations, 1794

"Mad Anthony" Wayne at Fallen Timbers, 1794, General Wayne's Decisive Victory In the Northwest Territory Ends the Young Nation's Crisis of Authority By Richard Battin

Battle of Fallen Timbers, 1794

The Canandaigua Treaty of 1794

Treaty with the Oneida, 1794

Age of Reason, Thomas Paine, 1794

Treaty of Greenville Establishing Peace between the US Government and Native American Tribes, August 3, 1795

Anakapia: "Our Protector" of the Treaty of Greenville By Stewart Rafert

Treaty of Peace and Amity with Algeria, 5 September 1795

Treaty of Friendship, Limits, and Navigation with Spain, and Associated Documents, October 1795

Washington's Farewell Address

Internet Public Library, George Washington

Inaugural Address, John Adams, March 1797

John Adams, "Inaugural Address," 4 March 1797

XYZ Affair

John Adams, XYZ Affair, Philadelphia, PA, 1797-05-16

John Adams - Thoughts on Government

Internet Public Library, John Adams

Internet Public Library, Thomas Jefferson

"Instances of Use of United States Forces Abroad, 1798 - 1993," by Ellen C. Collier, Specialist in U.S. Foreign Policy,
Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division, Washington DC: Congressional Research Service -- Library of Congress -- October 7, 1993

1800-1809

The USS Constellation versus La Vengeance, United States Ship Constellation, at Sea, 3 February 1800

France: Convention of 1800 and Associated Documents, Avalon Project, Yale University

The Barbary Wars

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001. "Tripolitan War "

Louisiana Purchase, 1803, Associated Documents

Peter Onuf, "The Revolution of 1803," Wilson Quarterly (Winter 2003)

US, Naval Historical Center, "Bombardment of Tripoli, 1804", Old Ironsides' Battle Record: Documents of USS Constitution's Illustrious Deeds

De Selding, Charles, Documents, official and unofficial, relating to the case of the capture and destruction of the frigate Philadelphia, at Tripoli, on the 16th February, 1804. Washington, Printed by J. T. Towers, 1850.

Chickasaw Treaty, 1805

James Madison, First Inaugural Address, Saturday, March 4, 1809

1810-1819

Part of William Henry Harrison's account to the Secretary of War on the battle at Tippecanoe, 1811

Reed Beard, The Battle of Tippecanoe, 4th ed. Hammond Press, W. B. Conkey Company: Chicago, 1911

The first published account of Shabonee's eyewitness view of the Battle of Tippecanoe was in Me-Won-i Toe written by Solon Robinson in 1864

JUDGE ISAAC NAYLOR'S ACCOUNT of the Battle of Tippecanoe

The War of 1812

U.S. Declaration of War Against Great Britain, 1812

The War of 1812

The War of 1812-1814

Privateer in the War of 1812. Joseph Valpey

Debates on American Neutrality in the War of 1812

Debates on the War of 1812

The Constitution And The Guerriere, New York Evening Post, 2 September 1812

Key Events & Causes: War of 1812

Letter of Marque carried by Captain Millin of the American privateer Prince of Neufchatel during the War of 1812.

The War of 1812--A Complete List of Documents, Avalon Project, Yale University

Capitulation Of Fort Detroit And Dependencies, Camp at Detroit, 16 August 1812

Fort Dearborn Massacre, Lieutenant Linai T. Helm, U.S. Army, 15 August 1812

The Fort Dearborn Massacre, Mrs. John Kinzie and Mrs. Linai Helm, August 1812

The Surrender Of Hull At Detroit, New York Evening Post, 31 August 1812

The Blame For Hull's Surrender, Different Newspaper Accounts

The Fort Dearborn Massacre, Captain Heald to the Secretary of War, Pittsburg, 23 October 1812

The New England Threat of Secession, Columbian Centinel, 13 January 1813

James Madison, Second Inaugural Address, Thursday, March 4, 1813

Treaty of Ghent 1814

Newspaper Editorials on Peace After the War of 1812

The Battle of New Orleans, January 1815

The Battle of New Orleans, Andrew Jackson to the Secretary of War, Camp, 4 miles below Orleans, 9 January 1815

New Orleans, New York Evening Post, 7 February 1815

US-British Convention of 1815--A Complete List of Documents, Avalon Project, Yale University

Internet Public Library, James Madison

Treaty with the Chickasaw, 1816

James Monroe, First Inaugural Address, Tuesday, March 4, 1817

Exchange of Notes Relative to Naval Forces on the American Lakes, Avalon Project, Yale University

Exchange of Notes Relative to Naval Forces on the American Lakes, signed at Washington April 28 and 29, 1817. Originals in English.

US-British Convention of 1818, Avalon Project, Yale University

"Secret" Journal on Negotiations of the Chickasaw Treaty of 1818

Treaty with the Chickasaw, 1818

1820-1829

James Monroe, Second Inaugural Address, Monday, March 5, 1821

John Quincy Adams's Warning Against Searching for "Monsters to Destroy," 1821

British Foreign Secretary George Canning's Overture for a Joint Declaration with the United States on the Spanish Colonies in America, 1823

John Quincy Adams's Account of the Cabinet Meeting of November 7, 1823

The Monroe Doctrine, 1823

Internet Public Library, James Monroe

"The Tariff Question," The North American Review, vol. 19, issue 44 (July 1824).

John Quincy Adams, Inaugural Address, Friday, March 4, 1825

"Claims of the United States on Naples and Holland," The North American Review, vol. 21, issue 49 (October 1825).

"Foreign Policy of the United States in 1825-6. Cuba,". The United States Democratic Review, vol. 32, issue 1 (Jan 1853).

Internet Public Library, John Quincy Adams

Refusal of the Chickasaws and Choctaws to Cede Their Lands in Mississippi, 1826

"Claims of the United States on Denmark," The North American Review, vol. 22, issue 51 (April 1826).

"Claims on France," The North American Review, vol. 23, issue 53 (October 1826).

Treaty with the Potawatami, 1828

"Our Relations with Great Britain," The North American Review, vol. 27, issue 61 (October 1828).

Andrew Jackson, First Inaugural Address, Wednesday, March 4, 1829

Geronimo, His Own Story

1830-1839

Treaty with the Chickasaw, 1830, Unratified

Removal of the Cherokees to Oklahoma

The Removal Act, May 28, 1830

President Andrew Jackson's Case for the Removal Act, First Annual Message to Congress, 8 December 1830

Cherokee Nation v. the State of Georgia, 1831

"Northeastern and Northern Boundary," The North American Review, vol. 33, issue 72 (July 1831).

Black Hawk's Surrender Speech, 1832

Treaty with the Potawatami, 1832

Andrew Jackson, Second Inaugural Address, Monday, March 4, 1833

Andrew Jackson on the Web, edited by Tim Spalding

Internet Public Library, Andrew Jackson

American Anti-Slavery Society, "Constitution," 4 December 1833

Muster at Gonzales: Siege and Battle of Bexar, October 3-December 11 1835

The Unanimous Declaration of Independence made by the Delegates of the People of Texas in General Convention at the town of Washington on the 2nd day of March 1836

Stephen Austin, Address Delivered at Louisville, 7 March 1836

Battle of San Jacinto, April 1836

Seminole Wars, First Lieutenant George A. McCall, 4th US Infantry, Camp on the Sabine River, 1 May 1836

Treaty of Velasco, 14 May 1836

Martin Van Buren, Inaugural Address, 1837

Internet Public Library, Martin Van Buren

"The Canada Question," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 1, issue 2 (January 1838).

"The Northeastern Boundary Question," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 3, issue 9 (Sept 1838).

"The Canada Question," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 5, issue 13 (January 1839).

"The Projected Ship Canal to Connect the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 6, issue 22 (Oct 1839).

"The Projected Ship Canal to Connect the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 6, issue 23 (Nov 1839).

Accounts of the "Cherokee Trail of Tears"With reference to "Princess Otahki" From the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Sunday, January 18, 1970, By Elizabeth Mulligan

The Trail of Tears Private John G. Burnett, Captain Abraham McClellan's Company, 2nd Regiment, 2nd Brigade, Mounted Infantry, Cherokee Indian Removal, 1838-39.

The Trail of Tears

John O'Sullivan, "Manifest Destiny," 1839

"British Encroachments on the Oregon Territory," The North American Review, vol. 48, issue 102 (January 1839).

1840-1849

"The French at the Sandwich Islands," The North American Review, vol. 51, issue 109 (October 1840).

Macabe Keliher. “Anglo-American Rivalry and the Origins of U.S. China Policy.” Diplomatic History 31.2 (April 2007): 227-258, reviewed by John M. Belohlavek, Professor of History, University of South Florida Published by H-Diplo on 1 August 2007

Manifest Destiny: How the Rest was Won

Ken Burns and Steven Ives: The West, a PBS Special

Manifest Destiny: American Expansion in the West

William Henry Harrison, Inaugural Address, Thursday, March 4, 1841

"Free Trade," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 9, issue 40 (Oct 1841).

"Relations with England," The North American Review, vol. 53, issue 113 (October 1841).

The Webster-Ashburton Treaty, 1842 and Associated Documents, Avalon Project, Yale University

"The Treaty of Washington," The North American Review, vol. 56, issue 119 (April 1843).

Internet Public Library, William Henry Harrison

Internet Public Library, John Tyler

Edward P. Crapol, "John Tyler and the Pursuit of National Destiny," Journal of the Early American Republic, Vol. 17, no.3 (October 1997)

"The Spoliation of American Commerce, First by the French and then by our Own Government," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 14, issue 68 (Feb 1844).

"Free Trade," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 14, issue 69 (Mar 1844).

A Treaty of Annexation, concluded between the United States of America and the Republic of Texas, 12 April 1844

"The Texas Question," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 14, issue 70 (Apr 1844).

"Slave-Trade-Suppression Treaties," The Living Age, vol. 2, issue 18 (September 14, 1844).

"Tahiti Question," The Living Age, vol. 2, issue 19 (September 21, 1844).

"The Present State of Cuba," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 15, issue 77 (November 1844).

"Foreign Policy," The Living Age, vol. 3, issue 30 (December 7, 1844).

"Slave Trade to Cuba," The Living Age, vol. 4, issue 36 (January 18, 1845).

Joint Resolution of the Congress of the United States for the Annexation of Texas, March 1,1845

James Knox Polk, Inaugural Address, Tuesday, March 4, 1845

THE ACQUISITION OF CALIFORNIA (Excerpted) By Thomas H. Benton

José Joaquin de Herrera, acting President of the Republic of Mexico. A proclamation denouncing the United States' intention to annex Texas, 4 June 1845.

United States Congress. Joint Resolution offering terms of annexation to the Republic of Texas, 1 March 1845

"England, Ireland, and America," The Living Age, vol. 5, issue 59 (June 28, 1845).

"Slave Trade Suppression Treaty," The Living Age, vol. 6, issue 61 (July 12, 1845).

"Great Britain and the Slave Trade," The Living Age, vol. 6, issue 62 (July 19, 1845).

"The Tariff Question," The American Whig Review, vol. 2, issue 2 (August 1845).

"Annexation of Texas," The Living Age, vol. 6, issue 69 (September 6, 1845).

Anson Jones, President of the Republic of Texas, at Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas, to James K. Polk, President of the United States, Washington, D.C. Letter communicating Texas' approval of U.S. terms of annexation, Washington, on the Brazos, July 12, 1845

"The Tariff Question," The American Whig Review, Volume 2, Issue 2, August 1845

"Will There be War With Mexico?" The American Whig Review, Volume 2, Issue 3, September 1845

"Annexation," The American Whig Review, Volume 2, Issue 5, November 1845

"English Politico-Commercial Companies," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 17, issue 90 (December 1845).

United States Congress. Joint Resolution for the Admission of the State of Texas into the Union, [No. 1.] - Joint Resolution for the Admission of the State of Texas into the Union. 29 December 1845

"European Interference on the American Continent: The Mission to Panama," The American Whig Review, Volume 3, Issue 1, January 1846

"The Oregon Question: War and Peace," The American Whig Review, Volume 3, Issue 2, February 1846

Gen. Francisco Mejia, at Matamoros. A Proclamation, 28 March 1846

Captain William J. Hardee, at Matamoros, Mexico, to Brigadier-General Zachary Taylor, at camp opposite Matamoros. Dispatch communicating particulars of "Thornton Skirmish." Matamoras, Mexico, April 26, 1846.

"Arbitration of the Oregon Question," The Living Age, vol. 9, issue 102 (April 25, 1846).

"Reflections on the 'Balance of Power'", The United States Democratic Review, vol. 18, issue 94 (Apr 1846).

Captain Edgar S. Hawkins, at Fort Taylor (a.k.a. Fort Texas), to W. W. S. Bliss, Assistant Adjutant-General, Army of Occupation, Texas. Dispatch communicating Hawkins' official report of the siege of the fortifications opposite Matamoros. Headquarters, Fort Taylor, Texas, May 10, 1846.

James K. Polk, President of the United States at Washington, D.C., to the Congress of the United States. A special message calling for a declaration of war against Mexico, Washington, May 11, 1846.

Brigadier-General Zachary Taylor, at camp near Matamoras, to Roger Jones, Adjutant-General of the Army at Washington, D.C. Taylor's official report of the Battle of Palo Alto. Headquarters Army of Occupation, Camp near Matamoras, May 16, 1846

Brigadier-General Zachary Taylor, at camp near Fort Brown, Texas, to Roger Jones, Adjutant-General of the Army at Washington, D.C. Dispatch communicating Taylor's official Report of the Battle of Resaca de la Palma. Headquarters, Army of Occupation, Camp near Fort Brown, Texas, May 17, 1846.

US-British Treaty on Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, 15 June 1846

"The War With Mexico," The American Whig Review, Volume 3, Issue 6, June 1846

"Our Relations With Mexico," The American Whig Review, Volume 4, Issue 1, July 1846

"European Interference on the American Continent. The Mission to Panama," The American Whig Review, vol. 3, issue 1 (January 1846).

PBS Timeline of the US-Mexican War

PBS Site on the US-Mexican War

Polk's War Message, 1846

The U.S.-Mexican War, 1846-48

The Wilmot Proviso, 1846

Commodore John D. Sloat, at Monterey, California. A proclamation. TO THE INHABITANTS OF CALIFORNIA, 7 July 1846

"Some Just Estimate of the War with Mexico," The New Englander, vol. 4, issue 15 (July 1846).

"War in its Democratic and Economic Relations," The New Englander, vol. 4, issue 15 (July 1846).

The Battle of Palo Alto, Lieutenant J.M. Scarritt, 1846

"The Oregon Treaty," The American Whig Review, Volume 4, Issue 2, August 1846

"Our Army of Occupation," The American Whig Review, Volume 4, Issue 2, August 1846

"Army Attack and National Defence" The American Whig Review, vol. 4, issue 2 (Aug 1846).

Camp Life, Lieutenant Daniel Harvey Hill, Fourth Artillery, 1846

"The Tariff of 1846," The American Whig Review, Volume 4, Issue 3, September 1846

"The Tariff - Its History and Influence," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 19, issue 99 (Sept 1846).

Battle of Monterrey, Captain William S. Henry, 23 September 1846

Major-General Zachary Taylor, at Monterey, Mexico, to Roger Jones, Adjutant-General of the Army, at Washington, D.C. Dispatch communicating the capitulation of the Mexican forces at Monterey. Head-Quarters, Army of Occupation, Camp before Monterey, September 25, 1846.

"Reciprocity Treaties, The American Whig Review, Volume 4, Issue 6, December 1846

[Baker, James Loring], A review of the tariff of 1846 ... in a series of articles contributed to the Evening transcript, over the signature of "Profit and loss" ...
Boston, Redding & co., 1855.

Aztec Club of 1847, Army of Occupation

"The President's Message: The War," The American Whig Review, Volume 5, Issue 1, January 1847

"The War with Mexico," The New Englander, vol. 5, issue 17 (January 1847).

"The Military Conduct of the War," The American Whig Review, Volume 5, Issue 2, February 1847

The Battle of Buena Vista, Sergeant Benjamin Franklin Scribner, Indiana Volunteers, 21 February 1847

"England and the United States; or, Free Trade and Protection," The American Whig Review, vol. 5, issue 2 (Feb 1847).

"Military Conduct of the War," The American Whig Review, vol. 5, issue 2 (Feb 1847).

Colonel Alexander W. Doniphan, at Chihuahua, Mexico, to Roger Jones, Adjutant-General of the Army, at Washington, D.C. Dispatch communicating Doniphan's official report of the Battle of Sacramento. Headquarters of the Army in Chihuahua, City of Chihuahua, March 4, 1847

Major-General Zachary Taylor, at Agua Nueva, Mexico, to William L. Marcy, Secretary of War, at Washington, D.C. Dispatch communicating Taylor's official report of the Battle of Buena Vista. Headquarters, Army of Occupation, Agua Nueva, March 6th, 1847.

Major-General Winfield Scott, at Vera Cruz, Mexico, to William L. Marcy, Secretary of War, at Washington, D.C. Dispatch communicating the capitulation of Vera Cruz. Head-Quarters of the Army, Vera Cruz, March 29, 1847.

"The Destiny of the Country," The American Whig Review, Volume 5, Issue 3, March 1847

The Battle of Cerro Gordo, George B. McClellan, USA, 16 April 1847

The Battle of Cerro Gordo, Ramón Alacaraz, Mexican Army, April 1847

Major-General Winfield Scott, at Plan del Rio, Mexico, to William L. Marcy, Secretary of War, at Washington, D.C. Dispatch communicating Scott's official report of the Battle of Cerro Gordo. Headquarters of the Army, Plan del Rio, 50 miles from Vera Cruz, April 19, 1847

"Mr. Slidell's Mission to Mexico," The American Whig Review, Volume 5, Issue 4, April 1847

"On a Congress of Nations to Settle Disputes, The American Whig Review, Volume 5, Issue 4. April 1847

"The Mexican War - Its Origin and Conduct," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 20, issue 106 (April 1847).

US Army Regulars in Camp, Major Luther Giddings, First Ohio Volunteers, 1847

Major-General Winfield Scott, near Mexico City, to William L. Marcy, Secretary of War, at Washington, D.C. Dispatch communicating Scott's official report of the Battles of Contreras and Churubusco. Headquarters of the army, Tacubaya, at the gates of Mexico, August 28, 1847

Major-General Winfield Scott, near Mexico City, to William L. Marcy, Secretary of War, at Washington, D.C. Dispatch communicating Scott's official report of the Battle of Molino del Rey. Headquarters of the army, Tacubaya, near Mexico, September 11, 1847

Major-General Winfield Scott, at Mexico City, to William L. Marcy, Secretary of War, at Washington, D.C. Dispatch communicating Scott's report of the battles for, and occupation of, Mexico City. Head-Quarters of the Army, National Palace of Mexico, Sept. 18, 1847.

Bibliography on the War with Mexico

The Battle of San Pasqual

The Mexican-American War Memorial Home Page, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

The Irish Soldiers of Mexico (an excerpt) Fondo Editorial Universitario, Mexico, DF. (1996), Michael Hogan 

"The Whigs and the War," The American Whig Review, Volume 6, Issue 4, October 1847

"British Arrogance," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 21, issue 112 (October 1847).

"The Condition of China, with Reference to the Malthusian Theory, as Discussed in Correspondence between Alex H. Everett and Prof. Geo Tucker, Late of the University of Virginia," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 21, issue 113 (November 1847).

"Occupation of Mexico," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 21, issue 113 (November 1847).

Giddings, Luther, Sketches of the campaign in northern Mexico in eighteen hundred forty-six and seven by an officer of the First Regiment of Ohio volunteers. New York : For the author by G. P. Putnam & co., 1853.

"The Condition of China; with Reference to the Malthusian Theory, in Reply to the Late Hon. A. H. Everett, U. S. Minister to China, by Prof. George Tucker, Late of the University of Virginia," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 22, issue 115 (Jan 1848).

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Internet Public Library, James Knox Polk

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 1848

"The President's Message--The War," The American Whig Review, Volume 7, Issue 1, January 1848

"The Mexican War - Its Origin, its Justice and its Consequences," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 22, issue 115 (Jan 1848).

"The Mexican War - Its Origin, its Justice and its Consequences. The Boundary of Texas Discussed," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 22, issue 116 (Feb 1848).

Barnard, D. D., "The War: The New Issue," The American Whig Review, vol. 7, issue 2 (Feb 1848).

"The National Finances: The War Debt," The American Whig Review, vol. 7, issue 2 (Feb 1848).

"Calhoun's Speech against the Conquest of Mexico," The American Whig Review, vol. 7, issue 3 (Mar 1848).

The Acquisition of Texas, from Robert J. Shafer and Donald J. Mabry, NEIGHBORS--MEXICO AND THE UNITED STATES: WETBACKS AND OIL. (Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1981), 28-31.

MEXICO--U.S. INTERVENTIONS--1806-1876, From "Instances of the Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-1945," Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Armed Services, 87th Congress, 2nd Session, Mon., Sept. 17, 1962.

Zachary Taylor, Inaugural Address, Monday, March 5, 1849

Internet Public Library, Zachary Taylor

"Cuba," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 25, issue 135 (Sept 1849).

"Commercial Relations with Foreign Countries; with a Synopsis of the Laws regulating the Foreign and Coastal Trade of the United States," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 25, issue 137 (Nov 1849).

1850-1859

"British Encroachments and Aggressions in Central America. The Mosquito Question," The American Whig Review, vol. 11, issue 26 (Feb 1850).

"British Encroachments and Aggressions in Central America. The Mosquito Question," The American Whig Review, vol. 11, issue 27 (Mar 1850).

"Cuba," The American Whig Review, vol. 11 (May 1850).

"The War with Mexico," The New Englander, vol. 8, issue 30 (May 1850).

"The Attack on Cuba," The Living Age, vol. 26, issue 322 (July 20, 1850).

"Nicaragua Convention and Canal," The Living Age, vol. 26, issue 324 (August 3, 1850).

"Cuba," The Living Age, vol. 26, issue 324 (August 3, 1850).

"Cuba and the Cubans," The New Englander, vol. 8, issue 31 (August 1850).

"What Constitutes Real Freedom of Trade?" The American Whig Review, vol. 12, issue 32 (Aug 1850).

"What Constitutes Real Freedom of Trade?" The American Whig Review, vol. 12, issue 33 (Sept 1850).

"The Tariff of 1846," The American Whig Review, vol. 12, issue 33 (Sept 1850).

"The Spanish American Republics, and the Causes of their Failure," The American Whig Review, vol. 12, issue 34 (Oct 1850).

"What Constitutes Real Freedom of Trade?" The American Whig Review, vol. 12, issue 34 (Oct 1850).

"What Constitutes Real Freedom of Trade?" The American Whig Review, vol. 12, issue 35 (Nov 1850).

Bradford, Samuel Dexter, Letters to the Honorable William M. Meredith, secretary of the Treasury, on his recent Treasury report. The injurious effects of protective and prohibitory duties, and the advantages of free trade, Boston, Printed by Beals & Greene, 1850.

Copway, George, Organization of a new Indian territory, east of the Missouri river. Arguments and reasons submitted to ... the members of the Senate and House of representatives of the 31st Congress of the United States: by the Indian chief Kah-ge-ga-gah-bouh, or Geo. Copway. New York, S. W. Benedict, 1850.

"British Aggression in Central America," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 28, issue 151 (January 1851).

"American Aggressions on British Free Trade," The American Whig Review, vol. 13, issue 74 (Feb 1851).

"Free Trade," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 28, issue 152 (February 1851).

"American Diplomacy with the Barbary Powers. Their Piracies and Aggressions". The American Whig Review, vol. 13, issue 37 (Jan 1851).

"Great Britain and America," The Living Age, vol. 30, issue 379 (August 28, 1851).

Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America

The Clayton-Bulwer Treaty

Internet Public Library, Millard Fillmore

"Nicaragua and the Interoceanic Canal," The American Whig Review, vol. 15, issue 87 (Mar 1852).

Report of the Committee of ways and means on the subject of direct trade. Alabama. Legislature. House. Committee of ways and means. 32 p. (Montgomery,
Brittan and De Wolf, 1852.)

Speech of Hon. John Bell, of Tenn., on the subject of non-intervention, delivered in the Senate of the United States, April 13, 1852, Washington, Gideon & co., 1852.

"The Crisis in Europe. Intervention of the United States," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 30, issue 167 (May 1852).

"The Crisis in Europe. Number Two. Intervention of the United States," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 30, issue 168 (June 1852).

"Our Foreign Relations. Central America - The Crampton and Webster Project," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 31, issue 172 (Oct 1852).

"The Cuban Debate," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 31, issue 173 (Nov-Dec 1852).

"The Cuban Debate - Postscript," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 31, issue 173 (Nov-Dec 1852).

"Cuba," Putnam's Monthly, vol. 1, issue 1 (January 1853)

"Greece and her Relations with America," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 32, issue 2 (Feb 1853).

"On the Rumored Occupation of San Domingo by the Emperor of France," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 32, issue 2 (Feb 1853).

Franklin Pierce, Inaugural Address, Friday, March 4, 1853

"The Monroe Doctrine versus The Clayton and Bulwer Treaty (an expose)," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 32, issue 3 (Mar 1853).

"France, England, and America," The North American Review, vol. 77, issue 160 (July 1853).

Gadsden Purchase Treaty, 30 December 1853

Internet Public Library, Franklin Pierce

"Accession Of The Emperor Nicholas," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 8, issue 47 (April 1854).

"Cuba and the Cubans," The North American Review, vol. 79, issue 164 (July 1854).

Indian Fight in Texas, The New-Orleans Picayune, October 1854

"The Reciprocity Treaty," The North American Review, vol. 79, issue 165 (October 1854).

"The Foreign Policy of the United States," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 35, issue 6 (June 1855).

"A review of the tariff of 1846" in a series of articles contributed to the Evening transcript, over the signature of "Profit and loss" ..., [Baker, James Loring], Boston,
Redding & co., 1855.

"Commodore Perry's Expedition To Japan," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 12, issue 70 (March 1856).

"Great Britain and the United States," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 37, issue 4 (April 1856).

"Great Britain and the United States. Number Two," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 37, issue 5 (May 1856).

"Commodore Perry's Expedition To Japan," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 12, issue 72 (May 1856).

"Our Relations with England," Putnam's Monthly, vol. 7, issue 41 (May 1856).

"Commodore Perry's Japan," Putnam's Monthly, vol. 8, issue 44 (August 1856).

"The Conduct of the English Government on the American Question," The Living Age, vol. 50, issue 636 (August 2, 1856).

"A Plea for the Annexation of Central America by the United States," The Living Age, vol. 50, issue 636 (August 2, 1856).

"The Foreign Policy of the United States," The Living Age, vol. 50, issue 637 (August 9, 1856).

"The Central American Difficulty," The Living Age, vol. 50, issue 638 (August 16, 1856).

James Buchanan, Inaugural Address, Wednesday, March 4, 1857

"Central America - The Late War in Nicaragua," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 40, issue 1 (July 1857).

"Accession of Nicholas," The Living Age, vol. 55, issue 704 (November 21, 1857).

"The Nicaraguan Question," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 41, issue 2 (February 1858).

"The Treaty with Nicaragua," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 41, issue 6 (June 1858).

"Abrogation of the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty - Central America, Mexico, and Cuba," The United States Democratic Review, vol. 42, issue 6 (December 1858).

Briceño, Mariano de., Memoir justificatory of the government of Venezuela on the Isla de Aves question, presented to His Excellency the secretary of state of the United States, by the envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of Venezuela, Washington, F. H. Sage, printer, 1858.

Dymond, Jonathan, An inquiry into the accordancy of war with the principles of Christianity, and an examination of the philosophical reasoning by which it is defended. With observations on some of the causes of war and on some of its effects, New York, Fanshaw, 1858.

Internet Public Library, James Buchanan

Acquisition of Cuba. Speech of Hon. Zachariah Chandler of Michigan, in the Senate of the United States, February 17, 1859. [Washington, Printed at the Congressional globe office, 1859?]

"American Diplomacy in China" The North American Review, vol. 89, issue 185 (October 1859).

John S. C. Abbott, The empire of Austria; its rise and present power, New York, Mason brothers; Cincinnati, Rickey, Mallory & co., 1859.

John S. C. Abbot, The empire of Russia; from the remotest periods to the present time, Boston, Graves and Young [c1859]

1860-1869

"Central British America," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 5, issue 27 (January 1860).

Speech of Hon. James H. Campbell, of Penn. Delivered in the House of representatives, April 24, 1860, A protective tariff necessary--rights of labor, Washington: Republican congressional committee, 1860

Abraham Lincoln, First Inaugural Address, Monday, March 4, 1861

Abbott, John S. C., "Turkey and Russia," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 24, issue 142 (March, 1862).

Treaty Between the US and Great Britain for the Suppression of the Slave Trade, 7 April 1862

McClellan to Lincoln on the Penninsular Campaign, Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, Camp near Harrison's Landing, Va.,
7 July 1862

Treaty of Commerce and Navigation Between the United States and the Ottoman Empire. Concluded at Constantinople, February 25, 1862. Ratifications exchanged at Constantinople, June 5,1862. Proclaimed by the President of the United States July 22, 1862

The CSS Alabama, 22 October 1862

"Correspondence of the Present Relations between Great Britain and the United States of America," The North American Review, vol. 96, issue 199 (April 1863).

Leavitt, Joshua, Rev, D.D., "The Monroe Doctrine," The New Englander, vol. 22, issue 85 (October 1863).

Benis, George. Precedents of American neutrality, in reply to the speech of Sir Roundell Palmer, attorney-general of England, in the British House of commons, May 13, 1864. Boston, Little, Brown and company, 1864.

Towle, G. M., "Our Recent Foreign Relations," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 14, issue 82 (August 1864).

C. B. Boynton. "English and French Neutrality," The New Englander, vol. 23, issue 89 (October 1864).

The Sand Creek Massacre. 29 November 1864

Smith, Goldwin, Prof., "England and America," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 14, issue 86 (December 1864).

Boynton, Charles Brandon, English and French neutrality and the Anglo-French alliance, in their relations to the United States & Russia, including an account of the leading policy of France and of England for the last two hundred years--the origin and aims of the alliance--the meaning of the Crimean war--and the reason of the hostile attitude of these two powers towards the United States, and of the movement on Mexico, with a statement of the general resources--the army and navy of England and France--Russia and America--showing the present strength and probable future of these four powers. Chicago, C. F. Vent & co., 1864.

Dickerson, E. N. (Edward Nicoll), The Navy of the United States, New York, J. A. Gray & Green, printers, 1864.

Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address, Saturday, March 4, 1865

Internet Public Library, Abraham Lincoln

"The Mexican Question," The North American Review, vol. 103, issue 212 (July 1866).

Baker, Wm. M., "Our Minister to Mexico," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 33, issue 195 (August 1866).

Dwinelle, John Whipple, Address on the acquisition of California by the United States. San Francisco, Cal., Printed by Sterett & Cubery, 1866.

Internet Public Library, Andrew Johnson

Treaty with Russia, 1867

Fort Laramie Treaty, 1868

REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT BY THE INDIAN PEACE COMMISSION, JANUARY 7, 1868.

Pumpelly, Raphael, "Western Policy in China," The North American Review, vol. 106, issue 219 (April 1868).

Tuckerman, Henry T., "American Diplomacy," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 22, issue 131 (September 1868).

Ulysses S. Grant, First Inaugural Address, Thursday, March 4, 1869

The St. Thomas treaty. A series of letters to the Boston daily advertiser. [Andrews, Sidney] )New York:[Sutton, Bowne & co., printers], 1869.)

Pumpelly, Raphael, "Our Impending Chinese Problem," The Galaxy, vol. 8, issue 1 (July 1869).

Hinton, Richard F., "The Race for Commercial Supremacy with Asia," The Galaxy, vol. 8, issue 2 (Aug 1869).

Colyer, Vincent, "Shall the Red-Men Be Exterminated?" Putnam's Monthly, vol. 14, issue 21 (Sept 1869).

Barnes, John S, Submarine warfare, offensive and defensive, including a discussion of the offensive torpedo system, its effects upon iron-clad ship systems, and influence upon future naval wars. New York, Van Nostrand, 1869.

Abbot, Gorham Dummer, Mexico and the United States; their mutual relations and common interests, New York, G. P. Putnam & son, 1869.

1870-1879

"Cuba and Spain," Putnam's Monthly, vol. 15, issue 25 (January 1870).

The struggle for neutrality in America: an address delivered before the New York historical society, at their sixty-sixth anniversary, December 13, 1870 by Charles Francis Adams, (New York: C. Scribner and co., 1871).

Badeau, Adam, "Our Relations with England," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 40, issue 238 (March 1870).

Bundy, J. M., "American Doctrine of Neutrality," Putnam's Monthly, vol. 15, issue 28 (April 1870).

"Britannia Rules the Waves," Punchinello, vol. 2, issue 39 (December 24, 1870).

Bastiat, Frédéric, Sophisms of the protectionists. By the late M. Frederic Bastiat. Part I. Sophisms of protection--First series. Part II. Sophisms of protection--Second series. Part III. Spoliation and law. Part IV. Capital and interest. Translated from the Paris ed. of 1863. New York, American free trade league, 1870.

Crounse, L. L., "How we Escaped War with Spain," Scribner's Monthly, vol. 1, issue 3 (January 1871).

Americus, "The Annexation of San Domingo," The Galaxy, vol. 11, issue 3 (March 1871).

Adams, C. K., "French and German Diplomacy after Sadowa," The North American Review, vol. 113, issue 233 (October 1871).

Beaman, Charles Cotesworth., The national and private "Alabama claims" and their "final and amicable settlement"Washington City, D.C. : printed by W.H. Moore, [1871]

Fetridge, William Pembroke, The rise and fall of the Paris commune in 1871; with a full account of the bombardment, capture, and burning of the city. Illustrated with a map of Paris and portraits from original photographs, New York, Harper, 1871.

"The struggle for neutrality in America," an address delivered before the New York historical society, at their sixty-sixth anniversary, December 13, 1870, by Charles Francis Adams, New York, C. Scribner and co., 1871.

Abert, Silvanus Thayer, Is a ship canal practicable? Notes, historical and statistical, upon the projected routes for an interoceanic ship canal between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (Cincinnati: R. W. Carroll & co., 1872.)

Speer, Dr. William, "Corea: What Shall We Do With Her?" The Galaxy, vol. 13, issue 3 (March 1872).

America to be the Workshop of the World. Manufacturer and Builder, vol. 4, issue 11 (November 1872).

Henry Barnard, LL. D., Military schools and courses of instruction in the science and art of war, in France, Prussia, Austria, Russia, Sweden, Switzerland, Sardinia, England, and the United States. Drawn from recent official reports and documents. Rev. ed. New York, E. Steiger, 1872.

The case of Great Britain as laid before the tribunal of Arbitration : convened at Geneva under the provisions of the treaty between the United States of America and Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain, concluded at Washington, May 8, 1871. Washington, D.C. : Govt. Print. Off., 1872.

Woolsey, Dr., "The Treaty of Washington in 1871," The New Englander, vol. 32, issue 122 (January 1873).

The Treaty of Washington: its negotiation, execution, and the discussions relating thereto by Caleb Cushing, New York : Harper & Brothers, 1873.

Ulysses S. Grant, Second Inaugural Address, Tuesday, March 4, 1873

Woolsey, Dr., "The Treaty of Washington in 1871," The New Englander, vol. 32, issue 123 (April 1873).

Woolsey, Dr., "Treaty of Washington in 1871," Part III. The New Englander, vol. 32, issue 124 (July 1873).

"British Exports to the United States," Manufacturer and Builder, vol. 6, issue 2 (February 1874).

Internet Public Library, Ulysses S. Grant

"Cuba without War," Scribner's Monthly, vol. 11, issue 6 (April 1876).

Harper's on The Custer Massacre, 5 August 1876

Little Big Horn, New York Times, 1876

Report on the Battle of Little Big Horn, Major M.A. Reno, Camp on the Yellowstone River, 5 July 1876

Wells, David A., "The Creed of Free Trade," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 36, issue 214 (August 1876).

California. Legislature. Senate. Special committee on Chinese immigration, Chinese immigration. The social, moral, and political effect of Chinese immigration. Testimony taken before a committee of the Senate of the state of California, appointed April 3d, 1876, Sacramento, State printing office, 1876.

Godkin, Edwin L., "The Eastern Question," The North American Review, vol. 124, issue 254 (January 1877).

Rutherford B. Hayes, Inaugural Address, Monday, March 5, 1877

Simpson, E., "Naval Warfare," The Galaxy, vol. 24, issue 4 (Oct 1877).

White, Horace, "The Tariff Question," The Galaxy, vol. 24, issue 4 (Oct 1877).

Anderson, Thomas M., "The Irrepressible Conflict in the East," The Galaxy, vol. 24, issue 5 (Nov 1877).

An Old Diplomatist, "The Congress of Berlin and its Consequences," The North American Review, vol. 127, issue 265 (November - December 1878).

Internet Public Library, Rutherford B. Hayes

"The Empire of the Discontented," The North American Review, vol. 128, issue 267 (February 1879).

Joseph, Young, Chief of the Nez Perces, et al., "An Indian's Views of Indian Affairs," The North American Review, vol. 128, issue 269 (April 1879).

Williams, S. Wells, "Our Treaties with China," The New Englander, vol. 38, issue 150 (May 1879).

Price, Bonamy, Professor, "The Stagnation of Trade and its Cause," The North American Review, vol. 128, issue 271 (June 1879).

"The Revolution in Russia," The North American Review, vol. 129, issue 272 (July 1879).

Andrews, C. C., "Our Commerce with Cuba, Porte Rico, and Mexico," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 44, issue 261 (July 1879).

Brown, Willard, "The Foreign Indebtedness of the United States," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 59, issue 351 (August 1879).

Perry, Arthur L, Professor, "Tariff Reactions," The North American Review, vol. 129, issue 276 (November 1879).

1880-1889

Ammen, Daniel, Rear-Admiral, U.S. Navy, "M. de Lesseps and his Canal," The North American Review, vol. 130, issue 279 (February 1880).

"The Commercial Aspects of the Canal Across the American Isthmus," Manufacturer and Builder, vol. 12, issue 5 (May 1880).

"The Monroe Doctrine and the Isthmian Canal," The North American Review, vol. 130, issue 282 (May 1880).

Busch, Moritz, "Prince Bismarck, as a Friend of America and as a Statesman. Part I," The North American Review, vol. 131, issue 284 (July 1880).

De Lesseps, Ferdinand, Count, "The Panama Canal," The North American Review, vol. 131, issue 284 (July 1880).

Busch, Moritz, "Prince Bismarck, as a Friend of America and as a Statesman. Part II," The North American Review, vol. 131, issue 285 (August 1880).

"The Commercial Aspects of the Canal Across the American Isthmus," Manufacturer and Builder, vol. 12, issue 10 (October 1880).

Ammen, Daniel, "The Nicaragua Route to the Pacific," The North American Review, vol. 131, issue 288 (November 1880).

Grant, U. S, General, "The Nicaragua Canal," The North American Review, vol. 132, issue 291 (February 1881).

James A. Garfield, Inaugural Address, Friday, March 4, 1881

Roach, John, "Shall Americans Build Ships?" The North American Review, vol. 132, issue 294 (May 1881).

Kasson, John A., "The Monroe Declaration," The North American Review, vol. 133, issue 298 (September 1881).

Kasson, John A, M.C., "The Monroe Doctrine in 1881," The North American Review, vol. 133, issue 301 (December 1881).

Internet Public Library, James A. Garfield

1882 Chinese Exclusion Act

California. Legislature. Senate. Special committee on Chinese immigration, Chinese immigration. The social, moral, and political effect of Chinese immigration. Testimony taken before a committee of the Senate of the state of California, appointed April 3d, 1876, Sacramento, State printing office, 1876.

"Chinese Exclusion Bill," The American Missionary, vol. 46, issue 5 (May 1892).

"Chinese Exclusion," The American Missionary, vol. 47, issue 3 (Mar 1893).

Geary, Representative, "Should the Chinese Be Excluded? The North American Review, vol. 157, issue 440 (July 1893).

Scharf, J. Thomas, LL.D., "The Farce of the Chinese Exclusion Laws," The North American Review, vol. 166, issue 494 (January 1898).

Atkinson, Edward, "The Rapid Progress of Communism," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 49, issue 296 (June 1882).

Welsh, J., "English Views of Free Trade," The North American Review, vol. 135, issue 312 (November 1882).

Theodore Roosevelt, "The Duties of American Citizenship," January 26, 1883

Camden, J. N, United States Senator, "The Standard Oil Company," The North American Review, vol. 136, issue 315 (February 1883).

Internet Public Library, Chester Alan Arthur

Griffin, Watson, "Free Trade with Canada," The Century, vol. 26, issue 3 (July 1883).

Harley, J. Fred, "Free Trade with China," The Century, vol. 27, issue 3 (Jan 1884).

Stanwood, Edward, "The Progress of Nationalism," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 53, issue 319 (May 1884).

Durst, John H., "The Exclusion of the Chinese," The North American Review, vol. 139, issue 334 (Sept 1884).

Wells, David A., et al., "Evils of the Tariff System," The North American Review, vol. 139, issue 334 (Sept 1884).

Roach, John, et al., "Benefits of the Tariff System," The North American Review, vol. 139, issue 335 (Oct 1884).

Grover Cleveland, First Inaugural Address, Wednesday, March 4, 1885

Simpson, Edward, Rear Admiral, U.S.N., "The United States Navy In Transition," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 73, issue 433 (June 1886).

Sumner, W. G., "Mr. Blaine on the Tariff," The North American Review, vol. 143, issue 359 (October 1886).

Atkinson, Atkinson, "The Food Question in America and Europe," The Century, vol. 33, issue 2 (Dec 1886).

Scruggs, William L., "Blundering American Diplomacy," The North American Review, vol. 145, issue 370 (September 1887).

"Protectionism," The New England Magazine, vol. 6, issue 32 (February 1888).

Porter, David D., "Naval Wars of the Future," The North American Review, vol. 148, issue 386 (January 1889).

Benjamin Harrison, Inaugural Address, Monday, March 4, 1889

Weld, Stuart, "The Isthmus Canal and our Government," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 63, issue 377 (March 1889).

Bates, George H., "Some Aspects of the Samoan Question," The Century, vol. 37, issue 6 (Apr 1889).

Bates, George H., "Our Relations to Samoa," The Century, vol. 38, issue 1 (May 1889).

Romero, M., "The Annexation of Mexico," The North American Review, vol. 148, issue 390 (May 1889).

Luce, S. B., "Our Future Navy." The North American Review, vol. 149, issue 392 (July 1889).

Weld, Stuart F., "The Isthmus Canal and American Control," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 64, issue 383 (September 1889).

"Some Reflections on the Present War Preparations and the Future of Steel," Manufacturer and Builder, vol. 21, issue 10 (October 1889).

Soley, J. Russell, U.S. Navy, "The Effect On American Commerce Of An Anglo-Continental War," Scribner's Magazine, vol. 6, issue 5 (November, 1889).

Wilson, Woodrow, "Character of Democracy in the United States," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 64, issue 385 (November 1889).

Sheldon, J., "The Pan-American Conference," The New Englander, vol. 51, issue 237 (December 1889).

Andrew Carnegie: The Gospel of Wealth, 1889

1890-1897

Alfred Mahan on Sea Power, 1890

"The Russian Army," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 80, issue 476 (January, 1890).

Dana, William Franklin, "The Behring Sea Controversy," The New England Magazine, vol. 7, issue 5 (January 1890).

Elliott, Charles B., "The Behring Sea Question," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 65, issue 388 (February 1890).

Wiman, Erastus, "British Capital and American Industries," The North American Review, vol. 150, issue 399 (February 1890).

Morrill, Justin S, Hon., "Free Trade or Protection. A Continuation of the Gladstone-Blaine Controversy," The North American Review, vol. 150, issue 400 (March 1890).

Breckinridge, William C. P, Hon., "Free Trade or Protection," The North American Review, vol. 150, issue 401 (April 1890).

Cartwright, Richard J, Sir, K.C.M.G., "The Tariff on Trial," The North American Review, vol. 150, issue 402 (May 1890).

Balch, Alfred, "Trade with South America," The Century, vol. 40, issue 2 (June 1890).

Porter, Horace, Gen., "Do Americans Hate England?" The North American Review, vol. 150, issue 403 (June 1890).

Carnegie, Andrew, "Summing Up the Tariff Discussion," The North American Review, vol. 151, issue 404 (July 1890).

Wiman, Erastus, "The Capture of Canada," The North American Review, vol. 151, issue 405 (August 1890).

Young, John Russell, Hon., "American Influence in China," The North American Review, vol. 151, issue 405 (August 1890).

Romero, M., "The Pan-American Conference," The North American Review, vol. 151, issue 406 (September 1890).

Romero, M., "The Pan-American Conference," The North American Review, vol. 151, issue 407 (October 1890).

Zalinski, E. L, Capt, U.S.A., "The Future of Warfare," The North American Review, vol. 151, issue 409 (December 1890).

Josiah Strong on Anglo-Saxon Predominance, 1891

Wiman, Erastus, "Can We Coerce Canada?" The North American Review, vol. 152, issue 410 (January 1891).

Spreckels, Claus, "The Future of the Sandwich Islands," The North American Review, vol. 152, issue 412 (March 1891).

Conway, Moncure D., "Washington and Frederick the Great," The Century, vol. 41, issue 6 (Apr 1891).

Phelps, E. J, Hon., "The Behring Sea Controversy," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 82, issue 491 (April, 1891).

Scidmore, Eliza Ruhamah, "Alaska and British Columbia Boundary," The Century, vol. 42, issue 3 (July 1891).

Luce, S. B, Rear-Admiral, "The Benefits of War," The North American Review, vol. 153, issue 421 (December 1891).

Internet Public Library, Benjamin Harrison

A Footnote to History: Eight Years of Trouble in Samoa By Robert Louis Stevenson (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1892) (BoondocksNet Edition, 2000)

Bradford, Edward Anthony, "America For The Americans," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 84, issue 502 (March, 1892).

Curtis, William E., "Our Commercial Relations with Chili," The North American Review, vol. 154, issue 424 (March 1892).

Springer, William M, Hon., "An International Monetary Conference," The North American Review, vol. 154, issue 424 (March 1892).

Butler, B. F, Gen., "The Behring Sea Controversy," The North American Review, vol. 154, issue 426 (May 1892).

The Marquis of Lorne, "The Behring Sea Controversy," The North American Review, vol. 154, issue 426 (May 1892).

Young, John Russell, Hon., "The Chinese Question Again," The North American Review, vol. 154, issue 426 (May 1892).

Protest filed with the United States Legation by the Governor for the Island of O'ahu against the unauthorized landing a U.S. troops from the U.S.S. Boston, January 16, 1893.

Protest filed with the United States Legation by the Minister of Foreign Affairs against the unauthorized landing a U.S. troops from the U.S.S. Boston, January 16, 1893.

Protest filed with the United States Legation by Her Majesty Queen Lili'uokalani against the U.S. Minister's recognition of the provisional government and calling for an investigation by the U.S. President into the actions of its representative and to reinstate the constitutional government of the Hawaiian Kingdom, January 17, 1893.

Ammen, Daniel, Rear-Admiral, U.S.N., "Recollections of the Panama Canal Congress," The North American Review, vol. 156, issue 435 (February 1893).

Morgan, John T, Senator, "Government Aid to the Nicaragua Canal," The North American Review, vol. 156, issue 435 (February 1893).

Grover Cleveland, Second Inaugural Address, Saturday, March 4, 1893

"Chinese Exclusion," The American Missionary, vol. 47, issue 3 (Mar 1893).

"Conference on Repeal of the Anti-Chinese Legislation," The American Missionary, vol. 47, issue 3 (Mar 1893).

Thurston, Lorrin A., "The Sandwich Islands. I. The Advantages of Annexation," The North American Review, vol. 156, issue 436 (March 1893).

Curtis, George Ticknor, "The Sandwich Islands. II. Is It Constitutional?" The North American Review, vol. 156, issue 436 (March 1893).

Petition filed with U.S. Special Commissioner James Blount by the Hawaiian Patriotic League, March 2, 1893

Andrews, E. Benjamin, "Money as an International Question," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 71, issue 426 (April 1893).

Perry, Arthur Latham, "Plain Words on Protection," The New England Magazine, vol. 14, issue 2 (April 1893).

Davies, Theophilus Harris,"The Hawaiian Situation," The North American Review, vol. 156, issue 438 (May 1893).

Tracy, B. F, Hon., "The Behring Sea Question," The North American Review, vol. 156, issue 438 (May 1893).

Geary, Representative, "Should the Chinese Be Excluded? The North American Review, vol. 157, issue 440 (July 1893).

Report of U.S. Special Commissioner James H. Blount to U.S. Secretary of State Walter Q. Gresham concerning the Hawaiian Kingdom Investigation, July 17, 1893

Webster, Sidney, "The Diplomacy and Law of the Isthmian Canals," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 87, issue 520 (September, 1893).

Bryan, William J.,"The Coming Tariff Legislation," The North American Review, vol. 157, issue 443 (October 1893).

Whiteley, James G., "History of the Freedom of the Seas," The New England Magazine, vol. 15, issue 2 (October 1893).

Schurz, Carl, "Manifest Destiny," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 87, issue 521 (October, 1893).

Mahan, A. T., "The Isthmus and Sea Power," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 72, issue 432 (October 1893).

Dispatch from U.S. Secretary of State Walter Q. Gresham to U.S. President Grover Cleveland concerning the Hawaiian Kingdom Investigation, October 18, 1893

Dispatch from U.S. Secretary of State Walter Q. Gresham to U.S. Minister Albert S. Willis, assigned to the Hawaiian Islands, concerning the Hawaiian Kingdom Investigation, October 18, 1893

President Cleveland's Address on the Nation of Hawaii, December 18, 1893

Dispatch from U.S. Minister Albert S. Willis to U.S. Secretary of State Walter Q. Gresham concerning the consent of Queen Lili‘uokalani to the Condition of Restoration of the Hawaiian Kingdom Government, December 20, 1893

Chamberlain, Eugene Tyler, "The Hawaiian Situation. I. The Invasion of Hawaii," The North American Review, vol. 157, issue 445 (December 1893).

Stevens, John L, Hon., "The Hawaiian Situation. II. A Plea for Annexation," The North American Review, vol. 157, issue 445 (December 1893).

Springer, William M, Hon., "The Hawaiian Situation. III. Our Present Duty," The North American Review, vol. 157, issue 445 (December 1893).

Berwick, Edward, "American Militarism," The Century, vol. 47, issue 2 (Dec 1893).

Internet Public Library, Grover Cleveland

Frederick Jackson Turner, "The Significance of the Frontier in American History," 1893

The Frontier In American History, Frederick Jackson Turner

Japanese Declaration of War Against China, 1894

Chinese Proclamation of War Aganist Japan, 1894

Ammen, Daniel, Rear-Admiral, U.S.N., "Is the Value of Our Fast Cruisers Over-estimated?" The North American Review, vol. 158, issue 446 (January 1894).

Resolution of U.S. House of Representatives condemning U.S. Minister Stevens for his role in aiding the illegal overthrow of Hawai'i's legitimate government and also instituting the hands-off policy of noninterference to the U.S. President, Feb. 7, 1894

Clarke, G. S, Major Sir, "A Naval Union with Great Britain. A Reply to Mr. Andrew Carnegie," The North American Review, vol. 158, issue 448 (March 1894).

Andrews, E. B., "Tariff Reform and Monetary Reform," The North American Review, vol. 158, issue 449 (April 1894).

White, Arthur Silva, "An Anglo-American Alliance," The North American Review, vol. 158, issue 449 (April 1894).

Resolution of U.S. Senate instituting the hands-off policy of noninterference but also warning other Governments not to interfere with Hawaiian political affairs, May 31, 1894

Dispatch from U.S. Secretary of State Walter Q. Gresham to U.S. Minister Albert S. Willis concerning U.S. Senate resolution warning Foreign Governments not to interfere in Hawaiian Political Affairs, June 2, 1894

Protest filed with U.S. Minister Albert Willis by Her Majesty Queen Lili'uokalani against the formation of the Republic of Hawai'i, June 20, 1894.

Protest filed with the British Legation by Her Majesty Queen Lili'uokalani against the formation of the Republic of Hawai'i, June 20, 1894.

Dispatch from U.S. Minister Albert S. Willis to U.S. Secretary of State Walter Q. Gresham concerning the delivery of the U.S. Senate Resolution to the provisional government, June 23, 1894

Jewell, Theodore F, Commander, U.S.N., "The United States Naval Gun Factory," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 89, issue 530 (July, 1894).

The Battle of Asan (PHUNG-DO), July 1894

SINKING OF THE KOWSHING, July 25, 1894

THE SINKING OF THE KOWSHING, Official Report of Captain Togo of the Naniwa, July 25, 1894

Cramp, Charles H., "Sea Power of the United States," The North American Review, vol. 159, issue 453 (August 1894).

LOSS OF THE KOWSHING, Finding and Order of a Naval Court, held at H.B.M. Consulate, Nagasaki, on August 7, 1894.

THE SINKING OF THE KOWSHING, Captain Galsworthy's Report

The Battle of the Yalu, 17 September 1894

A.T. Mahan, "Lessons from the Yalu Fight"

Griffis, William Elliot, "American Relations with the Far East," The New England Magazine, vol. 17, issue 3 (November 1894).

Herbert, Hilary A, Hon., "The Fight Off the Yalu River," The North American Review, vol. 159, issue 456 (November 1894).

The Massacre at Port Arthur, 21 November 1894

The Battle at Wei Hai Wei, 18 January 1895

Correspondence Between the Chinese and the Japanese on the Surrender of Wei Hai Wei, January-February 1895

Davis, Cushman K, Senator, "Two Years of Democratic Diplomacy," The North American Review, vol. 160, issue 460 (March 1895).

Gray, George, Senator, "Two Years of American Diplomacy," The North American Review, vol. 160, issue 461 (April 1895).

Thurston, Lorrin A, Hon., "The Growing Greatness of the Pacific," The North American Review, vol. 160, issue 461 (April 1895).

Godkin, E. L., "Diplomacy and the Newspaper," The North American Review, vol. 160, issue 462 (May 1895).

Herbert, Hilary A, Hon., "Military Lessons of the Chino-Japanese War," The North American Review, vol. 160, issue 463 (June 1895).

Lodge, Henry Cabot, Senator, "England, Venezuela, and the Monroe Doctrine," The North American Review, vol. 160, issue 463 (June 1895).

Alvarez, Segundo, Senor Don, "The Situation in Cuba," The North American Review, vol. 161, issue 466 (September 1895).

Mahan, A. T, Captain, U.S.N., "The Future in Relation to American Naval Power," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 91, issue 544 (September, 1895).

Bryce, James, "The Armenian Question," The Century, vol. 51, issue 1 (Nov 1895).

Wheeler, Joseph, Representative, "Our Duty in the Venezuelan Crisis," The North American Review, vol. 161, issue 468 (November 1895).

Grosvenor, Charles H, Representative, "Our Duty in the Venezuelan Crisis," The North American Review, vol. 161, issue 468 (November 1895).

White, Arthur Silva, "Our Benefits from the Nicaragua Canal," The North American Review, vol. 161, issue 469 (December 1895).

Aldrich, Wm. S., "Speed in American War-Ships," The North American Review, vol. 162, issue 470 (January 1896).

Luce, S. B, Admiral, U.S.N., "Naval Warfare Under Modern Conditions," The North American Review, vol. 162, issue 470 (January 1896).

Carnegie, Andrew, "The Venezuelan Question," The North American Review, vol. 162, issue 471 (February 1896).

Barrett, John, Hon., "America's Interest in Eastern Asia," The North American Review, vol. 162, issue 472 (March 1896).

Newbery, Fenton T., "Our Foreign Trade," The Century, vol. 51, issue 5 (Mar 1896).

Hazeltine, Mayo W., "Possible Complications of the Cuban Question," The North American Review, vol. 162, issue 473 (April 1896).

Wells, David A, LL.D., "Great Britain and the United States: Their True Relations," The North American Review, vol. 162, issue 473 (April 1896).

Scidmore, Eliza Ruhamah, "The Alaska Boundary Question," The Century, vol. 52, issue 1 (May 1896).

William Jennings Bryan, "Cross of Gold," 9 July 1896

Adams, George Benton, "The United States and the Anglo-Saxon Future," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 78, issue 465 (July 1896).

Stone, Charles W, Hon., "A Common Coinage for All Nations," The North American Review, vol. 163, issue 476 (July 1896).

Frederick Jackson Turner, "The Problem of the West," 1896

Henry Cabot Lodge, "For Intervention in Cuba," 1896

Grover Cleveland, "American Interests in the Cuban Revolution," 1896

Wilson, Woodrow, "First In Peace," Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 93, issue 556 (September, 1896).

Jernigan, Thomas R.,"A Hindrance to Our Foreign Trade," The North American Review, vol. 163, issue 479 (October 1896).

Barrett, John, Hon., "The Plain Truth About Asiatic Labor," The North American Review, vol. 163, issue 480 (November 1896).

Hazeltine, Mayo W., "What Shall Be Done About Cuba?" The North American Review, vol. 163, issue 481 (December 1896).

Search, Theodore C., "Our Trade with South America," The North American Review, vol. 163, issue 481 (December 1896).

Confidential letter, Theodore Roosevelt to Alfred Thayer Mahan, "Obstacles to Immediate Expansion," 1897

Barrett, John, Hon.,"The Cuba of the Far East," The North American Review, vol. 164, issue 483 (February 1897).

"Can the United States Afford to Fight Spain?" The North American Review, vol. 164, issue 483 (February 1897)

Adams, George Burton, "A Century of Anglo-Saxon Expansion," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 79, issue 474 (Apr 1897).

Hazeltine, Mayo W., "The Foreign Policy of the New Administration," The North American Review, vol. 164, issue 485 (April 1897).

Porter, Robert P, Hon., "The Dingley Tariff Bill," The North American Review, vol. 164, issue 485 (April 1897).

Sobral, Jose Guitierrez, Captain, "A Spanish View of the Nicaragua Canal," The North American Review, vol. 164, issue 485 (April 1897).

William McKinley, "The Alternatives in Cuba," 1897

Protest filed with the U.S. State Department by Her Majesty Queen Lili'uokalani against the Treaty of Annexation signed by the United States of America and the Republic of Hawai'i, June 17, 1897

Letter from Secretary of State Sherman regarding the Political Situation in Cuba, 16 July 1897

Wilson, Woodrow, "The Making of the Nation," The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 80, issue 477 (July 1897).

Romero, M., "The United States and the Liberation of the Spanish-American Colonies," The North American Review, vol. 165, issue 488 (July 1897).

Petitions filed with the U.S. State Department by Joseph Heleluhe, commissioner for the Men and Women's Hawaiian Patriotic League and the Hui Kalaiaina, on July 24, 1897

Ide, Henry C, Hon., "Our Interest in Samoa," The North American Review, vol. 165, issue 489 (August 1897).

Note of United States to Spain, September 23, 1897

Reply of the Duke of Tetuan to Mr. Woodford's Note of September 23, 1897

Money, H. D, Hon., "The United States and the Spanish American Colonies. A Reply," The North American Review, vol. 165, issue 490 (September 1897).

Whiteley, James Gustavus, "The Diplomacy of the United States in Regard to Central American Canals," The North American Review, vol. 165, issue 490 (September 1897).

Romero, M., "The United States and the Spanish American Colonies," The North American Review, vol. 165, issue 492 (November 1897).

Taylor, Hannis, Hon., "A Review of the Cuban Question in Its Economic, Political, and Diplomatic Aspects," The North American Review, vol. 165, issue 492 (November 1897).

Stevenson, Sara Y., "An Imperial Dream," The Century, vol. 55, issue 1 (Nov 1897).

1898 Go to 1898-1914

Albert Shaw, "The Blowing up of the Maine," 1898

"What Really Sank the Maine," edited by Thomas B. Allen, Naval History Magazine

The Spanish American War Centennial Website

1898-1998, Centennial of the Spanish-American War

Treaty of Peace Between the United States and Spain, 1898


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