PRELIMINARY TREATY OF PEACE. SIGNED AT THE CASTLE OF BUFTEA, NEAR BUCHAREST, 7 P.M., 5 MARCH, 1918.


[The German text as published in the Frankfurter Zeitung, 7 March, 1918,   first morning edition.1

[Translation]

Animated by the common desire to terminate the state of war between Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey on fhe one hand, and Roumania on the other hand, and to reestablish peace, the undersigned, namely,

on the one hand, and

on the other hand,

after examination of their full powers, have agreed to the end that, since the truce treaty signed at Focsani on 9 December, 1917, has been denounced on 2 March, 1918, and expired on 5 March, 1918, at 12 o'clock noon. An armistice of fourteen days with the privilege of denouncing it within a period of three days, shall begin on 5 March, 1918, midnight.

Between the undersigned there exists a complete agreement to the end that within this period of time the final peace is to he concluded on the basis of the following agreement:

  1. Roumania relinquishes to the Allied Powers the Dobrudja as far as the Danube.
  2. The Powers of the Quadruple Alliance will take care to maintain the commercial route for Roumania by way of Constanza to the Black Sea.
  3. The frontier corrections demanded by Austria-Hungary along the Austro-Hungarian-Roumanian boundary are in principle accepted by Roumania
  4. Likewise measures of an economic nature and adequate to the situation are, in principle, accepted
  5. The Roumanian Government obligates itself to demobilize forthwith at least eight divisions of the Roumanian army. The operation of the demobilization will be carried out in common by the supreme command of the Mackensen army group and by the supreme command of the Roumanian army. As soon as peace is reestablished between Russia and Roumania, the remaining parts of the Roumanian army are also to be demobilized, in so far as they are not needed for security service along the Russo-Roumanian frontier.
  6. The Roumanian troops must immediately evacuate the territory of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy occupied by them.
  7. The Roumanian Government obligates itself to aid as far lies in its power in transporting troops of the allied Powers through Moldavia and Bessarabia to Odessa.
  8. Roumania obligates herself to dismiss at once officers of the Powers at war with the Quadruple Alliance and still in Roumanian service. Safe conduct is insured to these officers on the part of the Powers of the Quadruple Alliance.
  9. This treaty goes immediately into force.

In witness thereof the Plenipotentiaries have signed this treaty and affixed their seals to it.

Done in quintuple original at Buftea 5 March.

(Here follow the signatures.)


Source:  United States, Department of State, Texts of the Roumanian "Peace" (Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1918), pp. 2-4.


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