UNITED NATIONS

Security Council
Distr. GENERAL

S/RES/1011 (1995)
16 August 1995

RESOLUTION 1011 (1995)

Adopted by the Security Council at its 3566th meeting, on 16 August 1995


The Security Council,

Recalling all its previous resolutions on the situation in Rwanda, in
particular its resolutions 918 (1994) of 17 May 1994, 997 (1995) of 9 June
1995 and 1005 (1995) of 17 July 1995,

Having considered the report of the Secretary-General on monitoring of
the restrictions on the sale or supply of arms dated 9 July 1995
(S/1995/552),

Having also considered the progress report of the Secretary-General on
the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) dated 8 August
1995 (S/1995/678),

Emphasizing that the uncontrolled circulation of arms, including to
civilians and refugees, is a major cause of destabilization in the Great
Lakes subregion,

Welcoming the proposal of the Government of Zaire to establish an
international commission under United Nations auspices to investigate
reports of arms supplies to former Rwandan government forces,

Recognizing that the registration and marking of weapons are of
considerable assistance in monitoring and enforcing restrictions on the
illicit deliveries of weapons,

Noting with great concern reports of military preparations and increasing
incursions into Rwanda by elements of the former regime and underlining the
need for effective measures to ensure that Rwandan nationals currently in
neighbouring countries, including those in camps, do not undertake military
activities aimed at destabilizing Rwanda or receive arms supplies, in view
of the great likelihood that such arms are intended for use within Rwanda,



95-24177 (E)/...
*9524177*
Stressing the need for representatives of all sectors of Rwandan
society, excluding those political leaders suspected of planning and
directing the genocide last year, to begin talks in order to reach an
agreement on a constitutional and political structure to achieve lasting
stability,

Taking note of the letter dated 5 July 1995 from the Permanent
Representative of Rwanda to the United Nations addressed to the President
of the Security Council (S/1995/547), requesting urgent action to lift the
restrictions on the sale or supply of arms and materiel to the Government
of Rwanda to ensure the security of the Rwandan population,

Welcoming the improvement in the working relations between the Government
of Rwanda and UNAMIR and recalling the mandate of UNAMIR, as adjusted in
resolution 997 (1995), in particular to help achieve national
reconciliation,

Recalling that the prohibition on the delivery of arms and materiel to
Rwanda was originally aimed at stopping the use of such arms and equipment
in the massacres of innocent civilians,

Taking note of the Council's decision in resolution 997 (1995) to reduce
the force level of UNAMIR, and reaffirming that the security of that
country is the primary responsibility of the Government of Rwanda,

Deeply concerned by the situation in Rwanda's prisons and judicial
system, particularly overcrowding, the lack of judges, detention of minors
and elderly prisoners, and absence of speedy judicial or administrative
review of charges, and in this respect, welcoming renewed efforts by the
United Nations and donor countries, in coordination with the Government of
Rwanda, to initiate, on an urgent basis, measures to improve this
situation,

Underlining the need for increased efforts by the Government of Rwanda in
the promotion of a climate of stability and trust in order to facilitate
the return of Rwandan refugees in neighbouring countries,

A

1. Commends the efforts of the Secretary-General and his Special Envoy
in pursuing regional responses to the problem of illicit arms supplies in
the region and encourages the Secretary-General to continue his
consultations in this regard;

2. Requests the Secretary-General, as proposed in paragraph 45 of his
report (S/1995/678), to make recommendations to the Security Council, as
soon as possible, on the establishment of a Commission mandated to conduct
a full investigation to address allegations of arms flows to former Rwandan
government forces in the Great Lakes region of Central Africa;

3. Calls upon the Governments of Rwanda and neighbouring States to
cooperate with the Commission's investigation;

4. Encourages the Secretary-General to continue his consultations with
the Governments of neighbouring States concerning the deployment of United
Nations military observers in the airfields and other transportation points
in and around border crossing points and calls on the neighbouring States
to cooperate with and assist these observers to ensure that arms and
related materiel are not transferred to Rwandan camps within their
territories;

5. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council within one
month of the adoption of this resolution on his efforts for the preparation
and convening, at the earliest possible time, of the regional Conference on
Security, Stability and Development, as well as for the convening of a
regional meeting to address the problems facing the repatriation of
refugees;

6. Calls upon the Government of Rwanda to continue its efforts to create
an atmosphere of trust and confidence for the safe return of refugees and
take further steps to resolve the humanitarian problems in its prisons, and
to expedite disposition of the charges against those detained;

B

Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

7. Decides that, with immediate effect and until 1 September 1996, the
restrictions imposed by paragraph 13 of resolution 918 (1994) shall not
apply with regard to the sale or supply of arms and related materiel to the
Government of Rwanda through named points of entry on a list to be supplied
by that Government to the Secretary-General, who shall promptly notify all
Member States of the United Nations of the list;

8. Decides also that on 1 September 1996 the restrictions imposed by
paragraph 13 of resolution 918 (1994) on the sale or supply of arms and
related materiel to the Government of Rwanda shall terminate, unless the
Council decides otherwise after its consideration of the second report of
the Secretary-General referred to in paragraph 12 below;

9. Further decides, with a view to prohibiting the sale and supply of
arms and related materiel to non-governmental forces for use in Rwanda,
that all States shall continue to prevent the sale or supply, by their
nationals or from their territories or using their flag vessels or
aircraft, of arms and related materiel of all types, including weapons and
ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary police equipment
and spare parts, to Rwanda, or to persons in the States neighbouring Rwanda
if such sale or supply is for the purpose of the use of such arms or
materiel within Rwanda, other than to the Government of Rwanda as specified
in paragraphs 7 and 8 above;

10. Decides also that no arms or related materiel sold or supplied to
the Government of Rwanda may be resold to, transferred to, or made
available for use by, any State neighbouring Rwanda, or person not in the
service of the Government of Rwanda, either directly or indirectly;

11. Further decides that States shall notify all exports from their
territories of arms or related materiel to Rwanda to the Committee
established by resolution 918 (1994), that the Government of Rwanda shall
mark and register and notify to the Committee all imports made by it of
arms and related materiel, and that the Committee shall report regularly to
the Council on notifications so received;
12. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council within 6
months of the date of adoption of this resolution, and again within 12
months, regarding, in particular, the export of arms and related materiel
referred to in paragraph 7 above, on the basis of the reports submitted by
the Committee established by resolution 918 (1994);

13. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.


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