Proportional Representation in Other Countries

BARON, CHRISTINA, et al. Fair Shares in Parliament or How to Elect More Women MPs. London: Parliamentary Democracy Trust, 1981.

BLAIS, ANDRE and R.K. CARTY. "Does Proportional Representation Foster Voter Turnout?" European Journal of Political Research 18 (1990): 167-81.

BOGDANOR, VERNON. What is Proportional Representation? Oxford: Martin Robertson, 1984.

BOGDANOR, VERNON. "Governing Under Proportional Representation:  Lessons from Europe." Australian Journal of Political Science 34, no. 3, (Nov. 1999), pp. 448.

---. "Electoral Reform and British Politics." Electoral Studies 6 (1987), 115-21.

----. "Offering the Illusion of Reform." New Statesman and Society, November 1, 1991, p. 29.

----. What is Proportional Representation? Oxford: Martin Robertson, 1984.

BOSTON, JONATHAN. "Electoral Reform in New Zealand: The Report of the Royal Commission." Electoral Studies 6 (1987): 105-14.

BOWLER, SHAUN, TODD DONOVAN and DAVID FARRELL. "Party Strategy and Voter Organization under Cumulative Voting in Victorian England".  Political Studies 47 no. 5, (Dec. 1999) p. 906-17.

BOWLER, SHAUN and DAVID FARRELL. "Voter Behavior Under STV-PR: Solving the Puzzle of the Irish Party System." Political Behavior Vol. 13. No. 4: 303-20.

---. "Party Loyalties in Complex Settings: STV and Party Identification." Political Studies 1991, Vol 39, No. 2: 350-62.

BULL, MARTIN and JAMES L. NEWELL, "Electoral Reform in Italy: When Consequences Fail to Meet Expectation." Representation 34, No.1 (Winter 1996/97), 53-61.

CATT, HELENA. "New Zealanders Adapt to MMP: Party Realignment in Preparation for 1996 Elections." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995 (Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995), pp. 171-172.

COHEN, FRANK. "Proportional versus Majoritarian Ethnic Conflict Management in Democracies." Comparative Political Studies. Vol. 30. (October 1997), 607-30.

DUNLEAVY, PATRICK, HELEN MARGETTS, and STUART WEIR. "Proportional Representation in Action: A Report on Simulated PR Election in Great Britain in 1992." Representation 2, no. 113: 14-18.

ENGSTROM, RICHARD. "District Magnitude and Election of Women to the Irish Dail." Electoral Studies 2 (1987): 123-32.

GEORGHIOU, MARY. "Electoral Reform in the UK: "Alive in '95." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995 (Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995), p. 194.

GEORGHIOU, MARY and MARTIN LINTON. Arguments for Electoral Reform. Guilford, U.K.: Labour Campaign for Electoral Reform, 1991. Photocopy.

FARRELL, DAVID, MALCOLM MACKERRAS, and IAN MCALLISTER. "Designing Electoral Institutions: STV Systems and their Consequences." Political Studies (1996) XLIV, 24-43.

"Good Government? Fairness? Or Vice Versa. Or Both." The Economist, May 1, 1993, 19-21.

HOLME, RICHARD and HILARY MUGGRIDGE. The Fair Votes Guide: Facts, Figures and Arguments About Electoral Reform. London: Campaign for Fair Votes, 1988.

IRVINE, WILLIAM F. Does Canada Need a New Electoral System? Kingston, Ontario: Institute of Intergovernmental Relations, Queen's University, 1979.

ISHIYAMA, JOHN. "Electoral System Experimentation in the New Eastern Europe: The Single Transferable Vote and the Additional Member System in Estonia and Hungary." Eastern European Quarterly Vol. 29 (Jan. 1996): 487-507.

KARP, JEFFREY and SUSAN A. BANDUCCI. "The Impact of Proportional Representation on Turnout:  Evidence from New Zealand. Australian Journal of Political Science 34 no. 3, (Nov. 1999), p. 363.

KATZ, RICHARD. "Electoral Reform and the Transformation of Party Politics in Italy." Party Politics Vol.2, No. 1: 31-53.

KATZ, RICHARD S. "The Single Transferable Vote and Proportional Representation." In Choosing an Electoral System, edited by Lijphart and Grofman, 135-46. New York: Praeger, 1984.

LAAKSO, MARKKU and REIN TAAGEPERA. "Proportional Representation in Scandinavia: Implications for Finland." Scandinavian Political Studies 1 (1978), 43-60.

LADNER, ANDREAS and HENRY MILNER. "Do Voters Turn out More Under Proportional than Majoritarian Systems?  The Evidence from Swiss Communal Elections."  Electoral Studies 18, no. 2. (June 1999) pp. 235-50.

LAKEMAN, ENID. Power to Elect: The Case for Proportional Representation. London: Heinemann, 1982.

LAKEMAN, ENID and JAMES LAMBERT. Voting in Democracies. London: Faber and Faber, 1959.

LIJPHART, AREND. Patterns of Democracy: Government forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.

---. "Australian Democracy:  Modifying Majoritarianism?"  Australian Journal of Political Science 34 no. 3, (Nov. 1999), p. 313.

---. Electoral Systems and Party Systems: A Study of Twenty-Seven Democracies, 1945-1990. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994

----. "Constitutional Choices for New Democracies." Journal of Democracy 2, no. 1 (Winter 1991): 72-84.

----. "Double-Checking the Evidence." Journal of Democracy 2, no. 3 (Summer 1991): 42-48.

----. "The South African Electoral System." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995 (Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995), pp. 149-150.

LOENEN, NICK. Citizenship and Democracy: A Case for Proportional Representation. (Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1997).

LUNDBERG, THOMAS. "Electoral Reform in Japan: New Law May not Live Up to Expectations." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995 (Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995), pp. 179-180.

MACBRIDE, JAMES P. "Positive Aspects of PR-STV for the Irish Political System." Representation 34, No.1 (Winter 1996/97), 7-12.

MAIR, PETER. "The Question of Electoral Reform." New Left Review, July/August, 1992, pp. 75-97.

McNEELY, THEODORE. "`Woman Power' in Japan's 1989 Upper House Election," in Electoral Systems in Comparative Perspective: Their Impact on Women and Minorities, edited by Rule and Zimmerman. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.

MILNER, HENRY (editor).  Making Every Vote Count: Reassessing Canada's Electoral System.   Broadview Press, 2001.

MILNER, HENRY. "Obstacles to Electoral Reform in Canada." American-Canadian Studies, Vol 24 (Spring, 1994): 39-55.

MILNER, HENRY. "Prospects for Electoral Reform in Canada: Lessons from Quebec's Near-Adoption of PR in 1984." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995 (Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995), pp. 159-163.

MUDAMBI, RAM et al. "Plurality versus Proportional Representation: An Analysis of Sicilian Elections." Public Choice, Vol.86: 341-57.

NAGLE, JACK H. "What Political Scientists Can Learn from the 1993 Electoral Reform in New Zealand." PS: Political Science and Politics, Vol. 27, No. 3, September 1994, 525-529.

----. "New Zealand's Method for Representing Minorities." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995 (Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995), pp. 173-175.

NEWMAN, TERRY. "Tasmania's Unique Electoral System." Representation 34, No.1 (Winter 1996/97), 37-42.

POWELL, G. BINGHAM.   Elections as a Tool of Democracy:  Majoritarian and Proportional Visions. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2000.

RADY MARTYN. "The 1994 Hungarian General Election." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995 (Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995), pp. 195-197.

REYNOLDS, ANDREW. "Constitutional Engineering in Southern Africa." Journal of Democracy Vol. 6 (April 1995): 86-99.

REYNOLDS, ANDREW. "The Case for Proportionality." Journal of Democracy Vol. 6 (October 1995): 117-24.

REYNOLDS, ANDREW. "Testing Voting Systems in South Africa." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995 (Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995), pp. 151-156.

ROYAL COMMISSION ON THE ELECTORAL SYSTEM. Report of the Royal Commission on the Electoral System: Towards a Better Democracy. Wellington, New Zealand: V.R. Ward, Government Printer, 1986.

RULE, WILMA AND JOSEPH ZIMMERMAN (eds.). Electoral Systems in Comparative Perspective: Their Impact on Women and Minorities. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.

RYDON, JOAN. "Representation of Women and Ethnic Minorities in the Parliaments of Australia and New Zealand," in Electoral Systems in Comparative Perspective: Their Impact on Women and Minorities, edited by Rule and Zimmerman. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.

SISK, TIMOTHY D. "Electoral System Choice in South Africa: Implications for Intergroup Moderation." Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Summer 1995): 178-204.

SHUGART, MATTHEW S. "Minorities Represented and Unrepresented" in Electoral Systems in Comparative Perspective: Their Impact on Women and Minorities, edited by Rule and Zimmerman. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.

TAAGEPERA, REIN. "Beating the Law of Minority Attrition," in Electoral Systems in Comparative Perspective: Their Impact on Women and Minorities, edited by Rule and Zimmerman. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.

WILDER, PAUL. "1994 British Elections to the European Parliament: Contrasting Plurality and PR." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995 (Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995), pp. 189-190.

WRIGHT, J.F.H. Mirror of the Nation's Mind -- A History of Australia's Electoral Experiments. Sydney: Hale and Iremongner.

ZIMMERMAN, JOSEPH F. "PR in Ireland: A Firm Tradition." National Civic Review 72, no. 11 (December 1983): 394-602.

 

 

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