The Case for Proportional Representation in the U.S.

AMY, DOUGLAS J. Real Choices/New Voices: How Proportional Representation Elections Could Revitalize American Democracy. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002.

----. Behind the Ballot Box:  A Citizen's Guide to Voting Systems.  Praeger Publishers, 2000.

----. Proportional Representation: The Case for a Better Election System.(pamphlet) Northampton, MA: Crescent Street Press, 1997.

----. Proportional Representation: The Case for a Better Election System.(pamphlet) Northampton, MA: Crescent Street Press, 1997.

----. "Elections in Which Every Vote Counts," The Chronicle of Higher Education. January 12, 1996, B1.

----. "Proportional Representation: A New Option for Local Elections," National Civic Review 82, no. 3 (Summer 1993), 275-281.

ANDERSON, DENNIS. "Alternative Electoral Systems:  An Answer to Our Governing Crisis" in Paul Scheele (ed.), We Get What We Vote For . . . Or Do We? Westport, CN:  Praeger Publishing, 1999.

ANDERSON, JOHN. "A Better Approach to Boosting Minority Representation?" The Christian Science Monitor, July 6, 1993, 18.

----. "Break the Political Stranglehold." The New York Times, Friday, July 24, 1992, op-ed page.

----. "How PR Would Open Up Politics." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995 (Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995), pp. 3-6.

BARBER,  KATHLEEN.  A Right to Representation: Proportional Election Systems for the Twenty-first Century. Columbus, OH: Ohio University Press, 2000.

BARBER, KATHLEEN (ed.). Proportional Representation and Election Reform in Ohio. Columbus, OH: Ohio University Press, 1995.

BARTA, ROBERT. "An Argument for PR from the Right." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995. Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995, pp. 13-14.

BEALE, LEWIS. "A Vote for Change: Some Insiders Say Proportional Representation Could Lead Us Out of Legislative Gridlock." Los Angeles Times, Sunday, November 8, 1992, E2.

CENTER FOR VOTING AND DEMOCRACY. Voting and Democracy Report (1994, 1995, etc.). Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy.

COSSOLOTTO, MATTHEW. "A Jump Start for American Democracy: Proportional Representation Would Offer Us True Political Choices." Utne Reader, November/December 1992, p. 22.

----. "A Competitive Politics." The Christian Science Monitor, Thursday, November 21, 1991, p. 18.

CULLEN, JIM. "Shaking Up Congress in Texas." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995. Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995, pp. 9-10.

ENGSTROM, RICHARD. "Cincinnati's 1988 Proportional Representation Initiative." Electoral Studies 9, no. 3 (1990): 217-25.

ENGSTROM, RICHARD, DELBERT A. TAEBEL, and RICHARD COLE. "Cumulative Voting as a Remedy for Minority Vote Dilution: The Case of Alamogordo, New Mexico." Journal of Law and Politics 5 (1989): 469-97.

FAIN, HOWARD. "The Promise of Proportional Representation." Peacework, no. 213 (November 1991): 8-9.

----. "Let the Voters Decide: Testimony to a Massachusetts Committee on Redistricting." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995. Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995, pp. 25-26.

GUINIER, LANI. The Tyranny of the Majority: Fundamental Fairness in Representative Democracy. New York: Free Press, 1994.

GUINIER, LANI. "Don't Scapegoat the Gerrymander," The New York Times Magazine, January 8, 1995, 36-37.

HALLETT, GEORGE H. "Proportional Representation with the Single Transferable Vote: A Basic Requirement for Legislative Elections." In Choosing an Electoral System, edited by Lijphart and Grofman, 113-20. New York: Praeger, 1984.

HILL, STEVEN. Fixing Elections: The Failure of America's
Winner-Take-All Politics. 
New York: Routledge, 2002.

HILL, STEVEN. "An Argument for PR from the Left." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995 (Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995), pp.11-12.

----. "Warring for the Heart of the Voting Rights Act." The Christian Science Monitor, June 25, 1996.

HOFFMAN, ANDREW. "Time to Scrap District-Based Voting." Roll Call. June 27, 1996.

INMAN, MARY A. "C.P.R. (Change through Proportional Representation): Resuscitating a Federal Electoral System." University of Pennsylvania Law Review 141 (1993): 1991-2053.

LIJPHART, AREND. "Reforming the House: Three Moderately Radical Proposals." PS: Political Science and Politics. Vol. 31. No. 1. (March 1998), 10-13.

----. "PR vs. Single-Member Districts in States: Testimony before the California State Legislature." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995 (Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995), pp.23-24.

LIND, MICHAEL. "Alice Doesn't Vote Here Any More." Mother Jones, Vol. 23, No. 2, March/April 1998, 52-55.

----. "A Radical Plan to Change American Politics." The Atlantic, August 1992, 73-83.

LONOWSKI, DELMER. "A Return to Tradition: Proportional Representation in Tribal Government." American Indian Culture and Research Journal 18, no. 1 (1994): 147-163.

LOW-BEER, JOHN R. "The Constitutional Imperative for Proportional Representation." Yale Law Journal 94, no. 1 (November 1984): 163-88.

MACKLIN, PHILIP A. "Election Systems and their Consequences." Oxford, Ohio: Physics Department, Miami University, 1989. Photocopy.

MEYER, GERALD. "Proportional Representation and the Left: The Urgency of Real Reform." Against the Current. Sept.-Oct. 1996: 14-18.

MORTIMER, LEE, "Proportional Voting Plan Would Safeguard Fairness and Diversity." Durham, N.C., Herald-Sun, February 16, 1992, editorial page.

PILDES, RICHARD H. "Gimme Five." The New Republic, March 1, 1993, 16-17.

PILLSBURY, GEORGE. "Preference Voting and Voter Turnout." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995. Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995, pp. 79-80.

"Proportional Representation." Column in current editions of the National Civic Review.

REDING, ANDREW. "Proportional Representation and American Democracy." Peace and Democracy News, Winter 1992/93.

----. "Let's Dump Single-Member Electoral Districts." The Christian Science Monitor, August 8, 1995. 18.

RICHIE, ROBERT. "Full Representation: The Future of Proportional Election Systems." National Civic Review , Vol. 87, No. 1, Spring 1998, 85-95.

----. "Preference Voting vs. Cumulative Voting: Preference Voting is the Better System for Local Government." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995. Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995, pp. 73-76.

RICHIE, ROB, STEVEN HILL, et al. Whose Vote Count?  Boston:  Beacon Press, 2001.

RICHIE, ROB and STEVEN HILL. "Proportional Representation - Are Winner-Take-All Elections Fair?" Social Policy, Vol. 26, No. 4 (Summer 1996): 25-37.

ROSENBERG, PAUL. "Something to Vote For: Real Representation." Christian Science Monitor, Nov. 7, 1994, 19.

ROSENBLUM, DARREN. "Geographically Sexual?: Advancing Lesbian and Gay Interests Through Proportional Representation." Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review. Vol. 31 (1996): 119-154.

SKILLEN, JAMES. "Toward Just Representation: A Proposal for Revitalizing our System of Political Participation." Paper available from Association for Public Justice, 321 Eighth St., N.E., Washington, D.C., 20002.

----. "Public Discourse and Electoral Representation." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995. Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995, pp.17-22.

SMITH, SAM. "Unrigging America's Elections." The Progressive Review, November 1992, 1-4.

STEPHENS, V. JERONE. "The Return of Proportional Representation to Cincinnati: Can It be Done? Can It be Done?" Paper delivered at meeting of the Ohio Association of Economists and Political Scientists, Columbus, Ohio, May 1-2, 1987.

STILL, EDWARD. "Alternatives to Single Member Districts." In Minority Vote Dilution, edited by Davidson, 249-67. Washington D.C.: Howard University Press, 1984.

USA TODAY, "A Route to Fairer Voting." USA Today, June 30, 1995, p. 12A.

WEAVER, LEON. "Women and Minorities in the Proportional Representation System of New York Community School Boards." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Atlanta, September 1989.

----. "Two Cheers for Proportional Representation in Cambridge: A Preliminary Report on Research in Progress." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Denver, September 2-5, 1982.

ZIMMERMAN, JOSEPH F. "Alternative Local Election Systems." National Civic Review 79, no. 1 (January-February 1990): 23-36.

----. "Electoral Reform Needed to End Political Alienation." National Civic Review 60, no. 1 (January 1971): 6-11, 21.

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