The History of PR in the United States

AMY, DOUGLAS J. 'The Forgotten History of the Single Transferable Vote in the United States." Representation 34, No.1 (Winter 1996/97), 13-20.

ANDERSON, DENNIS. "PR in Toledo: The Neglected Stepchild of Municipal Reform." In Kathleen Barber (ed.), Proportional Representation and Election Reform in Ohio. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press, 1995. 241-281.

BARBER,  KATHLEEN.  A Right to Representation: Proportional Election Systems for the Twenty-first Century. Columbus, OH: Ohio University Press, 2000.

BARBER, KATHLEEN (ed.). Proportional Representation and Election Reform in Ohio. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 1995.

----. "PR and Boss Rule: The Case of Cleveland." In Kathleen Barber (ed.), Proportional Representation and Election Reform in Ohio. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press, 1995. 116-159.

BLAIR, GEORGE S. Cumulative Voting: An Effective Electoral Device in Illinois Politics. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 1960.

BURNHAM, ROBERT. "Reform, Politics, and Race in Cincinnati: Proportional Representation and the City Charter Committee, 1924-1959." Journal of Urban History. Vol. 23, No. 2 (1997): 131.

BUSCH, RONALD J. "Ashtabula: The Pioneer Community." In Kathleen Barber (ed.), Proportional Representation and Election Reform in Ohio. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press, 1995. 83-115.

GERSON, SIMON W. Pete: The Story of Peter V. Cacchione, New York's First Communist Councilman. New York: International Publishers, 1977.

GOTTLIEB, MARTIN. "The 'Golden Age' of the City Council." New York Times, August 11, 1991, p. E6.

HALLETT, GEORGE H. Proportional Representation: The Key to Democracy. New York: National Municipal League, 1940.

HARRIS, JOSEPH P. "Practical Workings of Proportional Representation in the United States and Canada." National Municipal Review 19, no. 5 (May 1930): 337-83.

HOAG, CLARENCE G. and GEORGE H. HALLETT, JR. Proportional Representation. New York: Macmillan, 1926.

KOLESAR, ROBERT J. "PR in Cincinnati: From 'Good Government' to the Politics of Inclusion." In Kathleen Barber (ed.), Proportional Representation and Election Reform in Ohio. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press, 1995. 160-208.

Proportional Representation Review. Published quarterly from 1914 to 1931 by the Proportional Representation League and continued as a column in the National Civic Review from 1932 to 1962. Numerous articles describing the rise and fall of PR in U.S. cities.

STRAETZ, RALPH A. PR Politics in Cincinnati. New York: New York University Press, 1958.

WEAVER, LEON. "The Rise, Decline, and Resurrection of Proportional Representation in Local Government in the United States." In Electoral Laws and Their Political Consequences, edited by Grofman and Lijphart, 139-53. New York: Agathon, 1986.

----. "Semi-Proportional and Proportional Representation Systems in the United States." In Choosing an Electoral System, edited by Lijphart and Grofman, 191-204. New York: Praeger, 1984.

WEAVER, LEON and JAMES L. BLOUNT. "Hamilton: PR Defeated by Its Own Success." In Kathleen Barber (ed.), Proportional Representation and Election Reform in Ohio. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press, 1995. 209-240.

ZELLER, BELLE and HUGH BONE. "The Repeal of PR in New York City: Ten Years in Retrospect." American Political Science Review 42 (December 1948): 1127-48.

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