If you are interested in a more complete and extended analysis of the issues surrounding PR, you may want to order some of the following books and other materials. Click on these entries to see more information on these books and to learn how to order them.

Douglas J. Amy, Real Choices/New Voices: How Proportional Representation Elections Could Revitalize American Democracy (Second Edition)  This is the completely revised and updated edition of this book.  This remains the definitive book on the subject.  This newly revised edition explains how PR would ensure fair representation for all voters, eradicate gerrymandering, encourage issue-oriented campaigns, break the two-party monopoly, give fairer representation for women and minorities, and encourage higher voter turnout. From Columbia University Press. 

Steven Hill, Fixing Elections:  The Failure of America's Winner-Take-All Politics.  An incisive, provocative, and very readable critique of single-member plurality elections.  Hill chronicles all the various ways that this winner-take-all approach undermines democracy in the U.S. and identifies proportional representation as the most effective solution to these problems. 

Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and David Brockington, Electoral Reform and Minority Representation: Local Experiments with Alternative Elections.  A very useful and well-done study published by Ohio State University Press.  The authors examine the results of a semi-proportional form of elections -- cumulative voting -- which is now used in several dozen cities and counties in the U.S.   Not surprisingly, they find that this alternative is a better way to ensure fair representation for racial and ethnic minorities than our current winner-take-all system.

Kathleen Barber, A Right to Representation: Proportional Election Systems for the Twenty-first Century.  In this book, an outgrowth of her earlier Proportional Representation and Electoral Reform in Ohio, Barber explores the origins of PR systems, explains their use and adaptability, and supplies empirical evidence of how they actually work in practice.

Douglas J. Amy, Behind the Ballot Box:  A Citizen's Guide to Voting Systems.  A comprehensive and objective guide to all voting systems, this books includes not only information about proportional representation voting systems, but also semi-proportional systems, and the plurality/majority voting systems that are currently used in the U.S.  The book also includes a set of  criteria for evaluating voting systems, an explanation of the workings of each system, and a discussion of their various political advantages and disadvantages.

Robert Richie and Steven Hill,  Whose Vote Counts?  The authors, both from the Center for Voting and Democracy, argue that  we need a new way of electing our representatives to combat voter apathy and the leveling of political views.  That new way is proportional representation.  Leading activists and scholars, including Cynthia McKinney, John Ferejohn, and Daniel Cantor, respond. Harvard law professor Lani Guinier writes the foreword. The book originally appeared as Reflecting All of Us in 1999. 

Mark E. Rush and Richard L. Engstrom , Fair and Effective Representation?  Debating Electoral Reform and Minority Rights.  While the primary focus of this book is on the use of electoral reform to better represent racial and ethnic minorities, it turns into a wider debate about the whether proportional representation is preferable to single-member district plurality elections in the United States. Published by Rowman and Littlefield

Douglas J. Amy, Proportional Representation: The Case for a Better Election System.  This easy to read pamphlet summarizes the major arguments for adopting PR in the United States.

Kathleen Barber, Proportional Representation and Election Reform in Ohio. A study which looks at how PR worked when it was used in five Ohio cities between 1915 and 1960.

Henry Milner (editor), Making Every Vote Count: Reassessing Canada's Electoral System.   A collection of articles critically examining Canada's current first-past-the-post electoral system and the case made for switching to proportional representation.  Published by Broadview Press

Nick Loenen, Citizenship and Democracy:  A Case for Proportional Representation. Canada is another country burdened with the winner-take-all approach to elections. This book argues persuasively for the adoption of PR and considers the effect it might have on Canadian politics. Published by Dundurn Press. 


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