Topic outline

 

  Course intro   Icy satellites
  origins of the solar system   Saturn
  Moon   Rings
  Orbits and motions   Uranus
  Bulk density and temperature   Neptune
  transient atmospheres   Pluto/Charon/KBOs
  mercury geology   extrasolar planetary systems
  venus geology   comets
  earth geology/plate tectonics   asteroids
  Venus atmosphere   meteorites
  Earth atmosphere   life
  Mars
  Mars atmosphere    

 

 
Course intro
  hand out syllabus
  talk about format
  intro to observations, ground and space
  quick pictorial tour (3D)
  some terminology
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Origins of the solar system / Fundamentals of Planets

  star formation, interstellar gas and dust (temperature, density)
  solar nebula
  age of solar system/universe
  magnetic fields
  rotation/angular momentum
  protoplanetary disks (proplyds)
  stellar wind
  condensation/temperatures
  accretion of planetesimals
  terrestrial planets
  asteroid belt?
  Jovian planets
  planetesimals beyond
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Orbits and motions

  early observations, Tycho and Kepler
  elliptical motion
  area/time: fastest at perihelion
  period/distance: slower/farther
  Newton; position, velocity, and acceleration
  motion straight line unless a force acts
  force proportional to mass and acceleration
  equal and opposite actions (reflex)
  circular motions and acceleration
  mass of system from period and distance
  motion resonances
  n-body perturbations
  eclipses
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Bulk density and temperature

  sources of heat and cooling
  derivation of equilibrium temperature
  equilibrium temperature exercise
  clues from density
  interior/surface density comparison
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Moon

  overall characteristics
  interior structure
  surface characteristics
  remote sensing/spectra intro
  regolith
  highlands
  lowlands
  craters and cratering
  lunar timescale
  Moon mapping
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Transient atmospheres

  sources and sinks
  ballistic particles “bounce” (non-traditional “gas”)
  potential sources (photons, impacts, comets)
  atmosphere as source for polar deposits?
  permanent ice caps on Mercury/Moon
  composition (H/He/O/Na/K/Ar)
  discussion of impact mechanisms (mini-exercise)
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Mercury geology

  overall characteristics
  polar deposits
  magnetic field
  terrains
  chemistry
  tectonics
  geologic history
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Venus geology

  overall characteristics
  history of exploration
  eolian forms
  volcanism
  geologic units
  impact craters
  tectonics
  internal structure
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Earth geology/plate tectonics

  evidence for life (from space)
  interior structure
  seismology
  plate tectonics
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Venus atmosphere

  opaque to outside observer
  extreme conditions
  scale height
  wind characteristics/direction
  composition
  temperature profile
  greenhouse effect
  clouds
  super-rotation
  atmospheres in comparison (ic6)
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Earth atmosphere

  composition
  gas reservoirs
  origins (D/H)
  temperature profile
  clouds
  circulation
  life influence
  evolution/climatic change
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Mars

  general characteristics
  rocks
  meteorites
  impact craters
  volcanism
  tectonics
  water
  interior
  geologic time tables
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Mars atmosphere

  composition
  temperature profile
  obliquity oscillation
  planetary cooling
  climate change
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Icy satellites

  bulk densities
  tidal friction/heat
  active volcanoes
  spectroscopy exercise (ic8)
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Jupiter

  overview of Gas Giants — no solid surface!
  context of ice condensation
  internal heat
  composition
  oblateness
  pressure/hydrostatic equilibrium
  Galileo probe/comet crash exercise (ic9)
  cloud structures banding/spots/storms
  circulation
  lightning
  temperature structure
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Saturn

  internal heat
  composition
  oblateness
  pressure
  cloud structures
  spots/storms
  ring shadowing
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Rings

  Roche limits (mini-exercise)
  Keplerian particle swarm
  gaps/resonances
  density waves
  shepherding
  moons as sources (esp. Jupiter)
  composition
  origins?
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Uranus

  odd obliquity
  heat budget/temperature
  ring discovery by occultation
  cloud structures
  composition/coloration
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Neptune

  ring arcs
  cloud structures
  dark spots/transience
  composition
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Pluto/Charon/Kuiper-Belt Objects

  elliptical, inclined orbit
  transient atmosphere
  populations/inventory
  mass
  composition/albedo
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Comets

  history/formation
  basic anatomy
  composition/abundances
  isotope ratios
  populations
  dynamics/meteor showers
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Asteroids

  formation/planetesimals?
  populations
  size comparisons
  resonances
  spectra/types
  dynamics/families
  composition
  porosity
  NEOs: what are they?
  sources for meteorites
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Meteorites

  classification
  populations
  show and tell
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Life

  origins
  lake Vastok
  irradition of bacteria
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Extrasolar planetary systems

  recount formation
  observational techniques
  surprising results
  inventory
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