The Relationship of Exercise and Fitness on Visuall

Recall of Text

by Amanda Currier, Kristen Van de Geer, and Kristin Lee


The relationships between fitness level and exercise condition with visual recall of text, measured by the difference in test score between pre-test and posttest, were examined. We used a 2 (low fitness or high fitness) x 2 (exercise or no exercise) independent groups design. Thirty-four female Mount Holyoke College students served. Participants in the high fitness and low fitness groups were randomly assigned to the exercise (Tae Bo workout) and no exercise conditions (viewed Tae Bo video). Results indicate that those subjects in the high fitness group had a significantly greater difference in test score than those subjects in the low fitness group. According to our findings, a regular exercise program may improve test scores more than exercising right before a test.



Past Research Hypotheses






There was a significant main effect for fitness level.

There was no significant main effect for exercise. There was no significant interaction effect between fitness level and exercise condition.

A graph of the results is shown in Figure 1.


1) The above results do not support our hypothesis that exercise will improve recall of visual text.

2) the above results do support our hypothesis that fitness level will have a relationship to recall of visual text.

3) the results do not support our interaction hypothesis that people of high fitness levels, who exercise, will have a higher number of words recalled from pre-test to posttest.

This data shows a relationship between fitness level and recall of visual text. This relationship shows that working out regularly may improve memory.

Suggestions for further research