The present study investigated the influence of feedback and post event questions type on recall ability and confidence in a 2(feedback: validation vs. no validation) x2(question type: misleading vs. straightforward) design. Participants receiving validation and misleading questions were expected to have highest confidence and the lowest accuracy. 56 female Mount Holyoke College students (ages 18 to 40) participated. Questionnaires and feedback were used to manipulate participants' recollection of an event. Confidence levels were self-reported and accuracy was determined by answers. An independent groups ANOVA indicated that participants were significantly less accurate when given validation. A significant interaction was found between question type and feedback on confidence. Those who had misleading questionnaires and were validated were significantly less confident than those who received misleading questionnaires with no feedback, and those who received straightforward questionnaires with validation. Furthermore, those who received straightforward questions and were not given feedback were significantly more confident than any other condition. The results suggest the type of questions and the feedback they receive may influence a person's recollection of an event.




Materials Procedure

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