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 Modern Architecture Art 243/Fall 2005

Syllabus

 I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X


Introduction: Architecture as Image
Reading:
G. Bataille, "Architecture" (handout)
Curtis, Modern Architecture, ch.1


I. Backward or Forward into the Future? The Paris and Chicago World Fairs

The Paris and Chicago World Fairs
Paris 1889: the Eiffel Tower
The Art of Engineering
Chicago 1893: White City

Images

Reading:
Curtis, chs. 2,4
look through The Chicago World's Fair of 1893 (reserve)
Assignment 1: What is this building saying?(2 pages)


II. Rebirth and Nature: Art Nouveau
Hector Guimard (France), Victor Horta (Belgium)
Henri van de Velde (Belgium), Antoni Gaudi (Spain)
The Vienna Secession
J.M. Olbrich, Joseph Hoffmann, Otto Wagner

Images

Reading:
Curtis, ch. 3
V. Champier, "The Castel Béranger by Hector Guimard," from Architecture and Design, 1890-1939 (handout)
look through F. Loyer, Victor Horta: Hôtel Tassel, 1893-95 (reserve)


III. The Machine in the Service of Art
The Arts and Crafts Movement
Frank Lloyd Wright to 1914

Images

Reading:
Curtis, chs. 5,7
F.L. Wright, "The Art and Craft of the Machine," in
America Builds, 364-376 (website)
look through F.L. Wright, Buildings, Plans, and Designs;
N. Levine, The Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright (reserve)


IV. The First Machine Age
Futurism
Utopia and the Factory
Peter Behrens and the Deutscher Werkbund
Cologne Exhibition of 1914
Tony Garnier's Cité Industrielle
Space, Time, and Architecture: De Stijl

Images
 

Reading:
Curtis, chs. 6,9 (look through ch. 8 for contrast)
look through T. Garnier, Cité Industrielle (reserve)
look at Holyoke factories

Midterm Test


V. The Radical 1920s
Le Corbusier: Towards a New Architecture
Architecture of the Russian Revolution
The Bauhaus and the Modern Utopia

Reading:
Curtis: chs. 10,16 (Corbusier),
            chs. 11,15 (the Bauhaus and the International Style),
            ch.12 (Russia)
introduce yourself to Le Corbusier, Towards a New Architecture (reserve)
N. Punin, "Tatlin's Monument" from Architecture and Design, 1890-1939, (handout)


VI: Meanwhile in America: the Skyscraper
Chicago and New York
The Chicago Tribune Competition of 1922

Reading:
Curtis, ch. 13 (recall ch. 2)
L. Sullivan, "The Tall Office Building..." in America Builds, 340-346 (website)
look through Chicago Tribune Competition (reserve)


VII: Modernism in America: 1930-1960
The Return of Frank Lloyd Wright
The Immigrants: Walter Gropius and Mies van der Rohe
American Disciples: Modernism and the Corporate Image
Philip Johnson
Gordon Bunshaft and SOM
Wallace K. Harrison

Reading:
Curtis, chs. 18, 22
look at H.R. Hitchcock and P. Johnson, The International Style (reserve)


VIII. Beyond the Box: the Search for Meaning and Tradition
Le Corbusier, 1945-1965
Alvar Aalto
Louis Kahn

Reading:
Curtis, chs. 23, 24 (Corbusier)
ch. 25 (Aalto)
ch. 28 (Kahn)

Assignment 2: Mount Holyoke Modernism


IX. History's Revenge: Postmodernism
"Less is a Bore": Robert Venturi
Philip Johnson, Michael Graves

The World According to Disney?

 

Reading:
Curtis, chs. 30, 32 (chs. 27, 31 for world architecture)
R. Venturi, Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture
P. Goldberger, "Lite Architecture," New York Times, May 20, 1990 on the Village Commons (handout)

Recommended:
look through R. Venturi, Learning from Las Vegas (reserve)

Journal Due


X. Reassurance or Doubt: Competing Visions
The Museum as Cultural Showcase
Superstars: Frank Gehry, Norman Foster, Daniel Liberskind
Rebuilding Ground Zero

Reading:
Curtis, chs. 33, 35
Recommended:
look through Deconstructivist Architecture (reserve)
Dal Co, F. Frank O. Gehry (reserve)


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