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Connection Through Time

1826: Massachusetts' Reverends Samuel Worcester and Elizur Butler begin their missionary work with the Cherokees in Georgia

1837: Mount Holyoke College founded in South Hadley, Massachusetts by Mary Lyon

1838-1839: Indian Removal actualized with Trail of Tears and relocation of Cherokee Nation to Indian Territory in Oklahoma- Worcester, Butler and their children travel with the Cherokees

1847: Cornerstones of the Cherokee Female Seminary are laid at Park Hill Mission Station

1850: Chief Will Ross and David Vann tour Mount Holyoke Female Seminary

1851: Cherokee Female Seminary is opened for students by Mount Holyoke College graduates Sarah Worcester and Ellen Whitmore

1861: Cherokee Female Seminary closes at the start of the American Civil War

1873: Cherokee Female Seminary reopens under the leadership of Mount Holyoke graduate Ella Noyes

1887: Cherokee Female Seminary burns and plans are made for reconstruction

1989: Cherokee Female Seminary is rebuilt in Tahlequah, a few miles from Park Hill, at the heart of the Cherokee Nation

1896: Mount Holyoke Seminary burns and is rebuilt, beginning its progression towards college standing

1907: Oklahoma achieves statehood and buys up the seminary building and the surrounding land to become a part of Northeastern State University

1923: Ruth Muskrat, a Cherokee Indian, enters Mount Holyoke College and later presents Red Man in the United States to U.S. President Calvin Coolidge

1925: Ruth Muskrat graduates Mount Holyoke College

1926: Ruth Muskrat takes a position at Haskell Institute (an Indian high school in Kansas) as an English teacher

1950: Ruth Muskrat Bronson (after marriage and raising a daughter) takes a position with the Bureau of Indian Affairs for twelve years and receives several awards for her educational and social work

1982: Ruth Muskrat Bronson dies at the age of 84

1985: Wilma Mankiller is elected and sworn in as Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation

1987: Wilma Mankiller comes to Mount Holyoke College to talk as a part of the college's "Women in Charge: Public and Private Faces" series

1989: Wilma Mankiller speaks at the 100th anniversary of the Cherokee Female Seminary's Seminary Hall in Tahlequah, Oklahoma

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This page was created by Melissa Joyce '08 in History 283, Spring Semester 2006 - meljoyce@mtholyoke.edu