British Parliamentary Papers (on-line edition). Jervoise Athelstane Baines, ( 1893 ), General report on the Census of India, 1891. London:
Her Majesty's Stationery Office , p. 84
Each percentage represents the percentage increase or decrease from the previous year.

VARIATION PER CENT. from the RETURNS for 1880-81 of MAIN ITEMS of REVENUE, COMMERCE, &c.* (original source in PDF)

A.     State Revenue. [Treat these as income from various kinds of taxation]

 

 

State Revenue From:

 

Year.

Land.

Stamps.

Salt.

Consumption of Salt

1881-82

+ 3.96

+ 4.02

+ 3.52

+ 3.49

1882-83

+ 3.61

+ 3.97

- 13.18

+ 8.52

1883-84

+ 5.92

+ 8.08

- 13.63

+ 10.32

1884-85

+ 3.41

+ 10.95

- 8.56

+ 13.66

1885-86

+ 7.01

+ 12.69

- 10.83

+ 12.03

1886-87

+ 9.20

+ 15.40

- 6.44

+ 19.65

1887-88

+ 9.83

+ 19.25

- 6.26

+ 16.06

1888-89

+ 9.02

+ 20.81

+7.86

+ 17.00

1889-90

+ 13.59

+ 25.76

+15.06

+ 16.98

1890-91

+ 13.89

+ 25.18

+ 19.78

+ 18.29

Mean of Ten Years

+ 7.94

+ 14.61

- 2.23

+ 13.54

 

B.     Railways. [Assume that that railways represent modern transportation and the results of investments by private capital, overwhelmingly owned by British banks and individuals]. Note: the vast majority of passengers were ordinary Indians riding in 3rd class cars.

Year.

Miles Worked.

Passengers.

Goods.

Net Earnings.

1881-82

+ 4.16

+ 12.61

+ 12.28

+ 9.80

1882-83

+ 7.80

+ 24.51

+ 29.36

+ 21.21

1883-84

+ 12.54

+ 41.18

+ 26.13

+ 13.77

1884-85

+ 17.00

+ 54.67

+ 43.25

+ 31.26

1885-86

+ 28.07

+ 69.15

+ 48.18

+ 40.57

1886-87

+ 42.72

+ 82.49

+ 52.87

+ 34.69

1887-88

+ 46.11

+ 97.30

+ 69.50

+ 42.25

1888-89

+ 46.76

+ 111.64

+ 68.41

+ 45.50

1889-90

+ 70.64

+ 118.20

+ 71.16

+ 49.02

1890-91

+ 79.16

+ 133.22

+ 96.77

+ 82.50

Mean of Ten Years

+ 34.86

+ 74.50

+ 51.79

+ 37.06

 

C.    Imports (Quantities). [Assume that Hardware, Cotton Piece Goods, and Cotton Twist and Yarn are manufactured goods.]

Year.

Iron.

Hard-ware.

Copper.

Kerosine Oil.

Sugars.

Cotton Piece Goods.

Cotton Twist and Yarn.

1881-82

- 7.99

+ 13.40

- 11.42

- 9.04

- 21.33

- 8.56

- 11.25

1882-83

+ 18.25

+ 43.30

+ 17.92

+ 105.36

- 31.80

- 7.53

- 2.22

1883-84

+ 32.94

+ 47.29

+ 38.92

+ 35.23

- 25.29

- 2.95

- 1.09

1884-85

+ 35.14

+ 52.84

+ 44.73

+ 171.34

+ 63.93

- 2.39

- 2.35

1885-86

+ 31.05

+ 40.54

+ 71.08

+ 81.54

+ 18.74

- 1.86

+ 0.08

1886-87

+ 23.06

+ 56.62

+ 61.14

+ 219.47

+ 77.38

+ 21.35

+ 6.83

1887-88

+ 62.12

+ 97.98

+ 39.55

+ 211.59

+ 83.36

+ 3.52

+ 12.35

1888-89

+ 50.17

+ 99.47

- 74.20

+ 295.01

+ 64.01

+ 19.70

+ 14.63

1889-90

+ 35.37

+ 98.39

+ 49.05

+ 434.85

+ 74.70

+ 12.42

+ 1.10

1890-91

+ 45.43

+ 116.74

+ 16.97

+ 442.30

+ 197.26

+ 13.39

+ 11.10

Mean of Ten Years

+ 32.56

+ 66.66

+ 26.68

+ 198.77

+ 50.10

+ 4.71

+ 2.93

 

D. Exports (Quantities), Indian Produce or Manufacture. [Assume that Cotton Twist and Yarn, Cotton Piece goods, and Jute Manufactures are manufactured goods produced in India.]

Year.

Raw Cotton.

Rice.

Wheat.

Oil Seed.

Raw Jute.

Raw Wool.

Cotton Twist and Yarn

Cotton Piece Goods.

Jute Manu-factures.

1881-82

+ 23.96

+ 5.95

+ 167.33

+ 1.73

+ 29.27

+ 3.92

+ 14.44

- 1.63

- 19.69

1882-83

+ 35.86

+ 14.64

+ 90.66

+ 27.60

+ 78.13

+ 2.46

+ 68.68

+ 36.69

+ 2.40

1883-84

+ 31.83

- 0.83

+ 182.11

+ 68.46

+ 20.80

- 1.99

+ 85.41

+ 82.87

+ 21.49

1884-85

+ 11.63

- 19.12

+ 112.92

+ 77.22

+ 44.04

- 0.85

+ 144.96

+ 57.67

+ 58.02

1885-86

- 7.71

+ 3.51

+ 183.02

+ 68.09

+ 33.95

+ 21.67

+ 190.85

+ 69.58

+ 21.71

1886-87

+ 19.69

- 1.42

+ 199.07

+ 54.38

+ 42.98

+ 31.07

+ 241.26

+ 75.62

+ 23.26

1887-88

+ 18.35

+ 4.65

+ 81.86

+ 56.08

+ 65.99

+ 36.26

+ 321.73

+ 128.52

+ 41.96

1888-89

+ 17.40

- 15.12

+ 136.57

+ 51.13

+ 81.64

+ 36.39

+ 379.18

+ 131.18

+ 90.49

1889-90

+ 39.23

- 0.61

+ 85.40

+ 53.32

+ 46.53

+ 48.64

+427.67

+ 95.70

+ 85.90

1890-91

+ 30.46

+28.23

+ 92.37

+ 43.65

+ 106.38

+ 32.27

+ 529.24

+  122.61

+ 88.50

Mean of Ten Years

+ 22.07

+ 1.99

+ 133.13

+50.16

+ 57.96

+ 21.01

+ 240.34

+ 79.88

+ 43.91