.Bohemianism and Counter-Culture

Works Cited


   Cafe Culture

   Daily Life







La Boheme
London 1900's
Beat Culture
Hippie Culture

Works Cited

Campbell, James. This is the Beat Generation: New York, San Francisco, Paris. Secker &Warburg: London, 1999.
Cross, Nigel. The Common Writer: Life in Nineteenth Century Grub Street. Cambridge University Press: New York, 1985.
Easton, Malcom. Artists and Writers in Paris: The Bohemian Idea. 1803-1867. St. Martin's Press: New York, 1964.
Escholier, Raymond. Hugo, Roi De Son Siecle. Arthaud, Paris. 1970. (images used only)
Foster, Edward Halsey. Understanding the Beats. University of South Carolina Press, 1992.
Groos, Arthur, and Roger Parker. Giacomo Puccini: La Boheme. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 1986.
Hugo, Victor. Hernani. Bordas, France. 1969. (images used only)
Hugo, Victor. Les Miserables. The Modern Library: New York, 1992.
Janson, H.W. History of Art: Third Edition. Harry N. Abrams/Prentice Hall, Inc.: New Jersey, 1986.
Knepler, Henry, ed. Man About Paris: The Confessions of Arsene Houssaye. Victor Gollancz Ltd.: London, 1972.
Machnin, Hannah. The Grisette as a Female Bohemian. History Department, Brown University: Providence, 2000.
Seigel, Jerrold. Bohemian Paris: Culture , Politics, and the Boundaries of Bourgeois Life, 1830-1930. Elizabeth Sifton Books: New York, 1986.
Starkie, Enid. Petrus Borel: The Lycanthrope, His Life and Times. Faber and Faber Ltd.: London, 1954.
Thackeray, William Makepeace. Paris Sketchbook. Dana Estes & Company: Boston, 1840.
Thackeray, William Makepeace. Thackerayana. Chatto and Windus: London, 1875.
Wilson, Elizabeth. Bohemians: The Glamorous Outcasts. Rutgers University Press: New Jersey, 2000.
Images and Web Sources

Bohemia Books: www.bohemiabooks.com.au as viewed on May 12, 2001

Translation of Bohemians of the Latin Quarter: http://home.swbell.net/worchel/contents.htm as viewed on March 14, 2001
Fashion images: http://www.costumes.org/pages/regentfashplates.htm as viewed on May 12, 2001
Fashion images: http://www.costumes.org as viewed on May 12, 2001
"The Studio" image: http://rubens.anu.edu.au/htdocs/surveys/charlotte/byartist/display00489.html as viewed on May 12, 2001
Map of 1870 Eastern Europe courtesy of http://geography.about.com/science/geography/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm? as viewed on May 8, 2001
Pictures of Woodstock courtesy of http://www.woodstock69.com/graphics.htm as viewed on April 2, 2001
"Have a Peaceful Day" picture courtesy of http://www.webshots.com as viewed on April 2, 2001
Vincent Van Gogh's "Terrace of a Cafe on Montemartre" courtesy of http://www.vangoghgallery.com as viewed on April 24, 2001
Gustave Courbet's "The Wounded Man" courtesy of http://www.hearts-ease.org/gallery/19th-c/realist/courbet/index.html. as viewed on April 24, 2001

Portrait of William Thackeray courtesy of http://www.viewimages.com/viewimage/?imageid=801312&promotionid=1&partnerid=2&type=results as viewed on April 24, 2001

Information on Jean-Francois Millet courtesy of http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/millet/ as viewed on April 24, 2001
Portrait of Jean-Francois Millet courtesy of http://www.viewimages.com/viewimage/?imageid=769949&promotionid=1&partnerid=2&type=results as viewed on April 24, 2001
Potrait of Gustave Courbet courtesy of http://btr0xw.rz.uni-bayreuth.de/cgfa/courbet/index.html as viewed on April 25, 2001
Information and picture of Millet's L'Angelus courtesy of http://home.connectnet.com/joe/millet/angelus.html as viewed on April 25, 2001
Information and picture of Millet's Les Glaneuses courtesy of http://home.connectnet.com/joe/millet/gleaners.html as viewed on April 25, 2001
Biographical information on William Makepeace Thackeray courtesy of http://lang.nagoya-u.ac.jp/~matsuoka/Thackeray.html as viewed on April 26, 2001
Picture of George Augustus Sala courtesy of http://www.viewimages.com/viewimage/?imageid=754660&promotionid=1&partnerid=2&type=results as viewed on May 8, 2001
Information on Paul Verlaine: http://www.bartleby.com/65/ve/Verlaine.html as viewed on May 12, 2001
Cartoon of George Sand courtesy of http://lonestar.texas.net/~gebbie/gsand/gscartoon.html as viewed on May 8, 2001
Map of Paris courtesy of www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/hist255-s01/mapping-paris/Mapping_Home.html as viewed on March 14, 2001
Biographical information on George Sand courtesy of http://www.bartleby.com/65/sa/Sand-Geo.html as viewed on May 8, 2001
Picture of Shunard and Grisette courtesy of http://corbis.altavista.com/referrals/av_image_details.asp?linkid=2623&imageid=10213667 as viewed on May 12, 2001
Picture of Marius and picture of Fantine and friends from the illustrated version of Les Miserables courtesy of file:///M|/rschwart/hist255-s01/images/illustrations/illustrations.html as viewed on May 12, 2001
Picture of Musetta courtesy of www.metopera.org/season/production/boheme.html as viewed on May 9, 2001
Scene from La Boheme in Covent Garden courtesy of http://www.viewimages.com/viewimage/?imageid=745252&promotionid=1&partnerid=2&type=results as viewed on May 14, 2001
Picture of Balzac courtesy of http://orac.sund.ac.uk/~as0tmc/balzac.gif as viewed on May 12, 2001
Gustave Courbet's The Stone Breakers courtesy of http://www.ricks.edu/Ricks/Employee/DavisR/Art/Courbet,%20The%20Stone%20Breakers.JPG as viewed on April 25, 2001