Breaking the Social Stereotypes of the 19th Century French Poor

Death of Abandoned Children

Eponine Home

The Hospice
The Care
The Wetnurse
The Government

Charity Home
The Church
Frederic Ozanam
Government Aid
Women in Need

Women and Poverty
Living Conditions
Inside the Family
Making Ends   Meet


What Is This Country Coming To?
Causes of Death in the Country: The majority of abandoned who die, did so in the country. Disease was the most common cause of death. However, accidents also contributed to a percentage, five percent, of deaths ( Fuchs 217).
Unknown Artist. La Mortalité des enfants en bas age. From L'Illustration, December 12, 1874.

Deaths by Accident: These deaths included burns, suffocation by smoke, and smoldering straw (Fuchs 217). However, since the mud or damp floors were generally wet, the inner layer of the swaddling clothes were wet, and that it required a spark from the fire place, these deaths did not occur often. But when they did it was usually because they was a long period of neglect ( Fuchs 217). Hkept in mind that the concept of nurturing care was not part of peasant culture in the nineteenth century as it is today in the twenty-first century. Death by burns was that most common accident deatrh, because wet-nurses would often place hot bricks in the cradle or next to the infant. At times, the infant would roll over and touch the brick, and then not be able to roll away from it, resulting in a sever and fatal burn.

Deaths by Disease: These were the most common causes of death. The leading cause of death was diarrhea and other gastroenteritis, which were a result of a lack in care of feeding. These deaths accounted for almost half of all infants deaths.

Created by Devon Hill