Paris: City of Light

Bibliography

 

Parisian Salons
 ~Background
 ~Salons of   Enlightenment
 ~Madame de   Stäel         
~Salons of the   Restoration
 ~The Salons of   Victor Hugo

Influence of Printed Materials
 ~Pre-Revolutionary   Timeline
 ~Post-Revolutionary   Timeline
 ~Memoires

 


Defining the Parisians
 ~Parisians Viewed   by Foreigners
 ~Parisians   Viewed by   Themselves
 ~Paris Fashion

 

Bibliography

 

 I. Social: The Parisian Salons

 

Atwood, William G. The Parisian Worlds of Frédéric Chopin. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.
Bezard, Yvonne. Madame de Stäel d'après ses Portraits. Paris: Éditions Victor Attinger, 1938.
Child, Lydia. The Biographies of Madame de Stäel and Madame Roland. Boston: Carter and Hendee, 1832.
De Saint-Amand, Imbert. The Duchess of Angoulême and The Two Restorations. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1897.

Goodman, Dena. Enlightenment Salons: The Convergence of Female and Philosophie Ambitions. (1994) www.worc.ac.uk/chic/suffrage/document/goodman.htm

Goodman, Dena. The Republic of Letters: A Cultural History of the French Enlightenment. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994.

Habermas, Jürgen. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeoisie. Translated by Thomas Burger with the assistance of Frederick Lawrence. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989.

Hall, Evelyn Beatrice. The Women of the Salons and Other French Portraits. Freeport, New York: Books for Libraries Press, 1969.

Mason, Amelia Gere. The Women of the French Salons. (1891) www2.cddc.vt/edu/gutenberg/etext01/frsal/10.txt, April 1, 2001.

Morgenstern, Mira. Rousseau and the Politics of Ambiguity. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996.

Quennell, Peter, ed. Affairs of the Mind: The Salon in Europe & America from the 18th to the 20th Century. Washington, D.C.: New Republic Books, 1980.

Ravenel, Florence Leftwich. Women and the French Tradition. New York: Macmillan Co., 1918.
Watson, Paul Barron. Some Women of France. New York: Coward-McCann, Inc., 1936.

Wright, Gordon. France in Modern Times. New York: W.W. Norton & Co, Inc., 1995.

Figure 1.1 Jean-François de Troy, La Lecture de Molière (1728) Courtesy of the Marquess of Chalmondeley. Goodman, Dena. The Republic of Letters: A Cultural History of the French Enlightenment. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994, 68.

 

Figure 1.2 Engraving of Jean Jacques Rousseau. Hoffding, Harald. Jean Jacques Rousseau and His Philosophy. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1930, 1.

Figure 1.3 Engraving of Mme. Geoffrin, artist and date unknown, Hall, Evelyn Beatrice. The Women of the Salons and Other French Portraits. Freeport, New York: Books for Libraries Press, 1969, 35.

Figure 1.4 "Abbé Delille reciting his poem, La Conversation in the salon of Madame Geoffrin" from Jacques Delille, "La Conversation" (Paris, 1812) Courtesy of Harvard University. Goodman, Dena. The Republic of Letters: A Cultural History of the French Enlightenment. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994, 1.

Figure 1.5 Engraving of Mme. de Stäel, Thomas Phillips, Bibliothèque National, Estampes. Bezard, Yvonne. Madame de Stäel d'après ses Portraits. Paris: Éditions Victor Attinger, 1938, 36.

Figure 1.6 Gerárd, François, Portrait of Mme. de Stäel. Château de Coppet, Bezard, Yvonne. Madame de Stäel d'après ses Portraits. Paris: Éditions Victor Attinger, 1938, 37.
Figure 1.7 The facade of Mme. Stäel's Château de Coppet in Switzerland, http://www.aei.ca/~anbou/stael.html, May 12, 2001.
Figure 1.8 Appiani, the Elder, Master of Europe, http://www.iselinge.nl/napoleon/html/body_paintings.html, May 12, 2001.

Figure 1.9 Gerárd, François. Madame Récamier (1805), Musee Carnavalet, Paris, http://hal.ucr.edu/~cathy/artists/ger.html, May 12, 2001.

 

 II. Political: Influence of Printed Materials

Censer, Jack R. The French Press in the Age of Enlightenment. London and New York: Rutledge, 1994.

Chartier, Roger. The Cultural Uses of Print in Early Modern Europe. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1987.

Gough, Hugh. The Newspaper Press in the French Revolution. Chicago, Illinois: The Dorsey Press, 1988.

Hesse, Carla. Publishing and Cultural Politics in Revolutionary Paris, 1789-1810. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1991.

Maza, Sarah. Private Lives and Public Affairs: The Causes Celebres of Prerevolutionary France. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1993.

Motte, Dean de la, ed. Making the News: Modernity and the Mass Press in Nineteeth-Century France; Chapter 2: The Body Impolitic. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1993.

Popkin, Jeremy D. Revolutionary News: The Press in France, 1789-1799. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1990.

Roche, Daniel. France in the Enlightenment; Chapter 20: Paris, Capital of the Enlightenment. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1998.

Rousseau, Jean-Jacque (compiled by John Hope Mason). The Indispensible Rousseau: Inequality. London, Melboune and New York: Quarter Books, 1979.

Wright, Gordon. France in Modern Times. New York: W.W. Norton & Co, Inc., 1995.
Image 2.1 La Lecture, by Pierre-Antoine Baudoin (1723-1769), undated, Musee des Arts Dacoratifs, Paris. Page 220 of Chartier, above.
Image 2.2 La Revolution francaise, A. Duplessis, 1790's, Musee de la Revolution francaise, Vizille, France. Page 122 of Hesse, above.

Image 2.3 Pamphlets and memoires. http://corbis.altavista.com/referrals/av_image_details.asp?linkid=2623&imageid=106837, February 25, 2001.

 

Image 2.4 Portrait of Beaumarchais. http://chris.simplenet.com/beaumarchais, February 25, 2001.

Image 2.5 The Marriage of Figaro. http://www.viewimages.com/viewimage/?imageid=654646&promotionid=1&pkartnerid=2&type=results, February 25, 2001.

 

Image 2.6 La Lecture du Soir, engraving for second volume of Le Vie de mon pere by Restif de la Bretonne, 1779, Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris. Page 226 of Chartier, above.

 

Image 2.7 The Chambre de Lecture de la Fosse, Henon, 1763, Societe Archeologique et Historique de Nantes. Page 211 of Chartier, above.

 

Image 2.8 A typical example for a Parisian printer, 1795-1796, Archives Nationales, Paris. Page 146 of Hesse, above.

 

Image 2.9 The Freedom of the Press, anonymous, 1798, Bibliotheque nationale, Paris. Page 62 of Popkin, above.

 

Image 2.10 Gargantua, Honore Daumier, December 16, 1831, Rose Art Museum, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts. Page 47 of de la Motte, above.

 

Image 2.11 Est-Elle Bien Morte? [Is She Truly Dead?], anonymous, April 18, 1852, Royal Library of Blegium. Page 67 of de la Motte, above.

 

 

 III. Cultural: Definining the Parisian

 

Kramer, Lloyd S. Threshhold of A New World, Intellectuals and the Exile Experience in Paris, 1830-1848. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

 

Lacroix, A. and Verboeckhoven. Paris Guide, par les principaux ecrivains et artistes de la France, Part II, Volume I. Paris, 1867.

 

Lytton, Sir Edward Bulwer. The Parisians, Volume I & II. London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1874.

 

Ribeiro, Aileen. Fashion in the French Revolution. London: B.T. Batisford, 1988.

 

Taine, H. Notes on Paris. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1876.

 

Trollope, Frances. Paris and the Parisians in 1835, Volumes I & II. London: Richard Bentley, 1836.

 

Figure 3.1 Trollope, Frances. Paris and the Parisians in 1835 Volume I. London: Richard Bentley, 1836, p 21.

 

Figure 3.2 Lacroix, A. and Verboeckhoven. Paris Guide, par les principaux ecrivains et artistes de la France, Part II, Volume I. Paris, 1867, p 1249.

 

Figure 3.3 La Mode Illustrée. http://images.amazon.com/images/P/0486298191.01.LZZZZZZZ.gif, May 9, 2001.

 

Figure 3.4 French Revolutionaries. http://www.corbis.altavista.com/referrals/av_image_details.asp?linkid=2623&imageid=10037856, May 9, 2001.

 

Figures 3.5 (p.41), 3.6 (p.34), 3.7 (p.48), 3.8 (p.89), 3.9 (p.83) Ribeiro, Aileen. Fashion in the French Revolution. London: B.T. Batisford, 1988.

 

Figure 3.10 Victor Hugo http://www.intermusees.com/queries/museum_detail.idc?Lang=US&MuseumID=186.html, May 16, 2001.

 

 

 IV. General sources

 

Hugo, Victor. Les Misérables, translated by Charles E. Wilbour. New York: Random House, The Modern Library edition, 1992.

 

Figure 4.1 (left-hand image on home page) Liberty woman with flag. http://www.frenchrev.com/, February 25, 2001.

 

Figure 4.2 (right-hand image on home page) French flag, http://www.ac2000.org/cup/franfact.html, February 25, 2001.

Figure 4.3 (home icon) L'Arc de Triomphe. http://www.corbis.altavista.com/referrals/av_image_details.asp?linkid=2623&imageid=10613898, May 9, 2001.