Paris: City of Light

Post-Revolutionary Timeline


Parisian Salons
 ~Salons of   Enlightenment
 ~Madame de   Stäel         
~Salons of the   Restoration
 ~The Salons of   Victor Hugo

Influence of Printed Materials
 ~Pre-Revolutionary   Timeline
 ~Post-Revolutionary   Timeline


Defining the Parisians
 ~Parisians Viewed   by Foreigners
 ~Parisians   Viewed by   Themselves
 ~Paris Fashion




After the Revolution, Parisians struggled to satisfactorily define the roles of different classes. This was a difficult and unstable task while the power of the French government was constantly disrupted. Printed materials reflected this process of self-awareness and national-awareness by not just addressing, but becoming more responsive to the middle and lower classes. The general public grew more involved in political and social affairs as the printed word gained popularity and expanded its domain.


1789 - Revolutions de Paris exemplifies new goals of the political press during the revolution: impartiality, accuracy, and education of the public.


1798 - Invention of the lithographic press allows quick and inexpensive production of images and text, which arrives just in time for a surging demand for newspapers. The publishing arena of Paris becomes even more active and encompassing with 221 printing shops in the capital city.


1830 - A large audience interested in their own government role emerges in response to the Revolution of 1830. Caricature succeeds as a popular representation of the people in relation to their stifling rulers, and artists such as Honore Daumier express the growing desire for liberty and individualism. Since pictures can be understood by people of all classes, it becomes an extremely effective method to directly denounce the French government and authority figures.


1832 - Caricature artist Daumier arrested for the implied negative commentary in his depiction of the king in Gargantua.


1835 - The September Laws enforced by the July Monarchy strictly regulate art and press, and illustrated journals must gain police approval before publication.


1848 - Revolution of 1848 abolishes press censorship.


1851 - Louis Napoleon siezes power and officially orders caricaturists to suspend their political activism in the form of public drawings.