Pleasures and Pastimes of the Bourgeoisie


~ Pre -revolution

~Fashion in Les Mis

~Rise in Popularity
~Economic and Social Symbolism
~Representation in Les Mis

Gardens ~17th Century ~18th Century ~19th Century ~Versailles

Gambling ~Pre-Revolutionary ~Cafés & Cercles

Opéra & Theatre
~The Revolution
~Social Status
~Les Misérables

Etiquette ~Promenade ~Dances ~Dinner ~Casinos and Salons

Bibliography ~Fashion ~Etiquette ~Restaurants ~Opéra ~Picture Bibliography


Lee Haviland
  • Aresty, Esther B. The Best Behavior. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1970.
  • Arditi, Jorge. A Genealogy of Manners. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1998.
  • Ashton, James. Old Times. London: John C. Nimmo, 1885.
  • Barber, Elinor G. The Bourgeoisie in 18th Century France. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.1955.
  • Bradfield, Nancy M. Costume in Detail, women's dress 1730-1930. Boston: Plays Inc. 1968.
  • Brownell, William. French Traits. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1902.
  • Green, W.C.. The Book of Good Manners. New York City: Social Mentor Publications, 1922.
  • Hartley, Florence. The Ladies Book of Etiquette. Boston: G.W. Cottrell, 1860.
  • Lacroix, Paul. France in the Eighteenth Century. New York:Frederick Ungar Publishing Company, 1963.
  • Laver, James. The Age of Illusions, Manners and Morals 1750 - 1848. New York: David McKay Company, Inc., 1972.
  • Mason, John E. Gentlefolk in the Making. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1935.
  • Nicolson, Harold. Good Behavior. London: Constable & Co Ltd, 1955.
  • Roche, Daniel. The culture of clothing, dress and fashion in the 'ancien régime'. Trans. Jean Birrell. New York: Cambridge University Press. 1994.
  • Ward, Harrietta Oxnard. Sensible Etiquette of the Best Society. Philadelphia: Porter & Coates, 1878.
Ruby Littman
  • Adams, William Howard. The French Garden 1500-1800. George Braziller Inc.: New York, 1979
  • Baridon, Michel. Les Jardin. Robert Laffont: Paris, 1998
  • Berger, Robert W. In the Garden of the Sun King: Studies on the Park of Versailles under Louis XIV. Dumbarton Oaks: Washington, D.C., 1985.
  • Bernier, Olivier. Pleasure and Privilege: Life in France, Naples and America 1770-1790. Doubleday & Company, Inc.: New York, 1981
  • Green, Nicholas. The Spectacle of Nature: Landscape and Bourgeois Culture in 19th Century France. Manchester University Press: New York,
  • Magraw, Roger. France 1815-1914: The Bourgeois Century. Oxford University Press: New York, 1986
  • Spang, Rebecca L. The Invention of the Restaurant: Paris and Modern Gastronomic Culture. Harvard University Press: Massachusetts, 2000
  • Van Zuylen, Gabrielle. Tous les jardins du monde. Gallimard, 1994
  • Wheaton, Barbara Ketcham. Savoring the Past: The French Kitchen and Table from 1300 to 1789. The University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983
  • Zeldin, Theodore. France 1848-1945: Taste and Corruption. Oxford University Press: Oxford, 1980
Kelly Hughes
  • Alvarez-Detrell, Tamara and Michael G. Paulson. The Gambling On and Off the Stage in Pre-Revolutionary France. University Press of America: Washington D.C., 1982.
  • Bryson, Scott S. The Chastised Stage: Bourgeois Drama and the Exercise of Power. Anma Libri: Saratoga, CA: 1991.
  • Daniels, Barry V. Revolution in the Theatre. Greenwood Press: Westport, CT: 1983.
  • Farwell, Beatrice. The Charged Image: French Lithographic Caricature 1816-1848. Santa Barbara, CA: Santa Barbara Museum of Art, 1989.
  • Harrisson, Carol. The Bourgeois Citizen in Nineteenth-Century France. Oxford University Press: Oxford, England. 1999.
  • Johnson, James, H. Listening in Paris. University of California Press: Berkeley, CA. 1995.
  • Kavanagh, Thomas. Enlightenment and the Shadows of Chance. John Hopkins University Press: Baltimore MD, 1993.
  • Lacombe, Hervé. The Keys to French Opera in the Nineteenth Century. Trans. by Edward Schneider. University of California Press: Berkeley, CA, 2001.
  • New Paris Guide. A. and W. Galignani and Co: Paris, 1847.

Salute to Schwartz