~ Pre -revolution
~Fashion in Les Mis
~Economic and Social
in Les Mis
Century ~18th Century
~19th Century ~Versailles
~Casinos and Salons
~Etiquette ~Restaurants ~Opéra
the Bourgeoisie who frequented the beautiful gardens
of France, the promanard was a place to demonstrate their
social superiority. There, admist the beauty of nature, the social
climbing bourgeoisie's' clothes, their jewels and their impeccable
manners could be seen and hopefully admired by others.
(click on the picture for source information)
this image all the social classes are seen. The nobility are strolling
in the center. There is a poor mother and child in the lower right
washing clothing. The bourgeoisie are in the far right; the woman
is siting while the man is at her back. The classes are identified
by differences in dress. Though the group in the center and the
group sitting down are better dressed, both groups are clearly
better dressed than the washerwoman and her child. The date of
this particular image is unknown, however, it can be hypothesized
that this image was created before the French Revolution of 1782
because the nobility are in the center of the painting; post-'82
revolution the nobility's position in society was drastically
changed for the worse.
of the Promenade
strolling a gentleman should always acknowledge an acquaintance,
it is rude not to. That acknowledgment should be quiet and
courteous for a gentleman should not be loud and obnoxious.
If the acquaintance is a lady he should bow, but only after
she has acknowledged him. After a brief conversation with
a Lady on the street at gentleman should bow and then raise
his hat. It is proper for a gentleman to acknowledge an
elderly man or an official with a bow.
strolling a Lady should be reserved and demure, it is not
proper to talk or laugh loudly as it attracts negative attention.
If a lady passes a female friend she should acknowledge
her with slight bow and smile, a kiss is also permitted.
If a lady passes an acquaintance more than once during her
promenade it is not necessary for her to repeat her greeting.
Since is it the lady's place to chose who she will and will
not recognize she should first bow to the gentlemen she
wishes to acknowledge. If walking after dark a lady should
take a gentleman's right arm. Ladies walking together should
not walk more than two abreast, it is not proper to obstruct