* Revolution of 1789 * Post-revolution
The center of Bohemianism was the Quartier
Latin (Latin Quarter), an area on the Left Bank of the Seine.
The neighborhood got its name from the university located there:
the Sorbonne, today a part of the University of Paris. From its
founding in 1253 until the 1500s, students at the Sorbonne did
all of their work in Latin.
The Sorbonne was orginally a university that taught theology
almost exclusively; it was famous throughout Europe for this
subject. The Cardinal Richelieu, aide to King Louis XIII, was
a principal of the school and presided over the construction
of its chapel, its most famous building, in 1635. Richelieu is
buried in the chapel, one of the first Classical buildings in
church and the universityof the Sorbonne, after an engraving
of the 17th Century
Revolution During the French Revolution, the school of theology
was closed (due to the anti-church sentiments of the times) and
the Sorbonne buildings were emptied. However, in 1801 when the
Louvre Palace was turned into a museum, the official state artists
who had been living there moved into the chapel of the Sorbonne
instead! They remained there until 1821.
In 1808, Napoleon founded the Imperial
University, which included for the first time schools of literature
and science. He had intended to create a new site for the university,
but this was not accomplished during his reign. In 1821 the "ultras"
moved the university back into the Sorbonne buildings. Famous
scholars arrived to teach there, including Ampere, Saint-Hilaire,
Pasteur, Lamarck, Guizot, Villemain, and Michelet.
The medieval buildings eventually gave way to more modern structures.
Though these plans were made in the 1840s and 50s, construction
of the new buildings (including a huge auditorium and laboratories)
was not complete until 1883.
view of the area around the Sorbonne