The French Revolution

The Fall of the Monarchy
Revolutionary Tradition and Les Mis
Revolution 1789
--The Monarchy
--Tennis Court Oath
--Fall of the Bastille
--October Days
--Declaration of War
--Palace Invaded
--Louis XVI
--Reign of Terror
-- Fall of Robespierre
--At war
1789 in Les Miserables
--The Terror
--The People
--The Students
--The Monarchy
--Place de Concord
--Notre Dame
Daily Sites
--Street Names
--Children's Names and Games
Works Consulted


 The Fall of the Monarchy, 10 August 1792

As the radical Jacobin club gained more power in Paris, the idea of overthrowing the monarchy became more feasible. Lead by republicans such as Danton, Desmoulins, and Robespierre, the Paris commune became increasingly influential in the movement for democracy in France.

On the morning of August 10, 1792, the National Guard and a mob of Parisians invaded the residence of the royal family (Tuileries in Paris). Although the royal family had already fled the palace for the relative safety of the Assembly's meeting place, the Swiss guards that were stationed at the palace opened fire on the crowd. They were quickly overpowered, and most of the Swiss soldiers were hacked to death by bystanders-it was the bloodiest day of the Revolution so far.

The King and his family remained unscathed, but he no longer had any authority. The crowd swept through Paris destroying all images of and references to the monarchy, and the Assembly suspended the monarchy's powers.

In September of 1792, a new governing body was elected. The National Convention was the body that declared the abolition of the monarchy and established France as a republic on September 21, 1792. This was one day after the French victory at Valmy (Schwartz).

For more information on the Fall of the Monarchy and Les Miserables click here

For more information on the legacy of August 10 and Les Miserables click here

For the history of the Tuileries Palace click here.


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